Dear Indraneelroy Choudhary：
I’m writing this letter with full hope of being an EP of your TN called Choithram International World School. There are several reasons why I decided to apply for this TN, here is my statement. Since I was in college, I just want to be able to go out of China, to see the local situation and customs of different country in the world. It has always been a strong motivation for me to extend my life by leaving more things to this world. In my opinion, no better place than India can be my choice. As India and China has a long culture and history, I'm very interested in. So I really want to go to your country, please give me a chance.
Another very reason is that for many years I have been concerned about the youth’s growth and right. I think the child is the angel in this world; I am willing to pay my enthusiasm and efforts for them. Your TN aims to develop the cultural, social and general aspect of the students of school. The interns will be providing students with information about various social issues, environmental issues, child rights and social entrepreneurship, and provide knowledge on how to go about the same. And this idea coincides with mine.
I think it will be a great decision if you choice me. There are many advantages. I have been working in The Student Union of Swufe for one year. During my experience, I worked with my teammates in harmony and achieve great success. We have successfully organized many campus activities. In the process, I showed my team cooperation ability, organizational and planning skills. Last year I have worked as a volunteer to concern and love the traffic police around my college. We were standing guard as a traffic police for one day. In the volunteer activities we called on more people to learn to respect and care for the traffic police. In the volunteer activities I understand what is equality and respect, and it let I had a further understanding of human rights. I think I am a responsible and...
...Elements of Business Letter
1. HEADING – serves to give the complete address of the writer and it gives the date when the letter is written.
2 KINDS OF HEADINGS
A. CONVENTIONAL HEADING –contains only the complete address of the writer and the date.
B. MODERN HEADING - contains the letterhead and the date, usually centered on the top of the stationary.
7 Moses St. Cielito Subd.
Camarin, Caloocan City
July 15, 2011
EXAMPLE OF CONVENTIONAL HEADING
EXAMPLE OF MODERN HEADING
2. INSIDE ADDRESS – contains the name and complete address of the individual or firm o whom the letter is written.
3. SALUTATION OR GREETING – is the greeting of the letter. Normally begins with “Dear” followed by person’s last name, but if the name and gender are not known “Sir/Madam” is written.
EXAMPLE OF INSIDE ADDRESS TOGETHER WITH SALUTION OR GREETING
College of Engineering
Dear Sir/Madam :
Engr. Rodolfo S. Tiongson
DEAN, College of Enginneering
Dear Engr. Tiongson:
4. BODY OF THE LETTER – consist of the actual message which is presented between the salutation and complimentary close. This is also written as text it is never write on hand written and must be clearly typed, neatly spaced and uniform in typographical construction.
5. COMPLIMENTARY CLOSE – is a conventional farewell to the reader. It follows...
...Motivation Without Rewards and Competition
C J Tate
Creating Communities in the Classroom EDUC 540
Dr. Vickie Cummings
March 14, 2014
Motivation is the key for any teacher in order to get their students to succeed. If the students are not motivated, they are not interested in learning. This can lead to class management problems. Motivation can be divided into two categories: intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic is internal: doing something for personal enjoyment. Extrinsic is external: doing something for a reward. When teachers use rewards or competition, students complete a task for what they will gain from the completion. An example of this would be students motivated in the classroom for the grade they will receive. However, there are pitfalls when it comes to the motivation game and using rewards and competition to obtain motivation from the students.
Motivation Without Rewards and Competition
Motivation is the condition of being eager to act or work or a force or influence that causes someone to do something (Merriam-Webster. 2014). Motivating students to want to learn is no easy task and something a teacher struggles with every year with their classes. Most teachers, like me, have used reward for motivation because that is what we have been told to use. However, research is now showing that using rewards in the classroom...
...should understand how to motivate their employees, consequently improving productivity rates and employee wellbeing. There are a small range rewards and outcomes that have the capability of satisfying more than one need. For example promotion, bonuses and benefits which can be applied to all levels of Maslow’s (1943) hierarchy of needs (Mullins, 2010). However “job satisfaction does not necessarily lead to improved work performance” (Mullins, 2010, p.263), therefore all needs should be considered by the organisation.
The pyramid that is typically used to describe Maslow’s (1943) theory (Appendix 2) shows the process in which employees rise from one step to the next. Maslow’s (1943) pyramid allows employees to evaluate their personal motivation within set stages, with basic needs at the bottom and higher needs at the top. Although there are limitations to this theory “Maslow’s theory has attracted two main criticisms. First, it is vague and cannot readily predict behaviour. Second, it’s more of a social philosophy reflecting which American middle-class values.” (Huczynski and Buchanan, 2007, p.244). We are able to determine that this theory cannot work for all social classes and demographics. The needs and wants of people socially vary, as people have needs set at different levels in Maslow’s (1943) pyramid; some people may skip needs due to the current relevance to that person “needs can exist simultaneously and horizontally as well as sequentially...
Every Individual has specific goal to achieve. These goals are only achievable if the individual is enthusiastic about the goal. One of the most key factors that lead one to their goals is the drive. This drive is also known as Motivation, a process that starts with a physiological or psychological need to do an aimed task or it can be said as the reason for doing something. Though motivation is essential in our life it cannot be purchased like we purchase other necessities. But luckily, motivation can be cultivated. All we need to do is make up our mind to change, push our fears aside and reach out for our goals. Motivation can be very interesting if you look deep into it. If you reward something, you can get more of the behavior you want. But if you punish something, you get the less of the behavior you want.
Motivation is involved in our daily life mentally and physically and it is beyond our level of control. Whether it is about reading a book to attain knowledge or going to get a glass of water when you feel thirsty, it is motivation which causes one to act. So this proves that “we are familiar with the experience of being urge or driven to behave in certain ways, and of desiring to act in a particular manner in order to achieve certain and ends or objectives” (Vernon 1969, p1).
As in the book “Intrinsic Motivation”, 1975, written by...
...Motivation is basically about the desire of one to achieve something as motivation act as a force that pushes us towards performing an actionand finally bringing us the achievement.For example, when we are thirsty, we will go get a glass of water to quench our thirst. Here, quenching our thirst is set as our motivation and the act of getting a glass of water to drink is the performing action. This shows us that motivation is what causes us to act. Hence, motivation can also be said as a process that initiates, guides and maintains our goals until we achieve it. From the resource, Lifehack (n.d.),there are six different types of motivation which can influence different person behavior in its own unique way because each of us has our very own personalities and characteristics.Majority of people can be motivated by incentive, fear, achievement, growth, power and social factors. Incentive is a motivation that involves reward as people are driven by the facts that if they achieve a certain target, they will be rewarded. While fear motivation involves consequences such as when a person is in fear of getting punish he or she will try their best to achieve their targets. Next is achievement motivation which happens when people are driven to compete with others or themselves. The feeling of achievement is their desire motivation. Other than...
A motive is a reason for doing something. Motivation is concerned with the strength and direction of behavior and the factors that influence people to behave in certain ways. The term ‘motivation’ can refer variously to the goals individuals have, the ways in which individuals chose their goals and the ways in which others try to change their behavior.
Motivating other people is about getting them to move in the direction you want them to go in order to achieve a result. Motivating yourself is about setting the direction independently and then taking a course of action that will ensure that you get there. Motivation can be described as goal-directed behavior. People are motivated when they expect that a course of action is likely to lead to the attainment of a goal and a valued reward – one that satisfies their needs and wants.
The three components of motivation, Arnold et al (1991)
1. Direction – what a person is trying to do.
2. Effort – how hard a person is trying.
3. Persistence – how long a person keeps on trying.
Types of motivation
1. Intrinsic motivation
Intrinsic motivation can arise from the self-generated factors that influence people’s behavior. It is not created by external incentives. It can take the form of motivation by the work itself when individuals feel that their work is important, interesting and...
...Table of Contents
Types of Motivation in the Workplace 3
Theories on Motivation 4-7
Factors Affecting Employee Motivation 7-8
Motivation in the Workplace
Motivation within the workforce has always been a central problem for leaders and managers. Employees who feel motivated in the workplace are more likely to be persistent, creative and productive, and intern maybe more willing to undertake more tasks and responsibilities. This will examine several different aspects and theories on what motivates employees in the workplace.
Types of Motivation in the Workplace
The workplace consists of two different types of motivation. The first type is intrinsic motivation which refers to the motivation that drives an individual to adopt or change a behavior for his or her own internal satisfaction or fulfillment from inside an individual rather than from any external or outside rewards. Intrinsic motivation comes from the pleasure one gets from the task itself or from the sense of satisfaction in completing or even working on a task. The second type of motivation in the workplace is extrinsic motivation. Extrinsic...
... 1. Explain the concepts of Motivation.
Motivation is a psychological feature that arouses an organism to act towards a desired goal and elicits, controls, and sustains certain goal directed behaviors. It can be considered a driving force; a psychological drive that compels or reinforces an action toward a desired goal. For example, hunger is a motivation that elicits a desire to eat. Motivation has been shown to have roots in physiological, behavioral, cognitive, and social areas.
Motivation may be rooted in a basic impulse to optimize well-being, minimize physical pain and maximize pleasure. It can also originate from specific physical needs such as eating, sleeping or resting, and sex.
Motivation is an inner drive to behave or act in a certain manner. These inner conditions such as wishes, desires, goals, activate to move in a particular direction in behavior.
Motivation – Basic concepts and theories
According to Arnold, there are 3 components of motivation:
* direction – what a person is trying to do
* effort – how hard a person is trying
* persistence – how long a person keeps on trying
Direction might point the way, but effort is what establishes momentum, and persistence determines how far the change is carried (in time as well as in magnitude of outcome). Hence, Arnold’s 3 components are suitable to describe the level of...