Privatization of Educational Institutions
A Blessing and a Curse
Author: Mustafa Ramazan-Habibi
Written 6th December 2014
The new emerging phenomena of Private Education Institutions-PEIs are a blessing and a curse for Afghanistan. The concept of private educational institutions-PEI is important; there is no doubt about the quality of education provided by PEI. However, the government and the policy makers should not search for an easy way out of and privatize educational institutions. As a result there will be mushroom schools, higher education institutes and universities in each corner of the city. With no proposer check and balance. The fact that only failed states would increase privatization is inevitable. The government as a large and powerful institution should own its issues and challenges and face it respectively, responsibly and professionally. As in one of his talks President Ghani in London conference for Afghanistan stated, when the government fails to serve its citizens, only then the alternate-private institutions see it feasible and legitimate to established parallel institution to the government. Private educational institutions should be there. However, there should be a limit, as compare to the 100 % of government educational institutions, there can be only 5% of PEIs. The PEIs have to be under-direct supervision of the respective ministries such as Ministry of Higher Education and Ministry of Education. If the PEIs are not governed well by the government, in 12 - 15 years time there will be a huge social classification gap. The social classification gap will make the majority of the population suffer in the country. In terms of differed quality of education, high fee structured, lower quality of education in the government owned institutions and the language differences-English and Dari, as in PEIs they prefer English text books. Critically analyzing the developed and developing countries experience of...
Student number: 20134571
Science 1 in the Early Years
Assessment: Item 1- Views of teaching and promoting science of young learners
The pedagogy of play can be hard to understand and part of the reason for this is it’s so difficult to explain how children learn by play because play isn’t simply; it is complex. Each child begins their early childhood education with a set of skills and prior knowledge that is influenced by their family, culture and past experiences (Fellows &Oakley, 2010). The past knowledge should become the foundation for developing an understanding of scientific concepts (Duschl, Schweingruber & Shouse, 2007). Children are naturally inquisitive, creative and aware of the world around them (Campbell & Jobling, 2012). Play is an important development tool and an effective way to teach children scientific concepts while using their prior knowledge (Preston, Mules, Baker & Frost, 2007). Learning science through play shows children that science is useful and enjoyable and is a significant aspect of the real world (Bulunuz, 2013). This essay will review teaching science through play, theorists who support play and the way in which the Australian curriculum and EYLF support play pedagogy.
Science and Play
Play pedagogy is a context for learning through which children organise and make sense of their social worlds, as they engage actively with people, objects and representations. Research shows...
There has been criticism of Structural functionalism. Structural functionalism is a general theory in sociology. The concept that students do not shed their constitutional rights at the schoolhouse gate conflicts with one of the main objectives of a public school education: the inculcation of fundamental values necessary to the maintenance of a democratic political system. Much of the research and many of the policies about commercial media in schools reflect adult assumptions about how young people learn, rather than provide empirical research about how young people actually interact with commercial texts while in school. These issues have a strong impact in educational institutions.
We can gain some insight into these questions by examining Kohlberg’s theory of moral development and its application in his just Community model for schools. Specifically, in developing his just Community model, Kohlberg drew upon social theory that was strongly influenced by sociologists such as Emile Durkheim and Robert Dreeben. There are many similarities between elements of Kohlberg’s theories and those of Durkheim and Dreeben, which are now characterized as being part of the structural-functionalist school of sociological thought. Kohlberg's strong link to strucutural-functionalism is best exemplified by his reliance on a universalistic conception of justice and a desire to promote social interaction that leads to equilibrium in...
Education as a Social Institution
Introduction to Sociology SOC 101
Dr. Stephen Ulrich
May 19, 2009
At some point in time everyone is a recipient of some type of education. This can take the form of traditional schooling, home schooling, or mentoring by an individual. Formal schooling, within industrialized nations, typically encompasses one third of an individual’s life. This is one of the reasons sociologists have examined education as it relates to various social perspectives. This paper will explore education in regards to the Functionalist, Conflict, and Interactionist perspectives/views. (Perspective and views will be used interchangeably throughout this paper). “Two theories are considered in accounting for the increased schooling required for employment in advanced industrial society: (a) a technical-function theory, stating that educational requirements reflect the demands for greater skills on the job due to technological change; and (b) a conflict theory, stating that employment requirements reflect the efforts of competing status groups to monopolise or dominate jobs by imposing their cultural standards on the selection process” (Collins, 1971).
Applying the Functionalist Theory
Functionalist theory is explained by asserting that “societies function like biological systems in that they have differentiated parts...
...Adult Education in Cultural Institutions
Structures for Cognitive Change
Cultural Institutions such as Zoos, Libraries and Museums are organized environments of knowledge designed to foster knowledge.
Learning concepts used in these institutions are:
Informal Learning: Incidental, Unintentional
Self-Directed Learning: More Goal-Directed
Free Choice Learning: Alternate concept to self-directed learning. Originated in museums, Non-sequential, Self-Paced and Voluntary, Driven by needs and interest of the learners
The roles of the affective (defined as influenced by or resulting from the emotions). Learners heightened sense of curiosity. Example learners struggle to pay attention to the beauty of their surroundings or focus on the tour guide.
Theories in Adult Education in Cultural Institutions
Research is site specific instead of having diverse locations
Constructivism Theory is the most relevant in this situation
Library Reference Desk is the best example of this
This is the most natural constructivist teaching environment.
It has an array of resources that can be used to create knowledge.
Contextual Model of Learning
Dialogue between individuals and the institutions environment
Learning seen as interactions between an individual’s: Personal, Sociocultural, Physical context over time
Negative: Model overlooks class,...
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Stress Management at the Workplace
By Heide12, may 2010 | 10 Pages (2436 Words) | 1916 Views
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Stress Management in the Workplace
Table of contents
Definition of stress management 4
Two advantages of stress management 5 - 6
Positive impacts on the organization 5
Positive effects on lifestyle and health behavior 6
Two limitations of stress management 6 -8
Role of supervisors and management 6 - 7
Individual differences in stress response 7 - 8
The role of the Human Resource Manager towards stress management 8 - 9
Conclusion 9 - 10
References 11 - 12
Organizations are constantly undergoing change through new demands,...
...from public to private. Of course, privatization is concerned education system too. Government is interested in well-educated population, because it is one of the main factors that create economy development country. Education in Kazakhstan has some problems such as quality of education children received in schools, colleges and universities, price of this education and etc. Today it is divided into two systems: public and private. Now it is hard to say which is more reliable, and whether the privatization of public education is become the best solution of the problems.
Each of these education systems has its' own advantages and disadvantages. Of course we can exactly say that privateeducation in Kazakhstan has a lot of benefits in their system such as the models of new technological devices, advanced methods of teaching, new books and materials and more comfortable conditions to get knowledge. But a big drawback of private schools and universities is that they cost a huge amount of money, which not each parent can afford. In additional it is not still acceptable for Kazakhstan citizens that for education we need to pay, because in the past we were the part of the USSR, where education was free. For parents who cannot afford the cost of privateeducation, the...
History of EducationInstitution
Social institutions play a big part in the structure of human societies. There are 5 major social institutions, and they just happen to be family, education, religion, politics, and economics. I personally feel that education is the most important and interesting institution in todays world. Simply because an education can make or break a person. Having an education determines the direction of ones life.
Having an education is an enlightening experience. Education means many different things and has many different definitions. A broad definition of education though is "The process of receiving or giving systematic instruction, esp at a school or university."
Thank god for ancient greek and china teachers, such as plato, socrates, aristotle, kung fu-tzu. They are the people whom education originated from. On this paper i'm going to try to focus more on the United States though.. The United States was one of the first countries to set a goal for education. By the time 1850 came around more than half of the population ages 5-19 were enrolled in some type of school. Not to much longer on in 1918, all 51 states passed a law that required children to attend school to at least the age of 16. The mid 1960's was a huge mile stone in the U.S....
Effective Test Item Constructions Techniques
Teaching faculties of Public and Private Universities
Higher EducationInstitutions (HEI)
NTS also contributes in human resource development (HRD) by organizing training and capacity building workshops. Realizing the fact that in Pakistan no proper institute exist to impart training on an internationally recognized and standardized testing / examination paper construction and marking techniques, NTS in collaboration with Higher Education Commission (HEC) has designed a series of workshops for teaching faculties of Public and Private Sector universities and Higher EducationInstitutions of the country.
The overall objective of the workshops is to acquaint universities and HEI faculty members with the pre-steps in student's evaluation in semester system and effective test item constructions techniques. The main objectives of the workshops are:
• To acquaint participants with test and evaluation paper development techniques in a specified subject.
• To enable participants with knowledge, skills and techniques of efficient paper marking.
For the purpose, NTS and HEC have developed a training module on “Effective Test Item Construction Techniques” by engaging educational/ psychometric experts from various faculties of HEC affiliated universities/ educational institutions. The...