How can people say dogs are cute and cuddly? They're robust, agile and dangerous. Their teeth could rip through your skin as easy as a knife can slice through butter. I wouldn't say that that's cute and cuddly at all. Dogs have scared me ever since I can first remember, and yet my fear of them has got increasingly worse. No matter the size or shape, the simple fact is I'm absolutely terrified of 'man's best friend'.
I freeze on the spot, not one part of me can move. It feels as if someone has smeared glue into the socket of my eyes. My gaze is fixated on the beast approaching me and I daren't look away. Immediately, my mouth turns dry and I start to get light headed. I glance around for a way to escape but by now it's too late, the dog's already too close. Underneath it's powerful paws the grass is flattened, bowing down to the creature that stands over it. Soon it will be me, I tell myself, that is trampled beneath those razor claws. My brain commands me to run and get away, but my legs, still frozen in fright, are defiant and refuse to move. This is the end, I'm going to be killed! Panic quickly swims over me and I blank out my surroundings, my world spins round and everything becomes a complete blur. Looming closer still, the putrid yet indescribable smell quickly reaches my nostrils. It's face is clear now, I can pick out all of it's ghastly features. Sharp, grubby teeth line the inside of it's mouth, all of them razor-sharp and ready to tear open my vulnerable skin. Beady eyes, wide and angry are glaring straight at me. It's almost like it's inspecting me, looking for any weaknesses and deciding where it should attack. The balloon of fear inside me is completely inflated and is almost ready to burst. My legs are trembling and are starting to give way; it feels like someone tied heavy weights all over my body. Because of this I panic even more, I start to breathe faster, now there are weights pressing down on my chest as well. I attempt to ignore all of...
...Module 5 Essay
Discuss the relationship between stress, anxiety, habits and phobias and describe how you would treat these issues with hypnotherapy
Word Count 2150
In This essay I shall describe in detail the individual elements, Stress, Anxiety, Habits and Phobias. Firstly I shall describe how these issues manifest within the subconscious, and then I shall address the relationship between the conditions, and how these can come about. Following this I shall discuss the treatment process of my chosen element in more detail (anxiety).
Beginning with Stress. Stress can often over lap with anxiety, but I shall try to describe them individually before divulging into their inter-relations. The dictionary describes stress as “ a state of mental or emotional strain or tension resulting from adverse or demanding circumstances.” Stress is linked to our ‘fight of flight’ survival instinct; it has been present from our prehistoric ancestors, as a survival technique. This technique created a sense of fear, and arousal in the subconscious to help flea from harm. Nowadays, we face different threats, as modern day survival depends on our placement in society, and the role of hunter-gatherer has been replaced by earning through means of occupation to supply for our families. This modern day way of life has created more complex threat, and a more deep-rooted variety of stresses such as our social standing, job status, high expectations and...
...Analyse different explanations of the development of phobias
(use at least three perspectives)
By Eftychia Marathia
Everyone has experienced a feeling of anxiety at one time or another in their lives. It may have been when one deals with issues of work, school, or relationships with family, friends, or significant others. One may also have felt fear about something in particular. For example, fear of heights, closed spaces, or spiders. In the field of psychology there are several different theories of the motivation of phobias. In this assignment, the cognitive, biological and learning perspectives on the motivation of fear and anxiety will be discussed.
There is an overall basic distinction between fear and anxiety. Anxiety is a vague unpleasant emotional state with qualities of apprehension, dread, distress, and uneasiness. In addition to these, it is objectless. Phobias are similar to anxiety except that phobias have a specific object. When some optimal level of stimulation or arousal is exceeded, one experiences anxiety. It can be an adaptive healthy response or a debilitating one. In the latter case mentioned, one may lose a large measure of ability to think, act and perform. Anxiety is manifested in three ways: in physiological reactions (biological and inherited), in a person’s thoughts (cognitive) and actions (behavioral).
Under the biological perspective, there are three basic conditions which elicit...
Psychology Block 4
A phobia is an intense fear of things, activities, animals or even other people, that is uncontrollable. People suffering from phobias usually suffer from anxiety attacks when they find themselves in the situations, things or the person they have fear of. Phobias are more often gotten through traumatic experiences though some of them are inherent to the victims. If it is untreated,phobias can cause long term damage on the mental and physical health of a person, and in a recent study, it shows that phobias are most common in women and about 19% of women have a phobia. A very common phobia in most people is being embarrassed, especially in social situations. An example of this can be presenting a project in front of your class, asking out a girl, or simply just being embarrassed of a situation.
A lot of hard work from scientist has been made to find the reason, function, explanation and solutions to phobias. They try to find special treatments made for patients with phobias so that they can easily and quickly get rid of them. Different scientific departments dealing with mental health disorders and psychological processes all have different definitions, per say, of the behavioral phenomena and its cause. Scientists in the evolutionary field, who study the evolution of humans, believe...
Within this paper Sally a 23 year old woman with a dog phobia will be discussed. Also, how operant and classical conditioning as well as observational learning are a factor in developing Sally’s phobia will be covered. Additionally, how extinction and tenets of cognitive theory can help Sally overcome her dog phobia will be explained.
A phobia is an abnormal, vigorous, unreasonable persistent dread or terror that causes anxiety. “Approximately 40 million American adults ages 18 and older, or about 18.1 percent of people in this age group in a given year, have an anxiety disorder (The National Institute of Mental Health, 2013)”. A person has the capability to make a fear out of anything; dog, open spaces, water, elevators, and tight spaces. Persons with a fears or phobias go to the ends of the earth to avoid any alleged risk that is larger more so in their thoughts than physical time. When confronted with the base of their fear, the person will sustain massive anguish that can hinder everyday tasks; fear can seldom lead to complete panic. Furthermore, for a number of individuals the simple thought of their fear is tremendously upsetting. Fears can be a wearying thing. The defeat of efficiency and productivity at the hands of a person’s phobia can be massive. However, a comprehension of psychology can offer a person the authority to development past...
...Your best friend suffers from a phobia of buttons. Describe the symptoms that he/she displays in the presence of buttons, suggest possible causes for the phobia, and outline potential treatments.
Irrational fears come in all sorts of shapes and sizes, from the peculiar to the seemingly absurd. These phobias can take a hold of a person’s life and create barriers preventing them from achieving their goals and hold them back a great deal not to mention the self loathing that may occur as a person comes to term with this disorder they live with. My best friend suffers one of the more unheard of, but still reasonably common phobia ‘Koumpounophobia’, the fear of Buttons.
As far back as I remember, from the very beginning of our relationship it has been present in her everyday life. Upon seeing a button, she will instantly feel nauseas therefore having to remove either herself or it from the situation. Upon a chance contact she will have the compulsion to immediately wash and sanitize the area of exposed flesh that’s touched.
A phobia can be described as “a fear not based on reality”, so without any traumatic experience or reason they can just manifest in ones head. My friend has told me on countless occasions she has no explanation for it. When we were at school together, especially primary school she would get teased and bullied by uninformed children who just didn’t...
At the end of the speech everyone will know the severity of Arachnophobia, the ways to over come it, and how it’s caused.
Archeologist W. S. Bristow estimated that an average country acre is home to 2.5 million spiders which kill insects. My front yard is a quarter acre. That means there might be 250,000 spiders in just my front yard. The spiders sneak in naturally through windows and door. For some reason people are just naturally scared of spiders. Then there are people who suffer from Arachnophobia, which is the extreme fear of spiders. When people have Arachnophobia it affects their everyday life so much that it becomes unmanageable. There are different severities of this phobia. The length the treatment all depends on the person’s severity. By the end of my speech everyone will know how this phobia is potentially caused, the characteristics of the different severities, and how to over come the phobia.
People will be more educated on the subject of arachnophobia
We must understand the ways arachnophobia is caused, the different severities it has, and ways it...
Approximately 13.3 percent of the population experiences a form of social phobia at some point in their lives. Social phobia is any fear associated with situations that you are subject to criticism by others. Eating, public speaking, or even walking in a public place can be devastating and bring on such reactions as headaches or stomachaches to more severe symptoms of panic attacks and dysphoria. Although adolescent girls are expected to show more withdrawn behavior than adolescent boys, social phobia shows an even distribution between genders. With an onset of early adolescents in most cases, the condition can carry on through the subject’s adult lifespan if not discovered and treated early on.
Speculated to be most likely genetically transmitted, the cause of social phobia is not yet known for certain. Although considered to have an onset in early teenage years, signs of it have been known to appear in ages as early as eight years old. Social phobia in children and adolescents tends to show similar symptoms to that found in Socially phobic adults. Anything that may be perceived as humiliating or embarrassing, including: fear of speaking, eating or writing in public, going to parties, using public restrooms, and speaking to authority figures, playing games with children or joining in at recess may be feared by a social phobic. Many report loneliness,...
...Phobias and Addictions
Phobias and Addictions
In today’s society, many individuals suffer from phobias and addictions. Phobias and addictions are typically paired because those with an addiction began with a phobia they were unaware of. Phobias and addictions should be fragmented into two groups of conditioning with the effects each partakes on an individual: classical and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning occurs when an individual discovers how to respond to a stimulus in their atmosphere. Operant conditioning is when one responds to a reward or penalty. The foremost difference between classical and operant conditioning is the response and a stimulus, which can lead to addictions and phobias.
An addiction is a determined behavior in wanting and needing something. Most know it can have unsympathetic consequences, but the individual will continue this behavior because of the addictions. Furthermore, the majority of addictions start with a satisfying involvement with something and desires to prolong or recreate the act. The addictive individual will endure the behavior with very little, if any self-discipline, even when it can become damaging or has already taken over their body. A person who is addicted will familiarize with desires and cravings to connect with the behavior and this need will build up, until the behavior kicks in...