Submited by: Muqadas Ghumman
Submitted to: Mame Amat-ul Rafi
Subject: Quranic View of other Religions
While Islam stresses on the unity of humanity, it also recognizes human diversity and gives valuable principles to deal with ethnic, racial and religious differences in society. This paper discusses Religious Pluralism in the light of Quran and Hadith. Islam gives rights to all citizens of Muslim state; granting them protection and allowing them to co-exist in a multi religious society giving birth to the Religious Pluralistic society. Defining Pluralism
Religious pluralism is defined in different ways by a number of modern writers. The basic idea of the term encompasses the attitude or policy regarding the diversity of religious belief systems co existing in a society. It can be further understood as "respecting the otherness of others" and accepting the given uniqueness endowed to each one of us. In "Defining Religious Pluralism in America: A Regional Analysis," Mark Silka states that; Religious pluralism "enables a country made up of people of different faiths to exist without sectarian warfare or the persecution of religious minorities. Understood differently in different times and places, it is a cultural construct that embodies some shared conception of how a country's various religious communities relate to each other and to the larger nation whole."1 Base of Islamic Pluralism in the Light of Quran
Reference to Islamic views on religious pluralism is found in the Quran in a number of places. In order to understand Muslim attitudes towards other religions, a detailed study of Quranic verses is required. The most important principle Muslims have accepted and employed in reference to this issue throughout Islamic history in the light of Quran is there is no compulsion in religion. The Quran says: “Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands outs clear from Error" (Al-Baqrah: 256). At another place Quran mentions “Say, The Truth is from your Lord. Let him who will, believe, and let him who will, reject (it)” (Al-Kahf: 29). Both the verses of the Quran emphasize on the freedom of religion and rejection of forceful conversions. Neither the Qur’an nor the Prophetic tradition demands of Jews and Christians to give up their religious identity and become Muslims unless they freely choose to do so. "To you (non-believers) be your Way (Religion), and to me mine." (Al-Kafirun 109:6) Religious pluralism in Islam is derived from Surah Yunus, verse 99; “And had your Lord willed, those on earth would have believed - all of them entirely. Then, [O Muhammad], would you compel the people in order that they become believers?” Eliminating the idea of a religiously homogenous society rather allowing the co existence of different faiths as the plan of God. Quran emphasizes the point of diversity as plan of God and its lasting existence once again: “If Allah so willed, He would have made you a single People, but His plan is to test each of you separately, in what He has given to each of you: so strive in all virtues as in you are in a race. The goal of all of you is to Allah. It is He that will show you the truth of the matters in which ye dispute. (Al-Maidah: 48). Quran emphasizes on the supremacy of Allah (swt); “And if they dispute with you, then say, “Allah is most knowing of what you do. Allah will judge between you on the Day of Resurrection concerning that over which you used to differ" (Al-Hajj: 68-69). Dispute within in different religions is natural. Quran orders Muslims not to get involved into disputes or quarrels and leave the decision up to God. Muslims are to allow other religions to follow their own path while Muslims follow the Quran. Quran says; “And if they deny you, [O Muhammad], then say, "For me are my deeds, and for you are your deeds. You are disassociated from what I do, and I am disassociated from what you...
...Islam: Field Study Research
Professor Jonathan Pedrone
REL212: World Religions-Summer
September 4, 2011
Islam: Field Study Research
After interviewing a member of the Islamic faith, I came to the realization that there are very many misconceptions about the religion of Islam and that these misconceptions are very hurtful, disrespectful, and inhumane. In this paper, I will first discuss several misconceptions that I had about the Islamic faith. I will then analyze how my prior understanding about the religion was altered through interviewing a member of the Islamic faith. Next, I will discuss my beliefs on misconceptions about other people’s religion being common or not. Lastly, I will recommend steps that can be taken to minimize misconceptions people have about religions that are not their own.
I had many misconceptions about Islam before speaking with a member of the religion. The first was that Islam oppresses women. When I thought about women in Islam, I thought of the image of a woman wearing a veil, and other heavy, dark clothing, where no skin would be visible, even in the hot summer months. I thought about how women were forced to stay home, and were not allowed to drive vehicles. I also believed that the Muslim’s God, Allah, was not the same as the God in Christianity, and was a false god. I...
Is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a book considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God and by the teachings and normative example (called the Sunnah and composed of hadith) of considered by them to be the last prophet of God. An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim.
Concerns the religion of Islam and its adherents, Muslims. "Muslim" is an Arabic word meaning "one who submits to God". Muslims and their religion have greatly impacted the political, economic, and military history of the Old World, especially the Middle East, where its roots lie. Though it is believed by non-Muslims to have originated in Mecca and Medina, Muslims believe that the religion of Islam has been present since the time of the prophet Adam. Muslims believe that prophets Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, among others, were all Islamic prophets, and they have equal veneration in the Qur'an. The Islamic world expanded to include people of the Islamic civilization, inclusive of non-Muslims living in that civilization.
Timeline of Muhammad's Life (A.D)
570 - Born in Mecca
576 - Orphaned upon death of mother
595 - Marries Kadijah - older, wealthy widow
610 - Reports first revelations from angel at age of 40
619 - Protector uncle dies
622 - Emigrates from Mecca to Medina (the Hijra)
623 - Orders raids on Meccan caravans
624 - Battle of Badr (victory)
624 - Evicts Qaynuqa Jews from...
...IslamIslam is not only considered to be a spiritual connection to God, but it is a way of life; how one remembers God on day to day basis by not only praying five times a day but also by abiding to the rules and regulations that he has bestowed upon adherents for prevention of sin. The quote “If you want to be free of all affliction and suffering, hold fast to god, and turn wholly to him” is accredited to Abū Ḥāmid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazālī (c. 1058–1111), a highly significant Islamic Scholar during the “Islamic Golden Era”.
Abū Ḥāmid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazālī is recognised as a significant scholar throughout the Islamic faith, particularly to both Sunni and Sufi members. Firstly, his ability as a Fiqh scholar (Islamic jurisprudence) was great; through his study of Islamic Fiqh sciences, he was able to come up with various approaches, which significantly impacted upon Islam. From his ability as a Fiqh scholar, he was able to form judgements objectively.
Al Ghazali’s impact on the development of Islam can be seen in his accomplished synthesis of the areas of; theology, philosophy, law and mysticism. He has made significant contributions to each of these disciplines yet what is often referred to as his most significant contribution was his ability to bring out the best from all these disciplines and strands of Islam in a way that provided strength and maturity to Islamic thought....
...Islam is a tradition of love and submission to God that ultimately strives for peace. The ancient religion emerged in the seventh century and was able to appeal to the public through its deeply entrenched attitudes to peace. Islam’s constant endeavour for peace can be presented through its ancient traditions and sacred texts, history and historical events and current practices and contemporary events of the religion.
The sacred texts of Islam are the Quran, which contains the revelations from Allah and the Hadith, which outlines the way of the prophet Muhammad. These sacred texts are fundamental to Islam and it is through these texts that Muslims formulate an understanding of peace. This is reflected through the Quranic statement:
“O ye who believe! Come, all of you, into complete peace and follow not the footsteps of evil. Surely he is your open enemy.” (2:208)
Despite the world of violence and belligerence that Muhammad was born into, his approach to the ethics of war and peace differed from the prevailing tribal culture of the time. Muhammad’s attitude with regards to the concept of peace was one of active non-violent resistance and open defiance of persecution by non-believers. The essence of this is represented in the Quranic verse:
“The recompense of evil is punishment like it, but whoever forgives and amends, he shall have his reward from Allah; surely he does not love the unjust.” (Sural al-Shura 42:40-43 ‘The...
...REL1006S: COURSE ESSAY
Discuss how Islam is a quest to be faithful to the transcendent, both directly and through social engagement
Islam is a religion based on the belief in one God, His messenger and the four other pillars. These five pillars are central to Muslims, followers of Islam and mould their beings and are part of their everyday lives. This essay will look at the abovementioned pillars, what they are and how they form part of the quest to be faithful to the transcendent. Mention will also be made to how Islam ‘plays out’ in everyday life, thus how this quest is and can be done both directly and through social engagement.
Firstly, we need to establish who or what the Transcendent is. I would like to describe the transcendent, according to Islamic beliefs, as being both Allah (Arabic word for God) and the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Allah, of course is the most important aspect of Islam but it is also relevant that great emphasis is placed on the Prophet. Muslims strive to be more like the Prophet, by following his ‘way of life’, the Sunnah and as a result, pleasing and becoming closer to God. The Five Pillars of Islam, based on work by Mark Sedgwick (2006) are important components of Muslim worship. The first of the five pillars is the “…recognition that there is no god other than God, and that Muhammad is the Prophet of God” (Sedgwick: 2006, 70). This may not seem like an ‘act of...
... Islam is one the oldest and most followed religion there is. It is one of the greatest monotheistic religions of the world today. The foundation of Islam and its story is very popular and has influenced people even if they aren't Islamic. Islam was founded by the Prophet Muhammed and his journey to Mecca in the Middle East. Islam has a belief system that is similar to Christianity and Judaism, but also has many special beliefs that are unique to Islam alone. Even if you don't believe in the religious aspect, you can apply yourself and follow the moral values of this religion, which many people have done which has become very popular.
The story of Prophet Muhammed and his journey to Mecca has become very popular amongst Islam people and even non-islamic peoples. Islam was founded on Muhammed's teachings as an expression of surrender to the will of Allah, the creator and sustainer of the world. Muhammed was born in the city of Mecca on the Arabian Peninsula. Traditionally, The Quran began with revelations to Muhammed, when he was 40 years old, in 610. The Prophet Muhammed received The Word of Allah, a revelation, through the archangel Gabriel, or The Holy Spirit. This revelation comprises the Religion of Islam.
Islam has many belief systems, some that relate to other religions and others that are very unique to Islam. One...
Creation of Islam
Muhammad was the creator of Islam and the Muslim religion. Today he still makes an impact on his religion. There are now many more religions now days that will be talked about in my paper which are Christian, Muslim, and the Jewish religions. Many people have different faiths, gods and beliefs, but does every faith believe in the same god? That is question I will answer. The Shitte and Sunni split is a big part of the Muslims religion and makes a big difference. Islam has many parts to its creation and religion and but it comes down to these main ideas.
Muhammad, the creator of Islam, was born in the Arabian city of Mecca on June 8th, 570C.E. He was a military, political, and religious leader. He is believed to be a messenger and a prophet of god by the Muslims. At the age of about forty years old he began to preach the first revelation from god. About three years later he began to preach the revelations to the public. He said that god is the one, and the only way to be accepted by god is to surrender to him. Muhammad then started to have followers of his beliefs. To escape the persecution by the Meccan Tribes, he sent his followers to Abyssinia and then he went to Medina.
This was called the Hijra which ended up creating the Islamic Calendar. Muhammad then started to unite the tribes under the Constitution of Medina. After a long fight of eight years with the Meccan Tribes his followers of...
...Five Pillars of Islam
The First Pillar is the believers’ confession of faith, reduced to a few words that every member of the faithful from every continent and background can understand, from the illiterate nomadic herdsman in the deserts of Northern Kenya to the sophisticated trilingual businessman of Paris or Riyadh. The Second Pillar is the central act of righteous in Islam, the very essence of the life of a Muslim. The Third Pillar Islam is a significant presence in one hundred or more countries all around the world, and the majority religion in over forty. There are almost a billion believers. By the year of 2020, if present trends continue, half the world would be Muslim. Islam is an Arabic word meaning submission or commitment to the God. Islam is the humble recognition of the relationship between man and his divine creator and resonates with the familiar words from Judaism and Christianity. The fourth Pillar is the fasting. A Muslim must fast for the month of Ramadan. During the fasting month, one must refrain from eating, drinking, smoking, and sexual intercourse from dawn until sunset. The fifth and final Pillar is where a Muslim must make a pilgrimage to Mecca. Every adult Muslim who is physically and financially able to do so must make this pilgrimage at least once in his or her lifetime.
The history of Islam begins with Muhammad and the Quran. The low level of importance...