AP Comparative World Government
November 11, 2012
Political Rights and Civil Liberties: Iran Blogger Current Event 35 year old blogger Sattar Beheshti was arrested on October 30, after receiving death threats. He ran an anti-government blog and has died possibly as a result of torture, according to Amnesty International last week. The day before his arrest, Beheshti said he had received a message saying, “Tell your mother she will soon be wearing black because you don’t shut your big mouth.” While Iran is known for rejecting criticism of its human rights record in the past as political and motivated by Western opposition to the Islamic Republic, its leadership has taken action on other allegations of mistreatment of prisoners. For instance, in 2009 Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei ordered the temporary closure of the Kahrizak detention centre because the centre could not preserve the rights of detainees. An outspoken, conservative lawmaker Ahmad Tavakoli, who represents Tehran, has criticized Iran’s judiciary for failing to address Beheshti’s death saying “I recommend that instead of dealing harshly with bloggers, you go after corrupt officials.” France and the United States last week called on Iran to investigate the circumstances of Beheshti's death after rights group Amnesty International said he may have died under torture. Political rights give citizens the right to participate freely and equally in politics, the right to seek to influence and participate in the public affairs of society and the right to participate in the political life of the state without discrimination or repression. This includes the freedom of association and assembly, the right to petition and the freedom of speech. Iran has violated these rights. Sattar Beheshti was stating his views in a personal blog on politics. He should have the freedom to write his views without being threatened and without fear of torture. The moment the Iranian government imprisoned him...
September 11, 2001 was one of the most devastating disasters that our nation had encounter. The fact that we had been targeted on our own land and the fact the terrorist were being trained being here in the United States put fear and a sense of insecurity in our nation. The terrorist attacks upon our nation prompt the Bush administration to make homeland security its top priority. The focus was to make an effort to prevent future terrorist attacks and to secure our country but at what cost? The outcome of the 2001 attacks was the creation of the USA Patriot Act which stands for “Unity and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to intercept and Obstruct Terrorism” (Cited in Monk,2003,p.259). The bill was passed by lawmakers and was enacted on October 26, 2001. According to Monk “many Americans believe that the bill has gone too far and is a threat to our civilliberties” (Cited in Monk, 2003, p.127). After the attacks we as Americans had to make a choice to secure our country at a time when we were most vulnerable as a nation. Could it be that the government overreacted when they passed the Patriot act? Were we reacting too quickly to our tragedy? Yes and no. I believe that lawmakers did not for see any flaws in the Patriot Act when it was created and the impact it would have on our rights.
Our country is governed by laws found in the...
...Assignment: CivilLiberties and CivilRights
Axia College of University Of Phoenix
By: Christie Guite
CivilLiberties: The Right to Privacy
Sub Category: Controversy over Abortion
I will examine civilliberties, with my focus being rights associated with the abortion controversy, in this assignment. Many civilliberties and civilrights are at risk in today’s society. Abortion rights are of special concern today. This subject is debated worldwide and is a very complex issue for obvious reasons. This issue has many different facets and supporters and detractors of abortion both feel very strongly about the issue. In my view, it is against the nature and my own religion, but others feel differently and have a right to their views. As with many civilrights issues, abortion is one that concerns deep ethical beliefs. Some people turn to abortion to protect their own rights and some take this route through sheer desperation. In some cases, medical necessity makes abortion a feasible option. I will examine this issue further as a matter of civilliberties in this assignment. I will also discuss my own view on the matter, adding a subjective voice to the...
(And how they differ from civilrights)
"If the fires of freedom and civilliberties burn low in other lands, they must be made brighter in our own. If in other lands the press and books and literature of all kinds are censored, we must redouble our efforts here to keep them free. If in other lands the eternal truths of the past are threatened by intolerance, we must provide a safe place for their perpetuation." Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1938 (Isaacs 66)
Freedom of speech, freedom of religion, the right to be free from unreasonable searches of your home, the right to a fair trial, the right to marry, and the right to vote are all examples of CivilLiberties that every American is guaranteed under the Bill of Rights and the Constitution. Fundamental individual rights protected by law against unwarranted governmental or other interference. Civilliberties generally refer more specifically to the protection of the individual's rights to form and express his or her own preferences or convictions and to act freely upon them in the private sphere without undue or intrusive interference by the government. "Only the government can violate your civilliberties"(Kennedy)
My textbook, America...
...CivilLiberties and CivilRights
I chose the category Freedom of Religion because I find the many different religions followed in America fascinating. I enjoy learning about them all and expanding my knowledge of the rituals and celebrations different religions participate in. I chose The Free Exercise Clause sub category because I find how even though the first amendment provides freedom of religion it does not give freedom of all religious practices such as polygamy and sacrifice.
The U.S. constitution protects against the governments interference with the citizens freedom to worship or not worship as they please by the first amendment. This Amendment guarantees the right for citizens to freely practice their religion as they choose to which may seem simple, but becomes complicated when the actions of religious groups are unaccepted by society or go against other laws. In Employment Division v. Smith 1998, the Supreme Court discarded the previous requirement for a compelling interest before governmental limitation or prohibition of religious practices. The court ruled it constitutional for state laws to interfere with religious practices as long as the law is not aimed at singling out and banning religious practices. In this case persons using the drug peyote as part of their religious rituals were prosecuted by the state of Oregon (Edwards, &Wattenberg, &Lineberry, 2008).
CivilRight and CivilLibertiesCivilliberties and civilrights are fundamental for everyday living. In today’s society both of these terms have different prospective; civilrights are considered to be natural rights. In other words, civilrights means that people have the right to be treated the same regardless of their race, gender, or religion. Even thought civilrights are guaranteed by law, this prospective took many years to be achieved. For example, after the Civil War African and Americans were still treated badly; they got the worst jobs and were paid poorly. On the other hand, civilliberties are “Rights in freedom that protect an individual from the government” (Welch 404). Most civilliberties are found in the bill of rights; which are the first ten amendments of the constitution.
Welch in Understanding American and California Government, states that “The declaration of independence proclaimed that all men are created equal” (448). In other words, all men were not formed equal in several respects, but they should be considered equal before the law. However, back on the eighteenth century many Americans believed that people...
Essay: CivilLiberties and CivilRights
Unfortunately, discrimination is something that is deep-rooted in our country's history. We've had many struggles by different groups such as: women suffragists, and the civilrights movements in the 60's. Affirmative action, or preferential treatment to minorities, is a way to avenge the effects of past discrimination. Affirmative action was a vital step towards equality during historical struggles like after the abolition of slavery and during civilrights movement in the 60's. In today's society however all people are equal and affirmative action only upsets that balance. Affirmative action essentially discriminates and "punishes" people for their race, something they cannot control. The equality of races is the idea being advocated here however; affirmative action does just the opposite. It indirectly discriminates against people that are not minorities.
People cannot choose their race. Therefore, how can one race be given preferential treatment when they have no control over how they are born? The actions of people in the past are what determine affirmative action today. We cannot change the deeds of our forefathers. During the 60's there was distinct segregation and some had the feeling that minorities were inferior. Affirmative action was a good way to equalize opinions and treatment of...
...l CIVILRIGHTS AND CIVILLIBERTIES
AXIA COLLEGE OF UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX
POS / 110
CivilLiberties: The Right to PrivacyCivilLiberties 2
Sub Category: Controversy over Abortion
In this assignment I will examine civilliberties, main focus on the abortion
Controversy. In today’s societies, civilrights and civilliberties are not as common
and some are even at risk. Abortion rights are a very special, touchy subject and I
believe there will be never a solution who will satisfy both sites, the supporters and
opponents likewise. This subject is debated around the world and every country
has different laws and regulations, what makes it not easier. There are also different
levels on what grounds an abortion should be granted and where a women should
carry out the baby. In my view, a women should make that choice but also should
have alternatives to have a baby. In certain situation, like I am pro abortion, even
politicians like Richard Mourdock...
CivilLiberties & CivilRights
1. The clause in the First Amendment of the US Constitution that prohibits the establishment of religion by Congress.
1. The Free Exercise Clause is the accompanying clause with the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.
2. The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution is the part of the Bill of Rights which guards against unreasonable searches and seizures, along with requiring any warrant to be judicially sanctioned and supported by probable cause.
3. The 5th Amendment states that a person can be tried for a serious federal crime only if he or she has been indicted (charged, accused of that crime) by a grand jury. No one may be subjected to double jeopardy - that is, tried twice for the same crime. All persons are protected against self-incrimination; no person can be legally compelled to answer any question in any governmental proceeding if that answer could lead to that person's prosecution. The 5th Amendment's Due Process Clause prohibits unfair, arbitrary actions by the Federal Government.
4. The Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution is the part of the United States Bill of Rights that sets forth rights related to criminal prosecutions. The Supreme Court has applied the protections of this amendment to the states through the Due Process...