Parent Involvement in Elementary Education
This paper is an attempt to provide an interdisciplinary solution to the issue of parental involvement and it's association with student achievement in elementary education. I chose to research this issue due to my concern for the children in my community that return to elementary school each year after the beginning of the school year; many times several weeks after the start of school. In fact, parents continued to register their children to return to school late into October of this year. Children that return to school eight weeks into the school year are at great risk of being successful and promoting to the next grade level. I work in the local elementary school district, which serves a portion of four neighboring communities, while not serving any one municipality exclusively. The issue that I would like to provide a solution for is that of parent involvement with their elementary school children and how that involvement can impact their children's academic success. It is my hope that by exploring and researching this topic in the disciplines of Education, Psychology, and Sociology, a viable solution will present itself.
The Education discipline has shown findings that there is a positive correlation between parent involvement and improved student achievement. However, the type of parental involvement that produces the increase in student achievement is more than that of a parent volunteering at their child's school. Elementary schools that provide an opportunity for growing parenting skills as well as encouraging at home learning activities have shown increases in student achievement (Ingram, Lieberman, and Wolfe, 2007). According to Ingram, Lieberman, and Wolfe (2007) some additional studies suggest that not all aspects of parental involvement correlate with intended outcomes. They cite Henderson and Mapp (2002) who found that some forms of parent involvement (e.g. communicating with the school, volunteering, and attending school events) have little impact on student achievement, especially in high school. Parents that support and encourage learning and education in general tend to have children that demonstrate higher scores, better school attendance and improved student attitudes. " 'Indeed, in some situations parent involvement can be negatively correlated to grades and test scores (Fan & Chen, 1999; Shumow & Miller, 2001)' ". " 'Additionally, there are significant barriers; these parents' lack of knowledge about how to help with schoolwork or support learning at home; parents' negative attitudes about school; societally pervasive barriers such as lack of time and money, poverty, single parenthood, non-English literacy, and cultural gaps between home and school (Iowa Department of Education, 1994); a lack of teacher training in parent involvement; and teachers' negative attitudes and inaccurate assumptions about parents.' "
The Ingram, Lieberman, and Wolfe (2007) study of the role of parents in high-achieving schools serving low-income, at-risk populations makes several implications and recommendations for schools, teachers and parents. "Based on prior research and the results of the present study, it is recommended that stakeholders in education focus parent involvement efforts on improving parenting practices and helping parents provide learning opportunities at home (Ingram, Lieberman, and Wolfe, 2007)." The parents in the study placed a prominence on parenting and learning at home, so therefore, should focus their efforts on providing positive conditions at home that foster learning. These efforts would include providing for a child's basic needs of food, clothing, shelter, health, and safety, as well as providing school supplies and a place for children to complete schoolwork. Parents should also get involved with home-based learning activities that foster development of a child's social skills, basic skills,...
...What do you think of parents’ involvement and child's education? Are those closely related? The answer is, of course those are. It’s already become a common sense that “Parents are a child’s first teachers” (Latour 98). This is meaning that parents play an extremely important role in a child’s lives. Children learn whatever their parents did when they were born, parents are their most important role models. Parents can affect a child in many ways, include children’s education. Therefore, parenting has a lot of influences on children’s education. Parents’ involvement is very important; it can improve children’s education. Children’s grade will not be so good without their parents’ help, and they may be able to fail the school. On the contrary, if parents can involving and participating in their children’s school, it can let their children gain more interest in school, get better grade and being more confident. So it’s definitely had a good influence. A good parent should participate in their children’s education.
Children who don’t have their parents’ help with their school will have a bad result on their studies. Children need their parents, of course. If parents don’t care about their child’s...
...ParentInvolvement in School Conceptualizing Multiple Dimensions and Their Relations with Family and Demographic Risk Factors
Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group
ParentInvolvement (PI) in school is associated with more positive academic performance and social competence in children. However, there are inadequacies in curriculum measures of PI and a need for a better understanding of predictors of PI. In this study, measures were obtained from a normative sample of 387 children in kindergarten and first grade from high-risk neighborhoods in 4 different sites. First, a confirmatory factor analysis of a theoretical factor model of PI identified 6 reliable multiple-reporters PI factors: Parent-Teacher Contact, ParentInvolvement at School, Quality of Parent-Teacher Relationship, Teacher’s Perception of the Parents, ParentInvolvement at Home, and Parent Endorsement of School. Next, the relations among 3 specific family and demographic risk factor-parental education level, maternal depression and single-parent status-and these 6 PI factors were examined using path analyses in structural equation modeling. Results indicated that the 3 factors were differentially associated with the 6 PI factors: Parental education was significantly associated with 4 PI...
...How I will Encourage Parent and Family Involvement in Education
How I will Encourage Parent and Family Involvement in EducationParent and family involvement is extremely important in education, especially early childhood education. I believe it is crucial that we encourage parents and families to understand how important their roles are in their child’s education. I would teach parents and families what they can do to make the early childhood education school system better through: community involvement; volunteerism at the school and in the child’s classroom; their support at home in guiding their children in homework and projects by using various techniques to help them further understand what is being taught in class; advocacy for our school system; and open communication.
I feel it is my number one responsibility to the parents that I give them the knowledge, skills, and support needed at home (Morrison, 2009) to help them understand how the school system works and why their participation in their children’s learning is so important. Before classes even begin, I can start mailing out letters to the parents (even though I use the word “parents” throughout this paper, this includes all caregivers, because I...
...REFLECTIVE ESSAY: PARENT INVLOVEMENT
Reflective Essay-Module 5
EDA614A- Theories and Applications of Educational Leadership
Prepared for Professor
Faculty at National University
In Partial Fulfillment of the
Requirements for the
Master of Education
Tier I Administrative Credential
October 15, 2004
Creating a successful school site involves many aspects of the "school community" to be involved. The school's community consists of students, faculty, staff, parents, and community. In is tremendously important that school sites build a partnership with parents for different reasons, primarily increasing student achievement. As it has been expressed and several times, "Parent (and community) involvement are essential ingredients--perhaps the most crucial components--of building stronger schools," (Jackobson, 1997). Unfortunately, is has been reported that parentinvolvement is a largely "untapped resource" for schools to increase student achievement and a sense of community and commitment (Regional Education Laboratory, 2004). As a result, higher student achievement would have a positive effect on meeting Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) goals and also increasing the schools Academic Performance Index (API). In addition to the many benefits of...
Children learn first at home with the support and encouragement from their parents. When your child becomes a student, as a parent you still need to be involved inside and outside the classroom. Attending school sponsored functions, working in the classroom as a volunteer, monitoring homework and communicating with your child about their day are features that will express to your child the need for them to succeed. But why is parentinvolvement important in education?
The answer to this research question will be sought out by using different internet sources. Articles will include general information about parentinvolvement, not looking at specific states or countries.
I have been in a classroom since childhood. With my experiences in college I have seen parents who are involved and those who are not. As a coach in a neighboring district from my hometown I have been able to compare and contrast the amount of parentinvolvement between districts.
As parents, children learn and grow from the encouragement and guidance that is given to them along the way. The definition of parentinvolvement is extensive and includes different aspects of education and how...
...Parental involvement is key to motivation and academic achievement of all academic levels including secondary. It is widely recognized that if pupils are to maximize their potential from schooling they will need the full support of their parents. Attempts to enhance parental involvement in education occupy, administrators, educators and parents organizations globally. It is anticipated that parents should play a role not only in the promotion of their own children’s achievements but more broadly in school improvement.
Effects on Parental Involvement
Research has shown that student and family characteristics affect levels of parental involvement. Working-class families, foster parents, single mothers and fathers, and families in which mothers work full-time tend to be less involved in their children's education. Also, parents of elementary school students tend to be more involved in their children's education than parents of older students. Other factors, however, have been shown to be more important predictors of parental involvement than family income or structure.
Schools play a significant role in getting parents and family members involved in students' education. In their study published in the 1993 book Families and Schools in a...
...Parent's Involvement in Children's Education
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The importance of parental involvement as an accelerating and motivating factor in their children’s education is a worldwide-accepted fact. This research project provides an in depth explanation along with specific reasons, the importance of parents’ involvement in their children’s education. It also discusses the parenting techniques, their types and their consequences if neglected. It also describes the ways to measure the outcome of the positive parental involvement. Furthermore, it mentions the teachers involvement and the difficulties faced by the teachers in getting parents involved in their children’s (this is further supported by the examples of two teachers who with their deliberate efforts won the parents over to devote their maximum attention towards their children), single-parent...
...ParentInvolvement: Helping Children Succeed
December 9, 2012
ParentInvolvement: Helping Children Succeed
Children can succeed in school by learning from their teachers, however, parents involved with their child’s education teach them so much more. Children not only look up to their parents for love and guidance, they look for acceptance and encouragement. When parents are involved, they are teaching their children encouragement and showing them that they will be there for them in every way that they can. This also shows teachers and other school personnel that they are serious about their children learning all that they can learn with their help. Parental involvement in their child’s education is a vital part of the learning process that helps students succeed at higher levels.
Parent involved homes have more of an impact than a home where the parent does not get involved. When a parent is involved, the performance of a child is so much greater. They don’t miss school, they go farther in their education, and they will attend better schools and they tend to behave better (Anita Gurian, PhD).
Some of the things that parents can do at home to be involved include, but are not limited to reading to your child every...