22 September 2013
Natural Rights vs. Common Good
This country is founded on many different beliefs and ideas. However, the main purpose of these ideas served the same intentions. The intent was to separate from England and show the world what a great country America could be. America would be great by having a great government. The philosophy of a successful government included points of natural rights, classical republicanism, and which points deserved the most emphasis. Today, America is a great country, but by taking a careful observation, one can see that our ideas of important factors have changed.
The natural rights philosophy is that of a more personal agenda. The theory of natural rights is that people, being God’s creation, possess certain rights. These rights include life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Earlier founders believed in these rights so strongly that they included a more specific list of rights to the constitution (The Bill of Rights). The ideologies of natural rights also included the belief that the government of one’s country is required to respect and protect these rights of each citizen.
Classical Republicanism focuses more on the people as a whole. The views of a classical republican were those in supports of the common good. Classical republicanism taught that one should live their life in such a way that the community could benefit from it. The idea was that if everyone lived his or her life in this state of mind, then in the long run everyone would be prosperous, enjoying the rewards of their hard work and everyone else’s efforts included. The government should not focus on each individual, but see that everyone is doing his or her part.
In the beginning, our founders believed that both notions were very good ways of thinking. Of course there were disagreements, as there always will be, but the passion to create a great country was mutual. The constitution...
...Despite unnecessary changes to plot and some flawed character portrayals, Nicholas Hytner’s 1996 film adaptation of Arthur Miller’s 1953 play, The Crucible, is overall a viable adaptation of Miller’s original work. Many of the directorial changes made by Hytner in creating this screenplay are successful in further emphasising Miller’s central ideas. The characterisation of Abigail Williams is captured appropriately in the film displaying her overall manipulative nature by drawing extensively on the original text, thus exploring Miller’s idea of the use of hysteria and rumour in order to seek personal vengeance. Hytner’s depiction of Salem is well represented and the use of space, both outdoor and indoor, helps to visually depict Miller’s idea of the blur between the public and private world. Furthermore, Miller’s use of symbolism within The Crucible is integral in reinforcing Salem’s governing theocracy and this is well demonstrated in the film adaptation. It is inevitable that there are some flawed elements of Hytner’s version of The Crucible, yet ultimately the film is successful in retaining and conveying Miller’s key concepts, in a way that is easy for the audience to understand.
In the film adaptation of, The Crucible, the characterisation of Abigail Williams is effective in conveying her manipulative and revengeful nature, as Miller intended in the original play. By adapting the original text to suit a different genre the use of cinematic techniques...
... in all different kinds of professional sphere, should have personal responsibility for what he or she is doing. Dealing with something in professional manner means that you are responsible first towards yourself and then towards your boss and even towards the society, depending whether these other people are involved directly or indirectly. That makes it a little bit complicated. But, in my opinion, if people take their own dependability and start thinking from the ethical point of view in their business, there should be a commongood and the society would be satisfied. There could be a lot of mistakes and obstacles in the course of every business and then comes the ethical part. However every person must have his or hers own principles and obey some rules in their professional career. The individual should build these rules in the course of life, in the course of studies and by experiencing. After you gain some experience through school, part time jobs, internships, I think you are ready to go on step 2. You'll be able to follow exact orders and be sure the people that are in higher position than you are satisfied with your work. Your supervisor, your manager, boss will give you orders, so that you can follow them and don't think beyond that point. You'll be pleased and happy. There won't be any reason for being worried. The only ethical issue here is to satisfy the boss and be sure that you are acting fairly right...
Assignment 4 Personnel Rights,Diversity,Sexual Harassment, and Affirmative Action |
Evaluate and critique the role of public personnel administration in protecting employee rights.
The role of public personnel administration protecting employee rights is to rightfully be protected by the first,fourth,fifth, and fourteenth amendments. These laws protect the employee’s rights as they are in their workplace but the laws protect them only as they are conducting their assignments within their workplace. Employees no longer have to place themselves under scrutiny or compromise in order to keep their employment. The laws of the amendment protect the employee if they are asked are within a conflict of interest subjecting them to something outside of their work assignment. The only limitations that public employees have are being involved in political activities such as being organization members and candidates. The employees may participate but only in such fashion that it does not distract the work place and are expected to remain in a neutral stand point on behalf of their public service position (Nigro, P.242).
Identify and explain four (4) challenges in promoting diversity in the public sector.
Some challenges within the public sector when trying to promote...
...Animal Rightsversus Human Rights
Currently, the state of California is going through a severe drought. Almost all of California is in this state of drought, with 70% suffering from an “extreme” case of drought. Farmers have very little water for their crops, and their methods for getting more water are being blocked. A bill proposing that water be diverted from the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta to provide the much needed water for drought-ridden farms was shot down because it would potentially harm salmon in the river. Environmentalists claimed that taking water from the delta would limit the breeding grounds for the salmon; therefore it should not be done. The water from the delta would have enabled farmers to produce a large amount of crops, thus feeding the people of California and providing income for the farmers facing increased debt. The action of the environmentalists poses a highly debated question: Should animals have the same rights that humans do? While animals should not be mistreated or abused, they should not have the same rights as humans, but animal rights activists and environmentalists are trying to push this movement to the extreme. When considering the basic needs of humans, animals should not be given equal consideration.
From the beginning of time, animals were hunted, their pelts used for clothing, their bones used to make tools, and their flesh eaten as a...
...Name Class Date
Ecosystems and Communities Chapter Test A
(removed questions on Freshwater and Marine Ecosystems)
Write the letter that best answers the question or completes the statement on the line provided.
_____ 1. How does an area’s weather differ from the area’s climate?
a. Weather involves temperature and preciapitation and climate involves only temperature.
b. An area’s weather depends on where it is located on Earth and the area’s climate does not.
c. An area’s weather does not change very much and an area’s climate changes many times.
d. Weather is the area’s day-to-day conditions and climate is the area’s average conditions.
_____ 2. The tendency for warm air to rise and cool air to sink results in
a. global wind patterns. c. the seasons.
b. ocean upwelling. d. regional precipitation.
_____ 3. An organism’s niche is
a. the range of physical and biological conditions in which an organism lives and the way it obtains what it needs to survive and reproduce.
b. all the physical and biological factors in the organism’s environment.
c. the range of temperatures that the organism needs to survive.
d. a full description of the place an organism lives.
_____ 4. No two species can occupy the same niche in the same habitat at the same time
a. because of the interactions that shape the ecosystem.
b. unless the species require different abiotic factors.
c. because of the competitive exclusion principle.
...this paper, I will apply steps A through D of the Utility Test to this case and I will also apply the CommonGood Test to this case as well. After comparing and contrasting the Utility Test with the CommonGood Test, I will then determine which test is the most informative in terms of my evaluation of the case.
Utility Test Steps in the Sole Remaining Supplier Case
“For the utility test (or “Utilitarian Principle”), the consequences or outcomes determine what is right or wrong. For this principle the ends justify the means: an action is right if it creates the best overall outcome” (Hamilton, 2009). Step A asks the question “Are we maximizing good and minimizing harm for all those affected” (Hamilton, 2009). Before making drastic decisions, there are always good and bad consequences to the outcome. In the Sole Remaining Supplier case, the company thought that they would have been maximizing good if they would have discontinued selling pacemaker equipment to other companies, because if the equipment became faulty, their company would be held liable. On the other hand, the company involved thought that the distributing company would have maximized harm because they were the only company that sold these products and if it were discontinued; people who depended on this equipment would eventually suffer.
Step B asks the question “why is utility...
...Good vs. Evil
I think that it is in all of us as humans to do right but, at the same time I think that we all can be evil and have been evil at some point and time in our lives whether it was intentional or unintentional. Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill had ideas about good and evil. They both had ideas about how to live your life with having morals.
The characters in this movie represent a mix of good, evil, and the grey area in between. Amy is the embodiment of good, as she wants only to live a simple life void of violence. This is until she is met with the choice of watching her husband die or taking action to save him. Through this difficult decision, she breaks her cultures laws to save the one that she loves. This was, by her morals, an evil action, but was portrayed as a good action in the movie. This to a small extreme was a “Deontologist” action, as Amy felt it was her duty to save her husband regardless of consequence.
Prior to this class I have never heard of a movie (Western) called, “High Noon.” I borrowed the movie from a friend and watched it. After watching this movie I thought that it was almost as good as, “Shane.” (Western) In watching this movie the theorist that we are studying about, theories can be depicted. Kane was the main actor in this movie. He got married to a nice lady (Amy) who I...
...of manipulation, good, and
pureness. It was the Crucible. A fireball of guilt, evil, and good compiled
into one magnification. The Crucible: Goodversus Evil.
The play contained many scenarios of goodversus evil, and the characters
who generally possessed these feelings and intentions. But it must be
understood t hat there were the intentions, the incentives, and then the
actions taken out on a person or a group of people. Every character could
either be placed in the intentions under good or bad intentions. Aft er
that, almost every character has mixed feelings of evil or good actions.
The fight between the centre of evil and the centre of good is the
foremost important of the points. Abigail Williams is the nucleus of all
evil in the story. Sh e is the one who triggers off this sense of hate in
the play. She tempts Proctor into lechery, and comm its unlawful acts which
all are against the Puritan religion. To escape punishment for dancing, she
deflects the actions and blames them on someone else, and does not care how
many lives she ruins. La ter when she grows into power and influence, she
seems to enjoy sending these innocent peopl e their deaths. She takes
pleasure in her lies, and thrives on the attention and power that th ey
bring her. All these are the aspects of being the evil character. Power,
attention, and acts of w rongful doing....