3Books of Allah
Islam is monotheistic
‘Witness’ or ‘Shahada’ – “There is no God but Allah and Mohammad is his prophet” Tahwid = belief in the oneness of God
Allah is the eternal and all powerful creator
Allah is absolute unity, all-seeing, all-hearing and all-knowing
Are important to Islam – eg Angel Gabriel gave the Quran to Muhammad on behalf of Allah Islam affirms the existence of spiritual beings, intermediary between humanity and Allah, who carry out Allah’s will in the world They do not have free will
They do a variety of tasks eg help Muslims in battle, protect the gates of heaven and hell
3. Books of Allah
God revealed his truths to his prophets
Followers of Islam believe the Torah, Psalms and Gospels, had much in common with the teachings of Islam but over time the original teachings became distorted or lost The Quran is the most complete and most true of all the Books of Allah
Messengers or prophets from God
Muslims believe Islam is the oldest of the major religions as it has existed from the beginning of time and has been progressively revealed by God to humankind through a series of prophets who have spoken on behalf of God Each rusul received a message that contained the same message as the Quran, but each of the earlier messages were corrupted by evil influences 25 prophets
The most important are those who introduced new teachings – Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, Jesus To fix any errors that occurred with the message sent by God/Allah, the Quran was given to Mohammad - this is the final and complete revelation of Allah
Life after death
There will be resurrection and judgement
The Day of Reckoning (Youm al-Qiyama)
Allah will pass sentence on each person and thoughts and actions of each person will be examined and the...
Sketch in general terms; indicate the main features of
Salaam Alaykum (Islamic greeting- peace be upon you)
The principal beliefs of Islam are clearly described in the six pillars of Iman (Faith).
The most fundamental teaching is Tawhid the ‘doctrine of Oneness’ which means that Allah is the One, Unique God. He is the single, divine creator, nourisher and sustainer of the universe. Allah has supreme control over humankind. He has no equal, hence no other being is worthy of our worship. Importantly, Allah is both immanent and transcendent, and is thus unfathomable to man. This belief means that every Muslim is able to trust in and submit to the will of Allah.
Muslims also believe in the angels of Allah or the Mala’ika. They were created by God, to worship him, keep order in the universe and to deliver his important messages. Angels do not have free will as their duty is to simply obey the command of God, and carry out their designated tasks. Each person also has two angels which are responsible for recording their deeds. Although unable to be seen by the naked eye, they are capable of transforming into human form. For example, the angel Gabriel is recognised by Muslims as delivering the Qur’an to Muhammad.
Another essential belief is ‘kutubu’llah’, the Books of Allah. Muslims respect the Torah, the Psalms and the Gospel, as they are believed to have initially contained Allah’s revelation which was...
...History of the Prophet-hood:
The human race began from one man: Adam. Adam, the first man on earth, was also appointed as the first Prophet of God. He revealed His religion-Islam to him Adam, the first man on earth, was also appointed as the first Prophet of God. He revealed His religion-Islam to him and enjoined him to convey and communicate it is him descendants: to teach them that Allah is One, the Creator, the Sustainer of the world that He is the Lord the universe and He alone should be Worshipped and obeyed; that to Him they will have to return one day and to Him alone they should appeal for help; that they should live good, pious, and righteous life in accordance with God's pleasure and that if they did so they would be blessed by God with goodly reward, and if they turned away from Him and disobeyed Him they would be losers here and in the hereafter and would be severely punished for this disbelief and disobedience.
Those of Adam's descendants who were good trod the right path shown to them by him, but those who were bad abandoned their father's teachings, and gradually drifted away into devious ways. Some began to worship the sun, the moon, and the stars; others took to the worship of trees, animals, and rivers. Some believed that air, water, fire health, and all the blessings and forces of Nature were each under the control of a different god and that each one of them should be propitiated by means of worship. In this way ignorance...
...For other uses, see Islam (disambiguation).
The Kaaba, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, is the center of Islam. Muslims from all over the world gather there to pray in unity.
This article is part of a series on:
Oneness of God
Prophets Revealed books
Day of Resurrection
Profession of faith Prayer
Fasting Alms Pilgrimage
Texts and laws[hide]
Quran Sunnah Hadith
Fiqh Sharia Kalam
History and leaders[hide]
Ahl al-Bayt Sahaba
Caliphate Spread of Islam
Sunni Shia Sufism
Quranism NOI (5 percenter) Liberal
Culture and society[hide]
Academics Animals Art
Other religions Islamism Criticism Islamophobia Glossary
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This article contains Arabic text, written from right to left in a cursive style with some letters joined. Without proper rendering support, you may see unjoined Arabic letters written left-to-right instead of right-to-left or other symbols instead of Arabic script.
Islam (/ˈɪslɑːm/;[note 1] Arabic: الإسلام, al-ʾIslām IPA: [ælʔɪsˈlæːm] ( listen)[note 2]) is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a book considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God...
...What are the central beliefs of Islam, and how are they reflected in the "Five Pillars” (McInerney, 2003)? Which of the Five Pillars do you feel would be easiest to fulfill, and which would be the most challenging (McInerney, 2003)?
The Islam was founded in Mecca, Saudi Arabia around 622 CE by Muhammad, a camel driver. It is the second largest religion in the world and is worshiped in mosques throughout the Middle East and North Africa.
The basic beliefs of Islam are known as the Five Doctrines of Islamic Faith. They include a belief in the absolute unity of God, belief in angels, belief in prophets, belief in scriptures, and belief in the Final Judgment.
Islam has the “Five Pillars” also known as “acts of worship”
The Five Pillars outline the minimal obligations required of a Muslim. They are said to be the framework for a Muslim life: faith, prayer, concern for the needy, self-purification, and the pilgrimage to Mecca.
The first Pillar is Al-Shahada (Declaration of Faith). It says that all must pronounce their faith to enter into Islam in front of witnesses. Also that Allah is the only one and thing worthy of worship. The second Pillar is Salat (Prayer). Prayer required of all Muslim adults after they reach a certain age and it is done daily, five times, for around five to ten minutes each...
...I–I S – Shall L – Love A – All M - Mankind
Globally Fastest Growing Faith
PRINCIPLES OF ISLAM IN HINDU, JEWISH AND CHRISTIAN SCRIPTURES
BELIEF IN ONE GOD (SHAHADAH)
o HINDU: In the Chandogya Upanisad Ch 6, Sec 2, V 1, “God is one – IKKAM EVIDITIUM” o JEWISH: Deuteronomy 6:4, “Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is ONE LORD.” o CHRISTIAN: Mark 12:29, “And Jesus answered him, ‘The first of all the commandments is HEAR, O ISRAEL, THE LORD OUR GOD IS ONE LORD.’”
BELIEF IN PROPHET MUHAMMAD (PBUH) WHOSE COMING WAS FORETOLD IN: (RISALLAH)
o HINDU: Bhavishya Purana Khand 3, Adhya 3, Sholk 10-27, “The malachi have spoilt the land of the Arabs, I will send Mohammed to defeat them and guide them O Raja… with the religion of truth which will prevail. His followers will be circumcised, grow beards, give Azaan (call to prayer), will not eat pork, they will be purified by Jihad, they will eat meat, they will be called Mussalmans.”
o JEWISH: Deuteronomy 18:18, “I will raise them up a Prophet
from among their brethren, like unto thee (Moses PBUH), and will put my words in his mouth, and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him.”
o CHRISTIAN: John 16:12…14, “I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now. How be it, when He, the Spirit of Truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth. For he shall not speak of himself, but whatsoever he shall hear,...
...Islam: Field Study Research
Professor Jonathan Pedrone
REL212: World Religions-Summer
September 4, 2011
Islam: Field Study Research
After interviewing a member of the Islamic faith, I came to the realization that there are very many misconceptions about the religion of Islam and that these misconceptions are very hurtful, disrespectful, and inhumane. In this paper, I will first discuss several misconceptions that I had about the Islamic faith. I will then analyze how my prior understanding about the religion was altered through interviewing a member of the Islamic faith. Next, I will discuss my beliefs on misconceptions about other people’s religion being common or not. Lastly, I will recommend steps that can be taken to minimize misconceptions people have about religions that are not their own.
I had many misconceptions about Islam before speaking with a member of the religion. The first was that Islam oppresses women. When I thought about women in Islam, I thought of the image of a woman wearing a veil, and other heavy, dark clothing, where no skin would be visible, even in the hot summer months. I thought about how women were forced to stay home, and were not allowed to drive vehicles. I also believed that the Muslim’s God, Allah, was not the same as the God in Christianity, and was a...
...IslamIslam is not only considered to be a spiritual connection to God, but it is a way of life; how one remembers God on day to day basis by not only praying five times a day but also by abiding to the rules and regulations that he has bestowed upon adherents for prevention of sin. The quote “If you want to be free of all affliction and suffering, hold fast to god, and turn wholly to him” is accredited to Abū Ḥāmid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazālī (c. 1058–1111), a highly significant Islamic Scholar during the “Islamic Golden Era”.
Abū Ḥāmid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazālī is recognised as a significant scholar throughout the Islamic faith, particularly to both Sunni and Sufi members. Firstly, his ability as a Fiqh scholar (Islamic jurisprudence) was great; through his study of Islamic Fiqh sciences, he was able to come up with various approaches, which significantly impacted upon Islam. From his ability as a Fiqh scholar, he was able to form judgements objectively.
Al Ghazali’s impact on the development of Islam can be seen in his accomplished synthesis of the areas of; theology, philosophy, law and mysticism. He has made significant contributions to each of these disciplines yet what is often referred to as his most significant contribution was his ability to bring out the best from all these disciplines and strands of Islam in a way that provided strength and maturity to Islamic thought....
...REL1006S: COURSE ESSAY
Discuss how Islam is a quest to be faithful to the transcendent, both directly and through social engagement
Islam is a religion based on the belief in one God, His messenger and the four other pillars. These five pillars are central to Muslims, followers of Islam and mould their beings and are part of their everyday lives. This essay will look at the abovementioned pillars, what they are and how they form part of the quest to be faithful to the transcendent. Mention will also be made to how Islam ‘plays out’ in everyday life, thus how this quest is and can be done both directly and through social engagement.
Firstly, we need to establish who or what the Transcendent is. I would like to describe the transcendent, according to Islamic beliefs, as being both Allah (Arabic word for God) and the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Allah, of course is the most important aspect of Islam but it is also relevant that great emphasis is placed on the Prophet. Muslims strive to be more like the Prophet, by following his ‘way of life’, the Sunnah and as a result, pleasing and becoming closer to God. The Five Pillars of Islam, based on work by Mark Sedgwick (2006) are important components of Muslim worship. The first of the five pillars is the “…recognition that there is no god other than God, and that Muhammad is the Prophet of God” (Sedgwick: 2006, 70). This...