Philippine Education: Child Labor in Relation to Education
Gabrielle Campos Veloso
Dr. Elineth Suarez
Coomunication in English II
23 January 2009
Gabrielle Campos Veloso
Communication in English II
23 January 2009
Philippine Education: Child Labor in Relation to Education
The Philippines faces the issue of child labor because the state has failed to exercise the proper actions in order to take control of the situation. It has, like the US, set a minimum age of employment under the circumstances that the work hours be limited and the undertakings not be hazardous (DOL). The minimum age of employment in the Philippines has been set at age 15(IPEC- Philippines). Yet although certain policies have been made to improve the condition of child labor in the Philippines, none of these involve the educational requirements of the child.
It is evident that the educational sector in terms of child labor has been neglected, as seen in studies indicating that the education of these child laborers have been placed in jeopardy. Statistics show that 41.1 % in Angono and 56.3% in Taytay among the working youth are out of school. These people are working in agriculture and manufacturing services, researched by Del Rosario in 1989. Also, KDC recorded in 1994 that all children in Navotas, Metro Manila, Quezon City and Bulacan involved in prostitution, domestic work, a sardine’s factory and a textile factory are out of school as well. (Bonga 94-95)
Oosternout observed that in Cebu, during the year 1986, “50 percent of the males who dropped out of school after grade four and five were found in Muro-Ami ships.” The employment of children by the Muro-Ami could be the cause of the increased number of student dropouts in that same year (Bonga 100). Also, as studied by Orense in 1992, children in Masbate work everyday of the week for over ten hours a day (Bonga 97) and according to Magno (1986), most of the child prostitutes or vendors in the Philippines work at least eight hours a day every day of the week (Bonga 92). These facts hint the possible causes of why a number of students, in public schools, especially, are unable to attend their classes often, if they even attend school at all.
Although the working hours are said to have been limited since 2006, these child laborers could go to the extent of working under more than one employer, just to attain a decent income. Therefore, these children are still employed nonetheless, and their education suffers for it (speaking in terms of work that circulates throughout the school year and not just a summer job). Even among Member countries of the OECD, which is said to be a class of well developed countries, only the US population from ages 15 to 19 find it possible to be employed full-time while studying (Beyond 14). The inability to balance one’s job and schooling forces the students to pick between the two, and, choosing the more urgent need, these students are most likely to drop their studies to pursue their labor. Their decision is also influenced by the parents of these students who find it difficult to sustain their family with their income alone. As a result, some of them turn to their children to enter a world of labor in order to help support the family financially. It is said that students who have left their schooling to enter the world of the paid labor force are ill-equipped and under-qualified to meet standards of the economic world. (Compulsory 13)
I believe that the state of the Philippines should not permit individuals under eighteen years of age to be employed in any labor whatsoever during the school year, without a high school diploma. This will be more beneficial to each of these individuals and to the country as a whole.
First of all, I chose the age of eighteen to be the minimum age because at is at this age wherein an individual is expected to have a sense of understanding on what his or her...
...Employee benefits in the Philippines
Posted March 8, 2010 in Employer Tips, Philippines by EasyOutsource Support
On my previous post, I discussed the average salaries of traditional jobs in the Philippines. I also mentioned on that post that those figures don’t include other benefits that companies offer on top of the regular salaries employees receive.
So what are the benefits that are required by the Philippine government to be given to working Filipinos? To give a short run down, the following are government-mandated benefits: Social Security System (SSS) contributions, Philippine Health Insurance (PhilHealth) contributions, Home Development Mutual Fund (Pag-ibig Fund) contributions, 13th month pay, service incentive leave, meal and rest periods, overtime pay, special holiday/rest day rates, and night shift differentials. Other more common benefits that are not mandated but are given by a lot of companies are: holiday bonus, mid-year bonus, and paid holiday and vacation leaves.
Social Security Sytem (SSS) – The Social Security System was created by the Philippine government. All employees hired by private companies are required to become an SSS member (Republic Act No. 8282). This system aims to protect its members for when they are unable to work such as sickness, disability, maternity, old age and death, or other such contingencies not stated but will result in loss of...
...1.) Latest definition of Physical education
Physical Education - is the process by which changes in the individual are bought about through movements experiences. Physical Education aims not only at physical development but is also concerned with education of the whole person through physical activities.
-instruction in the development and care of the body ranging from simple calisthenic exercises to a course of study providing training in hygiene, gymnastics, and the performance and management of athletic games
2.) Differentiate College P.E, to Tertiary P.E.
College physical education are an unrecognized agent of change in combating inactivity-related diseases. It also make important contributions in the primary prevention of inactivity-related chronic diseases and to the general education of the college student. Also awareness and advocacy are needed to strengthen college physical education programs. While Physical education in tertiary can increase student participation in moderate to vigorous physical activity and help high school students gain the knowledge, attitudes, and skills they need to engage in lifelong physical activity
3.) Importance of martial arts in P.E. especially Arnis
The benefits of teaching students the basics of self-defense in a physical education setting cannot be underestimated. A basic self-defense unit can...
...Improved quality of education in the Philippine schools
We know that Philippines country is rich in agriculture and economics. But don't you know that Philippines are one of the top that is great in terms of education. And I can prove that in simply observing the status of my country and surveys in the rank of schools. Literacy rate in the Philippines has improved a lot over the last few years- from 72 percent in 1960 to 94 percent in 1990. This is attributed to the increase in both the number of schools built and the level of enrollment in these schools. The number of schools grew rapidly in all three levels - elementary, secondary, and tertiary. From the mid-1960s up to the early 1990, there was an increase of 58 percent in the elementary schools and 362 percent in the tertiary schools. For the same period, enrollment in all three levels also rose by 120 percent. More than 90 percent of the elementary schools and 60 percent of the secondary schools are publicly owned. However, only 28 percent of the tertiary schools are publicly owned. A big percentage of tertiary-level students enroll in and finish commerce and business management courses. Table 1 shows the distribution of courses taken, based on School Year 1990-1991. Note that the difference between the number of enrollees in the commerce and business courses and in the engineering and technology courses may be small - 29.2 percent...
...JUSTIFICATION OF GOVERNMENTS HUGE INVESTMENT IN HUMAN RESOURCE (EDUCATION)
BY: AGYARE A REGINALD
National development is the key to every nation’s survival. For a nation to develop, there are some critical factors that should be taken into consideration, one of such crucial factors is human resource development. It is against this backdrop that this paper exacts the importance of human resource development and the investment that governments are making in that direction.
Economists all over the world have determined that investing in education to develop human resource or capital can provide organisations with an efficient workforce capable of providing high productivity which can subsequently enhance economic growth and national development. This is evident in submissions made by renowned economists such as Theodore W Schultz, Adam Smith, Bontis et al, Frederick Harbison, Scarborough and Elias.
Schultz (1981) elaborated the concept of human capital as considering all human abilities as being either innate or acquired, ie, attributes which are valuable and can be augmented by appropriate investment.
Adam Smith defined human capital as the acquired and useful abilities of all the inhabitants or members of the society. The acquisition of such talents, by the maintenance of the acquirer during his education, study, or apprenticeship, always costs a real expense, which is a capital fixed and realized, as it were. Those...
...School that will take a lot of time and effort for students, parents and school administrators
1. Does the Manual enrollment procedures can easily develop reports?
2. Does unauthorized access of students’ personal information occur?
3. Does the process of locating of students’ data in the file cabinetties suggest high accessibility and ease of searching?
4. Do students and user of the manual enrollment system find reports efficiently to the type of information they want?
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study may find sign can’t use for the Philippines
government, employers, educations, faculty and the students.
The placement of the students after graduation is
one of the students after graduation is one of the
concerns of the government and educational institutions
the data resulting from this study may serve as inputs to
some government reforms for education so that it could
provide adequate employment opportunities to the new
generation profession for SFES and others. The results of
this study may also contribute some positive might's to
the employers in the creation and improvement of
favorable working conditions for SFES Enrollment System.
We want to inform other that we will found for our new system, on how to process of the enrollment system of the SFES. Specially for the new generation who want to help and learn.
...Philippine Social Realities Affecting the Curriculum
(Curriculum Development Book Copy)
The Philippine society today is different in many respects from what is was fifty years ago.
The Philippines is now politically independent – in fact a full-fledged Republic. We now have direct relations with most foreign countries including Red China and Russia on the basis of equality, reciprocity and dignity. Because of our beliefs and commitments to the democratic way of life we are now ranged against the other half of this divided world in a conflict which is ideological, economic, educational, political, moral, cultural and religious.
Our population has grown steadily from a few millions in 1900 to over 60 million as projected by the National Census and Statistics by 1989. But the production of our food supplies has not kept pace with the unabated increase of population. This imbalance has given birth to many intricate social problems the solution of which demand utmost resourcefulness in leadership and unflagging support in fellowship. The increase in population, unaccompanied by widespread enlightenment and a corresponding improvement in the economic position of the individual and the greater part of the society, generated pressures and created more problems never before encountered by our people. We now have a growing a middle class – one not quite sizeable but certainly growing in number, in quality and in influence. An increasing...
“Education is not preparation for life; education is life itself.” – John Dewey
Education is a self-enlightening process that is crucial to the overall development of an individual and the society at large. However, in two ASEAN nations, there still seems to be some shortcomings in the education sector. There are three issues in the education system of both Indonesia and Philippines that will be discussed and compared: quality, affordability of education, and budget.
Philippines has revised its educational system only recently, making the compulsory years of education twelve instead of ten. With this change is the adjustment of the curriculum. All subjects under all the general topics of education, language and literature, natural sciences, social sciences, arts, and humanities will be taught from first grade to twelfth grade with the exception of chemistry for first grade to ninth grade.
However, even with this curriculum, there is still a decline in the quality of education. The results of standard tests among the students, as well as in the National College Entrance Examination for college students, were below the target mean score. This decline can be partly attributed to the shortage of teachers with the 2013 public schools teacher-student ratio of 1:36.
Another problem in the Philippine...
“Bilingual Education Policy (BEP) in the Philippines is defined operationally as the separate use of Filipino and English as the media of instruction in specific subject areas”. As embodied in the DECS Order, Filipino shall be used as a medium of instruction in social studies/ social sciences, music, arts, physical education, home economics, practical arts and character education. English, on the other hand is allocated to science, mathematics, and technology subjects. BEP clearly states the scope and limitations of English and Filipino use. The policy on Bilingual Education aims at the achievement of competence in both Filipino and English at the national level, through the teaching of both languages and their use as media of instruction at all levels. Some of its goals are propagation of Filipino as a language of literacy and the development of Filipino as a linguistic symbol of national unity and identity.
Bilingual Education is the formal education of learning and applying the language using two languages. Bilingual is the degree of understanding language in multiple purposes. It utilizes information on students in different levels. The implementation of Bilingual education was meant as a transitional program, but students frequently linger in such programs for most of their school years. The Bilingual Education also refers to the...