History and horror, crime and conflict, sci-fi and sexual transgression. Thus begins the attempt to define the art of Norman Catherine. The lexicon broadens: comic, violent, whimsical, playful, sly, satirical, brutish, anxious, at times even idealistic. And so it continues: vivid, brilliant, psychologically disconcerting, emotionally unforgiving, visually unforgettable. Yet the words themselves provide an incomplete collage of the thematic variIt is within the moral desolation of a jagged socio-political landscape, lodged between the bookends of apartheid and post-apartheid South Africa, that Catherine's art is most frequently located. In many respects, he epitomises the ultimate cynic. He eyeballs South Africa's heart of darkness with unblinking alienation. He conveys his vision through contorted forms performing macabre rites or dances of dandified revelry against the backdrop of a dissipating empire. Yet just at the point where he galvanises his viewers' sense of outrage so too does he assuage it through laughter. Like the puppeteer or the ventriloquist, he mediates the message through his marionettes. ations that have preoccupied Catherine's creative life. Influences attach themselves to his work like dust particles. Yet he also shakes them off with equal ease, leaving the viewer with the raw visceral impact of his imagery, striking in a place where a laugh and a gasp are indistinguishable.
For Norman Catherine, the crudity and sophistication of an artwork stem from 'the mixture of the primitive and the futuristic'. Through these imagined timeframes, Catherine accesses his wild dystopian vision of the present. His paintings and figures are darkly comic, bold and lurid in execution. 'There's an angst in my work that will never go away,' says Catherine. 'It was there before I knew anything about politics, really.' Catherine's qualification is critical. The fact that South Africa has changed has done little to soften his 'black side', but a mutation has...
Honors English IV
14 March 2013
The Norman Conquest
The Norman conquest of England was a military invasion of England by William the Conqueror in 1066. King Harold, with his Saxon army, and Duke William fought at the Battle of Hastings on October 14, 1066. King Harold was killed in the battle and his army left. On December 25 1066 William was crowned the new King of England. On December 25 1066 William was crowned the new King of England( The History of the Norman Conquest). William was a Duke who ruled Normandy, now a region in France. He invaded England after the death of King Edward the Confessor because he believed he had the most right to be King of England. Due to the invasion of England, The Norman Conquest was a pivotal event in English history. It largely removed the native ruling class, replacing it with a foreign, French-speaking monarchy, aristocracy, and clerical hierarchy. This, in turn, brought about a transformation of the English language and the culture of England in a new era often referred to as Norman England(The History of the Norman Conquest).
William decided to invade England and enforce his claim by his and only his direct orders. After gathering an army of some valiant sized men, he landed at Penvensey, England in September of 1066. The rebut over the conquest started almost as soon as the event itself. Ironically, William the conqueror...
...History of the Middle English: The Norman conquest.
A practical introduction to the history of English.
Clara Ros Vázquez
The Middle English period as the OED says that started around1150 and it has finished in1500. This period is divided into two subperiods, Early Middle English and Late Middle English. The history of Middle English is as well framed after the effects of the Norman Conquest of 1066 and the period ends with the arrival in Britain of the printing press by William Caxton in 1476 also because of the important social and cultural impact of the English Reformation.
2. The Norman conquest
The Norman conquest of England is one of the most important features of the Middle English period, this conquest supposed the change of king's dynasty, the change of language and culture for all the habitants.
The conquest was done by Duke William II of Normandy, later know as William the Conqueror. He claimed the throne of England after the death of King Edward the Confessor, but his brother-in-law succeeded him. At the same time king Harald Hardrada of Norway invaded the north of England in 1066, and won the Battle of Fulford, but Harold immediately went to the north and fought against the Norwegia army and won the Battle of Stamford Bridge and killed the King Harald. Once Harlod was in the north William landed in the south of England and faced Harold's army and won...
...Norman Invasion of Britain
The Norman conquest of England was the invasion and subsequent occupation of England by an army of Normans and French led by Duke William II of Normandy. William, who defeated King Harold II of England on 14 October 1066, at the Battle of Hastings, was crowned king at London on Christmas Day, 1066. He then consolidated his control and settled many of his followers in England, introducing a number of governmental and societal changes.
The story of the Norman Conquest does not start in 1066, but 50 years earlier, with another invasion and another group of Norsemen. In 1016, Cnut, King of Denmark, seized the kingdom of England by exploiting the bitter rivalries between king Aethelred Unraed (without counsel), his son Edmund Ironside and his closest advisors. Cnut's takeover had not been unexpected: many English magnates had been aligning themselves for just such an eventuality - most important among them being Eadric, ealdorman of Mercia, whose treachery at the Battle of Ashingdon handed Cnut the throne.
Eadric did not get quite the reward he expected. At the Christmas court of 1017, Cnut stunned the English with the murder of ealdorman Eadric, his supporters and every member of Aethelred's royal family he could get his hands on. Only Edward and his brothers, the younger sons of Aethelred, survived. They fled to Normandy, where they took refuge with Duke Richard...
...Why the Normans Won the Battle of Hastings
There was a huge battle in 1066 called the battle of Hastings. There were two great leaders, called William, Duke of Normandy and Harold, King of England. William tried to invade England and beat Harold, so became king. There were three main reasons that William won.
William was well prepared and very determined to invade England.
He left Normandy with a huge fleet of 700 ships, carrying 5000 foot soldiers and 2000 knights on horseback. This shows he was well prepared as he had to travel all over southern Europe to find men, as Normandy’s army was not that big. He offered the men money and a place in the heaven (as he had the pope on his side) to any men who joined his army. The Bayeux tapestry also shows his men working hard to build ships, make and carry armour, weapons and supplies to the sea. He must have been very prepared to organize all his men like that.
William’s chaplain (priest) wrote in 1071 that, “ Some of the greatest lords of Normandy argued with Duke William against the idea of sending an army to England. They said it was too difficult and would cost more than Normandy could afford.”
But William was so determined he wouldn’t let anyone stop him, not even the Lords of Normandy. He had to sail across the channel as well, and this was very dangerous at the time furthermore proving he was determined....
...William the Conqueror establish Norman rule in England from 1066-1087 ?
William was confronted by problems that no previous ruler had to face. The kingdom of England and William’s posseisions in Northern France were seperated by a wide expase of sea. William had to work hard to establish order in all his lands and by 1086 this was largely achieved. The Normans used many means to esatblish their kingdom in 1066. Many of these techniques included crushing the opposition. The Normans used various different techniques to establish their kingdom, of which many were quite succesful.
The First technique that the Normans used to establish their rule in England from 1066 to 1087 was Terror and Violence. Terror and Violence was a technique directly involved in crushing any opposition. This technique often involved the systematic waisting of land in order to cursh the opposition. Ths technique had already been used in the phase before Hastings, as we can see on the extract of the Bayeux Tapestry which shows Norman soldiers burning down a house and it’s inhabitants. Yet in the phase prior to Hastings it was not used as a method to establish Norman Rule. Therefore it is irrelevant. Yet it gives us a good picture on how theses techiniques and been used prior situations to England. This technique had also been used during the rebellions in the North of England, This phase was known as the “Harrying...
...Why the Normans won the battle of Hastings
The reason why the Normans won the battle of Hasting
About 10 days before the Vikings landed at Stanford the Saxons were down in Hasting where they were expecting the Norman’s to come and attack. Unfortunately for William the winds where not very good in France and after a few days of waiting for the Normans word got out that Vikings had landed up in Stanford. The Saxons marched up as fast as they could, they won the battle of Stanford and then went back home, however shocking news awaited them, after all their waiting the Normans had landed down at Hastings.
Here is where another mistake happens, Harold marched straight down to Hastings after only 5 days of rest. He could have waited for William to come closer to his castle which would have given his men more time to rest. As William arrived Harold got his men to formed a shield wall.
William’s archers went first their aim was not great as they were shooting uphill consequently hitting the shield wall and soaring over their heads. Next William sent in his cavalry (men on horses) to attack but because there was a shield wall the hoses could not get past therefore the Normans were safe.
William reset his archers to a good position enabling his archers to get a good aim, as a result of this it created the smallest of cracks in the shield wall, the Norman’s took their chance and ran up to them....
...As we have mentioned in introduction, Harvey Norman (ASX. HVN) is a giant company, business cover Australia nationally, Asia in Singapore, Malaysia and Europe- Ireland. Core business specialized in retailing & franchising, in areas of electrical, computer, furniture, entertainment, bedding goods. In this part of assignment, we aimed to find out some non-quantitative factors that might leads to potential misstatement, which eventually overstated or understated specific accounts that shown in profit and loss or balance sheet.
1. Disappointed sales figure in Ireland and north Ireland
The economy condition in Ireland & north Ireland had stepping into recession, due to global financial crisis, has given Harvey Norman’s business that owned or franchised in Ireland a massive drop in sales. Hence that unsold stock will be remaining at a high level. According the business nature of Harvey Norman, part of it business sells electric good, which highly related to technology, and most importantly technology are growing in extremely fast pace. Therefore when this financial year ended, stock that record in inventory might not value the same as new release and we are strongly suspected that there will be potential misstatement within inventory account. Under an assumption that current technology or inventory is decreasing in value every season, figure that shown in balance sheet (inventory) may not be updated fast enough, hence potential misstatement...