Poverty and Sub-Standard Education in America
Culture within a society indicates a way of life including widespread values, beliefs, and behavior. These values dictate what is socially acceptable and exploit a preference in perspective that begins to formulate norms, an informal method of guiding behavior. Social interaction within each culture is directly related to the norms established within that location. Individuals who do not partake in these social interactions are considered outcasts. This type of judgment in behavior is responsible for nothing more than social discrimination. Individuals feel pressured to stay connected, not wanting to be labeled and treated as an outcast. As behavior is altered by social pressure, it exemplifies how an individual’s life can be shaped by society. Understanding this link is the first step in realizing that personal problems are undoubtedly influenced by society. As an individualistic culture, most Americans feel that their personal problems are a result of personal choices. This allows society to blame the victim for their own circumstances without looking at external factors that cause the same issues for millions of other Americans. A social problem is a condition that undermines the well-being of some or all members of a society and is usually a matter of public controversy. While one group may feel disadvantaged by a social problem, there is often another group that is benefitting from the situation, creating resistance for change. While many social problems are related, sociologists also feel most can be solved. One of the most distinguished relationships currently exists between poverty and substandard education. Poverty in the USA is one of the most widely known, yet underrated social problems currently plaguing the country. The poverty line is a gross underestimation resembling standard parameters of income for the purpose of counting the poor, the issue concerns the fact that the standard has not changed for over 50 years. The current 2012 poverty line is set at an annual income of $22,350 for a family of four, and $11,170 annually for a single person (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services). This is a stark comparison in reference to recent cost of living requirements for a single person in the Hudson Valley, NY, given by Professor Gilmore as $1891 monthly, or $22692 annually which is far more reasonable. Each day in this great country, millions of Americans struggle to pay for food and housing. Perhaps the most alarming statistics consider the working poor, families with two working parents that still cannot make it month to month. American middle class families have been falling into the ranks of the working poor at record rates due to high levels of unemployment, growing inflation, and recent crises within the financial and housing industries. The contending world economy affects millions of American workers by forcing them to compete with laborers on the other side of the globe working for a fraction of the cost. As the largest American companies continue to outsource for record profits, the future of American generations is severely at risk. “Since 2001, over 42,000 U.S. factories have closed down for good and one out of every six Americans is currently enrolled in at least one anti-poverty program run by the federal government” (The Economic Collapse). Our economy has also lost 10% of middle class jobs since 2000, directly contributing to thinning the middle class (The Economic Collapse). As jobs have been recently increasing, they are mostly low-wage service jobs within the restaurant and retail industries without health benefits, retirement opportunities, or paid sick leave. “Since 2001, the U.S. has lost 50,000 good paying manufacturing jobs each month, most of which within blue collar sectors” (The Economic Collapse). With the recent epidemic of low-wage jobs, many Americans are combating the economic situation by returning...
...Chaotic Standards in America
There is a prevailing notion that the United States needs to improve its education system dramatically. The people doing the actual educating are under incredible adversity to perform well. Many feel more beaten down this year than last. Some are walking into their classrooms unsure if this is still the job for them. They have built up invisible wounds from years of trying to educate the constantly changing American child effectively enough that his international test scores will rival those of children flourishing in wealthy, socially-advanced nations. The American child has changed, and not necessarily for the better. Many harsh voices argue that teachers must change by “simply” working harder. The favored switch for achieving this prescribed augmentation of the American schoolteacher’s work ethic is fear, driven by a progressively more precarious employment situation. Teachers by and large are not afraid at all, they are just tired of the constant unrealistic demands put upon them. This is what the American public school appears to look like in 2012, driven by compulsive adherence to standardized testing. The fate of children, their schools, and their teachers are based on these school test scores. The idea of education has always been to give a extensive base of learning to students. Schools are required to give young minds exposure to reading, writing, and arithmetic. As students...
Date: November 20, 2014
Assignment no: 4
The role of education in Standard of living
It has always been the common expression in my family how important education in human life, whether in achieving your personal dream or building a good future. Education provides not only knowledge to the person but it also cultivates the person´s ability through learning experience. In addition to education offers opportunity of achieving good life to those citizens (like for example women and person with physical or mental disabilities) who are denied to have access in well –being elements like education, health, mobility and political participation. It also assists the person to create a better understanding and a good perspective of what life is about and what matters the most.
Education important role is not only in improving the quality of people´s life and their community but it also serve as a powerful key in eliminating gender inequality and reducing poverty. In this paper I will examine how education can help to improve the standard of living of an individual by giving an example based on my family experience. Then, I will discuss in what ways education can help to eliminate gender inequality and reduce poverty rate.
In Philippines most of the people believe that...
...Running Head: POVERTY IN AMERICA 1
Poverty in America
Instructor: Professor Izzeldin Bakhit
February 1st, 2014
POVERTY IN AMERICA 2
When a person think of poverty, one simply says’ and or think that individuals, families, groups, and what have you lack financial stability; however, there is so much more that should be considered. In the United States, poverty is measured by annual income. According to Casteel (2014), the poverty line is based on a calculation that takes into consideration the minimum costs required to feed an individual, child and adult not differentiated, multiplied by three. Casteel (2014) also said that calculation was designed by Mollie Orshansky, a Social Security Administration employee, in 1963. Poverty continues to be a problem not only in the United States of America but in developing countries and less developed countries (LDC) worldwide. The main focus in this paper is on poverty in America; how it impacts the US economy and what the government and the society can do to reduce poverty in America.
POVERTY IN AMERICA...
Poverty in America
A Global Epidemic
Sociology 445: Contemporary Social Problems
Professor Shannon Sellers
August 2, 2014
Of all the social problems that exist within America today, poverty is undoubtedly the most prevalent . The stigma of poverty is no longer solely the plight of third world countries, but rather an epidemic that has vigorously manifested itself in the United States at an alarming rate. Yes, in America, the country teeming with an abundance of natural resources and the patents to the most pioneering technological advances of modern time, indisputably faces an unprecedented burden of poverty. It is estimated that more than 46 million Americans live in poverty in the US (Eitzen 157). American families are increasingly finding themselves struggling to make ends meet, and with the continuing rate of unemployment and the rapid increases to the cost of living more and more families are left to choose between the very basic necessities of life such as food, shelter and healthcare. Poverty has also had a profound impact on education and crime, predominantly in inner-city communities where the wealth inequality is most apparent. With all the carnage caused by poverty being distinctly obvious in America why is nothing being done...
In the United States, from kindergarten until we are sixteen, it is required by law that we attend school full time. Some people go on to further their education by attending a college, University or trade school after high school. School comes easier to some people than to others. This is the problem with our country’s educational system, not everyone is getting a good enough education. The major social problem that the current educational system breeds is establishing and then reinforcing social stratification.
In sociology, functionalism is known as a structural theory. Functionalists see society as a whole being structured like the anatomy of a human body with many interconnected systems that function together to sustain a healthy body. Functionalists argue that in order to have a strong society, each individual must obey the social norms and standards of the society. Each person is socialized into obeying these “social norms” that are at the core that makes up the social structure. Society needs to convey social coherence and education plays a vital role in working to accomplish this.
To understand America’s education system, we must first contemplate how it adds to the healthy conservation of the entire social system. French sociologist Emile Durkheim, who primarily expressed a functionalist perspective in many of his theories, argued that the primary...
...What does it mean to be “poor” in America? For the average person, the word poverty implies significant physical hardship. For example, the lack of a warm, adequate home, nutritious food or reasonable clothing for one’s children is a hardship for the average person. By that measure, very few of the 30 million plus individuals defined as “living in poverty” by the government are actually poor. Therefore, I have to agree with Segal, “What ispoverty to one person may not seem so bad to another” (Segal, 2010, p.173). The United States government definite poverty by “absolute power” (Segal, 2010, p.173), which they use to determine if an individual or family is poor. Absolute power is a fixed predetermined annual pretax cash income of individuals or families. The Census Bureau deems a household poor if its income falls below federally specified levels (US Census Bureau).It is referred to as the threshold and guidelines for poverty. The thresholds are used mainly for statistical purposes- for instance, preparing the estimates of the number of Americans in poverty for each year’s report. For example, for a four-person family unit with two children, the poverty threshold is $21,834.00 and for a one-or two-person family units, the poverty threshold differs by age (Census Bureau). The poverty guidelines are simplification of the...
...found themselves living scarcely on resources available to them. The purpose of this paper will be to examine the dynamics of poverty and attempt to suggest solutions that will effectively eliminate the problem by applying sociological theories and concepts. It will use information gathered from internet resources such as e-books, webpages and periodicals. It will examine the recent changes in the economy domestically and globally and the effects these changes have made in the U.S. and will explore the historical, economic and social aspects of the social problem poverty and its causes.
We live in a fast paced society where there is no time to waste on anything. We want our food quickly, our work done quickly, yet there are some things that will not be done quickly. Wealth is one of the quickest things that can become scarce in a person’s life. For years an individual can work on a job, possibly starting at the bottom, then over the course of time, work their way into a high position of authority. In those positions, they take advantage of the resources the company offers such as 401K and IRA retirement options. They utilize the health care benefits offered as well as life and disability insurances. However, dependent upon the area or nature of the business, in a moment’s notice, they can lose it all. Poverty is a social problem that plagues societies across the globe. Sociology...
...Poverty in AmericaPoverty, the state of being extremely poor, exists all over America! There are several different types of poverty, and the causes of poverty. Most people think of poverty as just somebody who is homeless and has no job, somebody who has no money to support the basic needs of life, and wears ragged clothing and lives under a bridge. What people don’t know is there are people living in poverty that have jobs and make money but live so poorly that they are categorized with people that live in absolute poverty.
There is two main types of poverty, absolute poverty, and relative poverty. Absolute poverty is when a house hold takes in less than one U.S. dollar a day, meaning that they will not be able to buy food nor be able to buy the medicine they need to survive, and will most likely have poor clothing and a poor living environment. One of the best ways we can help with the absolute poverty would be to encourage and support the development of effective businesses (small, medium, and large) to make good use of our natural resources to create wealth and jobs for the people living in absolute poverty. Now for Relative poverty, it happens when a person has a little bit of money but otherwise the quality of the person’s life is not very...