...Racial Profiling: Useful or Harmful?
When enforcers of the law go about their jobs they use many techniques to decrease their suspect pools, one of the most controversial techniques officers use is racial profiling. People believe racial profiling causes police distrust and at the same time encourages “fishing expeditions”. When should officers be allowed to use racial profiling, and when shouldn’t they?
The most common use ofracial profiling is in traffic stops, but this is one area racial profiling should not be practices by enforcers of the law. Most of the data collected for purposes of racial profiling reporting is based on traffic stops (Del Carmen 41). A downside to racial profiling is that it discourages African Americans from traveling and working in white neighborhoods, especially at night (Lever 9). The states effort to address racial profiling by police (stopping someone solely because of race/ethnicity) is a textbook example of why people become cynical about the government (Courant 1). Lobe says “Prior to 9/11 racial profiling was referred to as ‘driving while black’ now the practice can be more accurately described as driving, flying, walking, shopping, worshipping, or staying at home while black, brown, red, yellow, Muslim, or of middle eastern appearance (2). Therefore, police officers using racial...
...February 25, 2014
Legal Brief Assignment No. 2
Dan is a trained paralegal who works for Erie Bank in Lakewood, Ohio. One day, Mary walks into the bank to apply for a mortgage loan to purchase a new house. She and Dan have a long conversation about Mary taking out a mortgage. Mary is concerned that were she to default on her loan, her credit would be destroyed. In response, Dan tells her:
Don’t worry about it. If you don’t pay your loan, the only remedy the bank has is to foreclose on the house. The bank cannot go after you personally and your credit score will be unaffected. I’ve been dealing with this issue for years and I’m telling you that this is the Ohio law on the matter.
Unfortunately, it turns out that Dan was incorrect. When Mary defaults on her loan the next year, her credit is badly hurt.
Whether, under Ohio Law, is Dan subject to a civil liability to Mary for his legal advice regarding her default on her mortgage loan, foreclosure, and bad credit rating? Did Dan practice unauthorized practice of law?
R.C. §4705.07 Unauthorized Practice:
(A) No person who is not licensed to practice law in this state shall do any of the following:
(1) Hold that person out in any manner as an attorney at law;
(2) Represent that person orally or in writing, directly or indirectly, as being authorized to practice law;
(3) Commit any act that is prohibited by the Supreme Court as being the unauthorized practice of law.
Dean of Edinboro University
What should be done with Professor Smut? Professor Smut should be fired from Edinboro University. For the following reasons he violated the First Amendment, academic freedom, and may have caused damage to the students. The First Amendment states that, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.”
Professor Smut violated academic freedom, “The standard established in these cases requires a plaintiff who alleges a hostile environment to prove that sexual advances and comments are “sufficiently severe or pervasive ‘to alter the conditions of [the victim’s] employment and create an abusive working environment (Rutherglen 1)’” It’s problematic to categorize what is considered sexual harrasment. Men and women take and view harrasment differently. What men may find acceptable, women may find it offensive, and classify it as sexual harrasment. Academic freedom is the belief that the freedom of inquiry by faculty members is essential to the mission of the academy as well as the principles of academia, and that scholars should have freedom to teach or communicate ideas or facts without being targeted for repression, job loss, or...
... College drinking has become popular among all students throughout college campuses. Students are encouraged to “follow the crowd”. Extensive research has been done on social norms and how it influences behavior People conform to what others do in attempts to feel included. The following literature reviews attempt to support this hypothesis. Research done by (Dipali V. R., Clayton N., 2014) suggests that social norms are among the strongest influences on college drinking (Neighbors, Lee, Lewis, Fossos, & Larimer, 2007). Due to perceived norms, students tend to overestimate the amount of alcohol is being consumed by their peers as well as the frequency of consumption. In a recent study done in the University of Houston, researchers examined whether perceived descriptive norms moderated the relationship between temptation and drinking. The findings were that college students who are higher in temptation drink more and experience more alcohol-related problems when they perceive drinking to be more prevalent among their peers. Dipali V. R., Clayton N., (2014).Perceiving peers to be drinking more may facilitate
yielding to temptation by offering justification (i.e., everyone else is drinking) or by making one's own drinking seem to be more “normal”. Dipali V. R., Clayton N., (2014). In a social norms study done by Alan other research done by Alan D. Berkowitz states that our behavior is influenced by incorrect perceptions of how...
...60, 3, 440-465.
* Bennett, L.W., Lawrence, R., and Livingston, S. (2006). None dare call it torture: Indexing and the limits of press independence in the Abu Ghraib scandal. Journal of Communication, 56, 467–485.
* Entman, R. (2004). Projections of power: Framing news, public opinion, and US foreign policy (pp.1-28). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
* Garrett, K. (2009). Politically motivated reinforcement seeking: Reframing the selective exposure debate. Journal of Communication, 59, 4, 676-699.
* Gilboa, E. (2005). The CNN effect: The search for a communication theory of international relations. Political Communication, 22, 27-44.
* Hallin, D., & Mancini, P. (2004). Dimensions and models in comparing media systems. Paper presented to the 2004 annual convention of the International Communication Association, New Orleans, May 27-31.
* Hanitzsch, T. and Berganza, R. (2012). Explaining Journalists’ Trust in Public Institutions Across 20 Countries: Media Freedom, Corruption, and Ownership Matter Most. Journal of Communication, 62.
* Herman, E. S., & Chomsky, N. (2004). Further reply to the Langs. Political Communication, 21, 113-116.
* Mody, B. (2012). The marketization of foreign news. Global Media and Communication, 8, 99-115.
* Reich, Z. (2008). The roles of communication technology in obtaining news: Staying close to distant sources. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 85(3), 627-648.
* Robinson, P., & Goddard, P., &...
...inspiration, and actions of those within the group are amplified by the type of management. Personal care and motivation stems from transformational leadership.
The Effect of transactional and transformational Leadership Styles on The Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction of Customer Contact Personnel (Emery & Barker, 2007); examines the assurance and employment gratification of workers who are working by banking and food establishments.
Belle’s article on transformational leadership has been tied to the greatest influential motivating behavior and great public worker actions. The research connects the performance effects of transformational leadership and an assembly of nurses in a municipal hospital in Italy (2013).
[From here on out each article will be referred to as article one, two, and three (respectfully)].
All three articles had similarities in research questions; the main idea what the biggest similarity does transformational leadership impact how employees react. According to article one, one of the questions posed was concerning transformational leadership in the public area. Does the structure of the business matter? In search of the answer to this question, the researchers choose to test the standards as they exist right now; how they relate to transformational leadership. The researchers came up with several questions: the top organization’s structure, the lower the...
...Literature Review and Discussion 2
Future Research 7
Social Networking Sites (SNS) and their Impact on Grades
Social Networking Sites (SNS) have become an integral part of the day-to-day lives of students. In today’s digital age, SNS has become the most-common platform to build and sustain social connections with people from all spheres of our lives. However, SNS, like everything else, can have positive as well as negative effects. Socializing online has become synonymous to “time-pass” activity as more and more students are engaging themselves in Online social media rather than in-person and outdoor activities. Hence, the intention of this research is to understand the standing of SNS usage on academic performance of college/university students .
Literature Review and Discussion
There have been a number of studies analyzing the impacts of Social Networking on students’ academic performance and grades. Furthermore, among all the SNS, Facebook has been targeted the most since it is the most popular site of all the SNS and has maximum impact on the majority of the population exposed to SNS.
For the purpose of this research, various academic journals researching different angles of the question in hand were analyzed. This was done to ensure the inclusion and consideration of as many perspectives of the topic as possible and to keep the research multi-faceted. The...
Nursing Research Critique
The purpose of this paper is to bring forth a greater understanding of the need to adhere to guidelines and instructions when dealing with venous leg ulcers. Venous leg ulcers are a result of chronic venous insufficiency (Heck, Grypdonck, Beele, Vanderwee, & Defloor, 2011, p. 430). These ulcers can often develop quickly and be hard to heal without intensive therapy and treatments. These ulcers can lead to decreased mobility, pain, a source of infection. Having an ulcer may lead to emotional and/or psychological problems due to the odors, appearance and pain caused by the site. This article reflects on the measures that can be taken at home to decrease the chances of developing ulcers and to help improve the outcomes of those that do already have venous ulcers.
This abstract has a very clear, concise summary of the article. It includes the aim and objectives, background information, design, methods and results. The article (Burns & Grove, 2011) addressed the area of concern being that many patients with venous leg ulcers did not adhere to the recommended guidelines for treatment and prevention. This research article provided interventions that the patients could perform in their own home on a daily basis and the results were presented in a table. The information for evaluation was gathered at the baseline (one week before the start of intervention), the end of...