HE525 Student Issues in Higher Learning
Dr. Tanya Saddler
The film Higher Learning (1995) depicts many of the issues that the modern day student faces in higher education. From lack of customer service from administrative entities to sexual identity confusion, a college student must meet many challenges and obstacles in and out of the classroom to successfully navigate through these formative years. In this analysis we will look at one specific issue in higher education, the issue of racism. Further, we will look at a racial identity development models to determine what the needs of students are and in what ways the institution, through its faculty and administration, can meet those needs.
“Without struggle, there is no progress” quotes Professor Phipps in the film Higher Learning (Singleton, 1995). This famous Fredrick Douglass quote is the epitome of racial identity development theory. Malik, the African American student in the film, is faced with several issues as he enters higher education. In the opening scenes we see him walking through a sea of predominantly white students, as he enters the elevator to get to his dormitory, a white female student in the elevator holds her purse closer to her body, a tell-tale sign of micro-aggression. Further, he is singled out for non-payment of his tuition during class, and must maintain his sports scholarship and his grades to get the ‘higher education’ that will allow him to be successful. Each of these incidences are issues that many racial and ethnic minorities must deal with in higher education, add to these the vectors described by Chickering, such as competence, managing emotions and autonomy, (Evans, 1998) and our student is faced with what can appear to be an insurmountable task, one that may lead him to believe that higher education is not worth the work.
Chickering’s revised theory suggests that students must move through seven vectors in order to develop psychosocially. These vectors are: Developing Competence, Managing Emotions, Moving through Autonomy toward Interdependence, Developing Mature Interpersonal Relationships, Establishing Identity, Developing Purpose and Developing Integrity (Evans, 1998). Like all students, ethnic/racial minority students must successfully navigate these vectors to meet the challenges of transitioning to college, but of special interest for this segment of the population is their ability to Establish Identity. The questions of ‘Who am I?’ and ‘Where do I fit in?’ take on special meaning, as minority students learn to deal with the preconceived notions of others, notions that in many ways can erode their self-concept, especially without a support system in place to counter them. (Kadison, 2004)
Racial identity theory developed from the presupposition that in the United States, racial groups experience either domination or oppression (Evans, 1998). Thus, a racial minority entering higher education is entering a microcosm of the society at large, with expectation as to how he/she is perceived and presumptions about who they are. For this reason, it is important for a minority student to establish their identity and use that identity as a shield against the barriers that can be placed before them as they traverse the world of higher education.
Phinney’s Model of Ethnic Identity Development suggests three stages of ethnic identity development: Stage 1: Diffusion-Foreclosure. At this stage individuals have not explored their feeling and attitudes regarding their race or ethnicity. This stage manifests itself in a disinterest in ethnicity. Stage 2: Moratorium. Awareness is crucial during this second stage. The individual may be highly emotional, feelings of guilt for lack of interest and anger toward the dominant race are characteristic of this stage. Stage 3: Identity Achievement. At this stage a secure sense of who they are is established. If an individual...
Curriculum in HigherEducation
Mary A. Swanagan
HE510: Foundations of HigherEducation
Professor Heather Scott
April 15, 2014
Curriculum in HigherEducation
An effective curriculum is an important part of a university’s success, especially for first time students. Attending a university for the first time can be very overwhelming for a first year student. Studies show that 25% of students drop out in the first year. Studies show that this number can be decreased if the first year curriculum is designed to engage and empower the students (Bovill, 2011).
In Thelin’s curriculum theme there doesn’t seem to be a set curriculum for highereducation institutions. Professors tried to use their own work as a means for an academic curriculum. Yale and Harvard had their own ideas as to how a curriculum should be for their schools, while the university builders leaned toward a curriculum in specialized fields depending on what year of study the students were in at the time. Not being able to decide whose curriculum was the most important caused nothing but chaos (Thelin, 2011, Pg. 129,130).
“The primary purpose of the Committee of Ten was to provide a national force for standardizing the secondary school curricula. The report advised high schools to implement a required core curriculum for high school students. The committee’s...
Student number: 20134571
Science 1 in the Early Years
Assessment: Item 1- Views of teaching and promoting science of young learners
The pedagogy of play can be hard to understand and part of the reason for this is it’s so difficult to explain how children learn by play because play isn’t simply; it is complex. Each child begins their early childhood education with a set of skills and prior knowledge that is influenced by their family, culture and past experiences (Fellows &Oakley, 2010). The past knowledge should become the foundation for developing an understanding of scientific concepts (Duschl, Schweingruber & Shouse, 2007). Children are naturally inquisitive, creative and aware of the world around them (Campbell & Jobling, 2012). Play is an important development tool and an effective way to teach children scientific concepts while using their prior knowledge (Preston, Mules, Baker & Frost, 2007). Learning science through play shows children that science is useful and enjoyable and is a significant aspect of the real world (Bulunuz, 2013). This essay will review teaching science through play, theorists who support play and the way in which the Australian curriculum and EYLF support play pedagogy.
Science and Play
Play pedagogy is a context for learning through which children organise and make sense of their social worlds, as they engage actively with people, objects and representations. Research shows...
...The High Price of HigherEducation
In America's society today, students are expected to follow the path of day care, grade school, middle school, high school and hopefully college. Growing up in America today, the importance of education is stressed starting at the earliest stages of development. In a world with a competitive job market and with citizens who want to make the most money that they can, a college education is key in success. For some students, financing college is not a problem. Money should not be a factor in the student's decision-making process when choosing what school to attend, but unfortunately many people are unable to attend the university of their choice due to the high costs. Working through college is not always the best answer because this can have a negative effect on academic performance with the added stress. It is true that financial aid and loans are available, but it is sometimes much harder to take advantage of these than people realize. Although universities offer many forms of aid in paying for college, the continually increasing prices still make it impossible for many people to afford highereducation, and lowering prices would be effective in increasing the amount of people able to obtain a college degree.
In today's society, the average income for middle class families is $49,500 (Preliminary Estimates). This is only a little more than the...
...Education Issues: Student’s Book (2013)
Unit 1: Education for Life
TASK 1. Answer the questions below.
1. What comes to mind when you hear the word ‘education’?
2. What is a good education, in your opinion?
3. How important do you think education is?
4. Do you think the quality of education in the world in general and in your country in particular is slipping down or going up?
5. In which country do you think you can receive the best education?
TASK 2. Read though the quotations below and tell the class how far you agree with them.
1. It is possible to store the mind with a million facts and still be entirely uneducated. (Alec Bourne, 1886 – 1974, a British writer
2. Education is what survives when what has been learned has been forgotten. (B. F. Skinner, 1904 - 1990, an American psychologist, behaviorist, author, inventor, and social philosopher)
3. Only the educated are free. (Epictetus, 55 AD - 135 AD, a Greek and Stoic philosopher)
4. You educate a man; you educate a man. You educate a woman; you educate a generation. (Brigham Young, an American religious, state and educational leader)
5. Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world. (Nelson Mandela, a South African anti-apartheid activist, revolutionary and politician)
6. Education: the path from cocky...
...In Classical vs. Modern Education: The Principal Difference article from the second issue of Classical Homeschooling Magazine, Patrick Carmack compares and critizes the both classical and new modern education models in terms of effectiveness and ethics. Within the samples from Socrates’ classical education understanding, the article points out that altering education system becomes an inanimate occurrence which ignores the soul of human beings and considers them as a sort of computer, a creation solely having a brain to use as a data storage. As the author clarifies at the article by giving definitions of either type of education, education is much more complex than it seems, not merely gain information but also widen self’s horizon and learn to differentiate between good and bad, then being able to aim to goodness. Therefore the basic content of the education, what Carmack claims, should involve feelings, emotions - the most mentioned in the article is love- in order to have ‘‘well-rounded, cultured gentlemen and ladies, capable of addressing any problem or situation in life with the maximum likelihood both of success and personal happiness’’ (para. 5).
Carmack also touches upon the homeschooling issue, in a positive perspective in consequence of children who is educated or continue it by their family -except paramount situations- in a habitual, loving environment. Despite...
In the time I have spent in highereducation, I have noticed that educators generally encounter three categories of students. The first category, about 10 percent of the student population will always succeed because they have the attitude that failure is not an option. The second group, another 10 percent of the population, will inevitably fail, lacking the personal motivation and drive necessary to reach educational goals. Approximately 80 percent of students make up category three. A group full of bright minds that could lean toward either success or failure. This group will most significantly be impacted by changes and improvements in education. The differentiating factor in this group is that each student's response to the same question: "Is investing in my education really worth it?"
Some people are deterred from pursuing highereducation because of the price tag attached. Even though student loans are often available, the idea of repaying student loan debt, with high interest rates and low job prospects is a significant roadblock for many. For students with young families or those who have never considered post-secondary education, it is often much more appealing to take a job out of high school and immediately generate income. These are the students who begin to feel that an education is simply not...
September 20, 2012
Yvette DE La Vega
The Importance of a Good Education 1
Today more people are going back to college in order to obtain a degree of some type. More people are looking for careers and are tired of settling for jobs that they do not like just to get a paycheck. Employers are looking for employee with college degrees in order to present their customer with more qulitified people. A college degree is more importance now than it has ever been. More jobs are being sent overseas today making it harder to find a job, so in order to find a job that will give a person the financial stability they need more adult are returning to college to get their degree.
The Importance of a Good Education 2
The importance of a good education, a good education is the most important thing a person could obtain for themselves. Education is important to us in many aspects of life especially when it comes to your need for personal and social advancement. Education is important because it will open so many different...
...General secondary school education in the Republic of Azerbaijan consists of three levels - primary, general secondary, and full secondary education, and general secondary school education begins with six years of age. General secondary school education is conducted on relevant educational programs (curriculums). The general secondary school education in the country implemented in schools of generaleducation, special purpose schools, gymnasiums, lyceums, the primary and secondary vocational schools educational institutions.
In Azerbaijan, compulsory education is between the age of 6 and 15. Primary school takes 4 years with the age of 6 to 10, basic school education takes 5 years from age 10 to 15, and the secondary school education is for 2 more years till 17 with the final achievement of the Certificate of Complete Secondary Education. Instead of the usual secondary school, there is also technical secondary school, lasting 3 years until the age of 18, where students can finally get a Certificate of Complete Secondary Specialized Education.
Education system in Azerbaijan is regulated by the Ministry of Education of Azerbaijan. In the pre-Soviet period, Azerbaijani education included intensive Islamic religious training that commenced in early childhood. During the...