The Government of Pakistan established Higher Education Commission (HEC) in 2002 to facilitate growth of indigenous universities of Pakistan to become centers of quality of education and research and development. Though this process, HEC aims to play its role in building of knowledge-based economy in Pakistan. In order to achieve this goal, HEC has undertaken a systematic plan of implementation that is 5year Medium Term Development Framework (MTDF). The main aim of HEC was to focus on quality and relevance (HEC, 2010). The core strategic areas of MTDF are:
1- Faculty development
2- Improving enrollment
3- Quality in learning and research
4- Importance to national plan
These plans are supported by well-integrated crosscutting themes for developing leadership, governance and management, enhancing quality assessment and accreditation, and physical and technological infrastructure development, (Batool, 2010).
HEC introduces quality enhancement cell in universities for maintaining and improving the academic quality in the country by establishing that criteria are being met and educational activities are also in an agreement with the plans of the commission. According to international practices and development, HEC improves plans in order to more improve the standards. HEC intends to achieve excellence in the higher education and by taking major initiatives to develop the performance of universities and started up with the primary step of outlining the performance evaluation standards for the universities. For this, numbers of documents are defined, every document of these articulates a detailed element of the institutional quality. Therefor these documents are equally important for achieving the desired certifications to quality enhancement in higher education (Batool, 2010).
Self-Assessment is an essential element in completing the HEC recognition. The recommendations for Self-Assessment are published as “The Manual for Self-Assessment” for the purpose of implementation at department / programed level in the universities. The complete practices of Internal Quality Assurance (IQA) are controlled by the QECs established under the umbrella of the Quality Assurance Agency (QAA) of HEC at the universities and consequently develop an integral part of the universities concerned. Furthermore the QECs also work in management with authorization bodies to make the process of program level accreditation. However, the institutional act of evaluation has many more measurements with greater complexity, (HEC, 2006).This thesis defines the Institutional performance evaluation standards and to make sure that quality establishment is certified by the HEC for the universities. The institutional act assessment comes under the Purview of the HEC whereas this process is dated by the results of IQA Exercise done by the universities through implementation of the “Self-Assessment Model”. The effects of Self-Assessment will agree to the process of Performance Evaluation Standards for the HEIs to be directed by the HEC in line with best performs of External Quality Assurance (Raouf,2010).
The Higher Education Commission is working for continuous improvement of these standards and their effectiveness. The HEC through QAA will assess individual institutions periodically established on the performance evaluation standards defined here. These periodic reviews will be shown from side to side an arrangement of On-Site Assessment by Performance Assessment Teams under the direction of QAA. The quality standards observed by a university will be documented only as a result of successful performance assessment reviews through evaluation of institutional successes against pre-defined principles (HEC, 2011).
To sustain academic quality and standards in higher education the institutions need to be professional, creative and innovative. The vision,...
...HIGHEREDUCATION IN A REGIME OF GLOBALIZATION: DEVELOPING INTEGRAL PERSONALITY
(Man is neither mere intellect, nor the gross animal body, nor the heart or soul alone. A proper and harmonious combination of all the three is required for the making of the whole man and constitutes the true economics of education. After independence, India adopted the approach of planned development of the country. In the post – independence period,highereducation has expanded fast, and it is mostly public in nature. India has one of the largest Higher Educational Systems in world with more than 320 universities, 15,000 colleges, 4.8 lakh teachers and 12 million students. Since 1991, India is having structural adjustment in every sector including highereducation. The objective of qualityenhancement and integral development of personality in the younger generation cannot be achieved without teachers developing their own integral personality. It is an inclusive concept and a collective enterprise. It involves everyone who teaches supports and guides students and the managers and administrators of highereducation institutions also. It includes significant strategic initiatives and the many small things that people do to try make things better. As Nehru expected education is not en...
...Types of institution
Spain HigherEducation institutions have been around for centuries. Spain's universities are some of the oldest institutions in the world. One of Spain's institutions was founded in the earlier years of the thirteenth century. Highereducation in Spain is mainly comprised of universities. There are currently around 75 universities where there are approximately 56 state owned and 19 private universities that are ran by private enterprises or by the Catholic Church. (Hampshire, 2003 p.1) Spain's highereducation institutions had experienced a fast growth in student population due to a huge influx of high school graduates or "secondary school leavers. (Mora, n.d., p.1) In Spain's history the nineteenth century was a critical year because of the French Revolution and the huge impact it made on highereducation institutions. One of the impacts that it made was the changing of the structure of the state. Under the Napoleonic system of highereducation, adopted by Spain, the universities were entities hat were totally regulated by laws and norms by the State at a national level. (Mora, n.d, p.1) Professors were considered civil servants and they were to move from one institution to the next. All of the academic programs...
...Paper on the Topic Of
“Student Involvement in QualityEnhancement in HigherEducation”
This Paper has been conducted the study of student’s participation in improving and maintaining the quality of education in highereducation. The paper shows that student's participation in Qualityenhancement plays very important role in enhancement in the standardization of the institution education at higher level. That role also important for planning, organization, communication, co-ordination and evaluation seemed to be an average level.
Introduction and Background
Highereducation and training institutions and quality assurance agencies operating in India are required to establish quality assurance procedures for the purposes of further improving and maintaining the quality of education and training which is provided by highereducation and training institutions. The involvement of students in the established quality assurance procedures is an essential element of such procedures. The requirement to involve students in quality assurance activities relating to programs and awards is further stated in the...
...QualityEnhancement in Teacher Education - Innovative classroom practices and teaching techniques
Shah Komal Ashok
RVS College Of Education
Teacher education courses deal with both theory and practical subjects. The teacher education curriculum framed has changed little over the years. While the children and their learning abilities have been ever changing, in teaching only the age old methods are still practised. Though teaching has moved from the teacher centric learning to child centric learning, teacher education still lies somewhere in between the two. In the present scenario this has formed a wide disparity between the education system and teaching education curriculum. Even today, the trainee teachers use the age old black board and chart display in a traditional way. And more importantly most of the classroom management techniques followed by the teachers are arrived through their own experiences, creativity and trial and error method. There is a lot more scope of including scientific and systematic approach to classroom management, based on child psychology and learning theories. Thus a modest attempt is made through this presentation to explore possibilities of including new teaching practices; whereby enhancing teacher education...
...QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN HIGHEREDUCATION: WITH REFRENCE TO CONTRIBUTION OF MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES
Dr.Aruna Ms Sangeeta
Faculty Commerce, Faculty Art,
Rama Degree College Ram Manohar Yadav
The overall scenario of highereducation in India does not match with the global Quality standards. Hence, there is enough justification for an increased assessment of the Quality of the country’s educational institutions. Traditionally, these institutions assumed that...
...QUALITY ASSURANCE IN HIGHEREDUCATION
Assistant Professor of Education
HigherEducation Institutions are frequently the focus of attention since they represent valuable resources for any country. They produce the educated men and women that often become the social, political, technological, economic, and religious leaders of the country. Because of the changes that have occurred in the restructuring of the education system as well s the wide-reaching transformation in educationpolicy and practice in India, the above-mentioned concepts are frequently heard in discussions among educationists. Quality Assurance has become imperative for those who are concerned about the future of education in India. Without knowing what quality means, however, it is not possible to give serious consideration to Quality Assurance. Hence a short overview of a few notations of quality is offered.
What is Quality?
The abstract notion of quality cannot be framed by means of a single definition or description. It is not neutral or self-evident. Quality is highly contested since people in different contexts have different understandings of what quality is a...
...Technology Impact on HigherEducation
Shoong Wai Kin
Master in Information Communication Management
18 November 2012
Evaluation of Technology Impact on HigherEducation
The important role played by ICT (Information and Communication Technology) in today’s world cannot be denied by anyone, whether it is in the corporate world, social, home and so on. Technology has changed the way on how universities teach and how the students learn. The advancement and pervasiveness of ICT in the 21st century and in the world today means that many nations have been relying on technology to handle and address many arising challenges faced in the education field. Some literature reviews were done in this paper where we would look into the needs of learners today, what and how they learn, how ICT could be used in learning, the new culture of learning through online learning and virtual classroom, how e-learning was accepted among the learners and what were the barriers to ICT implementation in highereducation institutions.
Peter and Hong (2011) pointed out that in the past few decades; there have been great changes in education, especially to those economical advanced countries. The arising issues of massification, internationalization, diversification and...
Reasons for Not Pursuing a HigherEducation
November 15, 2014
Reasons for Not Pursuing a HigherEducation
Although many people believe you have to have a highereducation; a lot of people do not feel it is necessary to have a highereducation. There are many reasons people choose not to pursue ahighereducation. A few of those reasons include: possible debt incurred, not being guaranteed a higher paying job and success can be achieved without having a degree.
Some people believe that getting a highereducation is worth the possible debt no matter what because they believe they will be making a better life for their families, or they will be guaranteed higher paying jobs. However, a recent report released by Mintel in April of 2014, states the percentage of consumers who think student loans are a good investment dropped from 54% in 2012 to just 20% in 2014. (Andrus 2014) Danielle Andrus stated in 2014, “Mintel surveyed 2,217 Americans 18 and older.” (Andrus 2014)
Even with a highereducation, not everyone can afford their loan payments, because they are so high. “In 2012, the majority of respondents were paying less than $300 a month (79%), and only 21% had payments...