The situation of migrant workers is described to be very tough, since their labour right is exploited. They could not have salaries on time and the bargaining power of them is small. Migrant workers are suffering, having low quality of life. In Source 2, however, migrant workers are no longer exploited. There is a rise in their basic salary. They are also provided with better welfare which is mentioned in the source, such as “well-furnished dormitory, recreation facilities, and special bonus”. Their standard of living is higher. One reason is because there is shortage of manpower as mentioned in Source 2. Many companies in Yiwu are recruiting workers. When the demand for workers is large in the market, employers are forced to provide higher salaries in order to retain or attract labour force. More welfare is also provided to workers to attract them to the company, otherwise the workers may go to another company which provide better welfare and higher salary, which will result in shortage of workers again. Therefore migrant workers are having higher living standard due to improved welfare and amount of salary. Another reason is because there is more protection over migrant workers. Source 2 has stated that “the country has made efforts to improve the situation with policies to ensure workers’ rights and an increased minimum salary”. Where there are more policies to increase workers’ rights, employers would not exploit workers’ right since they may have to face legal punishment. Problem of owed wages by the employers will be alleviated. Workers’ right will no longer be exploited. Better welfare will be provided to the workers. Thus, workers are having a higher quality of life.
The plight faced by migrant workers in urban areas in China can be grouped under social, legal and economic aspect. In social aspect, they are discriminated since they do not have the urban hukou. They are treated as economic burden by some urban residents. In legal aspect, they lack...
MigrantWorkers in the U.S. and China
Nevada State College
Many migrantworkers in the U.S. tend to work in the agricultural industry as farmworkers, while migrantworkers from China leave their rural farms to work in larger urbanized cities. Though roles seem to be reversed between the two groups, they have many similarities. The migrantworkers from both the U.S. and China have significant impacts on their countries’ respective economies. In the process, these migrantworkers endure many challenges such as poor pay, sub-standard living conditions, and work-related health risks. Regardless, migrantworkers take on these challenges in order to better the lives of their families and to pursue their dreams and aspirations. Without their labor, many of the simple amenities that we enjoy would be more costly to obtain or not be available at all.
From the Chinese and Irish workers who helped build the first transcontinental railroad in the 1860’s to today’s farmworkers who picked the fruits and vegetables for the local buffet, migrantworkers have always been weaved into the fabric of American society. In the United States,...
...population pressures on scarce natural resources,
wage or income inequality between the poor and rich countries, growing urbanization,
reduction in the cost of transport and communications and increasing interactions among
societies, civil conflict and absence of human rights, and establishment of migration
networks by earlier migrants. It is generally recognized, however, that both increasing
differences between countries and the lack of gainful employment, decent work, human
security and individual freedoms help explain much about international
While international migration can be productive for economy of both host conuntries and countries of origin, as developingcounties find cheap manpower source in migrant non-skilled or semi-skilled workers and country of origin gains income which people living abroad bring into it, but at the same time, many migrantworkers suffer poor working and living conditions. Their terms of
employment may be better than in their home countries, but they often face conditions
far inferior to those available to nationals in host countries. Despite international
standards to protect them, their rights as workers are too often undermined, especially if
they are unauthorized....
8 December 2010
MigrantWorkers: U.S. vs. Taiwan
In this essay I will be discussing the similarities and differences of migrantworkers, between the two countries: U.S. & Taiwan. Although these two countries are completely different they do have more similarities than you think. The term “migrantworker” is used to refer to individuals who enter the United States or another country legally or illegally as temporary or seasonal workers, typically in agriculture such as farmers, or in semi-skilled or unskilled industries such as house maids or waiters. In both the U.S. and Taiwan a maid can be a common role.
I will start off by telling you about the working conditions of the migrantworkers in the United States. We obviously know that migrant agricultural workers experience the lowest incomes, poorest working conditions, and fewest benefits from social services in the United States. Their weekly earnings are the lowest of all occupational sectors except employees in private households and other nonproductive services. Because they average only twenty-four weeks of employment per year, they have the lowest annual earnings. During the 1990s, their absolute earnings declined, in contrast to all other occupational categories. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the average...
...Migrantworkers apparently come from poor countries and have been living in tough financial situation, thus they choose to work as maids outside their countries hoping they would find a solution for their crisis. However, this situation is getting more serious and controversial than before, the rate of domestic workers committing suicide is increasing. what households seek in Lebanon is not to help but slaves to serve them, and these maids go through hard work and mistreatment.
We hear a lot of maids who escape and we read a lot in the press about the crimes committed by the maids, but we do not ask ourselves why all of this is happening? The answer is linked on how the householder treats her maid, which in the matter of time the maid might commit a suicide and get her revenge.
people are treating maids as animals, not realizing that they also have feelings and lives to live. Maids also have their rights just like any other person; violence or yelling at them is not the solution this may lead them to escape since they are not machines that can get all your work done at the same time. People should wake up and stop treating them such a way; they are still human that needs to be taken care of instead of treating them bad. They are here to help the house holder; their wasted rights should be defended as people should be punished for what they are doing. Forgin workers comes from a poor background and she does not...
Women MigrantWorkers: From Mexico to the U.S.
Migrantworkers have long played a crucial role in the economy of the United States, there has always been a rather heavy flow of both legal and illegal immigrants to the United States. There is a large variety of different jobs available for both legal and illegal immigrants in the United States, many women find work with more affluent families and are employed as nannies or maids. Some women find work in factories, often turning out clothes or toys, which is often labor-intensive low-wage work and especially for those migrantworkers that may not be in the country legally. Perhaps the most important role that these women play in the U.S.’s economy involves our extensive agriculture sector.
Prior to slave labor restrictions agriculture in the U.S. was largely dependent on slave labor, which was essentially free as one might expect. The first English colonies imported slave labor as early as 1619 and Spanish colonies had practiced intensive slave labor since the 1560s. Slave labor became increasingly important in producing high-value cash crops such as tobacco, sugar, coffee and cotton. Although slave labor was most important in Southern plantation style agriculture, it also played an integral role in agriculture in the North which is contrary to the popular belief of Northern states...
...Ten years from now, I don’t know how wealthy I will be. I don’t know what kind of job my husband will have, nor do I know what kind of job I will have. What I do know though is the American worker is struggling, and the struggles will most likely get worse. The United States used to pride itself on providing for its families through hard work. Today, most people lacking education beyond high school struggle to maintain a lifestyle they once dreamed of. Not only are high school graduates suffering but many college graduates are as well because so many jobs have been eliminated due to globalization and technology.
* Globalization of companies is most likely the main reason American workers are not satisfied with their lifestyles. Companies are starting to outsource their manual labor to third world countries. People from these countries are fighting for their lives and are willing to work for less than a dollar an hour. For an example, “in Bangladesh, a garment worker makes 22 cents an hour” (Snyder). How can companies turn down such low wages for the same quality of work they would receive from employees who must earn at least minimum wage in the United States? Factories are closing everyday in the United States as new factories are built in third world countries. These factories would provide employment for many people in the U.S., but companies are better off when they outsource their labor. Labor costs are cut...
...History and current situation of migrantworkersMigrantworkers came into existence during the process of China's industrialization and
urbanization, as well as its reform and opening-up. There are three main developmental
periods of policies regarding migrantworkers: from free migration to strict control,
from leaving their farmland but not the hometown to leaving both their farmland and
hometown, and from negative controls to positive guidance.
In the initial period after the People's Republic of China (PRC) was founded, in order to
rapidly promote industrialization, the Chinese Government adopted a policy that
permitted rural residents to move into cities freely. It meant a large number of farmers
headed for urban areas to become workers and residents. During this period,
agricultural productivity was not enhanced, working opportunities in cities did not
increase, and urban areas suffered a shortage in food supplies. Since the Hukou
Registration Ordinance of the PRC came into effect in 1958, the Chinese Government
has adopted a policy of strictly controlling the migration of the rural population into
cities. From the late 1950s to 1970s, China's rate of urbanization stagnated. The
countryside did not take the advantage of the opportunity for rapid development, and
farmers' living standards were low. Until 1978, about 250...
...stay flexible. According to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), there was an increment of $62 in the per capita GDP in FY2009 from US$559 at the end of FY2008. Fiscal 2009 registered per capita income of US$621. About 25% of the country’s GDP in 2009 came from remittances of expatriates, totaling $9.7 billion and garment exports worth $12.3 billion. The increasing foreign direct investment highlights the growth rate of the Bangladesh economy and remittances from overseas Bangladeshis, totaling $11 billion in FY10, accounted for almost 12% of GDP.
Scenario of migrantworkers in Bangladesh is given below throw a chart.
Economic Contribution of Migrantworkers in Bangladesh
Remittance is the life line of Bangladesh economy. Some 4.5m nonresident Bangladeshis are working abroad, and sending home hard earned foreign currencies. It is believed that the actual number of Bangladeshi migrants, both legal and illegal, would be close to 7.5 million. In the first 10 months of FY 2006-07, number of manpower export stood at 0.42m, showing 83.14% rise, compared to 0.25m in FY2004-05. In FY2005-06, the number stood at 0.29m, current year to year growth is around 16%. In addition to achieving higher export earnings, the country witnessed a 44 percent growth in remittance earnings during the first quarter of 2008-09 fiscal year compared to the same period of the previous fiscal year. The other...