Intelligence of a person somehow defines him/her. Through intelligence, a person will know his capacities and abilities and where he is good at. It boosts someone’s self- esteem and improves the confidence he had in himself. If you’re intelligent, you can possibly do and deal with anything especially if you have a very brilliant mind. An intelligent person knows how to deal with people and accept their mistakes and imperfections. Intelligence adds confidence but overconfidence that leads to mistrust and hostility is another issue. Intelligence must also be balanced with the emotional quotient which everyone must work hard for. Such is not the case at hand.
The patient is a male whose name is Joe. He lived in a lower middle- class neighborhood in a large, northeastern city. His father is a steamfitter and his mother is a home maker. He had 2 older brothers and a younger sister. When Joe was 11 years old, his grandmother started living with them. His grandmother is already invalid and is not already capable to take care of herself after Joe’s grandfather died. Joe was exceptionally bright student. Yet, he had several chaotic relationships with his family, friends and other people around him. Later on, he developed anxiety and panic attacks that made him consult to a doctor. Then the doctor referred him to go to a psychiatrist.
II. Background Information
History and Course of the Present Problem
The patient is described to be exceptionally bright and overconfident. He was admitted to a prestigious high school and college. He was an “A” student and often made jokes about people who “couldn’t make the grade.” Whenever a teacher made a mistake in class, Joe was always the first to laugh and make a side comment. He avoided group activities and issues with relationships. He couldn’t trust everyone and he was very suspicious. He liked to work alone over his projects because he always thought that people will steal his ideas. Joe would always think that he was the best and nobody could compete with him.
The patient had argued with a teacher about a grade and after that he heard one of his classmates say, “I don’t know why some people have to work so hard for everything”. Joe took this comment as an insult to his family so Joe decided to get revenge. So while this student is attending a basketball game, Joe found his car and poured sugar in his gas tank. Suddenly, he started experiencing panic attacks that resulted him to go for a check-up.
Current and Past Medical History
The patient went to a doctor because he wanted a treatment for his anxiety and panic attacks. He had palpitations, sensations of shortness of breath, chest pain and nausea or abdominal stress. But his panic attacks are not associated with agoraphobia. Joe felt that he had no mental disorder at all. The doctor prescribed him Tofranil, an anti-depressant. But Joe had more knowledge on how this drug affected neurological mechanisms than the doctor. The said treatment was unsuccessful because Joe did not think that he has a personality disorder. The doctor, which he named as Dr. Fein, did not have any prior knowledge that Joe might have a paranoid personality disorder. Joe was not open to his life and Dr. Fein should have considered the possibility that Joe has a paranoid personality disorder that is why he behaved the way he did. Right now, Joe’s panic attacks still continued. Social History
Joe is said to be rude and arrogant. His first steady relationship is with Carla but then later on, Carla broke up with him. Joe wanted to get revenge. Since then, he became extremely suspicious of women’s intentions. One time, Joe made fun of a guy talking to his date at a party. Joe always finds chaos with others. He argued with a professor for receiving a B+ instead of an A. Joe began to date his future wife Ruth. He also got his first job working with a drug...
What is paranoia?
Are there different kinds?
Who is most vulnerable to these feelings?
What are the causes?
What treatments are available?
What can family and friends do?
‘The couple next door are listening in on me, I know it. I saw her in the street
yesterday and she looked away.’
‘The postman is reading my mail. One of my letters last week was not stuck down.
He knows all my secrets.’
‘My son’s behaving so strangely; he suspects everyone of plotting against him. The
I daren’t talk about it when he’s in the house, in case he overhears. I’m getting
paranoid about his paranoia.’
This booklet is aimed at anyone who wants to know more about paranoia, its causes,
and what can be done to help those who experience the problem, their family and
What is paranoia?
Being paranoid means being suspicious without reason, and believing that others are
trying to harm you in some way. Everyone can be mistrustful at times, particularly if
life hasn’t treated him or her well. But people who are prone to paranoia always
dread some forthcoming attack or betrayal. They are forever anticipating that
something awful will happen, and trying to second-guess what their adversaries
might do. They focus on their fears for the future, and take little account of the
majority of times when the past has proved them wrong.
In milder forms, the person has some insight into...
...that Hamlet, lost in his soliloquies and vengeful thoughts, actually becomes mad. Ironically, his form of madness is paranoia.
In a Mental Health Forum created by Med Help International, an anonymous doctor describes paranoia as a "personalitydisorder characterized by long-standing suspiciousness and mistrust of people." He continues by saying that "suspicion, without sufficient basis, that others are exploiting, deceiving, or harming the person" is a common condition. Also, "persistently bearing grudges, i.e., being unforgiving of insults, slights, or injuries" easily describes a person afflicted with paranoia. As if the doctor couldn't describe Hamlet any better, he continues to state that another condition of this disorder includes "perception of attacks on the person's character or reputation that is not apparent to others, with quickness to react angrily" (med help). Throughout the play, Hamlet is being watched and he feels that he is being watched; the tone of paranoia is very present. Constantly on his guard, and constantly in a state of agitated unrest, Hamlet wrestles with obsession, suspicion, and irritation. A product of this mental overload is his quickness to react angrily.
The death of Polonius is a prime example of Hamlet's paranoid and volatile mental state. Moments after sparing Claudius's life in the chapel, Hamlet meets with Gertrude in her bedroom. Behind the arras is Polonius, spying on their...
...ParanoidPersonalityDisordersParanoidPersonalityDisorder is a disorder commonly mistaken for schizophrenic personalitydisorders. Schizophrenia, a psychosis, is when a person is has an image of a world and its transpiring events, and he/she is"living" it. ParanoidPersonalityDisorder, however, is a neurosis where an individual is living in the real world. This disorder, though not as draining as other disorders, but can still devastate someone's life. Individuals with this disorder always assume that other people are "out to get them" even if there is no evidence that this is true. They are constantly doubting others around them and scrutinizing every action. This attitude is taken on towards all people, like friends or associates, not only strangers. For these reasons, people with this personalitydisorder rarely confide in people and are actually amazed if someone shows loyalty. However, this amazement also gives way to disbelief and falls back to distrust.
Suspiciousness and lack of distrust in others, being "cold, objective, hostile, stubborn" many of the characteristics of a person with ParanoidPersonalityDisorder. Paranoid Personalty Disorder, or P.P.D., ...
...ParanoidpersonalitydisorderParanoidPersonalityDisorder is a disorder commonly mistaken for schizophrenic personalitydisorders. It is organized into the cluster A of personalitydisorders making it a dramatic or emotional personalitydisorder. “a personalitydisorder characterized by a pervasive pattern of distrust and suspicion of others resulting in a tendency to attribute the motives of others to malevolence” (paranoidpersonalitydisorder, 2005). Individuals with ParanoidPersonalityDisorder always assume that other people are "out to get them" even if there is no evidence that this is true. They are constantly doubting others around them and questioning or over analyzing every action. People with PPD also fear commitment because they trust no one, have difficulties relaxing, and believe that they themselves are always correct. They also nurture their grudges and anger, which over time, gives them more of a sense that it is the outside world which the problem, not themselves. The paranoidpersonalities see themselves as righteous and mistreated by others. They see other people essentially as devious, deceptive, and manipulative.
Paranoidpersonalitydisorder is a disorder characterized by mistrust and suspicion. It is a very unusual disorder that has barely been researched; thus, it is not understood very well. However, it can sometimes be treated with psychotherapy. Paranoidpersonalitydisorder has been characterized by “Mr. Queeg”, who has had several complications regarding hisdisorder. People like Queeg are often regarded as “crazy” and “unacceptable” to people who don't understand. I think that this is an eye-opening disorder which most people simply disregard.
Imagine seeing everything around you as a threat. Everyone is trying to undermine you and your well-being. You cannot trust anyone, and you are always afraid of people plotting against you. This is paranoidpersonalitydisorder. Paranoidpersonalitydisorder is a crippling disorder that shows itself through distrust and suspicion. It can be very difficult to treat given the nature of the disorder, but it is possible. Although only a fraction of a percentage of the population has it, it is a sizable problem that the public has to deal with.
Description of the Disorder...
...ParanoidPersonalityDisorderParanoidpersonality is a disorder that causes people to feel as though close friends or even totally strangers have it out for them and that people are trying to hurt them. It is a disorder that lasts a life time and can only be treated not cured. People with PPD tend to get it during adulthood and it is primarily found in males. PPD destroys the lives of about 2.5% of the human population including the life of celebrity Miley Cyrus. PPD is said to be a minuet personalitydisorder that should just be considered a branch of schizophrenia but in reality it is a very serious and hurtful disorder that should be taken every seriously. People with PPD are not just paranoid they are under constant emotional trauma a feeling no one can truly understand unless they have it or they know someone who has it.
People with PPD tend to be very suspicious and have major trust issues. They fear that others will use information against them with the intention of causing harm. PPD causes its victims to questions the motives of every person around them and makes them see hidden messages in people’s actions without any proof. People with this disorder tend not to make good “team players” and have major jealously issues, for this reason many patients are single or isolated. Because people with...
Paranoidpersonalitydisorder is a mental health condition in which a person has a long-term pattern of distrust and suspicion of others, but does not have a full-blown psychotic disorder such as schizophrenia. A lot of times this disorder can get misdiagnosed as schizophrenia, borderline personalitydisorder, antisocial personalitydisorder and delusional disorder. But the most commom is schizonphrenia.
Paranoidpersonalitydisorder is listed in DSM-III-R and was also included in all the previous versions of the DSM. One of the earliest descriptions of this disorder come from a French psychiatrist named Magnan who described it as “a fragile personality that showed idiosyncratic thinking, hypochondria, undue sensitivity, referential thinking and suspiciousness.” Another description that is closely related to this description is Kraepelin's description from 1905 of a pseudo-querulous personality who is "always on the alert to find grievance, but without delusions", vain, self-absorbed, sensitive, irritable, litigious, obstinate, and living at strife with the world. In 1921, he...
20001549402000200660Dissociative Identity Disorder
6900096000Dissociative Identity Disorder
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Dissociative Identity Disorder
Dissociative Identity Disorder (originally known as multiple personalitydisorder or DID) is a mental disorder on the dissociative spectrum characterized by at least two distinct and relatively enduring identities or dissociated personality states that alternately control a person’s behavior, and is accompanied by memory impairment for important information not explained by ordinary forgetfulness ("Dissociative identity disorder - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia," n.d.). DID is also a relatively customary disorder, especially in clinical populations. Johnson and colleagues has found the predominance to be 1.5% in a population of 658 adults in a community-based longitudinal study (Johnson, Cohen, Kasen, & Brook, 2006).
DID is considered an under-researched entity and there aren’t any clinical trials employing manual-based therapies and validated out-come measures (Chleboski; Gregory, 2012). However, it is generally accepted that this mental disorder results from extreme and repeated trauma that occurs during important periods of development during childhood. The trauma can involve...