In this policy analysis I talk about education. Educational systems around the world, and specifically in the United States, have long been awaiting for genuine reform efforts. Technology is often perceived as a panacea, if not as a crucial instrument in any educational reform effort. New understandings, as opposed to mere information, is what schools need to reach in order to transform themselves to new and effective reforms and make current policies work throughout the state and country. The data in this report represent national averages. The experiences, trends, and issues in your local community may vary somewhat from the broad picture presented here. We hope this primer will provide you with sufficient background information about public education to encourage your interest in education issues and your involvement in your local schools. | | | | |
Education is needed to promote student achievement and preparation for global competitiveness by fostering educational excellence. Education is needed for humans to make an impact on society, and to make viable decisions and the right moves at the right time. It leads to better jobs and higher income, health and life expectancy, voter turnout, self-worth and dignity. Education trains the mind to think and make the right decisions(2006). Through education knowledge and information is received and spread throughout the world. Uneducated people who cannot read and/or write are closed to all the knowledge and wisdom he/she can gain through books and other mediums. For growth and development education is needed. It helps working people update their knowledge and skill level to become more handy in their field or to gain a promotions. Stakeholders are individuals who stand to gain or lose from the success or failure of a system or an organization(). In education, key stakeholders are pupils, parents, teaching staff, education department staff/professors, school board, social work department, technical services, police, higher education, childcare partnership, sustainable communities department(2004). Key decisions made on state and local level Standards and curriculum: Setting standards for what children should learn in core subjects, Determining specific curriculum content, Choosing textbooks and other curriculum materials,Testing and accountability, Developing and administering tests to measure student progress, Determining whether students must take and/or pass an exit exam to graduate, Determining what constitutes proficient performance or a passing score on state tests, Establishing systems to hold schools and districts accountable for students’ academic progress, Staff hiring, evaluation, and compensation, Establishing requirements for the preparation, licensing, certification, and evaluation of teachers and administrators, Making decisions about staff hiring and teacher collective bargaining, Determining salaries, benefits, and job requirements for teachers, administrators, and other staff, Providing professional development, Structure of schooling, Setting requirements for years and ages of compulsory schooling and attendance, Determining the length of the school year, school day, and school schedules, Determining grade configurations, Determining school attendance zones, Establishing charter school requirements, Setting requirements for class size, Determining student graduation, promotion and retention policies School finance and facilities, Providing the vast majority of funding for public education, Determining education financing systems, budgets, and taxing policies, Supporting construction and renovation of school facilities, Setting rules for use of school facilities.(2010) Major areas of federal involvement in elementary and secondary education requirements tied to participation in federal grant programs, States and...
EducationPolicies and Funding
Of the Federal Government
Political Science 1- 2624
June 30, 2014
Educationpolicies are the principles and the government policy-making in educational sphere, as well as the collection of the laws and the rules that govern the operation of education systems. U.S. Department of Education, which is headed by the U.S. Secretary of Education, is a cabinet-level administrative organization created in 1979 that administers over 200 federal programs and collects and disseminates educational statistics. The Tenth amendment of the U.S. Constitution gives the reserved powers of the education to the states. Compared to 49 percent of education funding from the state government and 43 percent of education funding from the local government, 8 percent of education funding1 from the federal government is relatively small. However, federal government’s role in education has increased through history and is still increasing. The Congress of the United States, composed of the House of Representatives and the Senate, passes legislation under the “commerce” and “General Welfare” clauses to affect public education in the United States. Department of Education of the federal government plays role in...
...In their fight for gender autonomy and gender equality in the education field, they have made great strides to be acknowledged and treated as the gender they identify with; instead of the gender that our society’s norms place on them because of their birth certificate sex.
In several states across America, law suits stemming from transgender inequality on school grounds have experienced several victories using Title IX as basis for equal treatment. These court victories are setting a legal foundation for their transgender peers in the future to partake in the activities and facilities of the gender they identify with.
The Title IX is part of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and is a portion under the Education Amendments done in 1972. It was written and presented to Congress, by Senator Birch Bahy, in Feburary of 1972. It originally was designed to help in the fight for equality of women in sports and education. It states that any educational institution that is receiving federal funding cannot discriminate against a person because of their sex. The institution, if found guilty may lose funding and or pay fines for violations.
Using the policyanalysis model, in American Social Welfare Policy: A Pluralist Approach, on page 29 I will discuss the Title IX law and how it applies to transgender students and their demands and rights to be accepted as the gender they identify with....
...Running head: FOREFRONT OF CHANGE
Family Nurse Practitioners: The Forefront of Policy Change
Jeanene “Nikki” Bowen
Family Nurse Practitioners: The Forefront of Policy Change
In 2010 President Obama signed into law The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, also known as The Healthcare Reform Act and Obamacare. Healthcare Reform ensures the population that they will be afforded insurance regardless of pre-existing conditions; the insurance will cover sick visits and wellness/preventative services. Due to the additional 32-46 million Americans who now have health care coverage there is a serious shortage of primary health care providers. This creates a critical need to find a resolution for the shortage of primary care providers. Advanced practice registered nurses (APRN), such as family nurse practitioners, can help fill the gap with an increase in scope of practice that allows them to practice to the full extent of their competence and education. Title 40, Chapter 33 of the South Carolina Code of Laws addresses the profession and occupation of nursing and sets forth the Nurse Practice Act. This Act explicitly lays out the role of the APRN. Section 40-33-20 defines the advanced practice registered nurse and declares the advanced practice nursing scope of practice. This law has not been updated in South Carolina since 2005 (South Carolina Legislature, 2013). On December 8th, 2014,...
...Special Education Law Analysis
Special Education Law AnalysisEducation in the United States has had a reputation of un-uniformity and mistreatment of certain groups especially students with disabilities. However, the recent past has yielded some advancement. Federal legislation has put into place three major laws that have lead to better treatment and higher quality education of students, especially those with disabilities. These laws are the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act, Section 504 of the Vocational Rehabilitation Act, and No Child Left Behind. Together these laws have formed the current education standard in the United States providing for better education for all students.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act
Historically, children with disabilities have had few rights and little protection when it came to education. Before the mid 1970s, it was not unusual for children with disabilities to be turned away from public schools and if they were able to attend a school, there was nothing in place to assure that these children were receiving the attention and assistance that they needed. In the 1960s and 1970s parents of children with disabilities began to see that something had to change to allow their children to receive a quality...
The education sector plays a crucial role in the social and economic development of a nation (Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, nd,), fundamental to the fulfilment to individual basic needs A country’s education is seen as a reflection of its “institutional and ideological framework of the its society” (McNeely, 1995, p. 489). Therefore, the development clear policies and plans are vital in the attainment of the goal of Education for all (UNESCO, 2012, para. 1).
Policies refer to expressed or implied statements which describe the principles and rules that are guides and constraints for an organization, and are usually put together by the executive arm (Davis, 1951, cited in UWIOC, 2013, p.3). Educational policies therefore, are statements articulated by the relevant educational authority to guide the thinking and action within the sector (UWIOC, 2013, p. 4). Policy making describes a “political activity characterised by self-interest, political bargaining, value judgement and multiple rationalities, and within the education sector, this entails harmonising differing demands, and petitioning the support and or tolerance from stakeholders who are interested in education (Haddad, 1995, p. 23). Education planning is the ability to convert policy statements into actions that can be...
Policy and Education
1997-2013 Early Years
"Discuss what major policy changes have occurred to improve education provision for Early Years in England during 1997-2013"
Historically in England, Government involvement in early year’s provision and curriculum was very little. However Education and care needs provided in early years has been adjusted for better. There has been many different ideologies backdated from history about the roles of practitioners, families about the early years provision. Many ideas based on how to work with children have differed from one and other and it hasn't always been for the best interest of children's learning outcomes. Adults which are working with children aged 3 or 4 must use formal methods and straightforward teaching (Woodhead, 1999).There has been ongoing discussions regarding the continuously and the effectiveness and appropriateness of policy's set out by Government. This Essay is going to examine early childhood curriculum in England and examine the policy changes that have occurred in early childhood education between 1997 till 2013 to improve education provision.
In the Late 18th Century there was little support provided for children by people only on a humanitarian and philanthropic basis. In 1918 Robert Owen set up the first nursery in Scotland, He advocated "Free Play". The parents and older siblings...
Student number: 20134571
Science 1 in the Early Years
Assessment: Item 1- Views of teaching and promoting science of young learners
The pedagogy of play can be hard to understand and part of the reason for this is it’s so difficult to explain how children learn by play because play isn’t simply; it is complex. Each child begins their early childhood education with a set of skills and prior knowledge that is influenced by their family, culture and past experiences (Fellows &Oakley, 2010). The past knowledge should become the foundation for developing an understanding of scientific concepts (Duschl, Schweingruber & Shouse, 2007). Children are naturally inquisitive, creative and aware of the world around them (Campbell & Jobling, 2012). Play is an important development tool and an effective way to teach children scientific concepts while using their prior knowledge (Preston, Mules, Baker & Frost, 2007). Learning science through play shows children that science is useful and enjoyable and is a significant aspect of the real world (Bulunuz, 2013). This essay will review teaching science through play, theorists who support play and the way in which the Australian curriculum and EYLF support play pedagogy.
Science and Play
Play pedagogy is a context for learning through which children organise and make sense of their social worlds, as they engage actively with people, objects and representations. Research shows...
...Public PolicyAnalysis I
Policy is defined as, “A definite course or method of action selected from among alternatives and in light of given conditions to guide and determine present and future decisions” (“Policy,” 2011). Policies are important for businesses to function properly, and it is most important in the criminal justice system. Criminal justice policies are essential for law enforcement to be able to adhere to and carry out the laws of the land. Within the criminal justice system, many policies are created to ensure the safety of the citizens in which they are created to protect. To gain a better understanding of the policies as it relates to the criminal justice system the following will be addressed: First, an example of a policy issue will be addressed. Second, a discussion of whether or not the policy issue is a regulatory or legislative-initiated policy. Third, a revelation of who initiated the issue or policy will be covered. Fourth, a question of whether there is a constitutional issue will be addressed. Finally, a discussion of how the issue or policy will affect the community, the accused and the victims (University of Phoenix, 2011).
Example of a Policy Issue
There are many policies affecting the criminal justice system. One...