Every person in the world is born with two fears, loud noises and falling. The rest of our fears are learned throughout one’s life. We all have fears; spiders, the dark or even bridges. When those fears become debilitating, haunting and unbearable; that’s when they become phobias. A phobia is defined as an anxiety disorder characterized by extreme and irrational fear of simple things or social situations. Phobias are a common form of anxiety disorders. Anyone can suffer from a phobia; they can derive from childhood tragedy and many other situations. Psychologists and psychiatrists usually put phobias into three categories. The three classes are: social phobia, specific phobia, and agoraphobia. Social phobias involve a fear of other people or social situations. It can be associated with social anxiety disorder. It can basically be rooted to a fear of being embarrassed in front of one’s peers. To narrow it down to one specific tick would turn the broad social phobia into a specific social phobia. An example of this is a petrifying fear of speaking in public, or glossophobia. A specific social phobia is related to, but not the same as the specific phobia. This is what most people think of when they hear the word “phobia.” Specific phobias are not the same as specific social phobias because specific phobia deals with a wide assortment of fears from the dark to a fear of clowns. All of the words with a suffix followed by “phobia” or “phobic.” A specific phobia is the fear of a specific object or situation, such as getting on a plane to fly or of spiders. Many people have these fears, but when it is a phobia, people do whatever it takes to avoid and prevent having to deal with that which petrifies them. Then, there is agoraphobia, this is the fear of leaving home or a familiar “safe” area. This can derive from a fear of germs, open spaces and or one of the many social phobias. These are the type of people who wouldn’t leave home if their life or...
...PhobiasPhobias are a very common disorder in the United States these days. The definition for phobia is "an abnormal or morbid fear or aversion" ("Oxford" 655). To be considered a phobia, a fear must cause great distress or interfere with a person’s life in a major way. The word phobia is Greek, therefore, any word that proceeds it should be Greek too. To coin a new phobia name, it is proper and only accepted to follow this rule. The rule has been broken many times in the past, especially by the medical profession. The medical profession is steeped in Latin and many times when forming a name for phobia, they use Latin.
There are three kinds of phobias: simple phobia, social phobia, and panic attacks. Simple phobias, also called specific phobias, are fears of a specific thing, such as spiders or being in a closed place. Most simple phobias develop during childhood and eventually disappear. Specific phobia is a marked fear of a specific object or situation. It is a category for any phobias other than agoraphobia and social phobia. The categories of specific phobias are 1. situational phobias such as: fear of elevators, airplanes, enclosed places, public transportation, tunnels, or bridges; 2. fear of...
...A phobia is an irrational fear, a kind of anxiety disorder in which the sufferer has a relentless dread of a situation, living creature, place or thing. People with a phobia go to great lengths to avoid a perceived danger which is much greater in their minds than in real life. If confronted with the source of their phobia, the person will suffer enormous distress, which can interfere with their normal function; it can sometimes lead to total panic. For some people, even thinking about their phobia is immensely distressing.
A phobia starts when a person begins organizing their lives around avoiding the object of their fear. A phobia is much more serious than a simple fear. Sufferers have an overpowering need to steer clear of anything which triggers their anxiety.
If the phobia is of something the phobic person very rarely comes into contact with, such as snakes, their daily lives will not be affected. However, some complex phobias are impossible to avoid, such as agoraphobia (fear of leaving home or public places) or social phobia (fear of being among groups of people).
Non-psychological phobias - photophobia means sensitivity to light. For example, if you have conjunctivitis or a migraine your eyes may be particularly sensitive to light. This does not mean the person is afraid of light. One of the symptoms...
Acrophobia is well known as a fear of heights, and many experts keep focusing on studying and finding the causes, symptoms, and treatments for the best and most effective solution of this phobia.
Acrophobia is derived from Greek; acro means “high” and phobia means “fears”. Acrophobia is characterized “by marked anxiety upon exposure of heights, by avoidance of heights, and by interference in functioning as a result of this fear” (Ibrahim, "Virtual Reality Approach in Acrophobia Treatment"). Sweating, shaking, crying, or yelling out, and high heart rate are common symptoms which are found in many phobias; also, these are found in acrophobia (Fritscher, “Acrophobia”). Moreover, acrophobia’s symptoms are associated with some phobias such as illyngophobia (a fear of developing vertigo), aerophobia (a fear of flying), and bathmophobia (a fear of slopes and stairs). However, obviously, there are some differences symptoms from other phobias, unconscious actions, such as finding something to cling to, crawling on all fours, sitting on the knees, and falling down on the floor (Fristscher, “Acrophobia”). According to the National Institute of Mental Health survey, acrophobia is one of the top ten common specific phobias, so this phobia can be common found in people of all ages; however, there are still arguments of what an exact cause of acrophobia is.
Within this paper Sally a 23 year old woman with a dog phobia will be discussed. Also, how operant and classical conditioning as well as observational learning are a factor in developing Sally’s phobia will be covered. Additionally, how extinction and tenets of cognitive theory can help Sally overcome her dog phobia will be explained.
A phobia is an abnormal, vigorous, unreasonable persistent dread or terror that causes anxiety. “Approximately 40 million American adults ages 18 and older, or about 18.1 percent of people in this age group in a given year, have an anxiety disorder (The National Institute of Mental Health, 2013)”. A person has the capability to make a fear out of anything; dog, open spaces, water, elevators, and tight spaces. Persons with a fears or phobias go to the ends of the earth to avoid any alleged risk that is larger more so in their thoughts than physical time. When confronted with the base of their fear, the person will sustain massive anguish that can hinder everyday tasks; fear can seldom lead to complete panic. Furthermore, for a number of individuals the simple thought of their fear is tremendously upsetting. Fears can be a wearying thing. The defeat of efficiency and productivity at the hands of a person’s phobia can be massive. However, a comprehension of psychology can offer a person the authority to development past...
...Strange and ridiculous phobias:
Leukophobia - Fear of the color white
Genuphobia - Fear of knees.
Octophobia - Fear of the figure 8.
Papyrophobia - Fear of paper.
Random stuff- fear of phobia- phobophobia
Names — Nomatophobia
The fear of names.
Phobia - the mere mention of it can make some people's hair stand on end. Yes, there is such a thing as fear of phobias. Called phobophobia, it happens to a person who dreads being frightened by everything. This type of phobia is different from the fear of everything, which is termed panophobia. Phobophobia, unlike other types of phobia, is more anxiety-related than being based on fear of a single object or situation. People with phobophobia think they most likely have a phobia, but they cannot figure out just what it is. They worry too much about not understanding what causes their fear of being afraid. Simply put, phonophobia is the worry of fear itself.
Fear of phobias can develop from other types of phobias. The intense fear that a person feels toward the other phobia may cause him or her to believe that the condition can lead to something worse. Fearing one's phobia may aggravate the impact of that phobia. When anxiety disorders are left untreated, phobophobia may also develop. This type of phobia may also be a result of a traumatic...
...serpents? Well, you’re not alone. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, phobias affect approximately 10% of adults. There are a number of explanations for why phobias develop, including evolutionary and behavioral theories. Whatever the cause, phobias are a treatable condition that can be overcome with cognitive and behavioral therapy techniques.
What do people fear most? The following phobias are ten of the most common fear-objects that lead to symptoms such as dizziness, nausea, and breathlessness. In some cases, these symptoms escalate into a full-blown panic attack. These common phobias typically involve the environment, animals, or specific situations.
The fear of spiders.
This phobia tends to affect women more than men.
The fear of snakes.
Often attributed to evolutionary causes, personal experiences, or cultural influences.
The fear of heights.
This fear can lead to anxiety attacks and avoidance of high places.
The fear of situations in which escape is difficult.
This may include crowded areas, open spaces, or situations that are likely to trigger a panic attack. People will begin avoiding these trigger events, sometimes to the point that they cease leaving their home.
Approximately one third of people with panic disorder develop agoraphobia.
The fear of dogs....
A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder. It is a strong, irrational fear of something that poses little or no actual danger. There are many specific phobias. Acrophobia is a fear of heights. You may be able to ski the world's tallest mountains but be unable to go above the 5th floor of an office building. Agoraphobia is a fear of public places, and claustrophobia is a fear of closed-in places. If you become anxious and extremely self-conscious in everyday social situations, you could have a social phobia. Other common phobias involve tunnels, highway driving, water, flying, animals and blood.
People with phobias try to avoid what they are afraid of. If they cannot, they may experience
* Panic and fear
* Rapid heartbeat
* Shortness of breath
* A strong desire to get away
Treatment helps most people with phobias. Options include medicines, therapy or both.
The English suffixes -phobia, -phobic, -phobe (of Greek origin: φόβος/φοβία ) occur in technical usage in psychiatry to construct words that describe irrational, disabling fear as a mental disorder (e.g. agoraphobia), in chemistry to describe chemical aversions (e.g. hydrophobic), in biology to describe organisms that dislike certain conditions (e.g. acidophobia), and in medicine to describe hypersensitivity to a stimulus, usually sensory (e.g. photophobia). In common...
...PhobiasPhobias are is an irrational, intense and persistent fear of certain situations, activities, things, animals, or people. The main symptom of this disorder is the excessive and unreasonable desire to avoid the feared stimulus. When the fear is beyond one's control, and if the fear is interfering with daily life, then a diagnosis under one of the anxiety disorders can be made. Phobias are known as an emotional response learned because of difficult life experiences. Generally phobias occur when fear produced by a threatening situation is transmitted to other similar situations, while the original fear is often repressed or forgotten. The excessive, unreasoning fear of water, for example, may be based on a childhood experience of almost drowning. The individual attempts to avoid that situation in the future, a response that, while reducing anxiety in the short term, reinforces the association of the situation with the onset of anxiety. Phobias are a common form of anxiety disorders. An American study by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) found that between 8.7% and 18.1% of Americans suffer from phobias. Broken down by age and gender, the study found that phobias were the most common mental illness among women in all age groups and the second most common illness among men older than 25. Claustrophobia is an abnormal and persistent fear of...