In a modern society, education is a very important sector. Education, at the individual level helps in the process of socialisation. At the level of society, it ensures that the traditional wisdom passes from one generation to the others and the new and modern knowledge is imbibed by the present generation. The government of every nation is particularly careful about the educational sector because it is crucial for the development of that nation. Thus traditionally the task of educating people has fallen on the government more, so, if the government has adopted welfare approach, as is done today by most nations.
But since the last decade or two the concept of the governance has changed. More and more governments are adopting the role of directing rather than intervening and financing. We, in India also have a welfare government. However, since the last decade India has taken the road to Iiberalisation. At the same time India has followed a gradual and cautious approach to liberalisation. In a liberal economy there is a dismantling of government sector initiatives and the task of economic activities devolves on the Private sector. It is in this context that we have debated upon privatisation of education.
Privatisation of education has both negative and positive fallouts. Therefore any discussion on privatisation of education must take into account both its positive and negative impacts. It has been argued that privatisation of education is necessary from several stand points. In the first place, education has become a very expensive venture which the government cannot afford. Secondly, the educational infrastructure of the government is poor. There are shortages of school buildings, teaching staff and other facilities. The government lacks resources. All these adversely affect the overall equality of education.It has also been suggested that since the government spends so much on education and is not able to reap the proportionate rewards due to several...
...Education in India
Creating Qualification, But No Quality
Ravali Rupaa Amba
India fascinates people world over with its diversity and with the extreme contrasts in lives of people. Indian education scenario which also paints the same contrasted picture has gained world recognition. Many foreign nationals are considering India for higher education. Although illiteracy is a haunting problem inIndia the vast talent pool in the country never ceases to amaze people. To reach this position from the days of gurukul system - which although was a very efficient way of imparting knowledge, did great wrong to the oppressed classes - was no piece of cake. Our education system underwent tremendous changes and requires more changes especially in the quality of education to accelerate the rate at which India is growing. After independence education for all was the aim of the government. The unhealthy practice of discrimination was done away by the 86th Constitutional Amendment and education has been made compulsory for the age group 6 to 14. However, the efforts of improving the standards of Indian Education are not meeting with success, due to hurdles like accessibility, poverty, corruption and other factors. The quality of education is being compromised. The issues that are negatively...
...EDUCATION IN INDIA AND CURRENT YOUTH SITUATION
This essay is from the experience on the field which I have faced during the field work in various schools. This report contains the present condition of schools in Tamilnadu. This will also showcase the problems that students face in the name of education and also how the powerful Media acts as a barrier for the Education.
Education is now said to be one of the primary needs of the society. There was a huge reverse when some leaders like Mr. Kamaraj took over the position of Chief Minister. The Mid-day meals scheme is one of the best schemes in the country which was an initiative by Mr.Kamaraj. But now due to different discriminations and other deviations, education is now becoming a business and privatization works in here too.
“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world” says Nelson Mandela but now education has become a business to earn money at large.
Education is now becoming a dream for many poor youngsters. The students who are enrolling with the higher studies after their higher secondary schooling is rather so low comparing to school education. Government has brought compulsory pass scheme till 8th standard in all the schools all over the state though it creates interest on education to some deprived students it...
Student number: 20134571
Science 1 in the Early Years
Assessment: Item 1- Views of teaching and promoting science of young learners
The pedagogy of play can be hard to understand and part of the reason for this is it’s so difficult to explain how children learn by play because play isn’t simply; it is complex. Each child begins their early childhood education with a set of skills and prior knowledge that is influenced by their family, culture and past experiences (Fellows &Oakley, 2010). The past knowledge should become the foundation for developing an understanding of scientific concepts (Duschl, Schweingruber & Shouse, 2007). Children are naturally inquisitive, creative and aware of the world around them (Campbell & Jobling, 2012). Play is an important development tool and an effective way to teach children scientific concepts while using their prior knowledge (Preston, Mules, Baker & Frost, 2007). Learning science through play shows children that science is useful and enjoyable and is a significant aspect of the real world (Bulunuz, 2013). This essay will review teaching science through play, theorists who support play and the way in which the Australian curriculum and EYLF support play pedagogy.
Science and Play
Play pedagogy is a context for learning through which children organise and make sense of their social worlds, as they engage actively with people, objects and representations. Research shows...
...Education of Indians had become a topic of interest among East India Company officials from the outset of the Company's rule in Bengal. In the last two decades of the 18th century and the first decade of the nineteenth, Company officials pursued a policy of conciliation towards the native culture of its new dominion, especially in relation to education policy. . During the 19th century, the Indian literacy rates were rumoured to be less than half of post independence levels which were 18.33% in 1951. The policy was pursued in the aid of three goals: "to sponsor Indians in their own culture, to advance knowledge of India, and to employ that knowledge in government."
The first goal was supported by some administrators, such as Warren Hastings, who envisaged the Company as the successor of a great Empire, and saw the support of vernacular learning as only befitting that role. In 1781, Hastings founded the Madrasa 'Aliya, an institution in Calcutta for the study of Arabic and Persian languages, and Islamic Law. A few decades later a related perspective appeared among the governed population, one that was expressed by the conservative Bengali reformer Radhakanta Deb as the "duty of the Rulers of Countries to preserve and Customs and the religions of their subjects."
The second goal was motivated in part by concern among some Company officials about being seen as foreign rulers. They argued that the...
...education. These institutions, with the exception of some notable ones, have however, not been able to maintain the high standards of education or keep pace with developments, especially in the fields of knowledge and technology.
Over time, financial constraints with exploding enrolments, and a very high demand from primary and secondary education has led to the deterioration in the financial support provided by the Government. On top of this, an overall structure of myriad controls with a rigid bureaucracy has stifled its development. However, on the science and technology side, India has built up the largest stock of scientists, engineers and technicians.
Since 1950-51, when there were only 2,63,000 students in all disciplines in 750 colleges affiliated to 30 universities, the growth of higher education in India has been phenomenal. Today, there are more than 11 million students in 17,000 colleges affiliated to 230 universities and non-affiliated university-level institutions. In addition, there are about 10 million students in over 6500 vocational institutions. The enrolment is growing at the rate of 5.1 per cent per year. However, of the Degree students only 5 per cent are enrolled into engineering courses, while an overall 20 per cent in sciences. The demand for professional courses is growing rapidly.
Both public and private institutions operate simultaneously in...
...Indian Education System- An Advantage or Disadvantage
India is a promised land of scholars and saints. There has been no dearth of knowledge in India since time immemorial. Indian civilization has been blessed with priceless knowledge of Vedas and Puranas. Coming all along with these Holy Scriptures, till the modern age of science and technology, India can be found nowhere legging behind. Nevertheless we need not deny the fact that, India still possesses some quarters where a bud of education is still to sprout. As India witnesses tremendous upheavals in Indian economy- a segment ascending, while another suffers heavy descend- Education system is also building similar pandemonium. Every year India produces thousands of brilliant assets from IITs, IISc, IIMs, AIMS, BITS and ISB, who glows in every sphere of modern world. Concurrently, India still owns people in large numbers who are debarred of the basic education. Hence, in spite of its triumph in major areas, Indian Education System is tainted wit a few blemishes.
At the dawn of Modern India, she has received privileged initiatives by scholars like Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Dayanand Saraswati to spread education to many quarters of Indian population- big or small. British Government also took measures in spreading...
...Education & Learning Disability in India
Gone are the days, when a child is good at a certain skill, will be groomed for a particular job which required that skill. But now the scenario is totally different. Every other child is groomed to acquire a particular set of skills so that they join a particular job, without even identifying his/her natural skills. This creates a great pressure in students and eventually has become the” norm ofEducation”. This also contributes fairly, raising the incidence of Learning Disability among children.
“Learning disability” (LD) has been the much talked about topic in the Education Sector in the recent years. To know about LD, It is important to know how we process information to learn. Everyone processes information differently. People’s individual learning styles tend to cluster into specific categories. Therefore, while each person learning style is unique and should be treated as such, there is much that can be said about learning disabilities in general.
Learning-disabled students process information from different and/or multiple perspectives, which often cause difficulties when they are asked to think or work in a ‘traditional’ manner. It is not that these students cannot learn. it is that their different learning styles come with sets of characteristic strengths and weakness that differ from those people without such disabilities. In fact, these children with LD...
...Upanishad. From the Vedic age downwards the central conception of education of the Indians has been that it is a source of illumination giving us a correct lead in the various spheres of life. Knowledge says one thinker, is the third eye of man, which gives him insight into all affairs and teaches him how to act.
India has a rich tradition of learning and education right from the beginning of time. There are Shastra’s and Sutra’s which detail the duty of a teacher and student. Ancient Education System in India is based on making of Man and not for just survival. The making of man was regarded as an artistic and true purpose of education. It was sought as the means of self-realization, as the means to the highest end of life. viz. Mukti or Emancipation. Ancient Education System in India is also to be understood as being ultimately the outcome of the Indian theory of knowledge as part of the corresponding scheme of life and values. The scheme takes full account of the fact that Life includes Death and this form the eternal truth. This gives a particular angle of vision, a sense of perspective and proportion in which the material and the moral, the physical and spiritual, the perishable and permanent interests and values of life are clearly defined and strictly differentiated. Education must aid in this self-fulfilment, and not in the acquisition of...