MW 5:00-6:15 PM
Now being in the course Communications 131 for about two and half months, I have had the chance to learn more about public speaking and listen to speeches keep improving. We now finished the “Demonstration / Explanation speeches” and the “Informative speeches” and I got to watch great speeches, average speeches, and speeches that could still progress.
My number one compliment to the class and professor is the style of the class. Communications class and public speaking is a big fear for many people. The class is extremely calm and relaxed but also chaotic and humorous. It is the perfect balance. The continuous laughter and flow of the class makes everybody want to be there, pay attention and surprisingly enjoy each class. Another aspect that strengthens the class is the unity of the class. Everyone is friendly with each other. Not only do we all know each other’s names but everyone’s nickname. This is very important because this helps tremendously with people feeling more comfortable about giving a speech in front of the class and not being as nervous.
I believe there has been improvement in everyone from the first speech to the second. After watching classmates speak, it is the best way to realize things you should or shouldn’t do. Things like visuals, tone of voice, timing, stance, gestures, etc. For example, when someone says “um” a lot or sways back and forth, you make a note in your head not to do the same. Responding to the speeches is also beneficial so you can remember what to do or not to do next time.
I have learned many great aspects about public speaking and how to give a great speech. My career after I graduate is teaching and I have learned many points that will help me every day in my future. Something I never thought about prior to this class is the importance of visuals. I will remember to use visuals and make it appropriate for the age of children I will be teaching....
...PublicSpeaking Test 1
1. Publicspeaking: Publicspeaking is speaking to a group of people in a structured, deliberate manner intended to inform, influence, or entertain the listeners. ( is an oral presentation in which a speaker addresses an audience.)
2. rhetoric: Rhetoric is a technique of using language effectively and persuasively in spoken or written form.
3. extemporaneous: made up or done without special preparation
4. communication: is the phenomenon of conveying information and meaning through non-verbal, verbal, or written media.
5. encode: A message first ‘encoded’, that is transformed into an understandable sign and symbol system.Speaking is encoding, as are writing, printing, and filming a television program.
6. decode:Once recieved, the message is ‘decoded'; that is, the signs and symbols are interpreted. Decoding occurs through listening, reading, or watching that television show.
7. noise: Noise is any type of disruption that interferes with the transmission or interpretation of information from the sender to the receiver.
8. feedback: In communication studies, the response of an audience to a message or activity.
9. rhetorical purpose: attracting and seducing an audience, persuading them, and solving a problem.
10. specific purpose: defines your action in the speech, what you want to accomplish. The central idea is like a thesis statement in an essay; it...
...communication. Non-verbal communications are: Kinesics – body movements, Vocalics – tone; Haptics – touch; Proxemics – space; Chronemics – use of time; Physical Appearance – physical features; Artifacts – possessions shown to another and Environment - surroundings. Kinesics is defined as communication with facial expressions, posture, body movements, gestures and eye contact (McCornack, 2007). Like other forms of communication kinesics can sometimes be interpreted or misinterpreted with positive or negative effects.
In the United States of America, a way of paying attention to someone speaking is to make eye to eye contact. Looking at an inanimate object or at someone else is rude and insulting to the one who is speaking. Avoiding eye contact may also imply the avoider is shy, intimidated or has low self esteem. African Americans in general often look down when they are listening and look up when speaking to someone. However; with some African Americans, a child looking directly into parents eyes while being scolded is interpreted as not respecting your elders and ignoring authority. A child should hold his head down to show humility without making any eye contact. Rolling the eyes (shifting eyes in socket from one side to another) communicates disapproval, disgust, weariness, disdain and a host of other emotions that are negative (Jackson, 2003).
In Asian cultures making eye contact for an extended amount of time...
A. Attention Getter: How many people in this room own or have owned an IPod, IPhone, or IPad? Isn’t astounding how one man’s vision and innovation gave us all devices that have made the world today more connected than it’s ever been? Devices we NOW can’t imagine leaving behind when we walk out the front door in the morning. Whether it’s listening to music in your bedroom, reading the news on the train ride to work, checking your email at home or even sitting in a waiting room watching Netflix. It’s hard to deny the influence and impact that Steve Jobs has had on modern culture.
B. Reason to Listen: My name is Eduardo Salazar and like many of you I too can’t live without technology and though my personal devices haven’t always been Apple products. More often than not if the device I was using wasn’t an apple product it was inspired by an apple device.
C. Thesis Statement: Today I will be talking about how Steve Jobs revolutionized the way the world uses and incorporates technology in their everyday lives and how it has impacted modern culture.
D. Credibility Statements:
1. Like many of you, technology plays a very important role in my life and sometimes I don’t even realize how much of a role it plays UNTIL I look back and notice that I don’t sit at a computer desk anymore typing my papers, I just flip open my macbook or how I don’t flip open my phone anymore to answer calls I just slide my finger across my IPhone screen
2. After doing extensive research...
...traditional book though Amazon or other online sites, it takes about 5 to 12 business days for it to arrive in your hand. With an eBook, after the payment, all it takes is a click of a button to start accessing the information within minutes.
E. Modern eBook also contains more interactive audio visual content and online guides and easy access to the vast World Wide Web.
(Signpost: Now that I have told you about the advantages that eBook has over traditional ones, I’d also go over some factors that make traditional textbooks still widely used).
Hey I understand what going in your mind rights now… You have a question for me, don’t you?
If eBook has so many advantages over traditional textbook why is the older version still in wide practice?
The answer is as simple as the obvious question itself:
* It’s traditional.
Books were invented by the time this technology was non-existent so we had no choice.
* The world simply did not have an explosion of information and research. We did not have to think of deforestation and its impact on ecosystem or global warming like we do today.
It felt like a possession with value and status. A personal library meant prestige and high stature in society.
But things has changed over the years. Now the look and feel has been replaced with time, relevance, reusability, and least environmental impact. EBook is rapidly growing popular and I believe, will soon become the standard.
...What is publicspeaking?
Publicspeaking involves talking in front of a group of people, usually with some preparation. It can be in front of people that you know (e.g. at a family celebration) or a crowd of strangers. Unlike a presentation there normally isn’t a lot of opportunity for interaction between the audience and the speaker – the speaker speaks, and the audience (hopefully) listens.
Speeches have different functions. These include being persuasive (e.g. trying to convince the audience to vote for you), informative (e.g. speaking about the dangers of climate change), entertaining (e.g. a best man’s speech at a wedding) or celebratory (e.g. to introduce the winner of an award). Some speeches may have more than one of these aims.
Why is publicspeaking useful for students?
Most people, at some point in their life, will need to stand up and speak in front of a group of people. Teaching students the necessary skills for doing this will therefore help them to do this more successfully. As a result of the practice, students often report an increase in general confidence as well as a marked sense of achievement. Many students get incredibly nervous the first time they have to do a speech in front of their classmates but with practice the nerves subside and they usually begin to enjoy the whole process.
Working on public...
...Organizational Method: Problem-Cause-Solution
Topic : “Putting the Brakes on Teenage Driving”
General Purpose : To persuade
Specific Purpose : To persuade my audience that the driving age should be raised to 18 years old.
Central idea : The best way to prevent teenage auto accidents is to rise the age for full driving privileges to 18.
I. On a cold November night, a Ford Explorer charged down a California highway.
A. The 16-years-old driver and three of his friends were returning from a concert when the driver lost control of the car.
B. The driver and one passenger were killed; the other two passengers were injured seriously.
II. Tragic auto accidents involving teenage drivers are much too common in all parts of the world.
III. After researching the subject, I have come to agree with the experts that the best way to prevent such accidents is to rise the age for full driving privileges to 18.
IV. For today I request you all to listen with an open mind while we discuss the problems associated with teenage driving, the major causes of the problems, and a plan that will help solve the problems.
(Transition: Let’s start by looking at the problem associated with teenage driving.)
I. There are too many motor vehicle accidents, deaths, and injuries involving teenage drivers.
1. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, while...
HW#4 Chapter 4 # 1,3,4,5,6,7
1. What is an audience-centered speaker?
An audience-centered speaker is to dramatize the importance of connecting, let’s contrast the speaker with two speakers who fail to connect.
3. How can a speaker get advance information about an audience?
The speaker can get advance information by knowing who your listeners are. But if you’re not familiar with your listeners, collect information about them by means of interviews and surveys.
4. What are taboos, and why are they an important concern for a speaker?
Taboos is an act, word, or object that is forbidden on grounds of morality or taste and they are an important concern for a speaker because violating a prohibition can seriously undermine a speaker’s credibility. By learning the taboos of a culture, you can avoid committing a blunder.
5. Do international audiences usually prefer a presentation that is humorous and informal or one that is serious and formal? Explain your answer.
International audiences usually prefer a presentation that is serious and formal, because a presenter who is joking can undermine an important presentation.
6. What is ethnocentrism?
The belief that one’s own cultural group is superior to other group.
7. Who is the best source of information about the needs of listeners with disabilities, and why?
Persons of disability know what they need . . . and are the best and most...
...Before I started this class, if someone would have asked me if I wanted to give a speech in front of a large audience, I would have laughed in their face. But in reflection of my semester in speech class, I would now jump at the chance to talk in front of an audience. True, it is partially because I enjoy making a fool of myself, but it is in large part due to the fact that talking to people in a structured manner, such as a speech just doesn't scare the bejusus out of me like it did before I enrolled in this class. Why is that? Why does publicspeaking scare people? I feel that many people just don't understand the fundamentals. First off, things go much smoother if your audience finds you credible. Next, your delivery is just as important as your material. A nervous speaker with accurate facts is just as foolish as a smooth-talker spouting nonsense. Properly delivering your message to your audience is the only way to keep the audience's attention, because they are just as much involved in the speech as you are. Getting them to listen to you, and only you is vital; always leave them intrigued and impressed with a quality conclusion.
So what is credibility and why is it important? The Greek word, ethos, was the name used by Aristotle for what modern students of communication refer to as credibility. It is the audience's perception of whether a speaker is qualified to speak on a given topic. The two major factors influencing a speaker's...