SELF ESTEEM & SOCIAL ANXIETY
Self Esteem and Social Anxiety
Michael K. Rasmussen and Aileen M. Pidgeon
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Bond University
Self Esteem and Social Anxiety
The study searched measures of self- esteem and social anxiety using self-report. Social Anxiety Disorder is someone who has the fear of being social with anyone or anything, said (Rasmussen and Pidgeon, 2011). Low self-esteem is a cause of Social Anxiety Disorder. Research stated that there is evidence that individual’s with social anxiety show low self-esteem (Baumeister & Twenge, 2003). (Kocovski and Endler’s, 2000) Social anxiety showed that low self-esteem had a gain in fears of negative evaluation, which in turn showed gains in social anxiety. A person who checks themself in a negative way will think that others are of the same opinion, and this anticipation of negative evaluation of the self might result in anxiety in social situations (Kocovski & Endler, 2000).
It was hypothesized that higher levels of mindfulness would significantly predict higher levels of self- esteem. Recent experimental evidence has shown that mindfulness buffers self-esteem from negatively valenced social experiences, which in turn reduces defensive reactions to social threats. It was hypothesized that higher self- esteem would significantly predict lower social anxiety. It was predicted that mindfulness indirectly predicted lower social anxiety via self-esteem. (Fennel & Jenkins, 2004) In this experiment it was an experiment to see the levels of low or high self- esteem, which would inflict a difference on social anxiety. The mean age for this was 23.1 years old. The standard deviation was 6.72. In this experiment the percent of female students was 59%. There were coefficients ranging from 0.82- 0.86 in different studies. Results showed higher increases in self- esteem and said there were lower levels of social anxiety. This study for future research can be questioned like what variables influence the effectiveness in mindfulness practice in relation to self-esteem and social anxiety?
These three different study groups could not differentiate on treatment dropout also families were more intrigued by GANA and PCIT, instead of TAU. We even hypothesized that PCIT would outperform TAU. Participants included 58 Mexican- American families. In this clinical sample, the children were in dire need of treatment. As stated, the IV is PCIT (Parent Child Interaction Therapy), treatment as usual. GANA guided active children. The DV stated that there would be lower dropout, higher father participation, better outcomes, higher parent satisfaction. The studies psychological perspective is social cultural. This is social cultural because it is studying the different social groups of different cultures of the society. A new question raised for possible future study is why dropout rates do not differ?
(Bandura, A. Ross, D., & Ross, S.A) The advancement concerning the influence of the gender of the model and the sex of the children in imitation of a sample experiment. The number of participants was 72. 36 boys and 36 girls had participated as the imitators of the experiment. The mean age of the children equals 37 to 69 months. The IV with operational definition was Aggressive vs. Non- aggressive children and same vs. Different sex. The DV is imitative responses (physical aggression, verbal aggression, and non-verbal responses. The result of this experiment was participants who observed aggressive models scored significantly higher in imitative responses including physical and verbal aggression as well as non aggressive verbal responses. The psychological perspective is social learning. The perspective is social learning because a child observing a behavior from an adult will impact the way they react to the independent variable of the experiment. A questioned...
...Research Methods of Psychology
Psychological Research is conducted to obtain factual information about human behavior and mental processes to find out the underlying cause and effect relationship. Here we will discuss two out of five methods of conducting Psychological Research named:
1. Case History Method
2. Survey Method
1. CASE HISTORY/ CASESTUDY/ CLINICAL METHOD
A casestudy is an in-depth study of one person. Much of Freud's work and theories were developed through individual casestudies.
It is sometimes very helpful to study one person (or a very small group of people) in great depth to learn as much information as possible. This method is particularly useful in studying rare disorders or circumstances.
A. Studying the life history of a man who acquired schizophrenia at the age of 20.
B. Following one child from conception to adulthood to examine this lifespan development.
Types of CaseStudies:
Explanatory: Used to do causal investigations.
Exploratory: A casestudy that is sometimes used as a prelude to further, more in-depth research. This allows researchers to gather more information before developing their research questions and hypotheses.
Descriptive: Involves starting with a descriptive theory....
...CaseStudy On Debby
This casestudy is on a young girl named Debby. She was observed in a at her parent’s home over the last weekend. She is 3 years of age. She is the only child, and lives with both parents. She has her own bedroom. She loves anything Disney princesses, she also does not like dark colors, bright colors are her favorite and she likes the color pink. She like playing with dolls, playing kitchen, and she told me that her favorite thing was to ride in mummy’s car. Debby dislikes playing trucks and boy’s game, she did not have any problem playing with boys or girls but while observed at a birthday party, she rather plays with girls, than to play with boys. She also does not like dark colors, bright colors are her favorite. She does go to speech therapy to work on her words as both parents are actively working professionals. Debby is a very fascinating young girl, and it was exciting to do a casestudy over her.
For a child of age four, Debby is very active. Debby is average for her physical development. Debby is physically fit, and enjoys playing with others when. Because she was observed at their at home, some questions were directed to her mother. According to a growth and weight chart, the average height for a 3 year old girl is 37 inches. Debby is 38 inches in height, and she weighs 36 pounds (CDC growth chart.)
Debby is a very active child. She enjoys running around...
Jan. 29, 2014
The casestudy is on a six year old boy that brought a gun to school and shot another classmate. The two children had a scuffle the day before the incident happened. After the six year old boy shot his classmate he threw the gun down and took off running out of the room to hide. He did not act like he did anything wrong after the incident took place he was calm and drawing pictures. The boy had a history of violence in his family, with his father and grandfather currently in prison for gun related charges. He also lived in a violent environment. The legal system does not hold the six year old boy accountable for this crime. After looking at all the developmental factors that play a role in this casestudy I agree with the legal system.
One developmental factor that supports this legal decision is biosocial development. Biosocial development has to do with the development of the six year old boy’s brain. The corpus callosum is not fully developed, which leads to lateralization. Lateralization is the process in the brain’s hemisphere. A persons brain is divided into two hemispheres. Lateralization is when the left side of the brain controls the right side of the body and the right side of the brain controls the left side of the body....
Iridium is a famous case in which Motorola and other well known companies invested about $5 billion in a satellite venture that would enable a person to use his cell phone around the world. The investment included more than $2.2 billion in debt. Soon after operations began, the company declared bankruptcy and its assets were ultimately sold for only $25 million, leaving the lenders with a total loss. It is obvious that projections made by the company and endorsed by the most prestigious banks on Wall Street were comical leading to massive losses for banks, debt investors and equity investors. It is also clear that the company made some mistakes in marketing such as not having sufficient phones available after a major advertising campaign. The questions I would like you to address in this case are what was underneath the crazy assumptions and financial projections made by these highly respected financial institutions and how could the banks and other institutions made the loans.
Step 1: Skim over the Case Write-ups
Because the case was such a dramatic failure, a number of casestudies have been written on the case. For background, I have attached three casestudies written on the case (one from Harvard, one from Northwestern and one from Thunderbird) as well as financial...
...HOW TO SOLVE CASESTUDY
SOM, NIT Warangal
• A casestudy is a puzzle, which has to be solved. The case have a enough information that can be understand what the problem is and, after thinking about it and analyzing the information, and come up with a proposed solution. Solving a casestudy is a bit like writing a detective story, and also summarizing.
• A casestudy is description of an Enterprise, History and Environment Internal Operations. Casestudies do not have full information, but enough information is providing to draw a conclusion. The objective of a casestudy is to solve business problems, using a logical framework. The issues in a case are generally not unique to a specific person, firm, or industry, and they often deal with more than one retail strategy element. Sometimes, the material presented in a case may be in conflict.
• Casestudy refers to the collection and presentation of detailed information about a particular participant or small group, frequently including the accounts of subjects themselves. A form of qualitative descriptive research, the...
CaseStudy Analysis Paper
17 June 2013
University of Phoenix
Thesis: Lack of training and communication can cause employees to make simple, but crucial mistakes that jeopardize the success of the company and its current projects.
In this casestudy I am going to analyze what went wrong in a particular situation for one company. The new hire Carl Robins, seems as if he went in over his head maybe due to the fact that he is the newest recruiter. It looks like he may have tried to prove himself to his peers. It also seems as if Carl himself was not properly trained as to knowing, understanding and taking the proper steps when it comes to recruiting new hires. It seems as if the company does not take recruiting very seriously or else I think that the company might enforce policies and rules when it comes to recruitment. Things such as applications should have been properly filled out before and orientation was ever scheduled, applications are a basic requirement when it comes to applying for any job. Through basic communication the training manuals should be checked, changed, and updated frequently according to how often the company is recruiting new hires and last but not the least if the company had properly communicated that the conference room was blocked for maintenance Carl would have and should have known in advance through proper communication from upper...
Management Communications with Technology Tools
January 9, 2012
The casestudy I chose to evaluate was Oak Brook Medical Systems, Inc. The manager, Jackie, is known as a “no nonsense” kind of manager who is credited with large increases in business accounts resulting in a $40 million dollar addition to the corporate bottom line. She is a valuable corporate asset but has considerable communication issues with staff members. This is a so called “armchair” casestudy that is based on the fictional documentation produced by O’Rourke in case 10-1 (2010)
Part of the problem faced by Oak Brook Medical Systems is Jackie. She is difficult to communicate with and on occasion, makes other staff members feel their contribution to the welfare of the company is less important than her own. Workers feel unappreciated and Jackie is sometimes short tempered and condescending toward her coworkers and subordinates. Jackie believes the issue to be no more than a hurdle that has been faced by many who went before her. She believes that the issues with her subordinates are no different than those faced by every manager or superior, not suspecting that the issue may actually lie with her.
...CaseStudy 2: Contract Analysis
CaseStudy 2: Contract Analysis
Business Law – BUSI561
In the contract analysis of CaseStudy 2, we find what looks like a legal and ethical issue at play. This analysis will cover answers to the following questions:
1. What should you do about continuing to do business with Marshall?
2. If you elect to stop doing business with Marshall, what legal causes of action might he bring against your company, what damages or remedies might he seek, and what legal defenses might your company have?
3. If you stop doing business with Marshall, what are the potential impacts on Marshall’s continued exploration of his faith? What biblical options are available for resolving your disputes with Marshall?
Decision on continuing to do business with Marshall
Initially when reading the casestudy I saw many factors that give me a lot of reason to stop doing business with Marshall. Firstly, it is expected that when making on time delivery for Marshall that one will receive the same urgency in return. Marshall was frequently late in making payments to the sent invoices. As a business you want to ensure you provide quality product and on time services with the same responsiveness expected with who you are in business with. Not doing so demonstrates a lack of respect and shows that Marshall is...