A mosque is a place where Muslims meet to worship God (Allah). The word 'mosque' is linked to an Arabic word meaning 'prostrate oneself' and it is a place where Muslims bow before God (prostrate means bow down). Mosques are generally rectangular in shape and the walls define the sacred area inside the building however, whilst some mosques are purpose built others can be found in converted houses.
A basic feature of all mosques is a tower called the minaret. In Islamic countries the muezzin (caller) enters the minaret and calls the people to prayer. In Britain this is not allowed so some Islamic communities broadcast the call to prayer on a radio frequency which Muslims can pick up in their homes and places of work using a small receiver. The call to prayer goes like this:
'God is great,
God is most Great, (x3)
I bear witness that there is no God but Allah, (x3)
I bear witness that Mohammed is the messenger of Allah (x2)
Come to prayer, (x2)
Come to your good, (x2)
God is most great, (x2)
I bear Witness that there is no God but Allah
[IMAGE]Muslims pray five times a day and prayer times are fixed by the sun and change daily. Because people lead busy lives it is the role of the muezzin to make sure people know when the correct time for prayer is. Each time for prayer has a special name and each time is separated by two hours. These times are Fajr (before dawn and sunrise), Zuhr (after midday), 'Asr (between late afternoon and sunset), Maghrib (between sunset and the end of daylight) and 'Isha (night until dawn).
[IMAGE]The first thing a person does before entering the mosque is to take off their shoes.
[IMAGE]This is because they are entering a sacred place and it is a sign of reverence to Allah. Also, when a Muslim prays at the mosque at times they put their face on the floor. Muslims who come to the Mosque to pray must perform wudu before doing so.
This is a sacred wash that symbolises spiritual cleansing and purity in readiness for coming before God. When a Muslim performs wudu they wash their hands, mouth, throat, nose, ears, arms up to the elbow and feet. When washing their hands, arms and feet they always wash the right one first. As in most places men and women have separate washing areas.
When entering the prayer hall you immediately notice that there are no seats. This is because when Muslims sit on [IMAGE]the floor and pray using a prayer mat. They go through the Rak'ah routine the routine is stand, bow, kneel, and touch the floor with the forehead. There are also no pictures on the walls. This is because Muslims believe you should not make images of God. They do not even consider it right to draw pictures of the prophet Muhammad so that they remained focused on God (Allah). In this mosque there are cupboards on the walls with copies of the Qu'ran in. All mosques have a minbar (set of steps) from which the imam (leader of the Mosque) may stand to teach the people.
Because Muslims do not allow images or pictures in their mosques they often decorate them with famous verses from the Qu'ran (the Islamic scriptures) and geometrical patterns. Inscriptions taken from the Qu'ran are sometimes made with gold leaf (or thread if woven onto a tapestry).
When a Muslim prays in the mosque they always face Makkah. This is the holy city where Muhammad lived and it is also the place where the Ka'bah is found (this is the stone building which Muslims believe was the first place built by Adam (the first human) for the worship of God). Once inside the mosque it is important for Muslims to know which direction Makkah is and this they do by making a recess (called a Mihrab) in the Qiblah (the name for the wall facing Mecca). Outside the Mosque the direction of Makkah is indicated on the
[IMAGE]Minaret and dome by a crescent moon. The dome not only symbolises the universe but also has a practical purpose in...
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A modern-style mosque built on water in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
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A mosque is a place of worship for followers of Islam. The word entered the English language most likely through French (mosquée), from Portuguese (mesquita), from Spanish (mezquita), and from Berber (tamezgida), ultimately originating in Arabic: masjid مسجد — Arabic pronunciation: [ˈmæsdʒɪd]. The Arabic word masjid literally means a place of prostration. The word "mosque" in English refers to all types of buildings dedicated for Islamic worship, although there is a distinction in Arabic between...
...Outline the key features of a mosque and explain how they assist in worship:-
"The whole earth has been made a mosque and pure for me." –Bukhari. The Muslim place of worship is known as the mosque or masjid. The meaning behind in other words is “any place where someone can bow down before God”. Prayer within Islam is extremely important and is a foundation of their faith, therefore the mosque is huge part of Islam.
The exterior of amosque is quite unique and can be easily identified as it has a number of key features which all help in worship. Two typical features of the building is the dome and minaret. The dome is architecturally shaped to create an environment of calm and space for all who come to prayer. It is a reminder to Muslims of the middle east and their origins there. The shape of the dome is also an amazing help for acoustics. The minaret is the tall tower in which the mu’adhin calls all the people to prayer. The prayer he call the community too is called the adhan. In a Muslim country this cry will be sounded five times per day, In non-Muslim countries it most likely will not be sounded as it may be upsetting and disturb people in the surrounding area.
On top of the dome or minaret you will most likely see the symbol belonging to Islam, a cresent moon which is a reminder that Allah is creator. There may also be a five pointed star displayed, this is reminder to Muslims of the five pillars...
Islamic Studies Project
Most Sacred Mosques in the World
Akash Daniel Jamal
Masjid Ubudiah is Perak's royal mosque, and is situated in the royal town of Kuala Kangsar, Malaysia. Masjid Ubudiah Mosque is the Malaysia's some of most beautiful mosques, the Masjid Ubudiah (or Ubudiah Mosque) has golden dome and minarets creating a spellbinding sight, from near and afar. The mosque was designed by Arthur Benison Hubback, a government architect .This Masjid was built in 1917 during the reign of the 28th Sultan of Perak, Sultan Idris Murshidul'adzam Shah. It was commissioned on the orders of the Sultan, who vowed that he would build a mosque of great beauty as thanksgiving for recovery from an illness which plagued him in those early days. The construction of the mosque was not without difficulties. Work was interrupted several times, once when two elephants belonging to the sultan's and Raja Chulan were fighting and ran over and damaged the imported Italian marble titles. Its architecture is in the Indo-Saracenic style. Besides that, the Makam Al-Ghufran or a Perak royal mausoleum is located near the mosque. The Ubudiah Mosque was built during the British Occupation of Malaysia, hence, it is known as the colonial mosque, which is...
Reflective Essay 2
Muslim Mosque vs. Christian Basilica
There are many differences between the muslim and christian Basilica as well as many similarities. They also have so many things that make them unique in their own way. Taking a further look at each belief helps us have a clearer understanding of the Mosque and the Basilica.
The word Islam is Arabic and means "submission to the will of God." Islam teaches that one must submit to God in Arabic in order to achieve true peace of mind. Allah is God, the same God Christians and Jews worship.The word Muslim means one who submits to the will of God, regardless of race, nationality or ethnic background. Muhammad is believed to be the final prophet. Human beings are not believed to be sinful, but are seen as capable of both good and evil. Muslims believe God has given people free will. It is known “One's deeds and actions measure one's faith”. Islamic teachings encompass all aspects of life and ethics; consciousness of God is encouraged in all aspects of human affairs. Worship in Islam is not limited to religious rituals. Muslims believe the Qur'an has been perfectly preserved in both its words and meaning in a living language. God's final revelation to humankind was publicly recited in front of both Muslim and non-Muslim communities during the lifetime of the Prophet.The Qur’an's main message is submit to Almighty God and worship Him alone. Muhammad, a documented, historic figure,...
...Friday, May 11, 2012
Religious Visit To A Mosque
This would be the second time I visited a mosque. The first time I had the chance to visit was with a government class I had taken in high school. The mosque were not alike, this mosque I visited this time was called Islamic Center of Des Moines located on 6201 Franklin Avenue in Des Moines. I had called the Mosque beforehand to find out the Muslim weekly service time is on Friday so I visited on Friday, May 6th at 1:30 p.m.
I had went with a friend who had little to no knowledge of this religion like myself. The mosque did not look like a mosque; it was just a building with minimal parking space. There were a ton of cars there, parked along the drive way and in the grass.
My friend and I weren’t very familiar with this religion except for the bits and pieces we know of the religion and what we learned in our previous religion classes. I remember being very nervous about what to wear, what to say, etc. I didn't know how conservative this mosque would be. It was a hot day outside, but as I was researching on the internet I saw that women were supposed to wear clothing that would cover everything but their feet and hands so I made we were both covered.
The service started at 1:45 PM. We arrived at 1:30 and got to speak a little bit with the some of the leaders there. The imam was there (or one of the...
... The Eid at The Mosque
With the excitement that kept me awake all night long and the overwhelming feelings of joy,
delight, and happiness I started preparing my self for one of the happiest days in every Muslim life.
Usually, every family welcomes the Eid-Muslims holidays- with rituals by cleaning process that goes
on for days, changing the entire house furniture, for who can afford it, and baying new clothes
especially for the occasion. And with main ready even before the crack of dawn we started to prepare
our self for the trip to the mosque.
On the way to the mosque my father starts to sings a religious chants all the way, and he
keep raising his voice until he got everyone in the car singing along with him. In that day everything
seems to be breathtaking the sunrise, the smell of early morning, even the streets was decorated with
festival lights. At last we arrived at the mosque, I rushed out of the car to the women section so I can
meet my friends. As we enter door we are welcomed with a beautiful smells of incense, perfumes, and
a group of three women greeting with salution with “Eid mubarak”--”blessing Eid”. Through out the
screaming running children, the laughs of the girls, and the voices of the women's chatters I tried to
find a familiar faces. When the voices the speakers arises, we started to arrange our self’s in...
The Blue Mosque, Dubai
1960880238125000On the last Friday before the holy month of Ramadan of the year 2011, another landmark was added to Dubai’s list of achievements with the opening of the Blue Mosque. Dubai- the land where architecture is highly appreciated, the Blue Mosque fits right in with the Arabian landscape. The mosque held its first congregation with the Friday prayer on the 29th of July 2011. It was built by Khalaf Al Habtoor, the chairman of Al Habtoor Group. The mosque is named after Umar bin Al Khattab, Prophet Mohammed’s (P.B.U.H) companion, who went on to become the second Caliph after Abu Bakr and was given the title Al Farooq, which means someone who can distinguish the truth from the false. This is one of the three mosques in the United Arab Emirates which is open to people who believe in other religions other than Islam with the other two being the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque in Abu Dhabi and the Jumeirah Grand Mosque in Dubai. This mosque has a capacity to hold upto two thousand worshippers. Being about 8,700 square metres in area, this mosque is the largest mosque in Dubai. The Blue mosque in Dubai, also known as the Al Farooq Umar ibn Al Khattab Mosque, draws its inspiration and is structurally based on the famous Blue Mosque of Istanbul (The Largest...
...Umayyad Mosque, Damascus, Syria
Space and Symbolism
By Shijo Jose (A/2371/2011)
History of Architecture
II Year Sem IV
Great Mosque of Damascus, also called Umayyad Mosque, the earliest surviving stone mosque, built between ad 705 and 715 by the Umayyad Caliph al-Walīd I. The mosque stands on the site of a 1st-century Hellenic temple to Jupiter and of a later church ‘Basilica of Saint John the Baptist’. Some Syrio-Roman fragments remain in the structure, as does a shrine supposedly enclosing a relic honoured by Muslims as well as Christians - the head of St. John the Baptist.
The mosque occupies a huge quadrangle 515 by 330 feet (157 by 100 m) and contains a large open courtyard surrounded by an arcade of arches supported by slender columns. The liwan, or hall of worship, running the length of the south side of the mosque, is divided into three long aisles by rows of columns and arches. A transept with a central octagonal dome, originally wooden, cuts across the aisles at their midpoint. The marble grilles that cover the windows in the south wall are the earliest example of geometric interlace in Islāmic architecture. The walls of the mosque were once covered with more than an acre of mosaics depicting a fanciful landscape thought to be the Quʾrānic paradise, but only fragments survive. The mosque was destroyed by Timur in 1401, rebuilt...