"The individual exists only relation to the group:
outside the group he is nothing
The wave exists only inside the river;
outside the river it is nothing"
NAtional integration and cohesion means unity among the people of a nation.It's vital for the survival and genuine progress of a nation.without national integration and cohesion,a nation disunites and eventually losses its identity.No doubt,union is strength.Things and objects stay intact as long as they are integrated.THe weakest objects derive strength from their integration and cohesion.A particle of dust is nothing but the same particle can uproot trees,dismantle huge buildings,dash huge complexes,bash up huge cultural centres and smash anything when it is a part of a storm or typhoon.The individual is like a drop of water.The nation is like an ocean.The drop of water draws strength from the ocean.Similarly, the individual draws its strength from the nation or community of which he is a member.The national integration and cohesion do miracles as a wise man has rightly said: "Whan there is team work and cohesion wonderful things can be achieved" No struggle is successful without national integration and cohesion.When there is a sense of cleavage among the individuals of a nation,the nation falls apart.National integration and cohesion is an invaluable assest.It helps tha nations to gain freedom and strength,maintain honour,win victories,achieve progress and solve knotty problems.The creation of Pakistan is a clear proof of MUslim unity,integration and cohesion.Although the Muslims were too weak to face the British and Hindus,but their integration and cohesion gave them the chance to do so.As Friedrich schiller has righly said: "Even the weak become stronger when they are united"
Our religion,Islam,is a religion of unity,brotherhood,love,integration and cohesion.It condemns disunity among the...
In India we have multi-cultural, multi-lingual, and multi-traditional groups. Our
constitution emphasizes the concept of unity in diversity and expects every citizen of India to
honour the feeling of national and emotional integration.
Respect for all religions:
India is a country of plural religions. The feeling of hatred towards religion may hamper
the unity of democratic India. Each Individual is free to follow his own faith and principles of
On account of radical changes brought about by technical, scientific and technological
advancements, our society has been undergoing rapid changes in every walk of life. The basic
objective of socialism is to establish a new social and economic order on the basis of equality of
opportunity and on the social, political and economic justice.
Individuals constitute society which has certain ideals, models and norms in respect of
social behaviour, duties and responsibilities towards one another. Social values refer to those
values which are oriented towards social amicability and coherence. They necessitate the
interaction of two or more persons. Social values are always practised in relation to our
neighbours, community, society, nation and the world.
Some of the social values may be listed as follows:
i) Love towards humanity - Brotherhood, Sharing
ii) Sincerity and honesty -...
...NationalIntegrationNationalintegration is the awareness of a common identity amongst the citizens of a country. It means that though we belong to different castes, religions and regions and speak different languages we recognize the fact that we are all one. This kind of integration is very important in the building of a strong and prosperous nation.____(preservearticles.com)
Nationalintegration is a positive aspect. It reduces socio-cultural and economic differences or inequalities and strengthens national unity and solidarity, which is not imposed by any authority. People share ideas, values and emotional bonds. It is feeling of unity within diversity. National identity is supreme. Cultural unity, constitution, territorial continuity, common economic problems, art, literature, national festivals, national flag, national anthem and national emblem etc promote NationalIntegration._____(wiki.answers.com)
NationalIntegration most simply and briefly means national unity. It is unity in diversity. It means unifying all the forces in the country so as to give the idea of one nation.____(Nikky at indiastudychannel.com)
Dr.S.RADHAKRISHNAN has rightly said that "NationalIntegration...
Sallust, a great philosopher argues, “By union the smallest states thrive, by discord the greatest destroyed.” The fall of Soviet Empire
with piles of nuclear arsenals but frail national sentiments, while miraculous victory of organized-Hizbollah, are manifestations of
Sallest’s claim. Hamza Amir in his book “Pakistan- an overdeveloped state” has revealed the fact that after independence, the
governing class was highly educated, on the pattern of the British mind set, while on the contrary the masses were miserably
illiterate. This huge gap created management crisis.
Nationalintegration is a process of achieving nationalcohesion, stability, prosperity, strength, and feelings of being united as a
nation. Pakistan has faced varying degrees of religious, ethnic, linguistic, and political problems that are often in conflict with our
national interest. To guard against all external as well as internal challenges to the solidarity and security of Pakistan, a well knitted
and integrated nation is a must. Lack of confidence and faith in the future of Pakistan speaks volume of our failings. All the turmoil
and unrest in the country cannot be entirely placed on the external forces and our enemies. The brute and the savage force in an
individual, which is basically harnessed by positive aspects of education, tends to get unleashed in different directions and...
...Nationalintegration is the mean by which the people constituting a nation are brought together so that the whole people are unified by the leadership on the basis of their common system of symbols and institutions which these groups select, standardize, maintain arid transmit from generation to generation. Nationalintegration has two important aspects; firstly, the existing pattern of state and government and secondly; the formation and development of the character, mind and consciousness of every individual or citizen on the basis of the common ideals, values, norms, laws, beliefs and customs.
Pakistan has a traditional society which is full of several kinds of inequalities and various kinds of prejudices and discriminations based on caste, creed, race, tribe, sex, wealth language etc. So in these circumstances Pakistani nationalism is the only ideology of the Pakistani nation. Its ideal and principles are love and devotion to Pakistan as a country and as a nation. Pakistani patriotism inspires all Pakistanis, regardless of any discrimination, to defend Pakistan against all challenges ot its unity, solidarity and integrity. The principles of Pakistani nationalism were proclaimed by Quaid-e-Azam in his speech at Dhaka on 21 March, 1948, in which he said
You belong to a Nation now, you have now carved out a territory, vast territory, it is all yours; it does not belong to a Punjabi, or a Sindhi, or a Pathan, [or...
...The Problem of NationalIntegration | | |
Nationalintegration means the unity of the nation. It has been rightly said “United we stand but divided we fall”. A nation which is not united falls like a house of cards. India is a country where persons of different castes, colors and creeds live together. Narrow considerations like communalism, regionalism, casteism and linguism seem to rule the country. Nationalintegration, therefore, has become the most urgent need of the hour.
There are various factors responsible for disintegration in India. Occasional communal riots still take place in different parts of the country. These riots cause great loss to the progress and economy of the nation. Regionalism is another threat to the nationalintegration. The demand for Khalistan is an example of such regionalism. The states fight among themselves over areas, over distribution of river water and over territory. People vote on the basis of caste and not on basis of merit. Linguism is another threat to nationalintegration.
The need of the day is to keep communal harmony in India. Political parties can play an important role. They must teach people that they are Indians first and then anything else. They should be more disciplined. They should sacrifice their personal interests in the interest of their country. Educational...
...NationalIntegration: A myth or reality
The integrity of any nation invariably depends on the integrity of its citizens. After all, it is the individuals who constitute society or a nation. Society or nation minus individuals is nothing. The individual is a reality; whereas the society is a myth. The society exists because of individuals. Therefore, the integration of a nation is only a mere manifestation of the integrity of the individual. The more one is integrated and undivided, the more the society is integrated and undivided. So the individual is the pillar on whom the whole edifice of a nation stands. It is in this sense the nationalintegration is more a myth than a reality, more a dream than a fact, more a conceived concept by demagogues than an existing reality. India is under severe strain. She is passing through many a crisis. The crisis of India is the crisis of her citizens. It is the crisis of the inner and not the outer.
"India is a land of unity in diversity" says Dr. Rajendra Prasad. Since the ancient times people belonging to different communities, religions and cultural groups have been living in this abode of sages and gods in perfect harmony. India was one country, strong and united during the reigns of Ashoka and Akbar. Though there was not much of political unity, there was cultural and emotional unity in the country. Outwardly, India was politically united during the British...
...Ways And Means of NationalIntegration
Education is of great significance for bringing out about National and emotional integration. It is a strong weapons which can be used effectively for achieving our national understanding. Some of the ways And means to promote NationalIntegration are as under :-
1) National Policy of Education
The policy should have the uniform pattern from primary to university level throughout the length and the breadth of the country. The following things should be implemented :-
Students should be admitted in the institutions on the basis of intelligence and ability.
It should be given on the basis of their ability and financial position and not on the basis of caste, religion or community.
Domiciliary restrictions in regard to migration of students between one state and another should be immediately removed.
2) Redesigning the Textbooks
There is an imperative need for recasting books on Indian history, geography, literature and language etc.
3) Organizing Co-Curricular Activities
These activities prepare the students for Nationalintegration in a direct and an indirect way. They exercise a more effective and useful impact on their personality. This place is comparatively higher than other place. Following some of the activities that are...
Indian civilization has survived-through the ages despite temporary setbacks. Since the earliest times, Indian civilization has marched with common objectives of culture and society. In early days, great emperors like Ashoka unified the country and its civilization and knit ft round a common culture from one end of the country to the other. During and after the Hindu period and later by the spread of Buddhism in whole of Asia, Indian culture and civilization got a further impetus. It brought about integration among different classes of people and common ideological and political thinking. The spiritual content of Buddhism spread through the country and brought a strange renaissance in the Indian social set-up.
After the 14th century, the impact of the Muslim culture penetrated into the Indian civilization and created a plural social structure without, however, impairing the units of the country. The Mughals when they came to power also tried to bring the whole country under one array.
The arrival of the British in India started a new chapter in India’s history. Always aiming at dividing the people so as to rule themselves, they launched a number of disintegrating measures to litter away the common points among various religions, communities and classes in the country. The British rule, however, provided one common economic system to the country although the British did their best to divide the people...