'The night journey' was a miraculous journey that Muhammad had with the arch Angel Jibril in which he was taught the ritual of the five daily prayers. The angel Jibril took Muhammad through the air from Mecca to Jerusalem and then from 'the Dome of the Rock mosque' he made the ascension into heaven and to God. The Ka’ba is a central shrine of Gods and housed 360 idols of tribal patron Gods. It was also the site of great annual pilgrimage and fair and is therefore very significant for Muslims. Mecca was considered a sacred city and a site of great religious significance due to the presence of the Ka’ba. Mecca was very important to Muhammad as it was here that he did his first thirteen years if preaching (The Meccan period). He also became the Messenger of God by Angel Gabriel on ‘The Night of Destiny’ (none)
Muhammad is called the ‘Messenger of God’ because Allah revealed and disclosed information through Angel Gabriel to him. In 610 he had his first revelation on Mount Hira which was the vision of the angel Gabriel that came from Allah with instruction that he would be a prophet and messenger of God. With this revelation, Muhammad saw himself as a divinely inspired messenger of God following in the line of the great prophets of Judaism. In 613 he had a second revelation from Gabriel and Muhammad proclaimed that the Qur’an or Koran was the last book of God and that he was the last prophet Sunna is All the traditions and practices of Muhammad that have become models to be followed by Muslims; the religious practices, morals and normal lifestyle of the Prophet that became a unifying bond for all parts of the Islamic umma.
Muhammad is the model for Muslims because Muhammad taught that submission to Allah was a religion for everyone, not just special people. He presented equality of race and gender. Islam should maintain God's equilibrium between the body and the soul, supporting a full enjoyment of all the good that God has created and at the same time fulfilling...
...exam #1 Practice • Answers • BUSA 4980
Section A: Multiple Choice
Section B: Short Answers on material
1. As discussed in the course introduction and chapter one, the two main determinants in achieving and sustaining superior performance are (1) industry attractiveness (i.e. external environment) and (2) competitive position (i.e. internal organization). The first input involves the Industrial Organization model of above-average returns, which suggests that the external environment imposes constraints on superior performance. Hence, firms must study the external situation, especially industry and competitor dynamics, to locate an attractive industry and set an appropriate strategy. The second input involves the Resource-Based model, which suggests that a firm’s unique resources and capabilities are the basis of superior returns. Here, firms select a strategy that allows the firm to utilize its capabilities relative to market opportunities in order to build competitive advantage.
Strategic management is largely an effort to understand the factors contributing to industry profitability and competitive positioning within an industry. Both factors contribute to the profitability of individual companies. It is not clear if one determinant of performance is more important than the other. Differences in the profitability across...
...Answers to Photosynthesis Practice
1. Draw a picture of the chloroplast and label the stroma,
thylakoid, thylakoid lumen (space), inner membrane, outer
2. Using 18O as the basis of your discussion, explain how we
know that the oxygen released in photosynthesis comes from
When the oxygen in water has the radioactively labeled
oxygen, the gas released from photosynthesis also has the labeled oxygen. This
shows that the oxygen gas given off during photosynthesis comes from the splitting
of water molecules. (If the oxygen in carbon dioxide is labeled instead, the tracer
shows that it is incorporated into sugar and water.)
3. Label the figure below. As you work,
underline or highlight the items that are
cycled between the light reactions and
4. Explain the correlation between an absorption spectrum and an action spectrum.
An absorption spectrum describes the ability of a pigment to absorb each
wavelength of light, while an action spectrum shows the effectiveness of each
wavelength to drive a process. (The two should correlate since the ability to drive a
process depends on the absorption of energy.)
5. Describe how Engelmann was able to form an action spectrum long before the invention
of a spectrophotometer.
Engelmann used a filament of photosynthetic algae, exposed to different
wavelengths of light, to show that aerobic bacteria would grow best in the presence
of wavelengths that were absorbed. (Growth of...
← Problem 7-43 - ACL Problem Solution
a. There are 44 payroll transactions in the Payroll file. (This is determined by reading the number at the bottom of the screen.)
b. The largest and smallest gross pay amounts for September are $4,395.83 and $1,278.33, respectively. (Use Quick Sort.)
c. Total gross pay for September was $99,585.46. (Use the Total command.)
d. The report on the following page shows gross pay by department. (Use the Summarize command on the Gross Pay column, save to a file, and print.) Note that this screenshot was produced using the “Screen” option in the Output tab of the Summarize window. Students’ hardcopy printouts will appear slightly different, but will contain the same departmental totals.
e. There are no exceptions in the calculation of net pay for September. (Use the following Filter: Gross Pay – Taxes < > Net Pay.)
f. There are no duplicate check numbers. (Use the Duplicates command on the check [cheque] number column). There are four missing checks (#12389- #12392). The audit concern is that there may be unrecorded payroll transactions. (Use the Gaps command on the check [cheque] number column.)
Report for requirement d:
Problem 8-41 – ACL Problem Solution
a. The following is a printout of the Statistics command for Inventory Value at Cost:
Field : Value
Number Total Average...
...Practice Final Answer Key
1. Direct materials used = 6,000 + 7,000 – 1,000 = 12,000.
Cost of goods manufactured = 12,000 + 5,000 + (600 + 500 + 1,900 + 3,500) + 800 – 3,000 = 21,300.
Cost of goods sold = 4,000 + 21,300 – 5,300 = 20,000.
Gross margin = 31,800 - 20,000 = 11,800
4. D Sales 350,000 – CGS 160,000 = 190,000
5. B Sales 350,000 – CGS (variable) 160,000 – Var Sell and Adm 35,000
– Var Adm 15,000 = 140,000
7. A Orig data CM 20.00 X 3000 = 60,000 – FC 25,000 = NI 35,000
New scenario CM 12.50 X 2250 = 28,125 – FC 25,000 = NI 3,125
Decrease of 31,875
8. C BEP Sales = Fixed Exp/CM ratio = 1,400,000/.35 (2,100.000/6,000,000) =
9. B BEP Units = Fixed Exp/Unit CM ratio = 130,000 / 13.00 = 10,000
130,000 = Fixed Manu of 60,000 + Fixed selling and adm of 70,000
The 13.00 unit cm margin is calculated by dividing sales and var costs
10. C Var Exp/Unit = Unit Price – contribution margin ratio
36.00 = 60.00 - 24.00 (40% of $60.00 per unit)
11. B BEP Sales = 28,800 / .4 = 72,000
13. A DM 13.00 + DL...
... Muhammad is considered in Islam to be a messenger and prophet sent by God to guide humanity to the right way. He is considered as the last in a series of prophets sent by God. The Quran is believed to have been presented to Muhammad by God. Muhammad is know as the greatest of all prophets to the Muslims, and his religion as the only accepted religion of God. He is seen by Muslims as a possessor of all virtues. The scattered verses of the Prophet had been inscribed not only on date leaves and shreds of leather but on “the hearts of men.”
Muller says, “Now Muhammad had certainly not lived like an angel” referring to how Muhammad had raided one of their caravans in the holy month of pilgrimage. He also says this because in 632 Muhammad confused his followers by dying. In war Muhammad lied to his men promising them that if they were to die in battle that they would marry seventy dark-eyed virgins. Muhammad also had preached gospels that where unholy. I his gospels he encouraged war and had no message of peace. He also had eleven wives making him unholy, but this had to do with the time and place that he lived in. to everyone but strong Muslims Muhammad was a bad person and a mortal. But to the Muslims he was a descendent of God. Yet Muhammad was a great man, superior to his time and place. He not only preached but practiced a...
...Assalamualaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh...
Honoriable ones the juries, the participant of English speech contest, and all audiences.
Before I begin to give a speech, I would like to invite you to thank to Allah the Almighty, Who has given us Mercy and Blessing, so we can meet together in this blessing place. And also I don't forget to deliver sholawat and salam to our prophet Muhammad SAW, Who has brought us from the darkness to the brightness, so we are always in the right way.
Ladies and gentlemen.
Today, in this gold oppurtunity, I would like to give a speech in front of you all about "Drugs"
I am sure you all already know, and may be better than me about what drugs is and what the advantages and disadvantages are. Drugs actually is a medicine for anaesthetize patients in surgery. But that perception was misapplied by some people.
Drugs have been misapplied by some people for a long time. Some people which use drugs beyond the medical treatment consider that drags can make them feel better when they facing some problems and for other reasons such as can make them feel easy to find new brilliant ideas or just for a pleasure.
I am sure you will never forget the newest accident in Tugu Tani, Jakarta, when a drugs user, Apriliani, drived her car with high speed and hit the pedestrians in a halte. It obviously proof that in the effect of drugs, hallucination of the drugs user is biger than other normal people. They cannot make a...
...Biography of Muhammad
“O Children of Israel! Surely, I am the messenger of Allah to you, verifying that which is before me of the Torah and giving the good news of a Messenger who will come after me whose name will be Ahmed” (Qur'an, 61:6). This was the prophetic announcement of the coming of the Prophet Muhammad by Jesus Christ. Muhammad was able achieve this status as a prominent leader through his ability to unify the Arab nation while in political power and also as a religious leader, led the nation of Islam to the knowledge of the one true God. Muhammad sallallahu ^alayhi wa salam was one of the most prominent leaders in the Islamic nation, not only in a religious aspect but also on a secular one.
The Prophet Muhammad was born on August 29, 570 C.E. at Mecca. His birthplace is now designated as the origin of the Islamic religion. Muhammad spent his childhood in an orphanage after the death of his father (Kikim). On the return from a pilgrimage to Medina, Muhammad’s mother died when he was only six years old. He was then raised by his grandfather Abd al Muttalib. At the age of eight, his grandfather was killed by Muhammad’s own uncle Abu Talib (Kikim). Muhammad had a very turbulent childhood characterized by living in various homes, which made him the person he became in his later years.
During Muhammad’s adolescent years, there were no laws or order in Arabia. The...
...2012 Exam Question Answer
Marketing can be defined as an organization function and a set of process foe creating, communicating and delivering value to the customer and for managing customer relationship in a way that it benefits the organization and its stakeholders.
In order to understand the marketplace and customer needs and wants, marketers need to identify the needs of the consumer, which is defined as the state of felt deprivation, such as hunger and self-actualization needs. Next, it advanced into wants, which is defined as the form of human need that is shaped by culture and individual personality. To satisfy ones hunger, they may opt to eat either rice or noodles depending on their preference. Demand, the human wants that are backed by buying power indicates a person’s financial ability to buy their wants.
Organizations need to identify its microenvironment and macroenvironment to identify forces or actors in the business environment that can have effect on the organization’s marketing and business activities.
Microenvironment of a company is made up of the company itself, its competitors, the suppliers, customers, marketing intermediaries and the publics. The publics are those people or organization that affect the operations of the organization. There are seven publics in total, which is made up of financial publics, media publics, citizen-action publics, government publics, local publics, general publics and internal publics...