Privatization of Education
Education is the most vital input for the growth and prosperity of a nation. It has the power to transform the human beings into human resources. Apart from school education, higher education is the main instrument for development and transformation. Hence any changes shall be well thought and formulated without affecting the aspects of quality of education, equity and social solidarity.
We need to understand the harmful effects of privatization before we attempt to embrace it.
Academic institutions and systems have faced pressures of increasing number of students and demographic changes, demands for accountability, reconsideration of social and economic role of higher education and the impact of new technologies, etc
Does government lack the resources, the will and the insight necessary to reorder the post secondary education?
Higher education is an expensive undertaking!
The challenges of introducing such a system will be manifold. First, the government needs to make sure that schools exist in every locality. Left to the entrepreneurs themselves, they may fight to open too many schools in high-income localities where the students will be better compared to the low income localities. So the policy makers must ensure that low income localities also get a due share of the schools. The government must direct and incentivize the program so that marginalized areas are not left out. The second challenge is to ensure quality. Although the private schools, in general, are better than their public counterparts, but relying too much on them can also be costly. The quality of the private schools also varies significantly. While some of them may provide a good quality education at a reasonable cost, others may end up becoming money-making machines without caring for the quality of education.
Student number: 20134571
Science 1 in the Early Years
Assessment: Item 1- Views of teaching and promoting science of young learners
The pedagogy of play can be hard to understand and part of the reason for this is it’s so difficult to explain how children learn by play because play isn’t simply; it is complex. Each child begins their early childhood education with a set of skills and prior knowledge that is influenced by their family, culture and past experiences (Fellows &Oakley, 2010). The past knowledge should become the foundation for developing an understanding of scientific concepts (Duschl, Schweingruber & Shouse, 2007). Children are naturally inquisitive, creative and aware of the world around them (Campbell & Jobling, 2012). Play is an important development tool and an effective way to teach children scientific concepts while using their prior knowledge (Preston, Mules, Baker & Frost, 2007). Learning science through play shows children that science is useful and enjoyable and is a significant aspect of the real world (Bulunuz, 2013). This essay will review teaching science through play, theorists who support play and the way in which the Australian curriculum and EYLF support play pedagogy.
Science and Play
Play pedagogy is a context for learning through which children organise and make sense of their social worlds, as they engage actively with people, objects and representations. Research shows...
...PRIVATIZATION OF HIGHER EDUCATION – S.Divya Abirami
Our university system is, in many parts, in a state of disrepair...In almost half the districts in the country, higher education enrolments are abysmally low, almost two-third of our universities and 90 per cent of our colleges are rated as below average on quality parameters... I am concerned that in many states university appointments, including that of vice-chancellors, have been politicised and have become subject to caste and communal considerations, there are complaints of favouritism and corruption.
– Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in 20071
At the eve of liberalization, globalization and privatization, many changes are taking place in different spheres of Indian socio-economic life. These changes have affected all the sectors including education. Education is such a factor which affects all other sectors. So, it is important to observe the changes in education. Because of new economic policy privatization is welcome in India and also in education. Now private educational institutions are increasing day by day. This paper gives an overview of state of higher education system in India & highlights the need for private sector to step up in the field of higher...
...state. There are certain government services in which it is impractical to create a free competitive market. For others, it is almost impossible to predict the potential success or failure of privatization. These unclear predictions make privatization a very complicated issue for local governments.
The combination of rapidly rising service costs and slowly increasing revenues has led officials in some cities and counties to use non-traditional income services to fund government options. Throughout the mid 1980's state and local governments continue to be in trouble because of the rapid increase in the demand for services they provide along with an increasing resistance on the part of their citizens to raising taxes in order to provide those services. Privitization is an outsourcing of functions to private companies that the financial burdern of providing these services shifts from the taxpayers at large to the individual consumers.
Privatizing services is a more attractive option for most local governments and is widely practiced around the state. There are certain government services in which it is impractical to create a free competitive market. For others, it is almost impossible to predict the potential success or failure of privatization. These unclear predictions make privatization a very complicated issue for local governments.
The combination of rapidly rising service costs and slowly increasing...
In Malaysia, privatization is generally defined as the transfer of ownership from a government public sector to a private sector. Privatization applies when there is a transition of business activities, service or industry from a publicly traded and owned company to a privately owned company. This type of company will be no longer trades publicly on a stock exchange because investors can no longer purchase a stake in that company when a publicly traded company becomes private.
Privatization started getting attention in Malaysia at year 1983 when Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamed launched Malaysia Incorporated Policy which hinting that private sector were playing an important role in development and management of the country. As to compare, government is having a very bad reputation for inefficiency when running enterprises, even aided by monopoly and authority of government, private sector is better motivated and generally more efficient due to the discipline of competition and the need for gaining profit. Government may be privatize enterprises by section, by choices, trade oriented, by contract or through mortgage activities.
One of the examples of privatization in Malaysia through mortgage was Malaysia Airlines System Company (MAS), where by the progress of privatization was only involved partial divestiture and government has the majority ownership. In the early 1980, Malaysia...
...The problems and benefits of privatization of public sector organizations
Generally, privatization has been defined in provisions of the transfer of enterprise ownership from the public to the private sector. More generally, privatization refers to shifting the status of a business, service or industry from state, government or public to private ownership on control. Privatization can be strictly defined to include only cases of the sale of 100 percent, or at least a majority share of a Sale of Equity (SOE), or its assets, to private shareholder. Although the economic crisis affected the operation of some projects, remedial measures were undertaken promptly to revitalize the affected projects such as rescheduling their implementation and reducing the project scope. From the initiation of the privatization policy through 1990, a total of 37 projects were privatized. The momentum picked up in 1991-1995 when a total of 204 projects were put in private hands. The number of privatized projects dropped to 68 during 1996-1998, mainly due to the economic slowdown that hit Malaysia in the second half of 1997. There are several major methods of privatization in Malaysia, but those of significance are shares issued privatization (SIP) firms. These entities, such as Tenaga Nasional Berhad (the national power generator and distributor), Malaysian Airline System Berhad (the national...
...Today, education is the most important tool for the development of society. There is a direct correlation between education and development of society. The countries that realize this fact, giving the required importance for their education system, have become highly developed. Education should be promoted since it is the most important factor for the development of a country. The promotion of the education is depended on the factors like literacy rate in a country, schooling rate in the primary, secondary and higher education, proliferation of training technologies, and the quality of the education. This promotion process should be considered as a necessary condition for economic, technological and social development for a nation. In other words, the process of a successful development depends on the fact of gibing the society a conscious of change which is highly connected to education.
Fist of all, education enlightens people. The educated person is the person who improves oneself. A person increases her/his level of knowledge through education, so he/she has a better understanding and analyzing of daily matters and an agenda. That person can make logical deductions based on the knowledge he gains and refuses the traditional corrupted understanding. Individual’s ability of the interpretation of knowledge through one’s...
...INDIA'S GROWTH THROUGH ADVANCEMENT IN EDUCATION SECTOR
*Research scholar,sri Venkateshwara university,gajraula
**Supervisor, Maharaja agarsen college,Delhi university.
Education in India today is nothing like it was in Pre-Independence and Post-Independence Era. Education System in India today went through a lot of changes before it emerged in its present form. Presenteducation system in India is also guided by different objectives and goals as compared to earlier time. Present system of education in India, however is based around the policies of yesteryears. After independence, it was on 29th August 1947, that a Department of Education under the Ministry of Human Resource Development was set up. At that time the mission was the quantitative spread of education facilities. After, 1960’s the efforts were more focussed to provide qualitative education facilities. The present research focus on steps through which our indian education system had gone through. The basic moto of this research is to show that india has done serious efforts in education nd has shotremendous development but it is still lacking in comparison with developed nations. This study is an effort to suggest some measures for its improvement.
Education in every sense is one of...
...Education is a vital process that enables pupils and students to acquire knowledge and skills that can earn them a living and a respectable life. Within most education systems are measures such as user charges and cost recovery. These measures are put forward so as to improve the quality of education. In Sub-Saharan Africa countries, the user charges and cost recovery measures have been criticised by some people on equity grounds although within the same region other people have defended the measures based on the same grounds. This essay therefore, intends to identify and discuss the various dimensions of user charges and cost recovery measures in education as well as to propose an alternative for user charges and other cost recovery measures in the Zambian education system.
In order to have a wider understanding of this essay, the key words that are frequently appearing should be defined. According to (Jiminez, 1987) user charges are defined as a fee for service or a direct charge for the provision of a good or service by the Government in an open market while cost recovery is the regain of the costs of government-provided or funded products, services or activities that, at least in part, provide private benefits to individuals, entities or groups, or reflect the costs their actions impose.
User charges fall within the broader concept of cost sharing which involves the contributions from users towards...