Human migration is physical movement by humans from one area to another, sometimes and usually over long distances or in large groups. The people who migrate are more commonly called migrants, or more specifically emigrants and immigrants. Immigration is the act of coming to a foreign country to live and emigration is the act of leaving one‘s country to settle in a foreign country. The term "immigrant" is often considered to be rather disparaging; a person from a poorer country settling in a richer one would be called an immigrant. Migration happens all over the world. In some countries migration happens more than in others. According to the International Organization for Migration's World Migration Report 2010, the number of international migrants was estimated to be 214,000,000 in 2010 alone and if it continues to grow at the same pace as it has the past 20 years, then it could reach 405,000,000 in 2050. In 1882, for the first time in American history, Congress had passed a law that restricted free and open immigration into the United States. This first act specifically targeted Chinese immigrants that were migrating to have the “American Dream.” In the 1920’s, American immigration policy evolved into a nakedly discriminatory ethnic quota system, which allowed most Northwestern Europeans to enter freely while strictly limiting the immigration of Southern and Eastern Europeans and entirely excluding all Asians.
There are many different reasons people migrate. One of these reasons is education. Education is and always will be very important. In the more poor countries, education is not nearly as advanced as it is in the richer countries. For example, Africa is in extreme poverty. Africa also has a very poor education system. On the other hand, the Unites States’ education is much more advanced. Therefore, it is a possibility that African people migrate to the United States for a better education.
Another reason for migration is a higher standard of living....
.... Reasons of Migration
It would never be an easy decision for a person to leave his country of birth and look for
his fortune elsewhere. There are a number of reasons why migrants leave their countries.
These so-called push factors exist in the poorer or conflict-weary regions of the world
and some of them are defined as:
• dissolution and disintegration of multicultural states, accompanied by religious
and ethnic conflicts;
• increase in natural disasters, the progressive destruction of major ecosystems
and the associated global warming as a result of the industrial economic system
• discrimination on various grounds;
• political instability and wars, continuing armed conflicts (including civil wars);
• economic situation;
• uncontrollable population growth; vast differences in population and economic
• impoverishment, as a result of failing social welfare systems (EUROPOL,
In turn, there are accompanying pull factors that make some countries target for
• shortage of manpower;
• comprehensive social security;
• positive economic situation;
• democratic systems of government, political and social stability;
• historical links;
• common languages;
• existing communities;
• expectations (EUROPOL, 2004).
There are a number of reasons of migration. For instance Castles defines
migration taking place due to environmental degradation and explores links...
...World Views and CulturalLandscapes
Every land has a past and a story behind it that has been built with time. This history is extremely important because if you take the time to analyse a certain land, you can realise that it has a lot of interesting things that you can learn. But are some lands more important than other? To characterise a land as a culturallandscape, many criteria are demanded. Also, a big influence for this kind of land is the world view. Here are two important terms that I will discuss about in my essay, but how are they related? Does a relationship exists between these two? Yes it does, and I will make you understand it through my text.
Before explaining you the link between world views and culturallandscapes, it is really important that you understand the meaning of those both words. Before knowing what is a landscape, we have to understand the meaning of the words culture and landscape. What do we refer to when we talk about a landscape? According to my course pack "It refers to the way of viewing the environment surrounding us and the environment itself".1 Basically it means that it is what we can see, it is a territory and it is physically present. A good definition for culture would be : the set of distinctive spiritual, material, intellectual and emotional features of society or a social group...
...MIGRATIONMigration can be defined as the process of going from one country, region or place of residence to settle in another. The duration of this new settlement varies, but for the purposes of this paper the focus is on individuals who relocate either semi-permanently or permanently to another country. Also, urban-rural migration within the same country is not being discussed here. Migrants may move en masse or singly. For example, people who migrate for economic or educational reasons may move singly and at a latter date be joined by their families, whereas people who move due to political reasons may move en masse but with or without their families (1). Although not all people who migrate are from ethnic minority groups, it is of note that a significant proportion is. The multicultural nature of British society is supported by the 1991 census. Ethnic categories were first used in the UK in the 1991 census, at which time over three million people, or approximately 5.5% of the general population, were from ethnic minority (non-white) groups (2). Of these, 30% described themselves as black, black African or other and 28% described themselves as Indian; however, by the 2001 census the categories of ethnic ascription had increased and the proportion of ethnic minorities had increased to 7.9%. The minority ethnic population in the UK grew by 53% between 1991 and 2001, from 3 million people to 4.6 million people respectively....
...facing harder times, they take all the chances in the hopes of succeeding. This is referred to as economic migration. Emigrants and their families move out of their countries and head to new regions to be able to find better work opportunities.
Most of the time, these people would eventually return to their mother country after earning sufficient money. Even though they have lived in a certain country for a number of years, they would always feel as guests because of bigcultural differences. When they choose to preserve their original culture, language, and traditions and transmit them to their kids, it may result to a conflict between the native and the newer culture.
An answer that you can obtain from the question “Why do people migrate?” has something to do with social migration. It is leaving one’s country to be closer to family or friends for a better quality of life. There are those who migrate to be with their other half. They leave their motherland to start a family with someone of another race or somebody who has chosen to start anew in a different country. Even though they miss their families and friends back home, they think that they have to sacrifice in order to start their own family.
Political migration is another answer from the query “Why do people migrate?” This type is any resettlement motivated mainly by political interests. It differs from other migrations since it attempts to...
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Why PoPulation Matters to Migration anD Urbanization
People are moving from place to place more than ever before. Rates of international migration are increasing, and more than half of the world’s population now lives in cities.1 Many personal, economic, and environmental factors drive migration, and the pressures of population growth often contribute to individuals’ decisions to move. Improving the status of women through increased access to reproductive health care in rural and urban areas can affect migration and urbanization trends by reducing demand for public services and increasing employment and economic opportunities.
the State of Migration and Urbanization In 2010, more...
Definitions of Migration
There are two basic kinds of migration—internal and external. Internal migration occurs when someone moves from one section of a country to another, usually for economic reasons. The most notable example of internal migration has been the movement from rural regions to cities. This kind of migration has occurred since the earliest recorded periods of civilization.
Reasons of migration |
If people are satisfied where they are, they will not migrate. For migration to take place, there must be some factor that pushes people out or that pulls them to a new environment. Throughout history, people have left their native lands for a variety of reasons: religious or racial persecution, lack of political freedom, economic deprivation.
Obstacles to Migration
Becoming an emigrant is no easy matter. For an individual it means leaving home, family, friends, and a familiar social environment to take one's chances in a new place. For groups of people the situation is much the same; they must uproot themselves from one society to move into another. They probably will not know the language, the customs, or the laws.
At an African slave market black slavers have brought their victims to...
...British such as the Christ Church. It is one of the oldest church in Malaysia by the Dutch. This church is also known as the hallmark of 18th century Dutch architecture. Since then, Malacca’s red structures have become a symbol of the dutch influence. However, the bridge was painted in red and white to show the architectural influence of dutch took over Malacca.
In conclusion, the bridge shows the combination of Malay, Chinese and Dutch design which creates the sense and form of unity. It shows that how different culture can influence and form design into one piece of structure. The mixing of different architectural influence and design make the people curious to know why and what is the story behind it. This bridge shows appealing blend of cultural, historical and natural attractions of Malacca.
...International migration is no easy matter, and people don’t make the choice casually to uproot their lives and leave home and family behind. Migration occurs for many reasons. Many people leave their home countries in order to look for better economic opportunities abroad. Others migrate to be with family members or because of political conditions in their countries. Education is another reason for international migration, as students pursue their studies abroad.
These migrants can be divided into two large groups, permanent and temporary. Permanent migrants aim to establish their permanent residence in a new country and perhaps obtain that country’s citizenship. Temporary migrants aim to stay for a limited periods of time; perhaps until the end of a particular program of study or for the duration of their work contract. Both types of migrants have a significant effect on the economies and societies on both countries.
Almost all migrants use the same reasons for migrating to a different country. First, it could be due to employment opportunities and the wage gap among geographical locations. We all know how the wage rate of $15-20/day in the United States had been encouraging the Mexicans to leave their country. It is also for this wage difference that many people from third world Asian countries are gambling their lives to go to the Middle East, Europe or to some other countries.
Second, labor demand has increased in some...