Muhammad originates from the Arabian Peninsula, which at his time was a barren wasteland. Scorching heat and frigid cold left the area with little vegetation and scarce inhabitation. This description is to help paint the picture for the, “harsh circumstances into which the religion was born” (Explore Islam, 2014). Muhammad was just six years old when he lost his widowed mother. He was raised as a camel herder, by his uncle, and would continue this social position until age 25. This is when he married an wealthy woman, 15 years his senior. He then moved into a salesman position for his wife’s trading business. Muhammad would later use his experiences from his travels to add to his “revelations” from Allah. Qur’an is the Arabic word for “recitation” or “reading”. The revelations given to Muhammad, were collected and placed in book format, named the Koran. The Koran is a recitation of Muhammad’s revelations. “The revelations that continued to come over the next 20 years were sometimes terse and short, at other times elaborate and poetic” (Islam, 2014). According to biographers of that time frame, there was record of only one death related to the Muslims. This was the death of an elderly woman, due to stress. The stories of persecution and violence towards the Muslims, are just that, stories. Muslims were, in fact, the first to become violent and militant. However, Muslims were constantly being mocked and ridiculed in regards to their beliefs. Muhammad’s flight to Medina in 622, marks the beginning of the Muslim Calendar. Muhammad made a political alliance in Medina so that he could dominate the Meccans and their religious beliefs. This finally pushed the Meccans over the edge, they decided on the capture and assignation of Muhammad. The Meccans, however, were not interested in persecuting all of Muhammad’s followers, just Muhammad himself. Muhammad’s return to Mecca, six years later, was a ploy to take control of Mecca and its...
...The Prophet Muhammad
The Prophet Muhammad is the founder of Islam. He is known as the Messenger of God to people of the Islamic faith. Muhammad lived a rough life but he also changed people’s lives. His religion has had an effect on millions of people. There are no pictures of Muhammad’s face; he made a point that the religion was to not be about him, but about Allah.
In 570 C.E in Mecca, Arabia a baby boy, a descendant of Abraham namedMuhammad, whose name means “highly praised”, was born. Muhammad’s father, Abdullah, died before he was born and his mother, Amina died when he was only six years old. After the death of his mom, he became an orphan. He was taken in by a woman named Halmiah, who became his foster mother. In 595 C.E., Muhammad was contacted by one of his wealthy widowed cousins, Khadijah, who needed him to sell some goods for her. Many of Muhammad’s cousins lived in Mecca, so it was not uncommon that Khadijah had contacted him. He was known for being a very good merchant. Muhammad and Khadijah met several times to discuss the selling of goods. Khadijah began to become interested in him on a personal level, even though she was fifteen years older than Muhammad. Khadijah asked Nufaysah (known as the matchmaker) to ask Muhammad if he was interested in marrying Khadijah. Muhammad and Khadijah were soon engaged and married. Polygamy...
...Jesus and Muhammad
Throughout history many religions have originated. Some of them are philosophical and others are more spiritual. Tales have been told and scriptures have been written. Religion has been connected to great men all through history. Of all the written accounts, two men seem to stand out more than any others. They are Jesus and Muhammad. They were both influential spiritual leaders. Jesus is associated with the Christian religion whileMuhammad is of the Islamic faith.
The two religions share many things in common as do the two men. Both religions are monotheistic. Each man shares a strong belief and connection to the one and only one God, or Creator. The commonalities the two men and religions share are many but so are their differences.
Muhammad never knew his father. His father died before he was born. After the death of his mother Muhammad lived with his uncle. At a young age Muhammad was identified by a Christian monk as a prophet (Fisher, 2005). He married when he was 25 and at the age of 40 made a spiritual retreat where he was visited by the angel Gabriel. He returned from the retreat shaken and unsure how to continue his teachings. He was confused about his new found responsibilities and concerned he would face ridicule over being a prophet (Fisher, 2005). A few years after the encounter with Gabriel Muhammad began preaching publicly....
...Biography of Muhammad
“O Children of Israel! Surely, I am the messenger of Allah to you, verifying that which is before me of the Torah and giving the good news of a Messenger who will come after me whose name will be Ahmed” (Qur'an, 61:6). This was the prophetic announcement of the coming of the Prophet Muhammad by Jesus Christ. Muhammad was able achieve this status as a prominent leader through his ability to unify the Arab nation while in political power and also as a religious leader, led the nation of Islam to the knowledge of the one true God. Muhammad sallallahu ^alayhi wa salam was one of the most prominent leaders in the Islamic nation, not only in a religious aspect but also on a secular one.
The Prophet Muhammad was born on August 29, 570 C.E. at Mecca. His birthplace is now designated as the origin of the Islamic religion. Muhammad spent his childhood in an orphanage after the death of his father (Kikim). On the return from a pilgrimage to Medina, Muhammad’s mother died when he was only six years old. He was then raised by his grandfather Abd al Muttalib. At the age of eight, his grandfather was killed by Muhammad’s own uncle Abu Talib (Kikim). Muhammad had a very turbulent childhood characterized by living in various homes, which made him the person he became in his later years.
During Muhammad’s adolescent years, there were no laws or order in Arabia. The...
...Feb 25, 2013
Islam and the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him
The documentary about the Islamic religion and its founding prophet Muhammad peace be upon him was very interesting to me because, I come from a dominant Muslim country know as Iran and I have never really knew how, from where and by who the Islamic religion started. This movie sums it up in about an hour.
The azan is the sound called five times a day everyday across the world. Nearly a quarter of the people on earth respond to it, bound together by the spirit of Islam. There is no god but Allah (God). In history Islamic civilization has been one of humanities grandest achievement. Worldwide power founded simply on faith. In the western world the Islamic religion has been misunderstood behind the veil of fear but the history of Islam is interwoven in the western civilization. From the way we heal the sick to the numerical ways of counting, cultures across the globe have been shaped by the Islamic civilization.
The prophet Muhammad peace be upon him was born in or around 570 A.D in the Arabian Peninsula. He was from Mecca but was sent to the better one where they had the deeper Arab values. The better one being the town people they kept the authentic Arab culture and poetry. When the prophet Muhammad peace be upon him was six years old both of his parent had died and he was taken on to the protection of his uncle, chief of his clan....
...name was Muhammad. Muhammad was born into a poor family in Mecca, but spent most of his childhood being raised by Bedouin relatives in a different town after he was orphaned at the age of six. His uncle Abu Talib brought him under his wing and taught him to be a successful merchant. When Muhammad was about twenty years old he moved into Mecca and began trading for widow named Khadijah. Through the next five years Khadijah became aware of how reliable and resourceful Muhammad was and proposed marriage to him when he was twenty-five. Through his travels Muhammad became very aware of the clan rivalries and the undermining forces among the tribes. He soon became distracted and unsatisfied with his life. In 610 he retreated to a cave above Mecca to meditate and fast. While he was there the angel Gabriel appeared to him and gave him a message from God, “There is no god but Allah.”
Muhammad began teaching his revelations form God. His first group of disciples consisted of his wife, his servants, and just a few of his clan’s people. His first followers called themselves Muslims. As he taught his circle grew and he became a threat to other wealthy Meccans, the worshiping of the gods of their fathers, and the sacred Ka’ba. In 622 After severe persecution, Muhammad and his followers fled to Medina. The flight to Medina marks year one of the Islamic Calendar. In Medina...
...I. A Prophet and His World
A. Muhammad and His Message
1. The Arabian peninsula
a. Nomadic Bedouin lived in the desert-covered peninsula for millennia
1. Kept herds of sheep, goats, and camels
2. Organized in family and clan groups
3. Importance of kinship and loyalty to the clan
b. Post-classical Arabia, active in long-distance trade
c. An important link between India/China and Persia/Byzantium
2. Muhammad's early life
a. Muhammad ibn Abdullah born in a Mecca merchant family, 570 C.E.
b. Difficult early life, married a wealthy widow, Khadija, in 595
c. Became a merchant at age 30, exposed to various faiths
3. Muhammad's spiritual transformation
a. At age 40, he experienced visions
1. There was only one true god, Allah ("the god")
2. Allah would soon bring judgment on the world
3. The archangel Gabriel delivered these revelations to Muhammad
b. Did not intend to found a new religion, but his message became appealing
4. The Quran
a. Followers compiled Muhammad's revelations
b. Quran ("recitation"), became the holy book of Islam
c. A work of magnificent poetry
B. Muhammad's Migration to Medina
1. Conflict at Mecca
a. His teachings offended other believers, especially the ruling elite of Mecca
b. Attacks on greed offended wealthy merchants
c. Attacks on idolatry threatened shrines, especially the black rock at Ka'ba
2. The hijra
a. Under persecution, Muhammad and...
Karen Armstrong, Muhammad: A Prophet for Our Time (San Francisco: Harper, 1992)
The author of the book Muhammad: A Prophet of Our Time, Karen Armstrong, born on 14
November 1944 is a well-known British author and commentator for her books on
comparative religion. She is a provocative, original thinker on the role of religion in the
contemporary world. Being a religious thinker, she has written more than 20 books on faith
and the major religions, studying what Christianity, Islam and Judaism have in common and
how our faiths transformed history of the world and drive present events.
This first chapter of the book by Karen Armstrong is a masterful nonfiction sketch of Islam’s
messenger Muhammad demonstrating an indispensible source in understanding how effort,
chronicle of conflict and religious movements have taken place during the lash of coercion.
Mecca was a well-known and flourishing city, it has become a central trading place for the
Arabs,and however, only a few generations earlier the ancestors did not live an affluent
lifestyle. At the centre of Armstrong’s book, is the Prophet Muhammad, a merchant of 7th
century born in Mecca and who grew up to become a political and sacred revolutionary who
devoted his entire life to challenging the existing socioeconomic and cultural standards of the
Quraish power structure (22-23).
In the second chapter,...
...Effective Leadership principles of Prophet Muhammad (s)
Author: Muhammad W. Khan
It is a well-known fact that the Prophet of Islam (saw) was the supremely successful man in the entire human history. But he was not just a hero, as Thomas Carlyle has called him. According to the Qur’an, he was the best example for all mankind. He has shown us the way of achieving supreme success in this world. By studying the life of the Prophet (saw), we can derive those important principles which were followed by the Prophet (saw). Indeed, the Prophet of Islam (saw) was a positive thinker in the full sense of the word. All his activities were result-oriented. He completely refrained from all such steps as may prove counter-productive.
First Principle: To begin from the possible
This principle is well explained in a saying of Aishah. She said: “Whenever the Prophet had to choose between two options, he always opted for the easier choice.” (Al-Bukhari) To choose the easiest option means to begin from the possible, and one who begins from the possible will surely reach his goal.
Second Principle: To see advantage in disadvantage
In the early days of Mecca, there were many problems and difficulties. At that time, a guiding verse in the Qur’an was revealed. It said: “With every hardship there is ease, with every hardship there is ease.” (94:5-6).
This means that if there are some problems, there are also opportunities at the same time. And the way to success...