WHAT FACTORS LED TO THE MIGRATION OF PAKEHATO NEW ZEALAND?
Pakeha migrated to New Zealand during the nineteenth century for a number of reasons. Some people made a rational economic decision, some were drawn by chain migration and some people- usually women and children- had no choice. In other areas there was a history or tradition of migration, often motivated by sheer hardship. James Belich claims that perhaps the most important reasons for the ancestors of most pakeha was the sheer mass of propaganda combined with assisted passage and chain migration.
Belich also sees the “Peopling” (or populating) and the “Imaging” ( or the image of New Zealand that was created in the minds of potential settlers – and sometimes in the minds of those who wanted them to come here) to all be phases of the same process; that of organised progressive British Colonisation. This was begun by the companies in the 1840s, carried on by the Provincial Governments in the 1850s and 60s, and taken over by the central government in the 1870s.
At that time, New Zealand was a frontier colony, which offered few actual or immediately obvious benefits to migrants. Indeed there were a number of problems with New Zealand as an immigration destination. For many people New Zealand was associated with the convict settlement of Australia, or else it was said to be populated by cannibals. For many people emigration meant North America, and other established colonies had to compete for the scraps. There was immigration destination further away from Britain, and long voyages were notoriously uncomfortable and dangerous, especially for children. Agricultural land was also costlier in New Zealand- “its fields were distant as well as dear”. Finally there was a general problem with emigration. It had come to be seen as a form of ‘social excretion’ and few volunteered to be labeled excrement for the sake of social good.
Therefore, James Belich argues that the 'bait' that...
...NewZealand is an island in the southeastern Pacific Ocean.
Capital : wellington
Population : 4.471 million (2013)
Environment: native forest, mountain, beaches, glaciers, and have been preserved by the people around the great top tourist attractions.
Charming villages & vast untouched wilderness
The bay islands: most popular holiday destinations in newZealand, contains 144 islands, many animals that live in the marine life, around these beautiful islands, are whales, penguins, dolphins, and the big marlin.
NewZealand was discovered December 13, 1642
NewZealand main religion is Christians.
NewZealand had 245 species of birds breeding in newZealand before human arrival
NewZealand has abundant and diverse marine life, and whale watching and swimming with dolphins are two of our most highly recommended experiences, newZealand is home to more species of penguins than any other country, newZealand is home to the giant weta which is the heaviest insect in the world
Government : unitary state, constitutional monarchy, parliamentary system
Currency : newZealand dollar (1 newZealand dollar = 0.78 cents in us dollar)
Top 5 earning new...
...Country Analysis NEWZEALAND |
With a stable currency, sound-banking principles, and a business friendly government, NewZealand is an opportunity worth exploring. NewZealand supports a business friendly tax system, trade pacts with some of the world’s largest economies and sustains a skilled, well-educated workforce. NewZealand has upgraded its infrastructure and roads and supports a sophisticated telecommunications and advanced internet structure including fast growing software, electronics, and telecommunication industries. I recommend expansion into the NewZealand market to take advantage of current trade pacts and New Zealand’s capital development, research and development and international investment opportunities.
Country’s Macro Environment
NewZealand is an island located in the Pacific Ocean consisting of a northern island and southern island. New Zealand’s Gross Domestic Product has risen from $US85.46 billion in 2004 to $US142.48 billion in 2011. This represents .23% of the world economy, which is a rise of 1.8% recorded in September 2011. NewZealand has free trade agreements with Malaysia, Australia, China, and all countries belonging to the Association of Southeast Asian...
11 January 2015
One Ring to Rule Tourism
From humble beginnings, of Tuhourangi tribe members providing tour guides to English explorers wanting to be marveled at the White Terraces, NewZealand has been the perfect place for the adventurous spirit to be set free. But even with all of its wonderments tourism has historically been a slow-growing industry. The main problem isn’t the amount of natural attractions present, it’s that in the past, access to such were limited and often required days of travel deterring many would-be travelers. Much like the islands themselves, such locations like the White Terraces, were too remote from major ports and cities turning them from leisure vacation spots to time consuming excursions. Up until the 1950’s, the country was also mainly agricultural and foreign direct investments by hotel chains were uninspiring because of New Zealand’s costly regulations. It would take years before the government would begin actively investing in the industry, first by creating the Tourist Hotel Corporation (THC) that prepared the groundwork and standards for a budding tourism industry to follow.
After the introduction of the THC, tourism would continue to grow at a steady rate. Major flight paths were introduced from both British Overseas Airways and Air NewZealand that provided non-stop flights to and from the islands, greatly opening up markets and increasing...
...Environmental Law in NewZealand
NewZealand is in an enviable position as it has been able to learn from the mistakes of other nations, however this does not mean disasterous environmental issues cannot arise here. Fortunately NewZealand has well established environmental laws with several legislative statutes and governmental authorities. Following international trends and heightened awareness of environmental issues throughout the years the legislation has become increasingly integrated. Arising from international research and public concern new statutes have also been created the most significant of which is the Resource Management Act 1991 (RMA).
Contributing Factors and Benefits
Before the RMA, NewZealand environmental law and its administration was similar to that of
many other countries, consisting of an assortment of uncoordinated and overlapping statutes,
regulations and practices. The Soil Conservation and Rivers Control Act 1941 was the first of such legislative statutes centred on use of the land and resources. Social change in the 1960's spurred awareness of environmental issues in NewZealand with events such as the Save Manapouri Campaign (1959-1972) opposing the development of the hydro-electric scheme planned for Lake Manapouri. During this period several statutes were...
...The Geography of NewZealand
By Clayton Brown
February 25, 1996
The well-known country of NewZealand is a small, resourceful nation
located 1,000 miles off Australia's south east coast. NewZealand has an
impressive economy that continues to grow, a physical landscape that attracts
people from around the globe, and although small, NewZealand is a respected
nation for its advanced civilization and stable government. The geography of
this prestigious nation can be described through five principal categories, the
physical geography, the cultural geography, the citizens' standard of living,
the government, and the nation's economy.
NewZealand is located in the southern hemisphere, with an absolute
location of 37 degrees south longitude to 48 degrees south longitude and 167
degrees east latitude to 177 degrees east latitude. It is composed of two major
islands named the North and South Islands, and the total land area of the nation,
approximately divided equally between the two islands, is 103,470 square miles.
Surprisingly, only 2 percent of the land area is arable. NewZealand has an
abundance of natural resources, explaining why the country is so wealthy
compared to other nations. These resources include fertile grazing land, oil
and gas, iron, coal, timber, and...
...English in NewZealand (NZEng)
Very few differences:
Like AusEng ‘shall’ and ‘should’ avoidance
“Will I see you there?” as in ScotEng
Singular verb agreement preferred
The team is playing badly
“in the weekend” rather than at / on
Some distinct NZEng items
Mostly in colloquial usage & slang
to front (up)
to jack up
to say goodbye to
to turn up, appear
to pick up, collect
public recreation area, park
to share a flat
a chilly bin
cooler, cold box
a guy, a bloke
to play truant
(South Island only)
Some Maori loan words
fruit / bird / New Zealander
Ceremonial dance (All Blacks – rugby)
Hello, thanks, cheers
As in AusEng
Abbreviated forms and diminutives more common
ute utility vehicle, pick-up truck varsity university
smoko break, rest period postie postman
Thanks can be used in place of please
Can I have a cup of tea, thanks?
Very few differences:...
...Five Forces Analysis 2
Threat of new entrant 2
Bargaining power of customers 2
Bargaining power of suppliers 2
Threat of substitute products or services 3
Intensity of competitive rivalry 3
PEST Analysis 3
Political Factor 3
Economic Factor 4
Socio-Culture Factor 4
Strategic Issues 4
A newspaper is usually a daily or weekly publication which have lasted news about some events or information of special or general interest. The world is now changing gradually and globalization has become a trend. People have to be more open to access to new information and lasted news in order to keep up with the world. Hence, it is important for the newspaper publishers to understand its future market and competitors in order to strengthen its company. In NewZealand, there are several newspaper publishers that own many newspaper titles. However, it could be said that the newspaper industry in NewZealand is a duopoly with two key competitors: APN News and Media (APN) and Fairfax Media since they are the two biggest companies aside from many independent publishers. This report is to conduct an external analysis of the Newspaper Industry in NewZealand with the application of Porter’s Five Force analysis and PEST analysis. It will also point out...
...Maori Leadership in Aotearoa/NewZealand
Every generation needs a new revolution-Thomas Jefferson
The Maori people are the indigenous race of NewZealand (King, 2003). The word Maori is derived from `tangata Maori`, which means ordinary people and it was first used by Maori to differentiate themselves from the early European settlers (Ranford, n.d.). The main characteristic of Maori society is communal living, with social groupings based on extended families. The British colonists arrived in NewZealand in the 1800s, and the interaction of the Maoris with the colonists resulted in changes to the Maori culture. The traditional Maori leadership system is still in place but there are a number of non-traditional bodies where leaders are both appointed and elected (Nga Tuara, 1992).
Traditional Maori Leadership
The traditional Maori leadership included key positions such as ariki, rangatira, tohunga and kaumatua (Winiata, 1967). The traditional Maori leadership was largely chieftainship, based on matamua (primogeniture), whakapapa, and seniority (Mahuika, 1992). The family’s first born male in any generation was the ariki (paramount chief) who was the leader of the iwi (Mahuika, 1992). The ariki had authority to direct war expeditions, resolve disputes, administer the tribe, allocate land and manage communal projects (Winiata, 1967). Every hapu...