Psychology Block 4
A phobia is an intense fear of things, activities, animals or even other people, that is uncontrollable. People suffering from phobias usually suffer from anxiety attacks when they find themselves in the situations, things or the person they have fear of. Phobias are more often gotten through traumatic experiences though some of them are inherent to the victims. If it is untreated, phobias can cause long term damage on the mental and physical health of a person, and in a recent study, it shows that phobias are most common in women and about 19% of women have a phobia. A very common phobia in most people is being embarrassed, especially in social situations. An example of this can be presenting a project in front of your class, asking out a girl, or simply just being embarrassed of a situation.
A lot of hard work from scientist has been made to find the reason, function, explanation and solutions to phobias. They try to find special treatments made for patients with phobias so that they can easily and quickly get rid of them. Different scientific departments dealing with mental health disorders and psychological processes all have different definitions, per say, of the behavioral phenomena and its cause. Scientists in the evolutionary field, who study the evolution of humans, believe that phobias developed through evolutionary processes. Evolution is considered the main role in ensuring the survival of human beings and through adaptation, people subconsciously learn what is dangerous to them and developed a fear of it. Most animals have this instinct. And example can be as simple as a cat. A cat runs away from a dog, because the cat knows the dog is bigger and much stronger than itself, and can possible injure or hurt him. So the best thing the cat can do is run away. The thing is that fear is “pre selected” on an person through constant exposure of person’s ancestry to the of fear. Consequently, a person...
...PhobiasPhobias are a very common disorder in the United States these days. The definition for phobia is "an abnormal or morbid fear or aversion" ("Oxford" 655). To be considered a phobia, a fear must cause great distress or interfere with a person’s life in a major way. The word phobia is Greek, therefore, any word that proceeds it should be Greek too. To coin a new phobia name, it is proper and only accepted to follow this rule. The rule has been broken many times in the past, especially by the medical profession. The medical profession is steeped in Latin and many times when forming a name for phobia, they use Latin.
There are three kinds of phobias: simple phobia, social phobia, and panic attacks. Simple phobias, also called specific phobias, are fears of a specific thing, such as spiders or being in a closed place. Most simple phobias develop during childhood and eventually disappear. Specific phobia is a marked fear of a specific object or situation. It is a category for any phobias other than agoraphobia and social phobia. The categories of specific phobias are 1. situational phobias such as: fear of elevators, airplanes, enclosed places, public transportation, tunnels, or bridges; 2. fear of...
A phobia is an excessive or unreasonable fear of an object, place or situation. Simple phobias are fears of specific things such as insects, infections, flying. Agoraphobia is a fear of being in places where one feels "trapped" or unable to get help, such as in crowds, on a bus, or standing in a queue. A social phobia is a marked fear of social or performance situations.
Phobias are extremely common. Sometimes they start in childhood for no apparent reason; sometimes they emerge after a traumatic event; and sometimes the develop from an attempt to make sense of an unexpected and intense anxiety or panic (e.g. "I feel fearful, therefore I must be afraid of something").
When the phobic person actually encounters, or even anticipates being in the presence of the feared object or situation, she/he experiences immediate anxiety. The physical symptoms of anxiety may include a racing heart, shortness of breath, sweating, chest or abdominal discomfort, trembling, etc. and the emotional component involves an intense fear - of losing control, embarrassing oneself, or passing out.
Commonly people try to escape, and then to avoid the feared situation wherever possible. This may be fairly easy if the feared object is rarely encountered (e.g. fear of snakes) and avoidance will not therefore restrict the person's life very much. At other times (e.g. agoraphobia, social phobia) avoiding the...
...recognizes that phobias are not something to be ashamed of, and that everyone has at least one. But what exactly is a phobia? Simply put, it's an anxiety disorder.
The exact definition of a phobia is a bit different though. A phobia is an anxiety disorder in which a person will experience a strong, irrational fear of a situation, object, or activity. Adults with fears usually realize they are being irrational, but children are the opposite. A phobia will produce a feeling of anxiety that will range anywhere from mild, to downright severe. People with mild symptoms don't usually worry about it too much because it doesn't interfere with their day to day activities. People with a severe phobia, however, sometimes have no choice than to seek help. Some phobias, if left un-dealt with, can become so severe that the person won't even leave their bed.
There are three main types of phobias. The first is Agoraphobia. Agoraphobia is a fear of public places. With this fear comes the feeling that the person is trapped or fears having a panic attack in public. The second type of phobia is Social phobia. Social phobia is the fear of social situations or performing in public. When people have this fear, they may be embarrassed by symptoms of having a panic attack or anxiety. A good example of this type of phobia is...
Discuss the relationship between stress, anxiety, habits and phobias and describe how you would treat these issues using hypnotherapy.
Stress and anxiety are the natural reactions to fear and change. There is no single cause of stress and we will all have experienced it at times in our lives. It can be potentially very harmful, both physiologically and psychologically and professionals agree it is vital that we try to understand the causes of our stress, in order to prevent or at least minimise it.
It is believed there are three identifiable models of stress; things that happen to a person (not what happens within a person), things that happen within a person and thirdly, stress that arises from interactions with people and their environment. (Richard D. Gross. pg 186). There are also differences in how people attempt to cope with the stresses they face in everyday life, physiologically and psychologically. Some people suffer with stress and are able to identify the causes, leaving them able to solve the problems they face. Others may live in a permanent state of stress and anxiety, unable or unwilling to identify the causes behind it.
Hundreds of differing factors can be the root cause behind a persons stress and anxiety, ranging from excessive noise, resentment, fatigue, emotional upsets and physical and emotional upheavals, such as moving house. Others can be more traumatic,...
Discuss the relationship between stress, anxiety, habits and phobias and describe how you would treat these issues with hypnotherapy
In order to understand the relationship between stress, anxiety, habits and phobias, it is necessary to first define what each one is and how it might affect individuals.
Stress could be defined as a normal physiological response by the body to situations or stimuli which the brain perceives as dangerous or threatening to the body. The body is a complex system and over time developed a way of responding that was designed to keep us safe. Our subconscious mind is alert for anything that might threaten our well being and when the brain perceives a threat a physiological response occurs that prepares us to either fight or run. This response is caused by a release of adrenocorticotrophic releasing hormone being released from the hypothalamus which then stimulates the pituitary gland to secret the adrenocorticotrophic hormone. This is turn then stimulates the adrenal glands to release adrenaline and cortisol. The release of these hormones cause a number of changes in the body to prepare for us to either fight whatever is threatening us or flight, ie run away to safety. The heart starts beating faster to pump oxygenated blood round the body faster to all the muscles. The blood pressure rises to assist in the movement of blood. Blood is diverted from less vital organs, such as the stomach, and the respiratory...
...treated with hypnotherapy.
Phobias – A phobia is defined as as irrational fear of something, and as this originates from part of our subconscious and therefore is a good subject for the hypnotherapist to deal with. As with anxieties, phobias are wide ranging in type, irrational and not always understandable on the surface. There are social phobias – such as fear of crowds or public speaking, and personal phobias such as fear of spiders or heights. There are also simple phobias such as fear of ladders or dogs and then more complex phobias such as fear of going on large boats and a fear of drowning, or fear of loosing control.
Deep seated phobias are obviously going to require a more in depth approach to treat and therapist should consider the ethical questions – is this true cause phobia something I am able to deal with or should this patient be referred on to another professional? The depth of phobias can assessed relatively easily by asking the patient how much money would it take for them to be given in order for them to confront the fear. If the answer is “no amount of money” then you may presume that the phobia is relatively deep seated and will require a longer term strategy and commitment from them to overcome. Unless the deep-seated reason behind phobia is dealt with, “curing” them of...
...Known as a mental disorder a phobia is a persistent fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that leads to compelling desire to avoid it. Phobias tend to affect the way people live their lives, for example, their working and social environments, considering that they last for a very long time and are capable to cause intense psychological physical stress. It is considered today the most common mental and anxiety disorder in the United States (Matig Mavissakalian & David H. Barlow 1981 pp 2). There are many phobias such as: the fear of aging, fear of changing, fear of clowns, fear of getting fat, fear of being in closed spaces, etc.
One who encounters phobias has to deal with a collection of uncontrollable symptoms when their fear is presented. The mild cases, if not psychology cured, tend to grow into fears that are not able to be controlled which lead a person to feel like their life is being taking away from their own control (Erin Gersley 2001). In order to avoid their fear he or she will do anything in their power to not have to encounter it. Although feeling powerless and helpless, the people with the phobias tend to believe that their fears are irrational and exaggerated. These fears are avoided because when encountered they will bring the inability to function normally due to the anxiety provoked. Physical reactions are also encountered although psychologically is mostly common....
...In this essay I shall be looking at the relationship between stress, anxiety, habits and phobias and looking at the ways to treat each with hypnotherapy.
Firstly we will look at stress. We all need a level of stress to motivate us, in fact being unmotivated can cause a form of stress known as Hypostress! There are many levels of stress some of which become damaging to our health and everyday lives. The different categories are as follows:
Eustress: which is “a positive stress”(adrenaline) which is short term allowing us to carry out a new challenge, increase our creativity, motivation and performance.
Acute Stress: Generally identified as stress, symptoms comprise of tension and physical disturbances such as sleep. This is treatable within about 6 weeks with hypnotherapy, Episodic Acute Stress: More severe and long term which can cause symptoms such as migraines, stroke, heart attack and gastro disorders such as IBS. This can be treated you must check that your client has been to a doctor concerning the physical symptoms. Traumatic Stress: Caused due to a massive acute stress for example a horrific event in that person’s life. Post traumatic stress also comes under this category for example a soldier serving in a war who then has problems when trying to return to normal life. Traumatic stress should only be treated by qualified people within this field and would require a multidisciplinary team.
Stress causes both physical and mental symptoms...