Preparing Your Argument Graphic Organizer
Identify and describe your audience.
-The audience are people who enjoy soda and drinking a lot of it. They are against the soda ban completely. Research
Where did you find this source?
How do you know it is credible?
It gives facts from reliable sources
Provides statistics and info from different organizations and people who have studied the subject. Source: electronic
Provides not only opinions but facts as well.
Chart, graph, infographic:
It shows that high sugary drink consumption is associated with diabetes.
Writing Your Claim
1. Complete the following sentence: I plan to prove that...
- I plan to prove that putting the soda ban in effect can reduce obesity rates.
2. Cross out "I plan to prove that." What remains is your clearly stated position. -Putting the soda ban in effect can reduce obesity rates.
3. Complete the following sentence: This matters because...
-This matters because the amount of sugar being consumed by drinking sodas is not good for your health.
4. Cross out "This matters because." What remains is your purpose for writing. -The amount of sugar being consumed by drinking soda is not good for your health.
5. Combine these two thoughts into one sentence; this is your claim. -Putting the soda ban in effect can reduce obesity rates, the amount of sugar being consumed by drinking soda is not good for your health.
Your finalized claim:
-Putting the soda ban into effect can reduce obesity rates, the amount of sugar being consumed by drinking soda is not good for anyone's health.
Identifying the Counterclaim
1. Complete the following sentence: My claim states that...
-My claim states that putting the soda ban in effect can reduce obesity rates, the amount of sugar consumed in drinking soda is not good for anyone's...
...1. Turn the list of points you made in your outline into a logical, persuasive, engaging argument. Focus on including transitions that will keep yourargument flowing from one point to the next. Incorporate rhetorical devices to appeal to your audience.
Add parenthetical citations to cite the evidence you include in each paragraph.
Outline (Paste your outline in these sections)
Colleges are taking advantage of their athletes!! They are reaping in the money that the athletes bring in with each game and don't leave any for the athletes who put their blood' sweat and tears into earning the colleges that money. Should college athletes be paid for competing in their sport instead of being used as a source of money for the colleges? Surprisingly most people think that they shouldn't be paid, they believe this because they claim that the athletes are already being paid, just not in the way we are thinking of (counterclaim). But in most cases the scholarships the colleges give to the athletes fall short of the full cost of attending college annually (claim)
Body Part 1
People believe that college athletes shouldn't be paid for competing in the sport they are involved in. A. They are already being paid because they are being allowed to attend college on a scholarship. B. Some scholarships colleges hand out to the...
...Guidelines for PreparingYour Executive Report
1. Title Page: the title should clearly and succinctly communicate the central focus of the paper. The name of every person who is to receive credit for the project must appear on the title page. No name, no credit.
2. Table of contents: List of each of the major sections, including references and appendices, and specify the page on which they begin. (-5 points)
3. Executive Summary: Provide a 100-150 word summary of the purpose and outcome of the project. This goes on a separate page that follows the table of content. Bullet points can be highly effective to summarize findings. (-5 points)
4. Body: The structure for the body of the report is described in detail below.
5. References: Whenever you use someone else’s idea or work in developing an argument or providing an explanation, you must cite the author(s). To do otherwise is plagiarism. You can impress yourself, your instructor and client by citing material from CMST 311. (-5 points)
6. Tables and Figures: You may have numerical data or illustrations that you need to present. If so, these things go after the references; tables first, figures second. If it has numbers on it, then it is a table. If it is a graphical illustration, then it is a figure (e.g., pie chart). Number and title each table/figure so that you can easily refer to them in the text of your paper. For example, “As Table...
...PreparingYour Business Plan
Whether you are writing your business plan for the first time or rewriting it for the twentieth, there are certain steps you can follow in order to make the process easier.
Step 1 - Identify your objectives. The first step in preparingyour business plan is to determine who your audience is going to be and what they want to know about your company. Then, you must determine what you want your audience to know. What are the areas you want to emphasize? What are the ones you want to downplay or eliminate? Once you have resolved any conflicts between these two viewpoints, you are ready to move to Step 2.
Step 2 - Outline your business plan. Now that you have identified your objectives, you can begin preparing an outline of your business plan based on these special requirements. An outline can be as general or as specific as you would like. However, the more specific it is, the easier the writing process will be.
Step 3 - Review your outline. The next step is to review your outline. Based on your readers and your objectives, identify the areas that should be presented in detail or summary form in your business plan. Remember that your business plan should maintain a fairly...
...The story of his life
In the young Chin Peng interest once read print materials and highlights developments in China. At that time a dispute between Chiang Kai Shek and Mao Tse Tung. Japan army seized Manchuria and China dominate the interior. China country is the birthplace of the father and his ancestors in the Kwantung.
During his youth 15 years, Chin Peng have a feeling that is close to the western educated nationalist Chiang Kai Shek who dominate the southern China and Taiwan. But the booklet 'On Protacted War' essay Mao Tse Tung changed his mind on the flow of communism. Clear determination to resist the Japanese invasion of Malaya then 1941.
In 1940 he was accepted into the Communist Party of China Communist Party of the branches abroad. He also joined Force 136, an armed force established by the British spy against the Japanese in Malaya. When the age of 18.
Chin Peng led MPAJA or Malayan People Anti Japanese Army, a guerrilla force against the Japanese. British Army (Force Special Air Services and MI6) that deployed in the jungles of Perak, has a variety of weapons, financing, training and a variety of other equipment to equip Force 136 and MPAJA. MPAJA Army attacked the Japanese army to the banks of the Silver River near Pasir Salak in 1942.
After World War II, some of the radical faiths MPAJA acted out in the forest to kill punish them of collaborating with the Japanese and British stooge and also kill local leaders such as the Chieftain...
Essay Words and
Examples of Argumentative Language
Below are examples of signposts that are used in argumentative essays. Signposts enable the reader to
follow our arguments easily.
When pointing out opposing arguments (Cons):
Opponents of this idea claim/maintain that…
Those who disagree/ are against these ideas may say/ assert that…
Some people may disagree with this idea,
Some people may say that…however…
When stating specifically why they think like that:
They claim that…since…
Reaching the turning point:
On the other hand,
When refuting the opposing idea, we may use the following strategies:
compromise but prove their argument is not powerful enough:
- They have a point in thinking like that.
- To a certain extent they are right.
- After seeing this evidence, there is no way we can agree with this idea.
say that their argument is irrelevant to the topic:
- Their argument is irrelevant to the topic.
What are signposting sentences?
Signposting sentences explain the logic of yourargument. They tell the reader what you are going to do at key
points in your assignment. They are most useful when used in the following places:
In the introduction
At the beginning of a...
...PreparingYour Elevator Speech
An ʹelevator speechʹ is a term taken from the early days of the internet explosion when web development companies needed venture capital. Finance firms were swamped with applications for money and the companies that won the cash were often those with a simple pitch. The best were those that could explain a business proposition to the occupants of an elevator in the time it took them to ride to their floor. In other words, an elevator speech that worked was able to describe and sell an idea in 30 seconds or less. Today, an ʹelevator speech can be any kind of short speech that sells an idea, promotes your business or markets you as an individual. An elevator speech is as essential as a business card. You need to be able to say who you are, what you do, what you are interested in doing and how you can be a resource to your listeners. If you donʹt have an elevator speech, people wonʹt know what you really do. KNOW YOUR AUDIENCE- Before writing any part of your elevator speech, research your audience. You will be much more likely to succeed if your elevator speech is clearly targeted at the individuals you are speaking to. Having a ʹgenericʹ elevator pitch is almost certain to fail. KNOW YOURSELF - Before you can convince anyone of your proposition you need to know exactly what it is. You need to define precisely what you...
...‘At the start of the automotive revolution in the late 1890′s, a defining battle similar to that of VHS versus Betamax or HD-DVD versus Blu-ray took place. Electric cars fought side by side against internal combustion engined vehicles to become the first choice to power the way forward for mankind.
Electric cars enjoyed notable successes including the first vehicle to achieve a speed of over 62mph (100kmh) in the all-electric La Jamaica Content in 1899 by the Belgian Camille Jenatzy. However, overriding factors still familiar today meant that fossil-fuel won the overall battle for adoption, with thanks to their being more convenient to refuel and thanks to the likes of Henry Ford who mass produced the Ford Model T; thus lowering the overall purchase price for petrol engined cars.
Though there have been several attempts over the last 100 years to revive the initial successes enjoyed by electric cars in the 1890′s and early 20th century, they have mostly been one offs, concept cars and individual engineering projects.
In recent years, the ever expanding field of electronics has played an important role in the development of the story. The advent of purely electronic devices, rather than mechanical, has meant we’re more accepting of machines with no moving parts and only powered by electricity. This means we are better conditioned for ownership and an understanding of electric vehicles than we were at the turn of the 20th century. The simplicity and efficiency of...
...creating the outline I considered it might only be
referring to whether Brutus was a betrayer or patriot to Rome.
First Draft Worksheet
Instructions: Copy and paste the following text into a document or create a document that
contains the same information.
Using your essay in response to the unit's writing prompt, complete the following steps to
improve your essay.
Insert your introductory paragraph with your central claim. Include any revisions your instructor
asked you to make.
Swiftly the blade slides out and plunges through flesh. Warm blood oozes from the
wound and covers the hands holding the blade. In Julius Caesar the conspirators devise a plan
to kill Caesar before he becomes the king. Each of them end up stabbing him. One at a time
they drive their swords into Caesar, ensuring his death. Brutus and the other conspirators were
only trying to protect the future of Rome. They wanted to keep the loving and caring Caesar
from turning into an ambitious dictator. Caesar who wept for the citizens of Rome when they
cried and refused the crown three times. Brutus was a betrayer, he killed Caesar, his loyal,
benevolent friend and future ruler of Rome.
Write the body and conclusion of yourargument in the space below.
Brutus loved Caesar, they were best friends. He supported Caesar, except in becoming
king. Brutus believed that one man should not...