Is the EU policy sufficient considering a constant increase of immigrants in Europe?
Table of content
•General European Circumstances
1.How many immigrants are in Europe (Legal/Illigal)
2. rights of immigrants
6.Bundesamt for immigration
7.Investigating actual abilities despite poorness
•EU migration and integration policy
•EU entrance countries
•Integration improvement proposals
1.How to regulate immigration flow referring quality and quantity 2.Take a look at Canada’s integration policy
1.How to encourage a “we” between locals and immigrants 2.Lack of awareness of foreign cultures
3.Lack of appreciation of work or/and working skills
4.Analyzing national integration programs
5.Check transparency and feasibility of nation education systems for immigrants 6.Influence on national
a.Stern: wie gefährlich ist der Koran; schwarzes cover ;
b.Splitting instead of concilitating
c.Create national fear
d.Ehrenmord v.s Familiendrama
7.Respect of foreign religion: Integration on both sides – People are strange when you are a stranger 8.How and from whom are integration and social employees trained a.How are they doing heir Job
b.Are they open and willing to truly understand the needs of immigrants c.
•Solution Proposal taking Germany as an example
1.Offer special education programs for immigrants according to national need of human resources. 2.Increase force of learning national language
3.Subsidiaries on companies for integration efforts
4.Step by Step incensement of regulation
5.Encouraging abilities despite poorness by EU Regulation
To give a broad overview about the situation of immigrants in Europe facts, figures and Problems are laid down. Then the EU immigration policy is explained
Afterwards national circumstances and entrance countries are described. To give concrete examples how national integration policies are executed the migration policies of France, the Netherlands, Germany and Italy are described in depth. By taking these four EU founding nations as an example, distinctions in approaching migration, integration and anti-discrimination are revealed.
After providing EU immigration policy knowledge and awareness of national immigration circumstances, the co-relation between national approaches and the EU policy is analyzed and finally interpreted. Finally conclusion and detailed improvement proposal are given. Immigrants in Europe
Immigration is a sensitive issue in EU, where the European Commission estimates there are up to 8 million illegal migrants. More than 200,000 illegal migrants were arrested in the EU in the first half of 2007, fewer than 90,000 were expelled. In its 2005 Action Programme on immigration, the European Commission stresses that 54% of first-generation immigrants with university degrees born in the Middle East and North Africa live in Canada or the United States, whilst 87% of those who have not completed their primary education or have not gone beyond primary or secondary school are in Europe
European migration and integration policy
Since signing the Maastricht treaty in 1992, the EU member states are working on a common migration policy. Issues such as anti-discrimination, asylum, immigration, and integration are discussed. Migration issues fall under intergovernmental law, so a state remains its sovereignty in implementing the EU migration policy. The first international integration effort certainly was: •UN Convention relating the status of refugees
...of Being an EUMember
The European Union purpose is to eliminate barriers for the movement of materials, labor and goods on
the continent. This has its advantages and disadvantages for the memberstate. Some claim there are more
advantages than disadvantages, according to the Academic Study in the UK EU has created a more peaceful
and stable way of market. The EU was created after the second world war, the plan was to work with
economically independent countries thus avoid conflict. The common currency is the euro, this union has
developed into a huge market. This organization isn’t just an economic union, it has become so much more,
from environmental needs to development aid.
Disadvantages of EU membership would be that there are countries not able to be involved because
some of the laws made by the EU are not acceptable by all countries. Member nations cannot make laws to
change this either because EU has made laws on that as well. What this means is that because of laws made
by the EU many countries can not participate. Another disadvantage would be that financially there has been
several difficulties. Some states within member nations might need help from surrounding states to afford this.
Often other member nations have to pool together which...
...The internal migration policy of the
Table of Contents
1 Statement of independent work 2
2 Preface, Introduction 3
3 History, Development and Policies 5
4 Recent results 5
4.1 Meeting in Tampere 6
4.2 Schäuble-Sarkozy paper 6
5 Living Europe Safely – Work program for the German EU Presidency (1.1.07–30.6.07) 8
5.1 Fighting illegal migration; preventing visa fraud 8
5.2 Improving returns 8
5.3 Protecting refugees – expanding cooperation 8
5.4 Managing legal immigration 9
5.5 Protecting the external borders – strengthening FRONTEX 9
6 Austria and migration 9
7 Sources 11
Statement of independent work
I declare that I drew up this paper totally independent and without the help of anybody else. I did not use other sources than indicated and ensure that I made a literal note of those sources I did use.
I’d like to say that this topic lies at my heart, especially because I come from a city in Upper-Styria, which has a major problem with migrants (13.5% migrants, estimated number of unreported cases is almost double the amount). People have prejudices and aren’t feeling safe any more. Crimes and fights increased drastically; most of them actually are racial conflicts. That’s the reason why I’d like to concentrate on this tropic.
First of all I’d like to start with a definition of migration. I looked it up in the...
...motive for immigration from the country of origin. In the case of economic migration usually labor migration, differences in wage rates are usual. If the value of wages in the new country surpasses the value of wages in one’s native country, he or she may choose to migrate as long as the costs are not too high. For some migrants, education is the primary pull fact.
Retirement migration from rich countries to lower-cost countries with better climate is a new type of international migration. Examples include immigration of retired British citizens to Spain or Italy and of retired Canadian citizens to the U.S. Non-economic push factors include persecution mostly religious reasons, frequent abuse, bullying, oppression, ethnic cleansing and even genocide, and risks to civilians during war. Political motives traditionally motivate refugee flows to escape dictatorship for instance.
Another serious reason for immigration is War; a lot of people from Europe during both world wars came to America for refuge. It’s pretty normal to leave your country because of a conflict The United States is viewed worldwide as a highly desirable destination by would-be migrants. International polls by the Gallup organization have found that more than 165 million adults in 148 foreign countries would, if they could, move to the US, which is the most desired destination for migrants. Most immigrants who come to the United...
.... Reasons of Migration
It would never be an easy decision for a person to leave his country of birth and look for
his fortune elsewhere. There are a number of reasons why migrants leave their countries.
These so-called push factors exist in the poorer or conflict-weary regions of the world
and some of them are defined as:
• dissolution and disintegration of multicultural states, accompanied by religious
and ethnic conflicts;
• increase in natural disasters, the progressive destruction of major ecosystems
and the associated global warming as a result of the industrial economic system
• discrimination on various grounds;
• political instability and wars, continuing armed conflicts (including civil wars);
• economic situation;
• uncontrollable population growth; vast differences in population and economic
• impoverishment, as a result of failing social welfare systems (EUROPOL,
In turn, there are accompanying pull factors that make some countries target for
• shortage of manpower;
• comprehensive social security;
• positive economic situation;
• democratic systems of government, political and social stability;
• historical links;
• common languages;
• existing communities;
• expectations (EUROPOL, 2004).
There are a number of reasons of migration. For instance Castles defines
migration taking place due to environmental degradation and...
...the EU: Nuclear Energy Policy within European memberstates
The delegation of powers by memberstates for the process of integration has made the European Union unique in its kind. Although the main European theoretical schools might argue whether the EU is more supranational and intergovernmental, no one can argue that European states have made a serious commitment to create an “ever closer union”. Especially with the arrival of the single currency, it is clear that the level of cooperation among the European memberstates is nothing comparable either to any other International Governmental Organization (IGO) in the world or to any other federal state. Nowadays, the EU legislation affects several policy areas by trumping domestic law and by hampering the sovereign powers of its memberstates. However, compared to all the other policy fields that EU monitors, regulates, and enforces, the nuclear policy field has remained quite silent. Indeed, while all the other policy areas went through a functional integration process, the issue of nuclear energy remained clearly in the hands of states and rather went through a process of disintegration. Nonetheless, nuclear energy is far for not being important in the European scenario; a lot of states make...
EU Politics and Governance
The success of the European Union stems from delivering its initial objectives which were a lasting peace, prosperity and security. Having done so has created a body of laws and norms known as acquis communautaire in the Community's parlance. However, when analysing closely, one finds that the EU exports its norms and regulatory policies to its allies and countries and regions throughout the world. Having studied many of theEU policies that are either intergovernmental or supranational in nature, please discuss this assertion while using policies such as the EU Enlargement and Neighbourhood policy and Common Commercial Policy and many others that you can think of to sustain your viewpoints.
Europe, having been devastated first by World War I and then World War II, needed stability, both to recover some of its former glory as well as to build a sort of “barrier” against the Soviet Union. Feeling, that a strong Europe would be better able to achieve both these objectives, the USA aided the reconstruction efforts of Europe1, thereby enabling Europe to develop and become what it has today. It's objectives are and always have been long lasting peace, security and prosperity. And it is fair to say that these objectives have been delivered. The EU is now the world's largest integrated market2 with a potential five million customers, making it an attractive trading partner...
...create a political unit that would become independent from Britain as a single state. This Federation consisted of ten (10) territories which were: Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Barbados, Montserrat, Jamaica, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla, Saint Vincent and lastly Trinidad and Tobago. The total population of the West Indies Federation was between three (3) and four (4) million people, and contained around twenty-four (24) inhabited islands with the largest being Jamaica. The Federal Parliament was bi-cameral consisting of an elected House of Representatives and a nominated Senate. Sir Grantley Adams, of Barbados was the one and only Prime Minister of the Federation, Queen Elizabeth II was the Head of State and the Federal capital was located in Trinidad. Also, flag was made to represent the ten territories that made up the Federation.
Aims of the West Indian Federation:
Britain did not show much interest after Emancipation because sugar no longer gained massive amounts of profits to Britain and this forced the member countries of the Federation to develop ideas to solve their social and economical problems.
To achieve independence.
To obtain cheaper wages for imports and gain better wages for exports.
Also, to resist the United States intervention in the affairs of the Caribbean.
The West Indies Federation also achieved some goals and theses were uniting the smaller states to...
...provisions of EU law, refuse Nic and Igor entry into Germany, this essay will first look at the right of Nic to enter and reside in Germany and then finally whether under EU provisions he has the right to bring with him his son Igor.
Article 45 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) makes provisions for the freedom of movement of “workers of the MemberStates.” The Treaty does not itself give a definition of the term “worker,” however subsequent European Court of Justice (ECJ) cases have provided this definition. The two main cases are Levin v Staatssecretaria van Justitie (case 53/81)  ECR 1035 and Lawrie-Blum v Land Baden-Württemberg (case 66/85)  3 CMLR 389, the latter of which provides a refined definition of the employment relationship. Unfortunately, under the definitions provided by these cases Nic cannot be considered a “worker.” However, the ECJ judgment in the case of R v Immigration Appeal Tribunal ex parte Antonissen (case C-292/89)  ECR I-745, provides protection for those who wish to move to another MemberState in order to seek employment. Further protection has also now been included into EU legislation by Directive 2004/38, which provides at Art 6(1) for “Union Citizens” to have the right of residence in the territory of another MemberState for up to three months without any conditions...