Educational System in Nigeria Problems and Prospects
L. O. Odia1 and S.I Omofonmwan 2 1. Universal Welfare Sustainable Community Development Center, Benin City, Nigeria 2. Department of Geography and Planning, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria E-mail: [email protected] or [email protected] KEYWORDS Education; problems; prospects; standards; research and development ABSTRACT This paper examines the problems and prospects of education in Nigeria. Education is the bedrock of development. But unfortunately Education in Nigeria is bisected with myriad’s of problems. These includes; poor funding and thus poor educational infrastructures, inadequate classrooms, teaching aids (projectors, Computers, Laboratories and libraries), paucity of quality teachers and poor / polluted learning environment. In addition to these inadequacies, our school system is plagued with numerous social vices such as examination malpractices, cultism, hooliganism and corruption. For meaningful development to take place in the educational sector; the government need to re-address the issue of funding. Private educational investors, teachers! Parents/guidance and students/pupils need a reorientation towards achieving the goals of education. Also education must be made affordable for all and sundry. The current monolistic approach to knowledge acquisition must be changed. Technical education and innovation/ adaptation centers must be encouraged and well funded, if this nation must move out of this present technological and scientific dependence. Government and the organized private sector must as well fund research programmes, inventions and mass production of invented products.
INTRODUCTION When the issue of Nigeria educational system today is raised, the first sets of thoughts that comes to mind are: decline in standard, deterioration of facilities, examination malpractices, mass promotion syndrome and the like before any other thing else. This calls for an in-depth study and analysis aimed at tutoring each and every stakeholders in the education system on how their actions and inactions have individually and collectively contributed to the collapsing state of education in Nigeria. In any case, knowledge and skill acquisition which education is all about cannot be over emphasized. According to the World Bank (1999: 25), “successful development entails more than investing in physical capital, or closing the gap in capital. It also entails acquiring and using knowledge as well as closing the gaps in knowledge”. Thus, to successfully confront the challenges of development, a developing country must undertake three major tasks: * Acquired and adapt global knowledge and create knowledge locally. * Invest in human capital to increase the ability to absorb and use knowledge; and * Invest in technologies to facilitate both acquisition and the absorption of knowledge. Similarly, Fafunwa (1979:26) defines education as “the aggregate of all the processes
by which a child or adult develops the abilities, attitudes and other forms of behaviour which are of positive value to the society in which he lives, that is to say, it is a process of disseminating knowledge either to ensure social control or to guarantee rational direction of the society or both.” Going by these explanation as to what education is, in relation to the state of education and its process in the country today as well as the attitude of its providers-Government at all levels and private investors; one with interest will be compelled to ask such questions as what has actually gone wrong considering the enormity of its effect on the output from the system in the area of productivity and the degree of acceptance in the labour market and educational institutions, especially outside the country. Response however, will be its militating factors stemming from the incidence of examination malpractice – poor facilities –...
...fair elections — remains beset with varied problems. Years after serious problems were exposed to the public, it has become increasingly apparent that our elections system is technologically, legally, and administratively inadequate and unfair.
Over the last three years, INEC, Nigerian politicians, civil society organizations, and the international community have all sought to learn from 1999 and 2003 elections by launching projects that aim to improve the Nigerian electoral process (Carl Le Van, 2006).
The management of electoral system in Nigeria has had the following problems:
* There have been a number of alterations of the register aimed at cleaning up the lists, but without any audit trail to show what changes were made, and under what authority.
* Statistical analysis of the register has shown wide discrepancies between the demographic makeup of registered voters as compared to the general population reflected in the Central Statistical Organization.
* It is possible for voters to choose between three possible voting domiciles, without any documentary evidence required to substantiate eligibility in the chosen domicile.
* The election law is currently being rewritten, with wide-ranging implications in requirements for the voter registration process.
* The percentage of voters reflected on the voters’ list is very low, representing just over 50% of the...
Nigeria's economic recovery programmes have necessitated a radical shift from total dependence on government for job to self-employment. One such attractive area for self-employment is snail rearing. It is a great money-spinning business that can provide a substantial source of protein to complement Nigerian carbohydrate meals. Sadly Nigerians inclination to go into business in the fields where thousands have already made their fortune has led to the ulter neglect of such lucrative area of snail farming in Nigeria or export at international market.
Many people see snails here and there. Some people take it as meat. But quite a number don't know how to go about rearing them. This is made worse because snails, which belong to the family of animal called MOLLUSCA, is a hermaphrodite. It has both the female and male sexual organs; so one cannot really distinguish between the male and female specie of it.
Snails that respire using a lung belong to the group Pulmonata, while those with gills form a polyphyletic group; in other words, snails with gills form a number of taxonomic groups that are not necessarily more closely related to each other than they are related to some other groups. Both snails that have lungs and snails that have gills have diversified so widely over geological time that a few species with gills can be found on land and numerous species with lungs can be found in freshwater. Even a few...
Semantic Modeling in Accounting
Education, Practice, and Research:
Some Progress and Impediments
William E. McCarthy, Arthur Andersen Alumni Professor
Department of Accounting, Michigan State University
Published in: Conceptual Modeling: Current Issues and Future Directions, Editors: P. P. Chen, J. Akoka, H Kangassalo, and B. Thalheim. Springer Verlag, Berlin and Heidelberg, 1999, pp. 144-53. All of the judgments of past, ongoing, and future research projects and of the ultimate viability of Entity-Relationship and REA commercial implementations in accounting represent the informed conclusions of the author alone
Semantic Modeling in Accounting Education, Practice, and Research:
Some Progress and Impediments
William E. McCarthy, Arthur Andersen Alumni Professor
Department of Accounting, Michigan State University
1.0 -- Introduction
In late 1979, the first Entity-Relationship (E-R) Conference was held at UCLA in December, and the first semantic modeling paper in the financial systems domain was published in The Accounting Review in October. Those two papers by McCarthy (1979; 1980) were actually based on his doctoral dissertation work completed in 1977 at the University of Massachusetts where a computer science professor -- David Stemple -- had introduced him to the groundbreaking E-R paper of Peter Chen (1976) that was...
...PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF SERVICE SECTOR - EDUCATION
India stands out for the size and dynamism of its services sector. The Service Sector in India today accounts for more than half of India's GDP. The contribution of the services sector to the Indian economy has been manifold: a 55.2 per cent share in gross domestic product (GDP), growing by 10 per cent annually, contributing to about a quarter of total employment, accounting for a high share in foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows and over one-third of total exports, and recording very fast (27.4 per cent) export growth through the first half of 2010-11. Services, especially education service plays a major role in service sector. India has the third largest higher education system in the world, next only to China and the United States. The education is start from the right time of child is born throughout his life time he is in a constant state of learning and finding new things in order to better equip himself to face the world. Such is the scope of the education that providing the right, equal, and relevant education should hence be a matter of utmost priority for the policy makers in the country. This paper discuss about the problems, Ethics of India’s education system due to changes through policy reforms....
... Education in NigeriaEducation in Nigeria is overseen by the Ministry of Education. And the local authorities take responsibility for implementing policy for state-controlled public education and state schools at a regional level. The education system is divided into Kindergarten, primary education, secondary education and tertiary education.
Primary education, Yoruba, and Igbo. Private schools would also offer Computer science, French, and Fine Arts. Primary school students are required to take a Common Entrance Examination to qualify for admission into the Federal and State Government Secondary schools, as well as private ones.
The Universal Basic Education, UBE, came as a replacement for Nigeria’s Universal Primary Education scheme of the 6-3-3-4 system of primary education. The 9-3-4 system of education was designed in conformity with the MDGs and Education For All, EFA (Kayode, 2006). The UBE involves 6 years of Primary School education and 3 years of Junior Secondary School education, culminating in 9 years of uninterrupted schooling, and transition from one class to another is automatic but determined through continuous assessment. This scheme is monitored by the Universal Basic...
..._ENTREPRENEUR AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF NIGERIA: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS_
"No amount of pay would be enough for an employee of an organization to live a comfortable life that he would please"- this assertion is a common place phrase that new inductee of banks are tutored with on entering into the financial systems of Nigeria banks and this mantra is soon forgotten as soon as they start earning decent income that would be enough to take care of their basic needs.
The reason for this introduction is to bring to for the current level of Entrepreneurship in relation to economic development of Nigeria.
Without creative ideation by Entrepreneurs we won't have development- the question you would likely ask would be:-How is entrepreneurship good for economic growth? This question would seem to have a simple answer: Entrepreneurs create new businesses, and new businesses in turn create jobs, intensify competition, and may even increase productivity through technological change. High measured levels of entrepreneurship will thus translate directly into high levels of economic growth. However, the reality is more complicated. If, by entrepreneurship, one allows inclusion of any type of informal self-employment, then high levels of entrepreneurship may actually mean either that there are substantial bureaucratic barriers to formally creating a new business, or simply that the economy is creating too few...
...Factors Influencing Education in Northern Nigeria
The aim of every country in establishing the quality education starts in the availability for all. A well developed country promise much more of the other countries can promise in terms of quality education. Sometimes, the countries that have a good quality of education usually serve better opportunities. On the other hand, the developing countries are still on planning to catch up with the other successful countries. This kind of attitude is not good for the other countries but because the developing is ready to commit on the challenges of the development and other factors of globalization, even if the entire country is not ready, the quality education can be hard to attain.
Background and Problem Statement
Different researches about the quality education create a great impact on the concern of the developing countries to provide the quality of education. Nigeria, as one of the developing countries, is not an exceptional country in terms of achieving the quality of education. Furthermore, the Nigerian economy is still looking for additional effort or innovative program to improve the quality of their education and its availability. In addition, this is not the only problem being faced by the...
...Background to the Study
The recent cashless policy of the Central Bank of Nigeria CBN has generated mixed reactions, controversies and public debates over the citizens’ preparedness and relevance of the policy. For1 instance, public argument on the one hand is that banking services in Nigeria are faced with low penetration, financial exclusion and poor infrastructure. Notwithstanding, the CBN has made it known that there is no going back on the policy because of the enormous challenges and cost associated with the cash based system, Clearly, according to the CBN governor, the policy is aimed at reducing the cost of cash management which was estimated at N114.5 billion in 2009 and projected to reach N200 billion by 2020. Further, he argued that the policy was not to scare customers but make banking easier and more convenient as Nigerians would be encouraged to use internet mobile banking and point of sale machines to make bulk payments.
Banks in the country and the regulators seem to have taken a common front. This is understandable. Clearly, banks of the future realize that the banking of tomorrow requires more of electronic manipulations and shuffling of bits-based money and other banking transactions, instead of paper. Paper based transactions are being replaced by card payment both debit and credit card for making payment online or making purchases at supermarkets, hotels obtaining services such as education, settling debts...