(The Sealed Nectar)
Saifur Rahman al-Mubarakpuri
Location and nature of Arab Tribes
Location of the Arabs
Rulership and Princeship among the Arabs
Rulership in Yemen
Rulership in Heerah
Rulership in Geographical Syria
Rulership in Hijaz
T he Reasons of this war have been illustrated in three versions Rulership in Pan-Arabia
The political situation
Religions of the Arabs
The Religious situation
Aspects of Pre-Islamic Arabian Society
Social life of the Arabs
The Economic Situation
The Lineage and Family of Muhammad (Peace be upon him)
The prophetic Family
Muhammad’s Birth and Forty years prior Prophethood
B ack to his passionate Mother
To His compassionate Grandfather
Bahira, the Monk
The Sacrilegious wars
Muhammad’s Early Job
His Marriage to Khadijah
Rebuilding Al-Ka‘bah and the Arbitration Issue
A Rapid Review of Muhammad’s Biography before commissioning of the Prophethood In the Shade of the Message and Prophethood
In the Cave of Hira’
Gabriel brings down the Revelation
Interruption of Revelation
Once more, Gabriel brings Allah’s Revelation
S ome details pertinent to the successive stages of Revelation Proclaiming Allah, the All-High; and the Immediate Constituents Phases and stages of the call
The First Stage
Strife in the Way of the Call
Three years of Secret Call
The Early Converts
As-Salat (the Prayer)
T he Quraishites learn about the Call
The Second Phase, Open Preaching
First Revelation regarding the Preaching
Calling the Closest Kinspeople
On Mount As -Safa
Shouting the Truth and the Polytheists’ Reaction
An Advisory Council to debar
Pilgrims from Muhammad’s Call
Attempts made to check the Onward March of Islam
The House of Al-Arqum
The First Migration to Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
Quraish’s Machination against the Emigrants
Once more Quraish approaches Abu Talib
The Tyrants’ Decision to kill the Prophet (Peace be upon him) The Conversion of Hamzah bin ‘Abdul-Muttalib
The Conversion of ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab
Q uraish’s Representative negotiates with the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) Abu Talib assmbles Bani Hashim and Bani Al-Muttalib
General Social Boycott
A Pact of Injustice and Aggression
The Final Phase of the Diplomacy of Negotiation
The Year of Grief
Abu Talib’s Death
K hadijah passes away to the Mercy of Allah
H is Marriage to Sawdah (May be please with her) in Shawwal, the tenth year of Prophethood Factors inspiring patience and perserverance
The Third Phase
Calling unto Is lam beyond Makkah
Islam being introduced to Arabian Tribes and Individuals
Hope inspiring Breezes from the Madinese
Marriage of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) to Aisha (May Allah be please with her) Al-Isra’ and Al-Mir‘raj
The First ‘Aqabah Pledge
The Muslim Envoy in Madinah
T he Second ‘Aqabah Pledge
The Vanguard of Migration (in the Cause of Allah)
In An-Nadwah (Council) House
The Parliament of Quraish
Migration of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) Life in Madinah The First Phase ... The Status Quo in Madinah at the Time of Emigration A New Society being built
A Charter of Islamic Alliance
A Cooperation and Non-Aggression
P act with the Jews
The Prophet on the Battlefield
Pre-Badr Missions and Invasions
The Battle of Badr - The First Decisive Battle in the History of Islam Reason of the Battle
Some Significant Instances of Devotion
Reaction in Makkah
Madinah receives the News of Victory
The Battle of Badr in its Qur’anic Context
The Military Activities between Badr and Uhud
An Attempt on the Life of the Prophet (Peace be upon him)
Invasion of Bani Qainuqa‘
T he Qainuqa‘ Jews breach the Covenant
Dhi Amr Invasion
Ka‘b bin Al-Ashraf, killed
The Invasion of Buhran
Z aid bin Harithah leads a Compaign on the Trade Routes of Quraish The Battle of Uhud
A Consultation Assembly for a Defence Plan...
...Question: 2 (October / November 2002)
(a) Study the following.
Group 1 – crab, lobster, prawns (jhinga), sardines, shark
Group 2 – hila, mahseer, palla, trout
Group 3 – herring, mackerel, sardines, shark
A – inland fisheries (freshwater)
B – Makran (Balochistan) Coast
C – Indus Delta (Sindh) Coast
(i) In which fishing area are the fish in group 1 caught? 
(ii) In which fishing area are the fish in group 2 caught? 
(iii) Describe the fishing industry of the Makran Coast with reference to methods of
catching the fish, ports and the uses of the fish caught. 
(iv) Increasingly fish are obtained from fish farms. Describe this method of producing fish.
(v) Why are fish so plentiful in the mangroves of the Indus Delta Coast? 
Question: 4 (October / November 2003)
(b) (i) State and explain the main functions of the
ports on the Balochistan coast. 
(ii) Why are the ports in Balochistan small?
Question: 3 (May / June 2004)
(a) Study Photograph (opposite) which shows part of a fish farm at Faiz, south of Multan.
(i) Describe the lay-out and features of the fish farm. 
(ii) How has the physical topography of the area made it easy to construct the ponds? 
(iii) Where has the material come from that has been used to make the banks of the ponds?
(b) Why is fish farming of growing importance in...
The creation of Pakistan State Oil (PSO) can be traced back to the year 1974, when on January 1st; the government took over and merged Pakistan National Oil (PNO) and Dawood Petroleum Limited (DPL) as Premiere Oil Company Limited (POCL).
Soon after that, on 3rd June 1974, Petroleum Storage Development Corporation (PSDC) came into existence. PSDC was then renamed as State Oil Company Limited (SOCL) on August 23rd 1976. Following that, the ESSO undertakings were purchased on 15th September 1976 and control was vested in SOCL. The end of that year (30th December 1976) saw the merger of the Premier Oil Company Limited and State Oil Company Limited, giving way to Pakistan state Oil (PSO).
After PSO’s inception, the corporate culture underwent a comprehensive renewal program which was fully implemented in 2004. This program over the years included the revamping of the organizational architecture, rationalization of staff, employee empowerment and transparency in decision making through cross functional teams. This new corporate renewal program has divided the company’s major operations into independent activities supported by legal, financial, informative and other services. In order to reinforce and monitor this structural change, related check and balances have been established by incorporating monitoring and control systems.
Human Resource Development became one of the main priorities on the company’s...
With a population of around 180 million, Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world. It is not one of the richest, but World Bank figures show that its economy has grown at 6.6% a year for the past six years, and so it is an important market for many multinational brands.
Furthermore, since media deregulation in 2003 an industry of just one state-owned television channel and three or four newspapers has blossomed into one of the largest and most vibrant media industries in the world, and this has led to a transformation of the PR industry.
Imran Rana, press & public affairs at the British High Commission says: “PR is rapidly emerging as an industry in Pakistan. A decade ago PR was
seen as little more than drafting and sending press releases, but today most major organisations have large and sophisticated PR departments.”
According to the International Public Relations Association’s Pakistan chapter, the PR industry in Pakistan is currently worth US$40 million. It does, though, still have some way to go in many companies.
Musharaf Hai, CEO of L'Oreal Pakistan, says: “There is still a belief that if you buy enough ads, you will get editorial coverage. We need to educate the corporate sector about the value of PR and about how it works.”
According to the Dawn Group’s report ‘Media Facts: Pakistan’, the country’s media...
...called Ideology. It contains those ideals which a company needs to establish a stable nation.
Defining ideology George Lewis says “ideology is a plan or program which is based upon philosophy”
Ideology of Pakistan
Pakistan’s ideology was based on the Islamic principle of “the only sovereign is Allah".
Ideology of Pakistan basically means that Pakistan should be a state where the Muslims should have an opportunity to live according to the faith based on the Islamic principles. They should have all the resources at the disposal to enhance Islamic culture and civilization. Quid-e-Azam once said:
"Pakistan was created the day the first Indian national entered the field of Islam".
This basically gives all the idea that Pakistan is a nation with an Islamic ideology.
Pakistan’s law and order situation as of today.
The situation of Pakistan as of today is probably the most troublesome since the creation of Pakistan. The security situation deteriorates continuously; the country is challenged by growing Islamic terrorism, which already caused hundreds of casualties. This crisis is created by an economic instability, water and energy shortage as well as drug and human trafficking.
In order to encounter and solve these complex problems the state of Pakistan must ensure rule of law particularly a well-established and independent judicial system....
Flag adopted in 1947 when British-ruled India was divided into two independent states: Pakistan and India.
The white stripe represents the non-Muslim religious groups (minority) in Pakistan.
Modern meaning: green represents prosperity, white symbolizes peace, white crescent represents progress, and white star represents light and knowledge.
Borders the Arabian Sea, and stretches north to the Hindukush mountains.
Wedged between India and Afghanistan and Iran. Slightly borders China in the north.
Four major provinces: the Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan, and the North-West Frontier Province
193,238,868 (July 2013 est.)
6th-largest populated country
Muslim-96.4% (Sunni 85-90%, Shia 10-15%), other (Christianity, Hinduism, etc.)-3.6%
Ethnic Groups: Punjabi 44.68%, Pashtun (Pathan) 15.42%, Sindhi 14.1%, Sariaki 8.38%, Muhagirs 7.57%, Balochi 3.57%, other 6.28%
Recent years have seen an increasing number of attacks on religious minorities, especially Shia and Christian communities.
Official language: Urdu (but only 8 percent of population speak this)
More than 30 distinct languages are spoken in Pakistan, including Punjabi and Sindhi
English is the official language of the government, schools, and universities
Poetry is a favored form of literature. Most revered poet: Sufi Rahman Baba
Vibrant colors and intricate...
...LITERACY IN PAKISTAN
Pakistan's Senate on Wednesday was informed that national literacy rate is 54 percent out of which 66.25 percent male and 41.75 percent female are literate.
This was stated by Minister for Education, Mrs. Zubaida Jalal in her written reply to a query raised by Senator Sardar Latif Khosa in the Senate here.
Giving the province-wise and gender-wise detail, the Minister informed that an estimated 60.8% population is literate in Punjab province.
The literacy rate for male and female are 70% and 51% respectively, she added.
In NWFP, 47.4% population of the province is literate, out of which 63% are male and 30.8% female.
The Minister said that the literacy rate of Sindh province is about 5.15% out of which 60.5% are male and 42.5% female.
The 34% population of Balochistan are literate and the literacy rate of male and female is about 45% and 23% respectively, she added.
About Pakistan's literacy position in the world, the Minister pointed out that there is no universal definition of literacy. The definition varies from country to country, therefore, it is difficult to rank Pakistan on the scale of literacy position in the world.
She, however, said literacy rate in the world is calculated for 15+ population whereas in Pakistan, it is estimated for population 10+.●
LAHORE - Like other countries of the world, International Literacy Day will also be observed in Pakistan on Tuesday (today) with...
... POVERTY IN PAKISTAN
2. Poverty Condition in Pakistan
4. Causes of Poverty in Pakistan
5. Remedies to Overcome Poverty in Pakistan
The word poverty derived from Latin word “pauper” means “poor”. Poverty refers to the condition of not having the means to afford basic human needs such as clean water, nutrition, health care, clothing and shelter. Poverty is the condition of having fewer resources or less income than others within a society or country, or compared to worldwide averages. Poverty is one of the major social problems which Pakistan is facing. It is one of the most important and sensitive issue not only for Pakistan but for the whole world. Poverty can cause other social problems like theft, bribe, corruption, lawlessness, injustice etc.
It is the fundamental duty and responsibility of the country to fulfill the basic needs of its people. Basic needs of man comprises of shelter, food and clothing. When these needs are not fulfilled they bring about problems termed as socio-economic problems. Pakistan has also been suffering from these problems. The real issue is not the presence of these problems in the society. But the extent to which they are being paid...
...1) Meaning of Ideology:
Ideology means a closely organized system of beliefs, values, and ideas forming the basis of a social, economic, or political philosophy or program. It contains those ideas that a nation strives to accomplish in order to bring strength to its nationhood.
2) The Base of Pakistani Ideology:
The Pakistani ideology is based on the Islamic ideology, which is quite obvious given the real reasons for the partition of the nowPakistan and India. The real reason for the partition was that Muslims were being imposed to follow the Hindu religion and the British didn’t help the Muslims and let the Hindus impose thing on the Muslims. The reason for the creation of Pakistan was so that the Muslims could practice their religion without any hindrances.
3) Aims of a Separate Homeland:
Hindus and Muslims are completely different from each other, and so, for them to live together in the United India was a complete disaster. The Hindus would not let the Muslims live a peaceful life following their religion. They would urge the Muslims to join them in their faith and accept their religion. This being a major issue in the life of the Indian Muslims, a separate homeland was demanded.
4) Two Nation Theory:
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan who presented the two nation theory told the people that the Muslims and the Hindus are two completely different nations and they cannot be merged into a single...