Migrant labor is the movement of people from one place to another in order to find jobs. When you first hear this definition you may think a few people moving out of the country does not matter. However, you have to consider immigration may involve large numbers of people. Movement of such large numbers may cause a lot of changes in the home country, host-country and the laborer’s health. This is why I do not support the idea of labor migration at all.
To begin with, some people claim that migrant labor has a positive impact on the economy of the home country. According to these people, laborers invest in improved technology on family farms or set up new enterprises in their home-countries with the money t. However, migration causes a decrease in the number of people living in an area. Consequently, Labor force decreases and the companies in the home-country collapse, which affects the economy of this country very badly.
Secondly, the supporters of labor migration advocate that this movement improves the immigrant’s standard of living. They put this idea forward because in their opinion, labor integration enables people to have a new life in new areas. The migrants also help their relatives to have a higher standard of living. However, there is a point the supporters of this idea are missing. There are hard social consequences of immigration. Firstly, the immigrants are split from their families, a condition which is almost impossible to stand. Moreover, they are thrown into a difficult cultural and linguistic environment which they are totally strange to. Finally, conflicts with host-population occur, which may influence the immigrant’s psychological health badly.
To sum up, labor migration has several bad effects, but still, some people support this movement. It is clear that these people do not consider the situation in all aspects. All things considered, I believe that the spread of migrant labor should be...
...Labor Unions: Relevant or Irrelevant? Good or Bad?
During previous years, labor unions were used by industry workers as a way to make their voices heard and to push for change regarding unfair treatment. To some, these unions were seen as a form of threat but to others it was a way to bring the workforce together and make it beneficial to not one or a few, but to all. Labor unions have become irrelevant in the United States today. They were an important and fundamental part of the history of United States commerce and the country’s growth into an economic powerhouse (Jacob Silverman. How Labor Unions Work). But, as time has progressed and the economy and society have greatly advanced, there is a less need for labor unions. In addition to their irrelevancy, unions are unbeneficial to the United States commerce. To begin with, unions were formed initially for the common good and as a form of protection, but now they abuse their power to the detriment of its members. More importantly, they create a competition between the workers’ standard of living and the competitive strength of the employer. Furthermore, they decrease the amount of jobs available in the economy.
Unions were formed initially for the common good and as a form of protection, but now they abuse their power to the detriment (disadvantage) of its members. When unions first came into existence in the 19th century, it was the beginning of...
...W QDL= f(W) We recap by recalling labour costs where when costs
Go up, companies create a more mechanized form of labour
Therefore, labour becomes more capital intensive.
∑ LD, W (the elasticity of labour demand with respect to wage = % change LD (demand for labour)
% change in wage (w)
WHEN WE LOOK AT THE SUPPLY OF LABOUR = LS = g(w, # of earners, level of education)
Note: the increasing level of education increases the hour of work (LS)
Sidenote: explained about wealth – which is the accumulation of income which is not consumed vs income which is meant to consume.
Tool and Die makers for example are at a shortage, which means there is an excess demand, where the supply curve shifts to the left. How do we solve this?
Though apprenticeships and grants and training in companies is one solution
However, Canada has solved this through immigration, a long term problem making the country more dependent on immigrant workers.
In terms of unionized workers, the demand tends to be more inelastic. Where the demand curve becomes more steep, equalling to a higher wage.
Labour Market Features
1st: more regulated than other markets Eg. Laws, labour legislation, company agreements between unions. Companies do not have complete ownership of workers but can have some control over their performance eg. Performance compensation
2nd: Wage rates are more sluggish in adjusting to imbalances. Implication:...
... Children as young as six years old worked long hours in poor environments, this is child labor. The work harms children or keeps them from attending school. All around the world and including U. S., grew gaps between rich and poor in recent decades having to force millions of young children to be out of school and into work. The International Labor Organization estimates that 215 million children between the ages of 5 and 17 currently work under conditions that are considered illegal, hazardous, or extremely exploitative. Underage children work all sorts of jobs, usually because the children and their families are extremely poor. Large numbers of children work in commercial agriculture, fishing, manufacturing, mining, and domestic service. Some children work in illicit activities like the drug trade and prostitution or other traumatic activities such as serving as soldiers. Forms of child labor, including indentured servitude and child slavery, have existed throughout history. As industrialization moved workers from farms and home workshops into urban areas and factory work, children were often preferred, because factory owners viewed them as more manageable, cheaper, and less likely to strike. Growing opposition to child labor in the North caused many factories to move to the South. By then, American children worked in large numbers in mines, glass factories, textiles, agriculture, canneries, home industries, and...
July 24, 2014
Sweatshop labor is something we hear all too often but do you know what a sweatshop really is? A sweatshop is defined by the United States Department of Labor as company that breaks 2 or more federal laws. Sweatshops are inhumane, companies force people to work in unsafe, unsanitary, for low wages, and use children as well. Companies make millions each year off of sweatshop labor.
Are the items you purchase made in a sweatshop? If you shop at places like Walmart, Nike, Victoria’s Secret, or Calvin Kline then more than likely yes they are. Some common items that we buy that are made in sweatshops are shoes, clothes, coffee, and bananas. In 1992 Nike was exposed by Jeff Ballinger in his Harper article after he exposed an Indonesian employee subcontractor who made only .14 cents per hour; this is not even the required minimum wage in Indonesia as well as other documented abuses. “Many of these workers do not like describing their workplaces as “sweatshops”, because they think it makes them sound like victims. But these workers know their wages and conditions are unacceptably low and many of them organize protests to demand better wages and conditions, even though doing so can put their jobs at risk” (Oxfam. (2014, January 1). When products are made in places where the workers are unhappy they usually produce lower quality items because they...
Abstract: Child labor refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful. Child labor started around the industrial revolution. During the industrial revolution, Children had always worked, especially in farming. But factory work was hard. A child with a factory job might work 12 to 18 hours a day, six days a week, to earn a dollar. Many children began working before the age of 7, tending machines in spinning mills or hauling heavy loads. The factories were often damp, dark, and dirty. Some children worked underground, in coal mines. The working children had no time to play or go to school, and little time to rest.
Child labor impacted America in a bad way. It started in America around the same time as the Industrial Revolution, which was around the 1800’s. The children, who had to do labor, got little to no education, so therefore couldn’t get descent jobs as an adult. Most of the jobs that children got, such as mines and factories, included being in dangerous situations, where with factories they were around dangerous machinery and with mining jobs, they were around explosives. It also ruined their childhoods because the jobs, the children got mostly included long hours with low...
...discriminate against women, in general, working in the labor force.
We would not be taking up discrimination in this paper but we would just like to use this introduction to explain why our topic exists in society today. Our topic is the effect of having early access to or the availability of contraceptives to the labor supply of women. Because of the constant discrimination and stereotypes that are given to them, women themselves have doubts about their capabilities to work and succeed in society. Women are less willing to get into the labor force because of the stereotype that they should just be at home, giving birth and taking care of their offspring while their husband goes out and earns them income. This has belittled the capabilities of women to make a difference in society and has hindered them to pursue their own dreams may it be to be a doctor, a lawyer, and engineer, etc.
This controversy of women not joining the labor force or are delayed in joining the labor force due to giving birth and taking care of their young has negative effects in society as it increases the unemployed and lessening the productivity of the different institutions and companies that could’ve put these women to use for their productivity and given them income for their families to be better off. To respond to this negative effect, governments around the world had been promoting bills and laws to increase the...
Sweatshop Labor Paper
Labor Practices Paper
Throughout the past decades the United States has allowed and been faced with sweatshop pro’s and con’s. There have been active sweatshop being utilized and there have also been many protests taking place by concerned government entities, labor boards and student organizations regarding the unethical operations of sweatshops. It is more common for sweatshop to be in operation in Third World countries because sweatshops are considered to be a positive move for economic development in the Third World counties.
It has been known for an organization from the United States to employee Third World country workers because of supply and demand on a particular product. When these products are manufactured by sweatshops in the Third World countries this ca n help control inflated cost for the products that have to be passed on to the consumers. The Third World countries are producing products for a consent high demand of apparel directly for the United States or through subcontractors for the Unclassified United States. The consumer demands for products continually enable the sweatshops to be a functioning and productive business, so the organizations have no logical reason to make any business decision changes because of the financial profits.
The wages and long hours that the employees of the sweatshops work are...
Elie Bou Chaaya
ENL 110 Section “D”
Miss Zeina Fayyad
18, January, 2008
Thesis statement: Child labor nowadays is considered to be a social injustice due to its harmful effects on the personal and psychological life of the child where the kinds of work offered to the child increases the amount of these effects regarding the solutions.
I. Harmful personal and physical effects of child labor
A. Low pay
B. Very long work hours
C. Forbids children right in education
D. Physical harm
1. Increased risk of accidents
2. Working in unregulated environments where little attention is paid
3. Violence exerted by adults on children
4. Risk of illness from poor medical attention
II. Serious psychological effects done by child labor
E. The feeling of fear, isolation, hunger and emotional abuse
F. Dangerous abuse and exploitation witnessed by domestic labor
G. Long-term effects
5. IQ reduction
6. Feeling of insecure
III. Kinds of work offered to the child
A. Exploitive occupations
7. Carpet weaving
I. Light industry
J. Commercial sex and drug trade
IV. Causes of child labor
L. Family migration from rural to urban areas