What are the Islamic Provisions of 1956 Constitution?
Pakistan came into existence on 14th August/1947. The main objectives of this event were to enforce the Sovereignty of Almighty Allah, to enforce Islamic democracy, for the revival of Islamic Image and identity, to protect and preserve Islamic culture and Civilization, and several other. It is as Quaid-e-Azam said, ‘we did not demand Pakistan to acquire a piece of land, but we wanted a homeland where we could introduce Islamic Principles’. Hence it is evident that main driving force responsible for the creation of Pakistan is Islam. Also it is safe to assume that Islam and its teaching will have an importance in the Policies and Laws of Pakistan. Doing so, not so long after the creation of Pakistan objective resolution was passed in 1949. According to it; i. Sovereignty belongs to Allah alone but He has delegated it to the State of Pakistan through its people for being exercised within the limits prescribed by Him as a sacred trust. ii. The State shall exercise its powers and authority through the chosen representatives of the people. iii. The principles of democracy, freedom, equality, tolerance and social justice, as enunciated by Islam, shall be fully observed. iv. Muslims shall be enabled to order their lives in the individual and collective spheres in accordance with the teachings of Islam as set out in the Quran and Sunnah. v. Adequate provision shall be made for the minorities to freely profess and practice their religions and develop their cultures. vi. Pakistan shall be a federation.
vii. Fundamental rights shall be guaranteed.
viii. The judiciary shall be independent.
This document was used as the preamble of 1956 constitution. The Islamic provisions of 1956 constitution are;
These were the Islamic provisions of the first republic of Pakistan. These provisions comprehensively covered the religious requirements of the ideology.
Islamic Provisions of 1956 Constitution:
According to this Constitution the name of the republic was set to be, ‘The Islamic Republic of Pakistan’. 2. Preamble:
Objective Resolution 1949 was included in this constitution as its preamble. Thus it ensured all the points of the objective resolution. 3. Islamic Law:
According to this constitution, no law which contrasted with the teaching of Islam will be passed. And also all the existing laws will be revised to satisfy the principles of Islam. 4. Muslim Head of the State:
It was made compulsory for the president of this republic to be a Muslim. 5. Religious Freedom:
The state will provide freedom to the people to profess, practice, and propagate any religion, also the right to establish, manage and maintain religious institutes. 6. Teaching of Holy Quran:
It was made compulsory for all the Muslims of the country to acquire the teaching of Holy Quran. 7. Prohibitions:
Several things were prohibited, which are; Slavery and forced Labor, prostitution was termed illegal, sale of alcohol and narcotics was banned and their use was prohibited. 8. Special Tax:
According to the constitution no person should be compelled to pay any special tax whose proceeds will be spent on the propagation of any religion other than the religion of the person. 9. Unity among Muslim Countries:
By the constitution, the states were required to strengthen the bonds among other Muslim countries. 10. Organization for Islamic Research and instruction;
The President was required to set up an Organization for Islamic Research and Instruction in advance studies to assist in the reconstruction of Muslim society on a true Islamic basis.
Islamic Provisions of 1962 Constitution
Objective Resolution 1949 was included in this constitution as its preamble. Thus it ensured all the points of the objective resolution. 2. Name:
The Constitution laid down simply...
...Pakistan (Urdu: اِسلامی جُمہُوریۂ پاكِستان, Islāmī Jumhūriya-ē Pākistān,pronounced [ɪsˈlɑːˌmi d͡ʒʊmˈɦu.riə-ˌeː ˌpɑː.kɪsˈt̪ɑːn]), is a sovereign country in South Asia. With a population exceeding 180 million people, it is the sixth most populous country in the world. Located at the crossroads of the strategically important regions of South Asia, Central Asia and Western Asia, Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west and north, Iranto the southwest and China in the far northeast. It is separated fromTajikistan by Afghanistan's narrow Wakhan Corridor in the north, and also shares a marine border with Oman.
The territory of modern Pakistan was home to several ancient cultures, including the Neolithic Mehrgarh and the Bronze Age Indus Valley Civilisation, and has undergone invasions or settlements by Hindu,Persian, Indo-Greek, Islamic, Turco-Mongol, Afghan and Sikh cultures. The area has been ruled by numerous empires and dynasties, including the Indian Mauryan Empire, the Persian Achaemenid Empire, the Arab Umayyad Caliphate, the Mongol Empire, the Mughal Empire, the Durrani Empire, the Sikh Empire and the British Empire. As a result of the Pakistan Movement led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah and India's struggle for independence, Pakistan was created in 1947 as an independent nation for Muslims from the regions in the east and west of India where there was...
...Dr. Rubio Sanchez
Dr. Kim Wilson Team # 5
The Pakistani Prunes
I began my preparation for this negotiation by reading the section in the textbook, The Pakistani Prunes, on page 498. Although this did not give me any additional information on the negotiation itself, it did make me aware of the main idea of this negotiation which was “work together in cooperation.” When I realized this negotiation was based on collaboration, I studied article 1.8, Implementing a Collaborative Strategy, more in depth. I took notes on points that I would be able to use during the negotiation. Then I made a list of possible questions that I could ask at the very start of the negotiation and the specific steps to a collaboration. I also used an article by Robert A. Steinberg called, The Game of Negotiation. From this article, I used the tactic of, “Identifying with others in similar circumstances.” With this tactic, I made sure to get the other parties’ story and listen to their whole side before jumping to conclusions.
1.8 (Implementing a Collaborative Strategy)
This article stated the steps to the collaborative strategy. I used this during the negation by following the steps to ensure that I was not rushing through the process or forgetting an important issue. During the “Generating Alternative Solutions” step of the negotiation, we “expanded the pie”, by both using the whole prune, and we also “bridged” by creating...
...large number of languages being spoken in Pakistan which comes from different communities as well as may also vary with the changing regions within the country and is also a mirror for the traditions of the people from different background whom are brought together under the flag of Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
The most common languages spoken in Pakistan are
The majority of Pakistanis belong to various Indo-Aryan-speaking groups, while large minorities are from various Iranian and Dardic language groups. In addition, small groups of language isolates such as Burusho and Dravidian Speakers like the Brahui people also live in the country. The major ethnic groups of Pakistan in numerical size include: Punjabis, Pashtuns, Sindhis, Saraikis, Muhajirs, Balochis, Hindkowans, Chitralis and other smaller groups.
The abaya and head scarf are articles of clothing that were brought in by Islam and followed by women in this region, however, a western trend on the loose in Pakistani society has almost eradicated that practice and only women belonging to highly conservative and orthodox families wear them. The national dress of Pakistan is Shalwar Kameez (everyculture.com), this type of dressing is the most common form of clothing in all of Pakistan and people from all ethnicities and creeds wear them, it is also the most commonly wore dress among women, in fact, this is the...
...Pakistan is a Muslim country and Islam is the official religion. Islam is the religion which is professed and practiced by the people of Pakistan. Pakistani culture can be called as "Mixed Culture". The majority of people in Pakistan are Muslims by birth and faith.
The society and culture of Pakistan comprises numerous diverse cultures and ethnic groups from the Punjabis and Sindhis in the east to the tribal cultures of the Baloch and Pashtun in the west and the ancient Dardic in the north. These Pakistani cultures have been greatly influenced by many of the surrounding countries' cultures, such as those of Turkish, Persian, Afghan, and Indians of South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East.
Elements of Pakistani Culture Society:
1) Material Elements:
The Material elements of Pakistani Culture have changed rapidly and extensively. Modern Technology and Consumer goods have been adopted by all sections of the society .From Tea to Television or from Kentucky fried chicken to kidney transplant modern products have spread rapidly Pakistan’s Material culture is galloping ahead in line with global trends.
a) Pakistan and Technology Elements: The developing countries should adopt appropriate technology which is based upon the need for providing employment. It should be according to the stage of development and within the prevailing economic policy framework of the country.
Lake of Technological Advancement in...
...The Pakistani Floods of 2010
by The British Geographer
The Causes of the Flood
From its headwaters in the Himalayas of Tibet, the River Indus flows northwest through India before turning sharply south across Pakistan. It finally discharges into the Arabian Sea, a journey of some 3,200km (2,000 miles). The River Indus has an annual flood caused by tropical monsoon rainfall. It’s rich alluvium floodplain led to one of the cradles of civilization, 9000 years ago.
However, this flood’s magnitude was according to Professor Rajiv Sinha, from the Indian Institute of Technology, 5 or even 10 times stronger than normal. The annual monsoon is caused by the movement of warm moisture laden air from the Indian Ocean toward areas of low pressure, marked out by the Inter-Tropical Convergent Zone (ITCZ) over the subcontinent. Here, the subcontinent is superheated, which creates strong rising thermals of low pressure. As warm air moves over the subcontinent it rises and dumps vast quantities of rainfall, which cools the surface and replenishes the vital soil moisture and ground water. In July 2010, more than half the normal rains fell in just one week in an unprecedented sequence of days. Intense rainfall totaling in excess of 200mm fell in a 4-day period from 27th to 30th July along with above average rainfall in August. The recorded monsoon rainfall associated with La Nina was the highest in a 50-year period.
The total area affected by flooding was...
6th most populous country in the world.
Pakistan has a cultural and ethnic background
going back to the Indus Valley Civilization.
known for its ordered cities, advanced
sanitation, excellent roads, and uniquely
modern name of a country once named as
Sindu Supta and India (Land of Indus).
National language is Urdu.
Main religion is Islam.Pakistani is guided with two main
~ negate anything that reﬂects
the Indian culture
~ affrim anything that reﬂects
the Muslim identity.
Music in Pakistan
Prehistoric Music 7000-2500 B.C.
- the actual melodies and lyrics of the songs are
unknown and still undecipherable.
Buddhist Period 275 B.C. to 600 A.D.
- Gandhara art produced several images of
people holding musical instruments and even
singing but no actual account of songs were
- classical discipline of Pakistan music is a
continuation of Indo-Muslim musical tradition.
Evolution of Gharanas
- teacher inputs musical knowledge and
assess the vocal development of his or her
apprentice. This process of training goes on
for many years until the teacher is
Kheyal and Dhurpad (18th century onwards)
- kheyal style is the most important form of
musical composition. It is a muslim
innovation which has completely...
...Punjab, sin\dh, Baluchistan and N.W.F.P and each province has its own culture. These Pakistani cultures have been greatly influenced by many of the surrounding countries' cultures, such as the Turkic people, Persian, Afghan, and Indians of South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East. Pakistani society is largely multilingual, multi-ethnic and multicultural. The first one to be described is Punjab’s cultureIt is one of the oldest in world history, dating from ancient antiquity to the modern era. The Punjabi culture is the culture of the Punjabi people who are now distributed throughout the world. The scope, history, sophistication and complexity of the culture are vast. Some of the main areas include, Punjabi Philosophy, poetry, spirituality, education, artistry, music, cuisine, science, technology, military warfare, architecture, traditions, values and history. Punjabi Cuisine has an immense range of dishes and has become world-leader in the field so much so that many entrepreneurs that have invested in the sector have built large personal fortunes due to popularity of Punjabi Cuisine throughout the world. Punjabi Poetry is renowned for its extremely deep meaning, beautiful, exciting and hopeful use of words. The poetry is one of the clearest views into the Punjabi mindset. The large numbers of Punjabi poetry works are being translated throughout the world into many languages. Both Indian and Pakistani Punjab are considered to...
...Westernization is a word that is gradually becoming synonymous with modernization. There does, however, exist a clear and distinct difference between the two notions that must be clarified before moving forward. The former concept revolves specifically around the spread of western ideas to other cultures influencing everything from morals to general practices. The latter, on the other hand, involves a rather rationalist and positive essence to it  in that it could be a change in ways that are largely focused on long term improvement and prosperity. This paper however aims to look at the concept of Westernization itself, its impact in the Pakistani culture specifically and whether we can classify its impact as entirely positive or negative.
Literature puts forward several examples that prove that the Westernization concept is one that has frequently been discussed and several opposing views exist with regards to it. Daniel Lerner, best known for his work on the Theory of Modernization, and M.N. Srinivas, one of India’s most renowned sociologists, had long engaged in this debate often disagreeing on the limitations of the Westernization model . Srinivas believed that this is a phenomenon that is predominantly associated with changes at different levels including technology, education, ideology and values . Lerner, however, questioned the classification of what exactly can be considered Western and what cannot be. Moreover, his opinions contradicted...