QUALITY ASSURANCE IN HIGHER EDUCATION
Assistant Professor of Education
Higher Education Institutions are frequently the focus of attention since they represent valuable resources for any country. They produce the educated men and women that often become the social, political, technological, economic, and religious leaders of the country. Because of the changes that have occurred in the restructuring of the education system as well s the wide-reaching transformation in education policy and practice in India, the above-mentioned concepts are frequently heard in discussions among educationists. Quality Assurance has become imperative for those who are concerned about the future of education in India. Without knowing what quality means, however, it is not possible to give serious consideration to Quality Assurance. Hence a short overview of a few notations of quality is offered. What is Quality?
The abstract notion of quality cannot be framed by means of a single definition or description. It is not neutral or self-evident. Quality is highly contested since people in different contexts have different understandings of what quality is a multi-faceted concept, comprising many aspects that are applicable at different levels. The meaning of the term ‘quality’ is best conveyed by the Greek word Peoteta which was used by Plato and Aristotle to single out certain characteristics that were considered to be distinctive of a thing-distinguishing it from other types. The term is also related to specific attributes of people-usually ‘good qualities’. Within this frame work, quality becomes a multi-value concept depending on the situation and also a multi-level concept involving different frames of reference in which it can be analyzed. Quality is a matter of negotiating among all parties concerned since quality will be specified by the outcomes of such negations about the expected requirements quality is not the same as ‘efficiency’ or being ‘excellent’. We can talk about good, better and excellent, but we should not talk about good quality, better quality and excellent quality.
Never an accident
It is always the result of:
• Intelligent direction
• High intention
• The wise choice between many alternatives
• Sincere effort
• Skilful execution
“Quality” in the context of higher education is bound up with our values and fundamental aims in higher education. We cannot adopt a definite approach to quality in this sphere of human interaction without taking normative position, connected with what we take higher education ultimately to be. In turn, what we take higher education to be will have implications for how we conceive of quality, how we attain it, how we evaluate our success in achieving it, and how we approve it.
The ISO 9000 concept of quality, where quality is evaluated in terms of customer satisfaction. This concept has been used by institutions, partly because it does provide a good benchmark for institution / industry which especially employs professionally trained graduates. The general feeling is that ISO 9000 is more applicable to institutions offering service-oriented training, as opposed to subject-oriented teaching. Quality should be shaped by the following four considerations: • The concept of quality is always influenced by political and economic developments • The notion of quality used in audits should be adaptable to suit the circumstances of each and every institution. • The notion of quality used in audits would typically consists of a combination if various degrees of emphasis of the deferent concepts of quality. • This openness and flexibility in the definition of quality does not, however, imply that there is uncertainty or a lack of clarity in the approach. What is Quality Assurance?...
...TRANSLATING EDUCATION TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Commissioner Nona S. Ricafort
The Brundtland Commission of 1987 defined “Sustainable Development” as “meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”
Sustainable development is maintaining a delicate balance between the human need to improve lifestyles and feeling of well-being on one hand, and preserving natural resources and ecosystems, on which we and future generations depend.
Habang naga develop an gating country it affects everyone on the planet
resulting in poor education, less innovation, poor healthcare, and less economic security.
The key programs needed in the development of our youth:
Ladderized Education System (EO 358)
Ladderized education is a facility that allows for vocational courses to be credited as units earned toward a related college degree program.
Ladderized Education Program (LEP) ibig sabihin kapag nag aral po kayo ng 2years. Ladderized courses pede ituloy as Bachelor's Degree
Expanded Tertiary Education Equivalency and Accreditation Program (EO 330)
By adopting the principles of E.O. 330, you may be conferred a college degree based on your work experiences, past schooling, training, etc. provided that you have earned the required number of hours on a degree program you are applying for.
Evaluates your work...
...QualityAssurance and Quality Improvement
In this assignment I am going to analyse the qualityassurance and quality improvement framework and procedures on my teaching programme. The efforts to improve quality in education are very important and in recent years have received increasing attention. In particular three main factors, external pressure played an important role.
* Educational Issues: Concerns about performance of schools and colleges.
* Political Issues: Concerns about reducing public spending as a proportion of GDP and other public spending.
* Economic Arguments: Concerns about the links between educational spending and economic success, especially in comparison with competitor nations.
Legislative changes in the UK and elsewhere have brought increased autonomy for schools and colleges, accompanied by requirements making them more accountable for the quality of provision and spending decisions. (Preedy, Glatter and Levacic, 1997)
Learner’s Feedback and QualityAssurance and Quality Improvement:
There are a number of different ways for students to make their views known and offer constructive feedback on modules and programmes, including the use of questionnaires, attendance at key academic quality related committees, and feeding into...
...HIGHEREDUCATION IN A REGIME OF GLOBALIZATION: DEVELOPING INTEGRAL PERSONALITY
(Man is neither mere intellect, nor the gross animal body, nor the heart or soul alone. A proper and harmonious combination of all the three is required for the making of the whole man and constitutes the true economics of education. After independence, India adopted the approach of planned development of the country. In the post – independence period,highereducation has expanded fast, and it is mostly public in nature. India has one of the largest Higher Educational Systems in world with more than 320 universities, 15,000 colleges, 4.8 lakh teachers and 12 million students. Since 1991, India is having structural adjustment in every sector including highereducation. The objective of quality enhancement and integral development of personality in the younger generation cannot be achieved without teachers developing their own integral personality. It is an inclusive concept and a collective enterprise. It involves everyone who teaches supports and guides students and the managers and administrators of highereducation institutions also. It includes significant strategic initiatives and the many small things that people do to try make things better. As Nehru expected education is not en end in itself, but a means...
...QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN HIGHEREDUCATION: WITH REFRENCE TO CONTRIBUTION OF MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES
Dr.Aruna Ms Sangeeta
Faculty Commerce, Faculty Art,
Rama Degree College Ram Manohar Yadav
The overall scenario of highereducation in India does not match with the global Quality standards. Hence, there is enough justification for an increased assessment of the Quality of the country’s educational institutions. Traditionally, these institutions assumed that...
September 20, 2012
Yvette DE La Vega
The Importance of a Good Education 1
Today more people are going back to college in order to obtain a degree of some type. More people are looking for careers and are tired of settling for jobs that they do not like just to get a paycheck. Employers are looking for employee with college degrees in order to present their customer with more qulitified people. A college degree is more importance now than it has ever been. More jobs are being sent overseas today making it harder to find a job, so in order to find a job that will give a person the financial stability they need more adult are returning to college to get their degree.
The Importance of a Good Education 2
The importance of a good education, a good education is the most important thing a person could obtain for themselves. Education is important to us in many aspects of life especially when it comes to your need for personal and social advancement. Education is important because it will open so many different...
Highereducation in the present world has a very long history. Highereducation has deep roots in the early sixth century when first monastic schools were started in Europe which later developed to the famous European university in Bologna during the period between 1088 and 1090. This is the origin of highereducation with all present systems of highereducation borrowing much from this first intuition and system of highereducation. Until early 20th century, highereducation institutions and particularly universities and high level colleges catered only for the elites in the society. Though in this time basic education was enough to secure an individual a well-paying job, the costs of securing a place in the institutions of highereducation as well as maintaining the costs for the period of a given course locked out the middle income earners as well as the poor. Statistically, by the start of 20th century, 3 per cent of the world population had enrolled in universities and other colleges offering highereducation programs. This number was much concentrated in the European continent...
...TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN HIGHEREDUCATION
Doaba College of Education
In this world of ever-growing competition, rapid changes of technology, privatization and internalization in education have led to the use of the concept of TQM in highereducation. Student is nowadays considered as a customer and the system of education needs to be according to the needs of the customer (Student).In India, inspite of a large number of Universities, deemed universities, medical, engineering, arts and science colleges the quality of highereducation leaves much to be desired. Therein lays the need of applying TQM in highereducation. The paper answers to the question as how to apply TQM in highereducation.
Excellence-Whether in a National Endeavour,
a Company, an Athletic competition
or a Personal Goal-Comes from the Never Ending
Pursuit of Improvement.
In this world of ever increasing competition, rapid changes of technology, declining quality, changing demographics, privatization and internalization in...
...readers satisfaction. Upon completion of the renovation we expect 40 % increase in the number of users.
* Assignment of Staff
* Upgrade the Lighting system
* Upgrade the Ventilation System
* Textured Walls
* Updating Electronic system
* Addition of New closets and furniture
* Renovating the foundation
* Renovating the stair case
* Increasing the parking space
HIGH LEVEL SCHEDULE:
* Identify the project team.
* Identify the customer (Sponsor).
* Identify the areas to be renovated.
* Budgeting the project.
* Procurement plan.
* Renovation executing.
* Project quality control.
* Close the project
MONITORING AND CONTROLLING- $5,000
* Senior Manager
* Project Manager
* Project controller
* Project In charge
* Software engineer
* Interior designer
RISKS IN OUR PROJECT:
Risk1: Delay for preparation material by...