Acrophobia is well known as a fear of heights, and many experts keep focusing on studying and finding the causes, symptoms, and treatments for the best and most effective solution of this phobia.
Acrophobia is derived from Greek; acro means “high” and phobia means “fears”. Acrophobia is characterized “by marked anxiety upon exposure of heights, by avoidance of heights, and by interference in functioning as a result of this fear” (Ibrahim, "Virtual Reality Approach in Acrophobia Treatment"). Sweating, shaking, crying, or yelling out, and high heart rate are common symptoms which are found in many phobias; also, these are found in acrophobia (Fritscher, “Acrophobia”). Moreover, acrophobia’s symptoms are associated with some phobias such as illyngophobia (a fear of developing vertigo), aerophobia (a fear of flying), and bathmophobia (a fear of slopes and stairs). However, obviously, there are some differences symptoms from other phobias, unconscious actions, such as finding something to cling to, crawling on all fours, sitting on the knees, and falling down on the floor (Fristscher, “Acrophobia”). According to the National Institute of Mental Health survey, acrophobia is one of the top ten common specific phobias, so this phobia can be common found in people of all ages; however, there are still arguments of what an exact cause of acrophobia is.
Of course, traditionally, acrophobia is caused by a frightening experience of heights, but new research shows that it is the response of an infant when a parent has a fearful reaction to heights, so this contributed to the child’s acrophobia. In addition, Acrophobia is not only found in human and it is also found in all visual animals (Fristscher, “Acrophobia”). Fristsher summarized the new research to support this idea. Fristsher writes, “in 1960, famed research psychologists Gibson and Walk did a "Visual Cliff" experiment which showed crawling infants, along with babies of numerous species, who refused to...
Phobias aren't just extreme fears. They are irrational fears of a particular thing. For instance, you may be able to ski the world's tallest mountains with ease but be unable to go above the 5th floor of an office building. (NIMH, 1995) Even though adults with phobias realize that these fears are irrational, they often find that facing or even thinking about the feared object or situation brings on a panic attack or severe anxiety. Affecting an estimated 6.3 million adult Americans(Lefton, L. A., 1997), phobias are twice as common in women as in men. The causes of specific phobias are not well understood, though there is some evidence that these phobias may run in families. Specific phobias usually first appear during childhood or adolescence and tend to persist into adulthood.
Definition of Disorder
By definition, phobias are "irrational fears," that interfere with one's everyday life or daily routine. If your fear of high places prevents you from crossing necessary bridges to get to work, that fear is irrational. If your fears keep you from enjoying life or even preoccupy your thinking so that you're unable to work, sleep or do things you wish to do, then it becomes irrational.A phobia is something a person fears to the point that they feel they have to change how they behave.(Lefton, L. A., 1997)
The Wikipedia encyclopedia gave this as a...
...recognizes that phobias are not something to be ashamed of, and that everyone has at least one. But what exactly is a phobia? Simply put, it's an anxiety disorder.
The exact definition of a phobia is a bit different though. A phobia is an anxiety disorder in which a person will experience a strong, irrational fear of a situation, object, or activity. Adults with fears usually realize they are being irrational, but children are the opposite. A phobia will produce a feeling of anxiety that will range anywhere from mild, to downright severe. People with mild symptoms don't usually worry about it too much because it doesn't interfere with their day to day activities. People with a severe phobia, however, sometimes have no choice than to seek help. Some phobias, if left un-dealt with, can become so severe that the person won't even leave their bed.
There are three main types of phobias. The first is Agoraphobia. Agoraphobia is a fear of public places. With this fear comes the feeling that the person is trapped or fears having a panic attack in public. The second type of phobia is Social phobia. Social phobia is the fear of social situations or performing in public. When people have this fear, they may be embarrassed by symptoms of having a panic attack or anxiety. A good example of this type of phobia is...
...Known as a mental disorder a phobia is a persistent fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that leads to compelling desire to avoid it. Phobias tend to affect the way people live their lives, for example, their working and social environments, considering that they last for a very long time and are capable to cause intense psychological physical stress. It is considered today the most common mental and anxiety disorder in the United States (Matig Mavissakalian & David H. Barlow 1981 pp 2). There are many phobias such as: the fear of aging, fear of changing, fear of clowns, fear of getting fat, fear of being in closed spaces, etc.
One who encounters phobias has to deal with a collection of uncontrollable symptoms when their fear is presented. The mild cases, if not psychology cured, tend to grow into fears that are not able to be controlled which lead a person to feel like their life is being taking away from their own control (Erin Gersley 2001). In order to avoid their fear he or she will do anything in their power to not have to encounter it. Although feeling powerless and helpless, the people with the phobias tend to believe that their fears are irrational and exaggerated. These fears are avoided because when encountered they will bring the inability to function normally due to the anxiety provoked. Physical reactions are also encountered although psychologically is mostly common....
...Discuss the relationship between stress, anxiety, habits and phobias and describe how you would treat these issues with hypnotherapy.
In order to understand the relationship between stress, anxiety, habits and phobias, it is necessary to first define what each one is and how it affects us.
Stress is a condition that most of us have experienced throughout our lives and in the main it is a positive emotion and it can help us to become motivated reaching our potential positively and productively. However, stress can also manifest itself in a negative and weakening way whereby the individual becomes overwhelmed and the balance that would normally achieve positive behaviours and actions becomes skewed - the very opposite can happen - where we are affected in a debilitating way, unable to cope with day to day actions and demands. (Module 5 notes)
Feelings of stress come from any situation in which we feel frustrated, angry or anxious and where there is a fear or a change that will take place. Stress is the result of changes that take place in your body when you are faced with a threat. This is the body's built in survival method also know as Fight or Flight. The subconscious is responsible for our survival and is does this by creating the fight or flight mechanism in us in situations where we feel threatened or when we feel threatened. In situations of fear or change we have to decide if we run away or fight. (Module 5 notes)
There are 6...
...Strange and ridiculous phobias:
Leukophobia - Fear of the color white
Genuphobia - Fear of knees.
Octophobia - Fear of the figure 8.
Papyrophobia - Fear of paper.
Random stuff- fear of phobia- phobophobia
Names — Nomatophobia
The fear of names.
Phobia - the mere mention of it can make some people's hair stand on end. Yes, there is such a thing as fear of phobias. Called phobophobia, it happens to a person who dreads being frightened by everything. This type of phobia is different from the fear of everything, which is termed panophobia. Phobophobia, unlike other types of phobia, is more anxiety-related than being based on fear of a single object or situation. People with phobophobia think they most likely have a phobia, but they cannot figure out just what it is. They worry too much about not understanding what causes their fear of being afraid. Simply put, phonophobia is the worry of fear itself.
Fear of phobias can develop from other types of phobias. The intense fear that a person feels toward the other phobia may cause him or her to believe that the condition can lead to something worse. Fearing one's phobia may aggravate the impact of that phobia. When anxiety disorders are left untreated, phobophobia may also develop. This type of phobia may also be a result of a traumatic...
...A phobia is, when used in the context of clinical psychology, a type of anxiety disorder, usually defined as a persistent fear of an object or situation in which the sufferer commits to great lengths in avoiding, typically disproportional to the actual danger posed, often being recognized as irrational. In the event the phobia cannot be avoided entirely, the sufferer will endure the situation or object with marked distress and significant interference in social or occupational activities.
Most phobias are classified into three categories and, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, such phobias are considered to be sub-types of anxiety disorder. The three categories are:
1. Social phobia: fear of other people or social situations such as performance anxiety or fears of embarrassment by scrutiny of others. Overcoming social phobia is often very difficult without the help of therapy or support groups.
2. Specific phobias: fear of a single specific panic trigger such as spiders, snakes, dogs, water, heights, flying, catching a specific illness, etc. Many people have these fears but to a lesser degree than those who suffer from specific phobias. People with the phobias specifically avoid the entity they fear.
3. Agoraphobia: a generalized fear of leaving home or a small familiar 'safe' area, and of...
Psychology Block 4
A phobia is an intense fear of things, activities, animals or even other people, that is uncontrollable. People suffering from phobias usually suffer from anxiety attacks when they find themselves in the situations, things or the person they have fear of. Phobias are more often gotten through traumatic experiences though some of them are inherent to the victims. If it is untreated,phobias can cause long term damage on the mental and physical health of a person, and in a recent study, it shows that phobias are most common in women and about 19% of women have a phobia. A very common phobia in most people is being embarrassed, especially in social situations. An example of this can be presenting a project in front of your class, asking out a girl, or simply just being embarrassed of a situation.
A lot of hard work from scientist has been made to find the reason, function, explanation and solutions to phobias. They try to find special treatments made for patients with phobias so that they can easily and quickly get rid of them. Different scientific departments dealing with mental health disorders and psychological processes all have different definitions, per say, of the behavioral phenomena and its cause. Scientists in the evolutionary field, who study the evolution of humans, believe...
Within this paper Sally a 23 year old woman with a dog phobia will be discussed. Also, how operant and classical conditioning as well as observational learning are a factor in developing Sally’s phobia will be covered. Additionally, how extinction and tenets of cognitive theory can help Sally overcome her dog phobia will be explained.
A phobia is an abnormal, vigorous, unreasonable persistent dread or terror that causes anxiety. “Approximately 40 million American adults ages 18 and older, or about 18.1 percent of people in this age group in a given year, have an anxiety disorder (The National Institute of Mental Health, 2013)”. A person has the capability to make a fear out of anything; dog, open spaces, water, elevators, and tight spaces. Persons with a fears or phobias go to the ends of the earth to avoid any alleged risk that is larger more so in their thoughts than physical time. When confronted with the base of their fear, the person will sustain massive anguish that can hinder everyday tasks; fear can seldom lead to complete panic. Furthermore, for a number of individuals the simple thought of their fear is tremendously upsetting. Fears can be a wearying thing. The defeat of efficiency and productivity at the hands of a person’s phobia can be massive. However, a comprehension of psychology can offer a person the authority to development past...