There are natural oral speech disorders such as sluttering, cluttering, articulation disorders, and aplaxia. Sluttering is a problem that interferes with fluent speech. When someone repeats the first part of a word or stays a long time on a single sound it is because they are slutter. A person who stutters has trouble getting out what they want to say, and a person who clutters says what they are thinking, but it becomes disorganized while actually speaking. Apraxia is thought to be due to a brain impairment that may or may not show up on brain magnetic resonance imaging tests.
The ability to understand language and produce speech is coordinated by the brain. So a person with brain damage from an accident, stroke, or birth defect may have speech and language problems. Genetics may also play a role in some speech problems. Articulation disorders is for example confusing or substituting the W and the R like many “campesinos” here in Colombia, it also includes adding sounds to words, and omitting sounds. Finally, the last disease is lisping, which refers to specific substitution involving the letters S and Z. A person with lisping replaces the S and Z sounds with TH.
On the other hand, many people cannot speak in public, but this is for personal reasons. Millions of people around the world suffer from stage fright or performance anxiety. Performance anxiety prevents you from explaining thoughts and expressing emotion. Performance anxiety can affect you mentally in the long term since it can affect your self-esteem and confidence in a negative way. The reaction of stage fright is very common on the human body and it serves many different purposes. When you are being watched by hundreds of people you will feel stress. When you are in stress your body releases little dosage of adrenaline, which causes you to panic. This system is a very well known defense of the body when it is in danger. The mechanism used is called fight or flight. There...
...is to be continually fearing you will make one." -Elbert Hubbard
How to make your fears of publicspeaking work for you and not against you, and to show that almost everyone gets nervous.
Everyone is afraid of something. Whether it is spiders, heights, enclosed spaces, or publicspeaking. When it comes to giving speeches, people tend to let their fears get the best of them. I know for me personally publicspeaking is one of my greatest fears. And statistically speaking Speech Anxiety and Communication Apprehension is a common problem for a lot of people.
Preview of Three Major Points:
1. What is Speech Apprehension?
2. Determining Your Fears.
3. Getting Over Them.
II. Body of Speech:
1. What is Speech and Communication Apprehension?
a. Definition of Speech Apprehension -
Fear of speaking to an audience. Indeed, many people place publicspeaking ahead of death itself in their ranking of fears. It is no wonder, then, that a significant number of people tend to avoid situations where they are expected to...
...great time. The presentation ends with a standing ovation and you feel on top of the world, inconquerable. To think you were once worried about publicspeaking, but no more. Thanks to your improved speaking you are much more confident person.
Unfortunately this is just a dream, and you must face reality.
Do you have problems with publicspeaking ? If you fear the spotlight, you are not alone.
3 out of 4 people have some form of stage fright, ranging from small worries to physically disabiling symptoms, such as vommiting. This fear is known as Glossophobia.
This goes for everyone, including those who have to give numerous speeches every year. Barack Obama, for example, who speaks in front of millions and millions of people, will admit that deep down he is often afraid when giving speeches. The reason he has become such a great public speaker is because of practice. He has given so many speeches throughout the course of his life, that rarely, does he ever start to second guess or give into his fears.
And today you have a unique opportunity, because we are going to tell you some useful tips how to overcome your stage fright and become a successful public speaker.
The first step in solving a problem, is admitting a problem. So in order to over come your fear of...
...TENNESSEE AT MARTIN COUNSELING CENTER
By Louise Katz, Ph.D.
• • •
WHAT IS PUBLICSPEAKING ANXIETY? HOW TO PREPARE FOR AN ORAL PRESENTATION GIVING YOUR SPEECH
What is PublicSpeaking Anxiety? Publicspeaking anxiety is very common among both college students and the general population. Some estimates are that as many as 20-85% of people experience more or less anxiety when they need to speak in public. Many people who speak for a living, including actors, businesspeople, and politicians, experience publicspeaking anxiety. In fact, some of these experienced public speakers feel that a little nervousness before a performance or speaking engagement gives them the ability to perform at their best. However, for some people the anxiety becomes so intense that it interferes with the ability to perform at all. In the case of students, this may lead to avoiding certain courses or even majors where oral presentations are required, never speaking in class, or deciding against certain careers because they would require occasional speaking before a group. Students who are very anxious about publicspeaking in class may sometimes also avoid social events they would like to attend or may not talk to classmates they...
...PublicSpeaking Anxiety and Its Effect on Students
Publicspeaking anxiety is a problem for many people. Some say that it is the number one fear of Americans over death. There have been many studies done in the general field of publicspeaking anxiety. I am going to review five articles that touch on various issues surrounding publicspeaking anxiety. All five of these articles are from Communication journals and are at most five years old.
There have been many studies done on publicspeaking anxiety in the field of communications. I have chosen these five articles to review because I believe that put together, they give a good background on the recent research done on this subject. The first article looks at student's memories of speeches they have given. The second article looks at how publicspeaking anxiety affects speech preparation. The third article looks at how speech anxiety changes due to audience pleasantness and familiarity. The fourth article looks at when anxiety actually starts for students given a speech assignment. The fifth article summarizes a study where people with no formal background in communication are asked to explain why people experience publicspeaking anxiety.
The first article...
...Institution of Learning:
From a tender age, I was always nervous about speaking it public or rather being in situations where I had to address people or read in public, be they my peers, or those older or younger than me. Still, within me, I admired numerous eloquent speakers both on television and other areas of social life, though I could not muster enough courage to publicly address others. Consequently, throughout childhood even college; I managed to avoid those situations that required me to be in the limelight addressing others.
My first publicspeaking experience happened in college where, as part of the required course work, every student was supposed to conduct a study on a social issue or topic of their choice, and present their findings in a college symposium that would combine colleges from our school district. The presentation was scheduled for the last weeks of the college semester hence we had enough time to prepare. Accordingly, i chose to conduct a study on the attitudes of young people in my community, regarding obesity. I was extremely conversant with this issue thus the research part was easy. The presentation required a discussion of study’s background, the methodology used as well as the key findings. The thirty minute presentation was to be accompanied by a PowerPoint presentation which I...
I. Nervousness about publicspeaking is normal and widespread.
A. Many celebrities and public figures admit to a fear of publicspeaking.
B. Many ordinary citizens place publicspeaking at or near the top of their lists of fears.
C. A clear majority of college students listfear of publicspeaking as their chief communication weakness.
1. James McCroskey’s Personal Report of PublicSpeaking Anxiety shows that nearly three-fourths of college students admit to high or moderately high anxiety about speaking in public.
2. McCroskey concludes that a fairly high degree of anxiety about publicspeaking is normal.
D. People experience and exhibit a range of internal and external responses to the stress of publicspeaking.
1. Chemically and physiologically, we experience stage fright in the same way.
a. Adrenaline is released into the bloodstream.
b. Respiration increases.
c. Heart rate increases.
d. Galvanic skin response increases.
2. Symptoms of stage fright can vary from person to...
Commonly, students refuse to do the task of speaking in public due to discomfort of being viewed upon by the classmates or the audience and does create inferiority in delivering a certain speech. Publicspeaking is a common source of stress for everyone especially to students who are not used to speak in front of public because of fear to be criticized by others. Many would like to avoid this situation completely, but that is difficult to accomplish. Oral communication anxiety or commonly known as publicspeaking anxiety is one of the most studied phenomena among western communication researchers. So much attention has been given to this phenomenon that almost every aspect of it has been explored and written about. Yet, despite it being extensively studied the case is quite different in the Philippine setting. There is still a dearth of research data on Filipinos considering oral communication anxiety’s overwhelming impact on speakers (Del Villar, 2006a). Filipino teachers have been using western materials in designing their courses. Would it not be better if they used data gathered from their own setting to design their syllabus? As a way of addressing this scarcity, the present study probed into the attributions beginning speech communication students believed to explain their speaking anxieties. Although there are a number of...
...SPEECH: OVERRCOMING FEAR IN MAKING ORAL PRESENTATION
Assalamualaikum and good morning ladies and gentlemen. The purpose of my presentation today is to share the basic knowledge of overcoming fear in making oral presentation. To start with I will be explaining the second worst fear after death and that would be publicspeaking. Then I will mention about some of the problems encounter and how to overcome it and finally I will summarize my presentation as well as concluding some recommendations. Please do feel free to interrupt me if you have any questions and I will try my level best to answer the questions after the presentation.
Ladies and gentlemen,
Fear of publicspeaking is extremely common and most people like to say that the fear of publicspeaking is more common than the fear of death. Even if that is not the case, it is still extraordinarily common and a lot of people want to overcome fear of publicspeaking. Some people who fearpublicspeaking do not need to do any publicspeaking in their day to day lives so their fear of it does not present a huge issue for them. On the other hand, some people are required to do a fair amount of public...