Nicholas Cage played Roy Waller, a conman with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), in Matchstick Men (2003). He reveals his thoughts in a gripping therapy session as he rambles “Look, Doc, I spent last Tuesday watching fibers on my carpet. And the whole time I was watching my carpet, I was worrying that I might vomit. And the more I thought about it... the more I realized that I should just blow my brains out and end it all. But then I thought, well, if I thought more about blowing my brains out... I start worrying about what that was going to do to my goddamn carpet. Okay, so, that was a GOOD day, Doc. And, and I just want you to give me some pills and let me get on with my life.”
I watched this movie once again after reading the chapter on psychological disorders. Only this time I paid more attention to Roy’s state of mind and how his disability affected his life and that of those around him. Roy’s conversation with his therapist raised three questions in my mind. First, what causes common OCD fears like germ phobia? Second, does OCD run in the family? And finally, what treatment options are best suited for this condition?
Myers depicts, (Myers, 2010) a table of common obsessions and compulsions among people with OCD. Highest ranked among obsessions is the fear of germs, dirt and toxins. Since these are real threats to all individuals and it is quite natural for anyone to be afraid of germs, I wondered if there was any evolutionary basis for this fear. Schacter, Gilbert and Wegner state, (Schacter, Gilbert and Wegner, 2009) those obsessions that plague individuals with OCD are typically derived from concerns that could pose a real threat, thus supporting the preparedness theory. This theory maintains that people are instinctively predisposed toward certain fears. I believe that as a result of the human evolutionary journey of survival of the fittest, we are all wired to instinctively act in a manner that protects us from dangers. However, the degree...
...ObsessiveCompulsiveDisorder (OCD) is a cyclical mental health condition which involves unending obsessions paired with unsatisfying compulsions performed to attempt to alleviate the emotional and physical suffering generated by the obsessions. There are approximately five main clusters of OCD; checkers, doubters and sinners, counters and arrangers, hoarders, and washers and cleaners. Accounting for about one quarter of OCD sufferers, the most abundant category is washers and cleaners and serves as the focus of this paper. OCD’s severity ranges from minor effects on a person’s life to completely debilitating. If your case is severe enough, it will affect your job, personal relationship, friendships, and normal functioning in a profoundly negative manner. However, with support from medication, therapy, and family, a person can cope with the urges and win the battle against his or her own mind.
OCD causes anxiety and distress based on uncontrollable thoughts and images that feel both intrusive and unpleasant to the sufferer. The ideas are often unrealistic, but are fantastically persistent and extremely disturbing. (Robinson) These thoughts and images compel the person to perform ritualized activities in an attempt to relieve the obsessive notions that will not stop playing in their mind. Like a jackhammer on concrete, the thoughts progressively get louder and louder and are impossible to ignore. The...
At some point during their lifetimes, some people are bound to suffer from a psychological disorder. They may be afflicted with schizophrenia, borderline personality disorder, major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, or post-traumatic stress disorder. However, one anxiety disorder interests me personally, which locks the individuals that suffer from it into a perpetual cycle of continuous thoughts and behaviors. This disorder is obsessive-compulsivedisorder, which is commonly known as OCD.
Essentially, OCD is a psychological disorder where people possess unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas, sensations (obsessions), or behaviors that make them feel driven to perform certain actions (compulsions). Keeping this definition in mind, it makes sense that those who are distressed by this disorder are preoccupied with rules, orderliness, and control. More specifically, the symptoms of OCD include a sense of urgency in actions, feeling upset if routines are interrupted, perfectionism, emotional withdrawal when the situation is uncontrollable, the inability to throw things away (hoarding), a lack of flexibility, & obsessions/compulsions that aren’t due to medical illness or drug use (and which cause major distress or...
ObsessiveCompulsiveDisorder is a chronic disorder that is often associated with distress and impairment of functioning. It involves a ritual-like behaviour that deviates from what is considered ‘normal’ behaviour. In the following paper, the topic of OCD, its causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment will be discussed. Additional information about other disorders related to this particular disorder is also mentioned. OCD is classified in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fourth edition Text revision as an anxiety disorder. However, the debate is an ongoing one.
Keywords: Obsessivecompulsivedisorder, OCD, obsessions, compulsions, diagnosis, symptoms, treatment, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT).
The topic chosen for this research paper is ObsessiveCompulsiveDisorder. The reason for choosing this topic is that Obsessivecompulsivedisorder or OCD is a common and a highly generalized concept. It is often used loosely by everyone in their everyday life. Anyone who is slightly more cleanliness conscious than the other is labelled as having OCD. However, this disorder is graver than we...
Many people do not know what Obsessive-CompulsiveDisorder (OCD) is. In fact, OCD is an anxiety disorder. We should know about the obsession and compulsion. To many patients, they are obsessive to some uncontrollable and unwanted thoughts or distress images. They might repeat their behaviors compulsively in order to neutralize the obsessive thoughts or to prevent some anxious events. (Butcher et al., 2009)
The influence of OCD on a person's quality of life is high. Many aspects can be affected, such as their feeling, thought and behavior. It totally changes and affects their life style. (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 2001) They might have the obsessive thought and act out the compulsive behavior because they are worried.
In fact, everyone has some worries about the life. We may worry about our work, academic performance, health, money or relationships with others. However, people with OCD, they can become obsessed by worry. They do not worry about real-life problems. They feel anxiety because the obsession by worry. They try to reduce their anxiety by acting out compulsive behavior. (Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 2001) Common compulsive behaviors include excessive washing their hands and...
Obsessive-Compulsivedisorder is factor that affects the daily lives of many, especially in the twenty-first century. Through a questionnaire aimed to evaluate the true awareness of Obsessive-Compulsivedisorder in the modern day high-school, society may finally be able to take a look into how educated in mental illnesses today’s children truly are. Such research is essential, through these statistics it will help society analyze what approach it can take in order to educate the young in mental awareness. The education of the youth will be necessary to create leadership skills and understanding required in the “real world”, this way they will truly understand the issues that others, or themselves may be dealing with.
Obsessive-CompulsiveDisorder involves a series of obsessions (repeating thoughts, impulses, or irrational thoughts that the individual cannot control), and compulsions (repetitive behaviors, rituals, acts, which push to control the effects of the obsessions) (Levchuck, Drohan and Kosek, 2000). Obsessive-CompulsiveDisorder has been an illness plaguing humanity since the beginning of time; affecting roughly one to three percent of the general population, this rate almost doubles if sub-types of Obsessive-CompulsiveDisorder are included...
THOMAS EDISON STATE COLLEGE
While some people believe it is not, hoarding is a mental disorder that is difficult to treat and is often judged as a personal problem rather than a mental disorder. The new appearance of television shows that are specific to this mental disorder, place this disease in the spotlight. Compulsive hoarding has become something that is looked down upon and that the person whom it is affecting is just messy and disgusting. Everyone has stuff, even if it’s a kitchen drawer filled with old thumbtacks, a spool of thread or old birthday cards tucked aside somewhere. We are genetically programmed to collect, accumulate, and save a variety of things. Our forbearers saved anything that could be materially useful. So, to want more and to keep it is fundamentally human-a common, usually normal, and natural behavior.
Compulsive hoarding is the excessive acquisition of possessions and the failure to use or discard them. “People who hoard typically cannot stop acquiring things” (Hartl 2009). Many individuals who hoard do not get rid of things because they want to avoid making a decision about whether to keep it or throw it away. Another central component to compulsive hoarding is cluttered living spaces. Someone who hoards often feels embarrassed; avoid inviting others into the home; can’t find things; and...
...psychological disorderObsessiveCompulsiveDisorder and the relationship it has between human development and socialization as well as how human development and socialization affect people with ObsessiveCompulsiveDisorder.
Psychological Disorder Paper
According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine Obsessive-compulsivedisorder (OCD) can be described as, “ an anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas, sensations (obsessions), or behaviors that make them feel driven to do something (compulsions).” Essentially, the obsessions are the spontaneous and tedious contemplations, while the compulsions are the actions that result from the disorder. Even though OCD is exhibited as recurrent and persistent thoughts and impulses, would it be just to consider every type of compulsive behavior or obsessive thought as OCD? (Shiraev &Levy, 2010) According to Shiraev & Levy, “ Specific repetitive behavior – praying, for example –– should be judged in accordance with the norms of the individual’s culture and should clearly interfere with social role functioning to be diagnosed as OCD (DSM-IV, P. 420) “ (2010, p. 231). With this in mind a more concrete explanation of the relationship between OCD and human development and socialization....
One of the most interesting mental illnesses to talk about today is obsessive-compulsivedisorder. It is mostly referred to as OCD. Although OCD is an attention-grabbing subject, it can occupy a lot of time and energy from a person’s life. There are many who suffer from OCD including men, women, boys and girls. This mental illness causes one to have thoughts that are uncontrollable as well as behaviors that are repeated over and over again. For example, Sue just turned off the stove five minutes ago, however as she was going to bed thoughts began to take over telling her to recheck it to make sure it is not on. Sue obeys her thoughts and returns to the kitchen and checks the knobs to insure that the stove was turned off. Sue now knows that the stove is turned off and then walks away, however as the individual turns to go back to bed another thought comes to mind saying recheck it again to a point were it becomes excessive and the behavior is done repeatedly. Sue’s behavior is a symptom of obsession and compulsion. In addition to this example, one can picture an individual walking to class and every little piece of paper on the floor no matter how small it is, the person picks it up and throws it in the trashcan because they have an obsession about cleanliness. Other examples may include talking out loud but to one’s self, or washing one’s hands...