An exploration of propaganda in Fahrenheit 9/11
Michael Moore unleashes a barrage of propagandistic techniques in his movie, Fahrenheit 9/11. Moore uses card-stacking, omission, manipulation, insinuation, and virtually throws everything but the kitchen sink at President Bush. Although at times, it feels as if the kitchen sink is on its way. Moore uses these techniques to push his theme: George Bush + war = Bad;
Michael Moore + Democrats = Good.
Okay, the message is slightly less obvious than that, but not by much. Moore hammers down that the spoiled rich cowboy (Bush) led the American people into an unjustifiable, immoral war, so he and his dad's friends (Cheney, Bin Laden family, and Saudis) could reap serious oil profit. Oh yeah, and Moore is the only one who knows the truth. Strap on your boots as we are about to wade through Moore's film and expose it for the propaganda twaddle that it really is
Moore does a sensational job of stacking the deck against Bush by omitting relevant and truthful information. If there were an award for omission, Moore would be the "omission master." He could put the trophy right next to his Academy Award. Omission is a powerful propaganda technique, which allows Moore to ignore facts that undermine his thesis while the audience is none the wiser.
Let the card stacking begin
Moore first shows us Al Gore, with an American flag flying behind his head, rocking out with famous people on stage. "And little Stevie Wonder, he seemed so happy, like a miracle had taken place," Moore narrates. Moore paints a picture as if Al Gore is celebrating his Florida Victory. What the audience is unaware of is that the actual event had taken place earlier that day before the polls opened1. The film then continues to show CBS and CNN calling Florida for Al Gore. Moore narrates again, "then something called the Fox News Channel called the election in favor of the other guy .All of a sudden the other networks said, Hey if Fox said it, it must be true.'" Moore never lets his audience know that Fox, along with CBS and CNN, had also called the election for Gore early in the evening as well. At 10:00 p.m. CNN and CBS retracted their win for Gore. Fox news did not retract theirs until 2:00 a.m. four hours after all networks had withdrawn the call2. Perhaps an oversight on Moore's part or just simply a blatant omission?
Moore continues down the path of omission by using an interview with retired FBI agent Cloonan. Cloonan expresses his disgust that the Saudis were not interviewed before the White House let them fly out of the country. However, according to the 9/11 commission reports, 30 of the passengers were thoroughly interviewed by the FBI3. In addition, Richard Clark admitted in his 9/11 testimony that it was he that made the decision alone to let the Saudi's fly, not the White House4. I must have gotten up for popcorn during that part where Moore explained the correction and missed it.
In one of Moore's proclaimed favorite film moments, he interviews congressmen and asks if they would send their children to fight in Iraq. Moore ambushes Republican Congressman Mark Kennedy who looks utterly confused. What the audience is, again, unaware of is that Kennedy had a response: "I have a nephew on his way to Afghanistan5." Kennedy also has two nephews in the military, and a son considering a career in the Navy5. Republican Michael Castle is shown walking and talking on his cell phone desperately avoiding Moore. One would wonder why Congressman Castle would not answer the question could it be because he does not have any kids6? Once again, using the power of omission, Moore suggests that even our congressmen, well the Republican ones anyway, would not send their kids to Iraq. Moore states that of all the people in congress "only one had an enlisted son in Iraq." That is odd the Associated Press counts at least seven7. Either Mr. Moore needs to return...
...PROPAGANDAPropaganda is a form of communication that is aimed at influencing the attitude of a community toward some cause or position by presenting only one side of an argument. It is usually repeated and dispersed over a wide variety of media in order to create the chosen result in audience attitudes. Propaganda uses techniques and, any means to persuade. It can be in writing, speech, music, movies, or any other media access that influences the public’s opinions, feelings, behavior and attitude. Usually people that use propaganda try to give their idea whether it is good or bad. They don’t bother demonstrating the truth through a reasonable argument. Their goal is to get their opinion through for their benefit and interest of the audience. There are seven types of propaganda or seven types of techniques. I will explain each one and give an example to start go with it.
One of the techniques is Name Calling; this is one of the most commonly used techniques. Propagandists use this technique to create fear and prejudice by using bad names or any words that will make people go against whatever they are trying to state. This method can come to a conclusion without necessarily having evidence. It often involves sarcasm and making fun of the character. Normally, it is shown on cartoons or writing. (Hoyt, Alia How Propaganda Works Article...
Just like a coin, a story has two sides. Everyone has their own stories with truths and lies. In time of a catastrophic event, such as September 11th at the World Trade Center, many stories are created. It is hard to know exactly what happened with all of the misinformation. Government puts out lies and people instantly believe and spread them. Many things are covered up or forgotten. The only way to find truth is to uncover it yourself. People should question stories instead of believing everything that is told to them. It has been proven that Government has lied in the past. Because there is sufficient evidence supporting 9/11 could have been predetermined, people should do their own research to create their own opinions.
Barrie Zwicker wrote a book entitled:Towers of Deception: The Media Cover-up of 9/11. Barrie Zwicker is an independent documentary producer, writer, and political activist. He is the first mainstream television journalist in the world to deeply question the official 9/11 story. He became a director of the International Citizens' Inquiry Into 9/11, Phase 2, at the University of Toronto in May of 2004. In this book he talks about how the CIA is above and beyond the law and it knows no moral constraints. It has no financial or moral or legal constraints to stop it from doing whatever it's going to do. There's a tremendously large number of CIA agents who are moles within the media. They occupy positions, high...
...Propaganda and Persuasion
The term “propaganda” became a kind of old-fashioned for communication theories after the
Cold War. But we can’t underestimate the power of propaganda today. Propaganda is defined
via the eyes and the ears of the audience. (Kuehl 2014: 3) That’s why it is hard to find a
definition which is completely proper for everyone in every time period. Even they both
mostly have the same principles and purposes, we can’t use the same definition for Nazi’s
propaganda and today’s digital propaganda. The concept of propaganda and it’s use is far
more important than the evolution of the term itself. (Kuehl 2014: 9)
Persuasion and propaganda are generally used to imply same actions; but they are
slightly different. We may need two different definitions to differentiate propaganda and
persusion from each other. Propaganda is the deliberate, systematic attempt to shape
perceptions, manipulate cognitions, and direct behaviour to achieve a response that furthers
the desired intent of the propagandist. (Jowet&O’Donnell 1992: 9) Persuasion is the
process of trying to “move” one or more people –by using credible information, evidence,
reasoning and emotional appeals- to a new or changed belief, attitude, value or behaviour.
(Rogers: 2007: 5)
Joseph Goebbels -Reich Minister of...
...Advertising invades every aspect of our modern lives. It is shoved upon us from every aspect of media. Internet, television, radio, movies, and even our streets seem to be centered on it. We are asked to buy, try, and consume the next best thing. While most things advertised are meaningful and can possibly be used to either help or make our lives better, we do not necessarily need it. Mostly what we are exposed to in advertising is propaganda, and to define it better, the authors of the book, “Propaganda and Persuasion” state propaganda as the following, “Propaganda is the deliberate, systematic attempt to shape perceptions, manipulate cognitions, and direct behavior to achieve a response that furthers the desired intent of the propagandist.” Its clever techniques are displayed everyday on television without notice. Companies use a variety of techniques to get your business, and if you have ever acted in response to a supposedly great product, you have been persuaded by the suggestive power of propaganda. Not only are adults being persuaded but so are children and teenagers. It manipulates our opinions and convinces us to act or purchase something we otherwise would not have. Some of the popular methods used in everyday situations and advertising are: testimonials, glittering generalities and name-calling techniques.
“After using Proactiv solution for two weeks, my face got noticeably clearer.” Sound...
...Propaganda refers to the use of communication techniques to affect people’s thinking and behavior. Any technique or action that attempts to influence the emotions, attitudes, values, beliefs, or actions of a group can be described as propaganda. Wartime propaganda was made to lure people into contributing to the war in different ways.
Propaganda takes on many different forms. Movies would be shown to people in movie theaters. Brochures were handed out to people walking by on the streets or in crowded places. There weir public speakers at gatherings or public meetings. Statements would be announced on the radio about the war. People would go to the movie theaters to watch the news and they would see newsreels. Posters were displayed and they were the most effective way of getting a message across. Posters were very effective because they could be made into any size. Posters could be made large so it would catch people's eyes. They could also be made small so it would be easier to hang up. Posters would put an image into people’s head because they were often very creative, detailed and artistic. Posters could be put anywhere such as really crowded places so more people would see it. Posters costed less and could be made of in a shorter time. They could also be hung up anywhere and anytime.
In world war one countries resorted to propaganda because they desperate and needed more people to help during...
...What is propaganda?
Propaganda is a form of communication that is aimed towards influencing the attitude of a community toward some cause or position by presenting only one side of an argument. Propaganda is usually repeated and dispersed over a wide variety of media in order to create the chosen result in audience attitudes.
Propaganda, the coordinated attempt to influence public opinion through the use of media, was skillfully used by the NSDAP in the years leading up to and during Adolf Hitler's leadership of Germany (1933–1945). National Socialist propaganda provided a crucial instrument for acquiring and maintaining power, and for the implementation of their policies, including the pursuit of total war and the extermination of millions of people in the Holocaust. Dr. Joseph Goebbels was head of Germany's Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda. His masterful use of propaganda for Adolf Hitler and the NSDAP made him an archetype of the modern spin doctor in public conscience.
General Types of Propaganda:
Propaganda can be categorized based on visibility of its source and/or the fact that the message is actually propaganda.
1) "White" propaganda comes from an official source and is not disguised. It should
be immediately recognizable as propaganda..
...The Positive Effects of Propaganda in World War One
Word Count: 1673
TABLE OF CONTENTS
A. Plan of Investigation
B. Summary of Evidence
C. Evaluation of Source
F. List of sources
A. Plan of Investigation
To what extent did the propaganda in World War One on European countries such as Germany and other countries as well?
In World War One there were many side actions that took place and had an influence in the war. One these actions was propaganda in several European nations, in which it was used to persuade the people of its countries. Propaganda was used through cartoons, posters, and billboards. Propaganda was viewed as having a big effect in the homeland; it helped recruit men for the army and persuade women to help out in protecting and working in the homeland. Some propaganda gives off important info dealing with its enemy’s war plans. They might release info that their allies can understand but not the enemy. “Throughout the war Germany was targeted
was the focal point and was used to keep Germany from becoming powerful and keep everyone informed about the country.”( Partridge 2248)
B. Summary of Evidence
To begin, in the First World War subliminal messages were often used by many countries involved, in which subliminal messages were passed through most political cartoons. To...