Minority Rights as Human Rights: Hegemonic Media
Representation of Minority Groups in Pakistan
PhD Fellow School of Communication, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang Malaysia. 2
Shumaila Ahmed, 2 Ali Hassan & 3 Rana Shahzad
Lecturer, Department of Media Studies Islamia University of Bhawalpur, Pakistan.
Assistant Professor, Department of Media Studies Islamia University of Bhawalpur, Pakistan.
Abstract: Minority Rights have been considered important in every nation and in every age. The Present research is conducted to study the situation of media representation of minorities and their rights in Pakistan and content analysis of news reports of GEO News Channel of Pakistan during the period from January, 2013 to March, 2013. The objective of this descriptive and analytical study is to explore the positive / negative role of popular media in the protection or violation of Minority Rights in Pakistan. The technique of systematic sampling is used. By Using SPSS the descriptive method was used to represent the findings of the research the relationship among the data collected was also explored through statistical methods. The hypothesis about these phenomenon and linkages among them were tested through chisquare test. The findings of the study reveal that the most popular news network of Pakistan portrays the minority rights issues in a biased way and usually give a very little space to the issues of minorities in their daily news broadcast. A detailed discussion about the findings, demographic variable, acceptance and rejection of hypothesis was made in the relevant portion of the study after concluding it. Keywords: Minority Rights, Human Rights, Media, Violation, Protection.
Rights of minorities have always been one of
the most complex and debatable issue and dilemma of
human civilization from the beginning of history and
especially from the start of this century. In spite of
media boom, globalization, widespread education,
enlightenment and constitutional guarantees which are
written practically in every constitution of the world,
ethnic, religious, linguistic and cultural minorities are
not yet free from harassment, discrimination and
persecution in every corner of this world. Media
representation of minority groups has always been a
very imperative ground for research and also a
controversial issue in community of every civilization
as well .
Minority is defined as a group which is
generally well thought-out as low graded in a state, not
only numerically but also in matter of power, strength,
culture and status, in contrast to the overall population
in the country . Some critics say that the nondominant cluster of any state or civilization is generally the minority group of that society or country. It is in
point of fact the freedom or right of every community
or people of every religion to live their life, according
to their own will and culture. Likewise there is no
universally accepted definition of minority in
international human rights law all over the world .
Minority rights are very important component of human
rights in the discussion of Law of international justice.
While  argues that in fact minority rights are the
Corresponding Author: Shumaila Ahmed, PhD Fellow School of Communication, Universiti Sains
Malaysia, Penang Malaysia
The International Asian Research Journal 02 (01): 28-35, 2014 human rights because if some state guarantees the
protection of human rights then naturally the minority
rights are also protected as well. Moreover, it is always
believed that when some state confirms the human
rights in her country, then it will be ensured that it has
confirmed the minority rights as well. Furthermore, 
argues that if we could change the model of minority
MinorityRights in PakistanHumanRights can be defined as those basic standards without which people cannot live in dignity as human beings. Humanrights are the foundation of freedom, justice, and peace. Their respect allows the individual and the community to fully develop. They are "rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled".Humanrights are certain moral guarantees that people in all countries and cultures allegedly have simply because they are people. Calling these guarantees “rights” suggests that they attach to particular individuals who can invoke them, that they are of high priority, and that compliance with them is mandatory rather than discretionary. Humanrights are frequently held to be universal in the sense that all people have and should enjoy them, and to be independent in the sense that they exist and are available as standards of justification and criticism whether or not they are recognized and implemented by the legal system or officials of a country. To violate a humanright would therefore be a failure to recognize the worth of human life. Humanrights are basic freedoms and welfare of all world citizens, with which governments have no...
...ISLAM, HUMANRIGHTS AND RIGHTS OF MINORITIES
Dr. Kamran Rafique
(Lecturer, Nawaz Sharif Medical College, University of Gujrat)
(“O People, just as you regard this month, this day and this city as Sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust”.
“Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners”.
“O People, it is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women, but they also have rights over you”.
“Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers”.
“All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor does a black have any superiority over white except by piety and good action.”
“Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly.”)
(Few extracts from the Last Sermon of Prophet Muhammad SALLALAHO ELAIHE WA AALE HI WASALLAM. delivered on 9th Day of Zil Haj, 09th Hijra at Arafat, Mekkah).
History of mankind is replete with the examples of human atrocities in all times. We can have the flashbacks of killing of sons in the era of Pharaoh of Egypt, burial of newly born daughters in Arab, polyandry in different parts of the world, selling of slaves in open markets, exchange of women in peace...
...majority and the minorities that establishes cultural differences related problems. It is often heard that minorities are deprived from certain freedom and the majority avails most of the best previleges that could be given. Minorities are often judged by different steoreotypes and prejudices that establishes conflict between the groups.
The main point of Prof. Hans Ingvar Roth, head of the sweden research team of the University of Lund in his article “Liberal Principles and Minorityrights,” minoritygroups particularly in a liberal democratic society should be able to deal with the existing problems confronting their existence and culture in relation to the liberal principles through group-targeted measures. These group-targeted measures will be further explained throughout the article critique.
The purpose of this paper is to give a brief summary of Roth's article Liberal Principles and MinorityRights, what are the liberal principles of a liberal democratic society how it affects the condition of the minorities and my point of view as a reader. It will also tackle the different features of a liberal society, the problems encountered by minorities and the possible solution to the problems. In other words, the life of the minorities in a liberal democratic...
...Are humanrights innate and universal?
Post WWII on the 10 December 1948, the Universal Declaration of HumanRights (UDHR) was espoused by the General Assembly of the United Nations in order to agree on the notion that such atrocities that occurred throughout the Great War and the Second World War would not ever be reciprocated. The document that was drawn up in less than two years by the UN and Western states, and although ambitious it would guarantee a premise for life and living for every individual all over the world. The UDHR are founded on nobility, equality and reverence, and are said to be aimed at all cultures and religions within the West and East of the globe. However there is great discrepancy regarding the justification and practicality of humanrights all over the world due to political, economic and cultural differences and limitations. Universal means that ‘something’ affects, applies or is completed by everyone all over the world – there is no distinctive bias shown and equal policies are applied. Innate, in relation to humanrights, means that people are given natural rights purely based on the fact that he/she is human and alive. Therefore, are humanrights universal and innate or is the Universal Declaration of Human...
MEDIA AND HUMANRIGHTS
I would like to take this opportunity to extend a word of my gratitude to my esteemed ‘HumanRights’ faculty Mr. P.P. Rao, who had been a constant source of inspiration for me in the pursuance of this project. Sir has been gracious enough to guide me on the right path which has enabled me to strengthen my efforts. May I also take this opportunity to wish the reader of my project a knowledgeable experience. The project has been made with utmost care & with utmost finesse to see that the information mentioned is to the best of the accuracy and correctness.
The method of research adopted in this project is doctrinal and non doctrinal in nature. The library facilities of Chanakya National Law University have been duly availed of by the researcher. The books available in the library have greatly helped in collecting relevant data for the project. Due to constraint of space, the topic has been covered in a brief and candid way.
The research plan adopted was that the researcher first read about the topic from different sources then brought the material together and then critically analyzed it in the conclusion.
The aim of the...
HumanRights ---- Children rights
"Maybe we're all born knowing we have rights - we just need to be reminded”
--- Romanian HRE trainer
HumanRights can be defined as those basic standards without which people cannot live in dignity as human beings. Humanrights are the foundation of freedom, justice and peace. Their respect allows the individual and the community to fully develop. They are "rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled". Humanrights are certain moral guarantees that people in all countries and cultures allegedly have simply because they are people. Calling these guarantees “rights” suggests that they attach to particular individuals who can invoke them, that they are of high priority, and that compliance with them is mandatory rather than discretionary.
You are a human being. You have rights inherent in that reality. You have dignity and worth that exist prior to law.
--- Lyn Beth Neylon
Humanrights are frequently held to be universal in the sense that all people have and should enjoy them, and to be independent in the sense that they exist and are available as standards of justification and criticism whether or not...
...exterminated by Hitler’s Nazi regime, the Universal Declaration of HumanRights was adopted and proclaimed on December 10th 1948 to prevent a another holocaust and to achieve a universal standard of humanrights. Over the last sixty years various regional and international treaties and conventions have been adopted to protect and advance humanrights towards universality. Furthermore, it equally important to mention that there has been a western dominated movement to universalise humanrights. Nevertheless, Universal Human remains a contentious issue of debate among intellectual and policy circles. The purpose of this essay is to outline a few of the prominent issues and problems that are associated with the concept of Universal humanrights.
“All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights” (UDHR. 1948. P.2) Humanrights in its contemporary perception is a fairly recent concept. In fact the Universal Declaration of HumanRights which is often cited as the corner stone of humanrights only came into force following World War II and the most “systematic and blatant” violation of humanrights in record history that was the Holocaust...
We will deal with each of these in turn, with reference to international legal instruments and bodies. We will observe first of all how the rights of individuals, although falling outside the province of international law as it was conceived in the1600s, began to seep into the framework of international legal rules over the centuries, eventually coming to prominence during the 'humanrights era' that followed the end of the Second World War. We will consider secondly the various mechanisms that have been put in place by the international community in order to deal with the enforcement and observance of individual rights enshrined in international legal instruments. Lastly, we will critically assess the claim that questions about individual rights should be the sole concern of domestic legal systems.
The scholars who laid the intellectual foundations of international law in the Western world, like Hugo Grotius (1625) and John Locke (1690), all stressed in their writings that legal systems, be they domestic or international, were founded in natural law and commonly accepted standards of (Christian) morality. It may seem surprising, therefore, that for centuries the rights of individuals played no significant role in the framework of international law. International law, as the name suggests, was the body of legal rules governing the relations...