SUPPORTING TEACHING AND LEARNING IN SCHOOLS LEVEL 3 (DIPLOMA)
Understand how to safeguard the well being of children and young people
Outline current legislation guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding children and young people.
Legislation covering child protection can be divided into two main types, criminal law, dealing with people who have offended or are at risk of offending against children, and civil law, which is divided into public law and private law. Public law puts in place systems and processes in order to minimise the risk of children coming to harm and lays out what action should be taken if children are at risk. Private law deals with family proceedings such as divorce and contact. Some Acts contain both types of Law.Children and Young Persons Act 1933This was one of the first acts to be passed in Parliament with regards to protecting and safeguarding the welfare of children in the UK and it forms a basis on which many other Laws regarding children’s rights and safeguarding have been made and has hundreds of amendments to bring its detail up to date.It defines a variety of ways that children that may experience suffering, injury or damage to health, including loss of sight, hearing, limbs, body organ and includes mental cruelty and damage it describes as mental derangement. It makes it an offence for a person over 16 years old who is responsible for the child to cause or allow these types of harm to be caused to the child deliberately, by neglect, abandonment or allowing someone else to. It specifically defines protecting children from being burned by open fires or other heating appliances by not allowing them into a room without a guard in place and failure to take ”reasonable precautions” to prevent burns and scalds will make them liable to prosecution. It states that the parent or a person responsible for upkeep of the child shall be responsible for ensuring they have adequate food, clothing, medical aid and housing and that they have made all attempts to provide these. It made it an offence to sell tobacco and tobacco products to under 18’s and stated the punishments and consequences for breaking the law and how to enforce them. It also describes who could confiscate tobacco products from minors. It recognises child exploitation and does not allow children under 16 to be used for begging or busking. It does not allow children over the age of four to live in or frequent brothels. Children under the age of twelve years are not permitted to be trained to or take part in performances of a dangerous nature and a license is required after that age but must be in line with the other laws in this Act.Although it does not state ratios it requires “sufficient adults” to be present in a building or place where the entertainment is predominantly for children and requires the entertainment provider to restrict admittance to ensure a safe number for the size of the premises. It specified the age, hours in a day and in a week a child is allowed to work and varies accordingly between days they are required to attend school, weekends and school holidays. It states that children must not undertake work that is likely to be harmful to the safety, health or development of children and must not adversely affect their attendance at school.It gives police power of entry to premises to stop, prevent or bring to court offenders of these laws.Children, except babes in arms, are not permitted in court in court during trials of others except for the time that they are participating as a witness. It requires a child brought before the court to have a responsible adult with them, right to legal representation and for a court to be “cleared”, only court officials present, before they give evidence. There are restrictions as to what personal details newspapers and press can report about the child. No child under 10 can be found guilty of an offence. Originally for ages under 21, youth...
...1 Outlinecurrentlegislation, guidelines, policies and procedure within own UK Home Nation affecting the safeguarding of children and youngpeople.
Any individual who comes into contact with children in their daily line of work “has a duty to safeguard and promote the welfare of children”.
Safeguarding means protecting and promoting the child’s welfare and putting measure in place to prevent abuse. Child protection is protecting a child where there is reason to believe that the child has suffered or are likely to suffer as a result of abuse.
There are many laws that protect the welfare and safeguarding of children.
The Children Act 1989
The local authority has a welfare of duty to protect children in their area and work in partnership with parents to ensure the child gets the best possible care.
The Children Act 2004
This sets out the process so the child can achieve the 5 outcomes in the “Every Child Matters”: (See below for more information)
1. Be healthy
2. Stay safe
3. Enjoy and achieve
4. Make a positive contribution
5. Achieve economic well being
The main purpose was the integration of child services (multi agency teams) working together to protect the child from harm.
Every Child Matters...
...Currentlegislation, guidelines, policies and procedures within the UK affecting the safeguarding of children and youngpeople
There are legislations, guidelines, policies and procedures within the UK that are in place to help safeguard children and youngpeople in the community.
Some of these are;
The Children Act 1989
This is an act to amend previous laws relating to children: To provide for local authority services for children in need and others: To make provision for those who foster, childmind and for day-care for youngchildren and adoption. Also, for children’s homes and voluntary organisations.
United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989)
This international agreement sets out the minimum standards for protecting children’s rights and refers to all children up to the age of 18 years old. There are 54 articles: 40 give direct rights to children. The Convention defines the basic human rights of all children and specifies 14 basic rights. Each child has the right to:
• Name and nationality
• Live with his/her parents and if this is not possible then to have contact with them
• Say what they think
...The following legislation affects Safeguardingchildren and youngpeople in the UK-
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the child 1989 this includes childrens rights to protection from abuse, the right to express their views and be listened to, and the right to care and services for diabled children or children living away from home. Although different british governments have said that it regards itself bound by the Convention and refers to it in child protection guidance,it has not become part of UK law.
Working together to safeguard children 2010 applies to those working in education, health and social services as well as the police and the probation service. It is relevant to those working with children and their families in the statutory, independent and voluntary sectors. The document covers a summary of the nature and impact of child abuse and neglect, how to operate best practice in child protection procedures,the roles and responsibilities of different agencies and practitioners, the role of local safeguardingchildren boards,the processes to be followed when there are concerns about a child, the action to be followed when there are concerns about a child,the action to be taken to safeguard and promote the welfare of children experiencing, or at risk...
...information on all children in England; (now defunct after the coalition government of 2010 turned it off), and the creation of the Office of the Children's Commissioner chaired by the Children’s Commissioner for England
Children’s Act 1989
The Children Act 1989 aimed to ensure that the welfare of the child was paramount, working in partnership with parents to protect the child from harm. The Act was intended to strengthen the child’s legal position; to give him/her equal rights, feelings and wishes; and to ensure children were consulted and kept informed.
Education Act 2002
The Education Act 2002 included a provision requiring school governing bodies, local education authorities and further education institutions to make arrangements to safeguard and promote the welfare of children.
Children’s Act 2004
The Act aims to improve effective local working to safeguard and promote children’s wellbeing.
The Act takes a child-centred approach and includes universal as well as targeted and Specialist services. Part of the aim of integration of services, plans and information is to enable young people’s needs to be identified early to allow timely and appropriate intervention before needs become more acute. The success of local implementation will be
Assessed by the achievement of the Every Child Matters outcomes for children and youngpeople:
• be healthy;
...wellbeing of children and youngpeople
Learning Outcome: 1.1
Title of outcome: Outlinecurrentlegislation, guidelines, policies and procedures within own UK Home Nation affecting the safeguarding of children and youngpeopleLegislation is the term used to describe the laws or Acts and Statutes enacted by the UK Parliament.
The UK government provides guidelines to organisations and individuals in England and Wales to inform them about how legislation enacted in Parliament should be interpreted and applied.
Policy is the term used to describe as a principle or rule used to inform decision making within organisations, so that they are able to achieve a rational or desirable outcome. Policy differs from legislation as it guides actions, but cannot compel or prohibit behaviours.
A procedure is a document written to support a policy principle or rule. A Procedure is designed to establish corporate accountability for implementation of a policy by describing the set of actions that have to be executed and by whom within an organization in relation to it.
Practitioners working with children do so within a complex framework of both national...
...Safeguarding is the term that has replaced the term Child Protection. It includes promoting children’s safety and welfare as well as protecting children when abuse happens. It has only been developed in the past 50 years, and the need for improved legislation has been highlighted by cases such as Maria Colwell (1973) and Victoria Climbie (2000) as these cases showed weaknesses in procedures.
The United Nations Conventions on the Rights of the Child (1989) is an international human rights treaty that grants all children a comprehensive set of rights. The convention has 54 articles and it sets out in detail what every child needs to have for a safe, happy and fulfilled childhood. Article 19 states children’s rights to be ‘protected from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation, including sexual abuse’. The UK signed up to the treaty in 1990 and all UN states apart from the United States and Somalia have now formally approved the convention and are legally bound to implement legislation which supports each of the articles.
The Children’s Act 1989 identifies the responsibilities of parents and professionals who must work to ensure the safety of the child; it refers to safeguarding in sections 47 and 17. Section 47 states that the local authority has a duty to investigate when ‘they have reasonable...
...“Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children is defined as:
• protecting children from maltreatment
• preventing impairment of children’s health or development
• ensuring children are growing up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care. “
(Dept for Education education.gov.uk)
There are numerous laws and guidelines in place which aim to protect children from harm, and promote their health and wellbeing. The need for improved legislation has been highlighted by high-profile cases, such as the death of Maria Colwell in 1973 and, more recently, Victoria Climbié in 2000. These cases shocked the nation and showed weaknesses in procedures. These policies are constantly reviewed and amended so it is important to keep up to date with these changes.
The Children Act 1989
This Act identifies the responsibilities of parents and professionals who must work to ensure the safety of the child. This Act includes two important sections which focus specifically on child protection.
Section 47 states that the Local Authority has ‘a duty to investigate when there is a reasonable cause to suspect that a child is suffering, or likely to suffer, significant harm’.
Section 17 states that services must be put into place to ‘safeguard and promote the welfare of children within the area who are...
The currentlegislation and guidelines are policies and procedures for safeguarding who is promoting children's welfare and putting measures in lace to improve children's safety and preserve abuse. Child protection who are action taken to protect child when there is a reasonable belief that they are at risk of significant harm.
1. be healthy
2. stay safe
3. enjoy and achieve
4. make a positive contribution
5. achieve economic well-being
Child abuse, harm or the likelihood of harm from physical, emotional or sexual abuse,neglect and failure the thrive not based on illness, or bullying and harassment.
All in setting for children and youngpeople in England and Wales qre the result of legislation passed in parliament,including, England and Wales, the children Act 1989 and children Act 2004. These acts where brought in with the aim of simplifying the laws that protect children and youngpeople .They tell people what their duties are and how they should work together when child abuse in suspected.
It's important for updates safeguarding and how agencies should work individually and together to be safeguard and promote the welfare of children.
Anyone who wants ti work with the...