Subculture is an ethnic, regional, economic, or social group exhibiting characteristic patterns of behavior sufficient to distinguish it from others within an embracing culture or society (Merriam-Webster dictionary). Radical Islam is an extreme form of Islam that is a cultural-social ideology which dominates all aspects of the believer's lives; a form of Islam dedicated to the conquest of the world by any means possible (the clarion project). I have chosen to examine this subculture because it relates to modern issues such as the Al-Qaeda terror group which was responsible for the notorious 9/11 attack on the World Trade Center in New York City. Another reason why I chose this subculture is because it fascinates me how strongly people can believe in their religion to commit such extreme acts which are violent; hence the term radicals. It has also intrigued me that however chaotic it may appear, these organizations are not for the individual’s purpose or even for the "greater good". These radical believers of Islam are ready to die for Allah, however they are requested.
Members of this subculture include Al-Qaeda and the Taliban. You can distinguish a member of this subculture by their religious beliefs. Also, one may recognize a radical by their language; Arabic. Islamic Radicals dress in clothes which cover most of the body, and, not necessarily, turbans (keeping in mind that members of this subculture are almost always male). Islamic religion demands full submission to the will and law of Allah, the Muslim god. A believer is required to respect those above him in rank and to be united with their fellow soldiers of jihad (holy war). Islamic Radicals, especially member of Al-Qaeda and other such organizations, have a complex and developed use of terror, violence and assassinations to accomplish their ultimate goal of uniting the world in Islam. Most of these Radicals reside in the Middle Eastern countries of Pakistan, Iran, Iraq, and...
2.3 Concept Of Islam
2.4 Pillars Of Islam
2.5 Concept Of JIHAD In Islam
3.2 Elements Of Terrorism
3.3 Types Of Terrorism
3.6 Another Phase
4.1 Islam and terrorism
5.2 The Madrid Bombing
5.3 The London Bombing
5.4 Bombay Attack
Terrorism is a very vast and the most discussed topic in the contemporary world of global politics. Although it was being discussed well before 9/11, but the difference after 9/11 is that now even a lay man in the most remote part of the world is discussing it. There were times when people would say that we do not follow politics or we do not get involved in politics. But now I think no one can run away from it, it is a part of everybody's lives, it is a part of our lives - so we better start living with it.
Terrorism is an old phenomena it over the time took different shapes. Today terrorism has taken a very complicated and dangerous form.
Islam is a religion and a complete code of life and totally appose terrorism. In current scenarios the basic reason of terrorism is not Islam but international politics and national interest of the nations of the world. And world powers use it as a supportive pillars.
The literal meaning of Islam is peace. Because of many current world events, Islam is a highly controversial and sensitive issue that has many misconceptions that need to be more fully addressed and understood. It is true that the events of 9/11 have separated the history of American relations with the Muslim world into before and after phases, negatively affecting the patterns of assimilation of immigrant Muslims into American culture and society (Simmons, 2008). This essay will begin to give factual details regarding the Islam faith, compare Islam with other Abrahamic religions and discuss common misconceptions and current events that have changed the way the world looks at Muslims and the Islam faith.
It will be useful to begin with attempting to scratch the surface and try to understand the teachings of Islam. Islam is a monotheistic religion based on revelations received by the Prophet Muhammad in the 7th century. These revelations were recorded in the faith’s text, the Qur’an. The Islam faith has “Six Articles of Beliefs”. People of the Muslim faith must have great conviction in these most important six areas. They are: 1. Belief in God. 2. Belief in the Angels. 3. Belief in the Prophets and Messengers. 4. Belief in the Sacred Texts. 5. Belief in Life After Death. 6. Belief in the Divine Decree (Abdulsalam, 2006)....
...Understanding Islam Assignment
Although Islam is the second largest religion in the world, the infamy alone is not sufficient enough for some people to change their current views of the adherents of this religion. This history of this religion is remarkable; it started out among a small population of advocates in Arabia. It did not take a long time for this religion to spread and flourish. A religion that was established in Arabia suddenly extended to the natives of Spain, Africa, and China (“Background-Two Faces of Islam”). “The Muslim world expanded initially through military conquest and later through global trade. During the golden age of Islam (750-1300), Islamic civilization dominated in art, architecture, mathematics and other fields” (“Background-Two Faces of Islam”). Even when the Muslim world came under the control of the Europeans, the religion was still strong enough to sustain as a prevailing religion. The new turn of power did generate reformers such as Muhammad Ibn Saud and Muhammad Abduh. With Abduh in particular, it was shown that faith and reason were well attuned. It was also shown that the West was not necessarily in conflict. The Muslim world established independence directly after World War II, but the establishment of Israel brought on an isolation of the Muslim world from the West. One of the causes of this seclusion was because the United States and some of its European allies...
...The American Misconception of Islam
Recently, it has been approved by a community board that a mosque will be constructed by the American Society for Muslim Advancement two blocks from the site of the once prominent World Trade Towers in New York. All over the country, there has been exceptional protest against the building of the mosque. Andrea Peyser writes, “There are many questions about the mosque. But just one answer: move it away,” (Peyser). Ever since the tragedy of 9/11, nearly all Americans have gained the understanding that Muslims are harmful to the United States; however, Americans have failed to draw the distinction between Islamic extremists that caused this terrorist attack and simple followers of Islam.
Despite being approved to build this Muslim gathering center by a community board, the organizers of this project have been hassled, threatened, and simply put-down over their plan to unite a city beyond the barriers of religion. Followers of Islam in America have been wrongly persecuted by their fellow citizens because of Muslim extremists that brought terror upon the country. Many protestors of the mosque construction consider the project a stab in the heart while the project director, Daisy Khan says, “It’s a platform to the silent majority of Muslims who suffer at the hands of extremists...A center will show that Muslims will be part of rebuilding lower Manhattan (Peyser).” The Muslim center would be a...
...servant turned political and religious activist, inspired by fundamentalist Islam. To gain an understanding of what influenced and formulated Qutb’s ideas it has been necessary to provide some background information relating the history of modern day Egypt and the emergence of reformist and fundamentalist Islam, from the 19th century until Qutb’s time. The essay also seeks to give some biographical information in order to provide a fuller picture of Qutb the man.
Qutb’s involvement with Egyptian religious politics caused him to come into conflict with the Nasser government of 1950s’ Egypt and Qutb spent a decade in prison. It was during this period he produced many of his seminal writings on the establishment of a truly Islamic society. By drawing on early Islamic thinkers and on direct interpretation of the Qur’an, Qutb advocated violence in establishing an Islamic state. The thinking behind and the implications of these interpretations are discussed at length in this essay to demonstrate how they have informed the belief of many Islamic fundamentalists, especially with regard to the use of violence to achieve their aims. The latter part of the essay focuses on the legacy of Qutb’s ideas and how these have been manifest in various fundamentalist groups. However, because academic literature is often a few paces behind the present it has not been possible to explore some recent developmenst of Islam inspired violence in any...
...The Slow Boiling of America by RadicalIslam
US Army Officer Major Nidal Malik Hasan’s attack at the Fort Hood Army base on November 5, 2009 killed 13 US soldiers and wounded 30 more. Eyewitness reports state before Hasan opened fire, he yelled “Allahu-Akbar,” which translates as “Allah [God] is great,” a phrase uttered by many radical Muslims in recent history just before committing similar acts of violence in the name of Allah (Allahu Akbar). As shocking as this incident is, it is only one manifestation of a dangerous problem facing America and is realized by only a few. While the US military hunts down Osama Bin Laden and the other terrorists in the Middle East, similar terrorists have been sneaking past enemy lines for years into America’s backyard virtually undetected. Instead of attacking America with suicide bombs and improvised explosive devices, they’re using America’s own laws and culture, sabotaging its way of life from within and converting peaceful, moderate Muslims to the hateful, violent version of Islam known as radicalIslam.
The radicalIslam message to the western world, the West, is chilling; Islam will dominate! RadicalIslam is a religious ideology that stretches beyond a person practicing his beliefs alongside others of different religious beliefs. It stretches beyond spreading the word...
February 9th, 2013
Conclusion: Free Radical Chlorination
The primary purpose of this experiment was to carry out the chlorination of 1-chlorobutane so that dichlorobutane formation was favored. Gas Chromatography was used to analyze the amount of dichlorobutane isomer produced in the free radical reaction.
A mixture of 8mg of catalyst, 1mL of 1-chlorobutane, and 0.32mL of sulfuryl chloride was added to a microscale reflux apparatus. After 17mins the reaction was complete, and 1mL of deionized water was added to the collected solution. The aqueous layer (bottom layer) was removed. Next, 1mL of 5% sodium bicarbonate was added and once again the aqueous layer (bottom layer) was removed. Finally, 1mL of water was added and the organic layer (top layer)was removed. The organic layer was dried with anhydrous sodium sulfate, and then added to a vial for Gas Chromatography testing. Before conducting the experiment a prediction was made as to which free radical intermediate would be most stable and which isomer would yield the most product formation. Based on the results, it can be concluded that 1,3-dichlorobutane was both the most stable and produced the most product. This free radical intermediate was followed by 1,2-dichlorobutane, 1,4-dichlorobutane, and lastly 1,1-dichlorobutane. Based on the results 1,3-dichlorobutane produced 37% product, more than three times as much product as the...
...World APH 205
Some people have described Islam as a religion of ‘hate and violence’. Using your study of this religion, assess this statement.
Name : Hazard
Lecturer: good one
Date : 19/10/2013
Islam is one of the most controversial and most misinterpreted religions in the world. For many years Islam has been termed a religion of hatred and violence. Islam is accused of promoting and advocating for violence. These misconceptions have come out as a result of misinterpretation of the Qur’an by those who sought to suppress the religion. Some of the misinterpretations comes from the name Islam itself, jihad, just wars and Islamic view of justice, the notion of Islam towards war, the assertion that Islam was spread by violence, the recent bombings in many countries by Islamic groups, the high rate of Islamic suicide bombs among others. This paper seeks to outline the aspects which are frequently referred to by many misinterpreters of Islam and try to illumine their peaceful aspects. However, one cannot deny the existence of some form of violence in Islam but that does not submerge the peaceful nature of the Islam religion.
The first misconception is mostly on the name of the Islamic religion. Many scholars agree that Islam means ‘submit’ but some uses the term submit to claim that...