What is wrong with J. Alfred Prufrock?
You are a renowned psychiatrist who believes that stream of consciousness is a sure fire method of tapping into a patient’s subconscious. Your patient, J. Alfred Prufrock, has just rambled his “Love Song” during your session. It is your job to diagnose him. Using evidence from the session, make a psychological diagnosis and come up with a treatment plan.
Diagnosis: (ex. Schizophrenia, Multiple Personality Disorder, Anorexia, Social Anxiety Disorder, ADHD, or any other “disorder” or medical explanation. Is it possible that there is nothing “wrong” with your patient at all? If so, what do these images suggest?)
Eccentric, aging, but not insane. His images suggest that he believes he could have spent his life better.
Evidence: (Lines of poetry that show evidence of your diagnosis. Write out the lines and provide the line numbers). Include a brief explanation after each cited line(s) that both explains the image and relates it to your “diagnosis”. A.
For I have known them all already, known them all:
Have known the evenings, mornings, afternoons, 50
I have measured out my life with coffee spoons;
I know the voices dying with a dying fall
This shows that he believes he’s done much but to me the 50th line indicates that his life was measured with some insignificant unit.
Shall I say, I have gone at dusk through narrow streets 70 And watched the smoke that rises from the pipes
Here he illustrates that he has watched things, very probably for a great deal of time.
I should have been a pair of ragged claws73
Scuttling across the floors of silent seas.
This indicates that he wishes he had gotten out more and wandered the seas.
Method of Treatment: (Based on the above symptom and disorders, what is your recommended course of treatment for this patient? Why?) A more fulfilling plan of action so that he...
Sex Differences and Personality Traits
The aim of the study was to investigate whether there was an association between sex differences and certain personality traits. It was hypothesised that Females would have higher levels of Neuroticism (Personality Trait) than males. A second hypothesis was proposed that Males would have a higher Extraversion (Personality trait) levels than females. A sample size consisting of 263 University of Tasmania students undertaking first year Psychology, voluntarily took part in the study as part of the course requirement, with 166 of the participants being female. The study was a survey which was directed online, analysing each of the five personality traits as measured by the HEXACO-60 (Lee and Ashton, 2009) and anxiety by the DASS-21 (Lovibond and Lovibond, 1995). Consistent with both of the hypothesis, it was found in this study, that males had higher levels of Extroversion than females. It was also found that females had higher levels of Neuroticism than males. These results suggest in order for the previous hypothesises to be consistent, there needs to be more studies conducted on first year psychology students from other universities around the country, participating in the exact surveys in the same conditions.
(Weisberg.J.W, DeYoung.G.C, Hirsh.B.J, 2011)...
...PERSONALITYPersonality is the particular combination of emotional, attitudinal, and behavioral response patterns of an individual.
Some ideas in the psychological and scientific study of personality include:
Personality development, the concept that personality is affected by various sources
Personality genetics, a scientific field that examines the relation between personality and genetics
Personality pathology, characterized by adaptive inflexibility, vicious cycles of maladaptive behavior, and emotional instability under stress
Personalitypsychology, the theory and study of individual differences, traits, and types
Personality quiz a series of questions (usually multiple-choice, rating scale, or True/False) intended to describe aspects of an individual's character, thoughts, and feelings
Personality systematics, among subsystems of personality as they are embedded in the entire ecological system
Personality test, examples would include the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2), Rorschach Inkblot Test, and Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
Personality type, refers to patterns of relatively enduring characteristics of...
Theories of Personality - ... In general, the easiest approach to do this was through the observations of individual differences. Though, the validity and reliability of such observation can be questioned as it is not efficient and systematic adequately. On the other hand, the assessment of individual researcher may be subject to personal bias. Thus, in order to be accurate, personality theories often employ the systematic and scientific approach. The study can merely be called systematic and scientific when it concerned unbiased observations that are quantified so that systematic analyses can be performed (Allen, 1990).... [tags: Psychology, Personality Test]
Theories of Personality - ... Enough to understand the reason behind the varying approaches used in studying personality. As analyzed by Feist & Feist (2009), theorists who lean toward the quantitative side of psychology such as behaviorists, social learning theorists, and trait theorists tend to differ in personality and further account for the fundamental disagreements between those inclined toward the clinical and qualitative side of psychology such as psychoanalysts, humanists, and existentialists. In considering a theoretical approach in the study of personality, theories brought forth due to these differences...
Psychology of personality is a very broad topic in the field of psychology. Numerous theories can be applied to personality but in this paper, I will only be concentrating on some but not all. The purpose of this paper is to define my definition of personality and how it is determined, whether by genetics or conditioning, how it is shaped and cultivated, and if personality is unique. I will provide supporting arguments based mainly on Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, while pulling in theories of Erik Erikson, Alfred Adler and Albert Bandura.
Theory of Personality
Most people use the term “personality” to identify the most obvious characteristics of a person, or to refer to a person’s social skills. The word personality derives from the Latin word persona which refers to a mask used by actors (Schultz & Schultz, 2013, p. 7). Personality is organic, edifying, communal, situational, and involves family and environment in any occasion. Each individual has his or her own distinct, innate personality; intertwined with traits that define character, temperament, disposition, spirit and personality.
Personality is a model of practical individuality, eternal qualities, and exclusive uniqueness that represent consistency and distinctiveness in one’s actions....
April 25, 2013
Alicia M. Pearson
The study of personality has a broad and varied history in psychology with an abundance of theoretical traditions. The major theories include dispositional trait perspective, psychodynamic, humanistic, biological, behaviorist, and social learning perspective. However, many researchers and psychologists do not explicitly identify themselves with a certain perspective and instead take an eclectic approach. Research in this area is empirically driven, such as dimensional models, based on multivariate statistics, such as factor analysis, or emphasizes theory development, such as that of the psychodynamic theory. There is also a substantial emphasis on the applied field of personality testing. In psychological education and training, the study of the nature of personality and its psychological development is usually reviewed as a prerequisite to courses in abnormal psychology or clinical psychology.
Personality is connected with Darwin's Theory of Evolution. It generally explains why there are personality differences between individuals.[ Schacter, Daniel; Gilbert, Daniel; Wegner, Daniel (2011).] Personality also refers to the pattern of thoughts, feelings, social adjustments, and behaviors consistently...
Be sure to read each question carefully and answer each part of each question completely.
1. What does it mean to say that a perspective on personality is inherently deterministic? Give an example of a perspective we discussed in class that has, at its core, a deterministic worldview. Support your assertion by giving examples of how this perspective is deterministic.
When a personality is inherently deterministic, it means that personality is pre-determined from birth or due to life conditions and specific events. It is very similar to psychoanalytic theory in which Freud believes there are 4 stages that everyone must go through and their ability to successfully move on from these stages determine their personality in the future. If they fail at one stage, they are fixated there. Any event that occurs outside of early childhood has little influence on a person's personality. Determinism is the opposite of freewill. An example is if a child fails at the anal stage of the psychoanalytic theory because it fail to develop a sense of the right time and place to produce things, then that child be fixated on that stage and would grow up to have either compulsive or retentive traits. This is deterministic because children learn at a young age the right time and place to do certain things, such as to go to the bathroom. If they don’t learn it right and are...
November 3, 2014
The personality of an individual is perceived as the characteristics that shape and distinguishes one person from another, at least from a general perspective. For instance, John may be described as quiet and decisive in the way he handles different situations. On another hand, we would have Peter who is very irrational. These two distinctive characters would describe the personalities of those two individuals. However, psychologists are more particular and define personality as a dynamic with the inclusion of an organized set of characteristics possessed by an individual that distinctively or uniquely influences his or her motivations, cognitions as well as behavior in various occasions (Cervone & Pervin, 2010).
Various psychologists have come up with different discussions analyzing personality from a biological angle. For instance, a pioneering American psychologist used two broad categories of nomothetic and idiographic to analyze the characteristics of different individuals. Moreover, the study of personality also comes with an abundance of traditional theories (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). These would include psychodynamic, humanistic, biological, behaviorists, dispositional perspective as well as social learning. In a nutshell, the study of personality...
... Personality Theory
There are several theories of personality in the field of psychology. These theories state that personality can be formed from several items: parts of the unconscious mind combined with childhood experiences, an interaction between the individual and the environment, and free will combined with self- actualization to promote personal growth. The following were three of the major theories of personality, and this paper will mainly be focusing on my favorite of the three. The behavioral theory is by far my favorite of the three theories, but this does not mean the others do not make sense. Psychology is a very contradicting subject, and I prove this again by favoring the behavioral theory but believing my personality follows the humanist theory. Learning what type of personality a subject has can be determined by a serious of questions honestly answered by yourself or the subject. If people in general would take the small amount of time required to gain the knowledge of which type of personality that they have or believe in, and they would learn about that theory; they could then find answers to why they act the way they do in certain situations. People who know information related to their specific type of personality could allow themselves to avoid...