Media Regulation Vs Freedom of Expression
India is considered the largest democracy in the World. A free country which is also recognized from its media. Through ages many countries have tried to give "Freedom of Expression" to their media whether it be print media, broadcast media or the latest online media. But have we ever thought that what is actually considered as "Freedom of Expression". Our constitution in Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution guarantees the right to freedom of speech and expression, from which is derived the freedom of the press or the media, because there is no separate mention of media in the Constitution. It is the individual's right to freedom of speech and expression in which it is understood. But on the other hand it is subjected to reasonable restrictions under specified heads which are mentioned in Article 19(2): like public order, contempt of court, etc.
With 'Freedom'comes a lot of responsibilities for media. Actually the media is the mirror to the world but nowadays the roles are changing from informer to opinion making, influencing and decision making.
Recently the Chairman of Press Council of India while commenting on the reportage of Social Activist Anna Harare's agitation said that a large section of print and electronic media was swayed by emotions and consequently became a part of the movement which defies the role of media of an informer 1. These kind of events prove that there is no actual regulation on media in our country.
Media under the disguise of citizen journalism, freedom of expression and other rights has exploited the vitality of "Freedom of Expression". In our country there are numerous bodies/commissions which recommend the codes for various media. These codes are also revised from time to time through a laborious research on their applicability in simultaneous times to be followed. But the biggest concern is the absence of any regulating body which keeps a check when any media commits a...
...Media And Freedom Of Expression
India is one of the greatest democratic country in the world, which is based on the three pillars: Executive, Legislature and Judiciary. These three pillars monitor to each other, but now a days the Media is playing a role of the fourth pillar of democracy, which keeps eyes on these three pillars.
Journalism, plays a key role in media. It delivers all the information of current affairs and in the country and world.
Our constitution gives us Right To Freedom Of Speech And Expression by Article 19. On the basis of this article media also expresses its view regarding current affairs and try to raise public voice against unfair government rule. Also, Article 19 of the Universal Declaration Of Human Rights (UDHR), guarantees right to freedom of expression as, “Everyone has right to freedom of opinion and expression, this right includes the right to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through our media and regardless of frontiers.”
A day by day development in science and satellite technology, media has reached directly to the people and to the whole world. It means live telecast of current affairs, parliamentary work, sports, events we can...
...Human dignity and freedom of expression in the media
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Human dignity and freedom of expression in mediaFreedom of expression is the basis of human dignity and one of the human rights, according to the Universal Declaration of Human Right “Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers”. However, with the development of the media, the personality and dignity of the human is fading away from the freedom of speech and the press. For example, the recent hot events, two DJs Mel Greig and Michael Christian pretended to be Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Charles in a prank call to the London Hospital to inquire about Kate’s health. Nurse Saldana put their call through to another nurse who revealed details about the Duchess of Cambrige’s health on air. The hoax led to nurse Saldana’s suicide (Quan, 2013). Hence how to guarantee the harmonious development of human dignity and freedom of expression in...
...Freedom of Speech and Expression and Journalism
Problems faced in the industry, and the solutions and guidelines to the problem.
A report done by Ooi K.L Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman
*Note: This is an undergraduate individual assignment report. It might not be the best report, yet it is still referable for other undergraduates who are doing the same subject area. ** This assignment was done for the subject UAMG 3063 - Communication Law in the third year of Degree in Public Relations under the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences at Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman
Freedom of Speech and Expression and Journalism Journalism is a difficult profession in Malaysia and they face impediments peculiar to the society (Radhakrishnan 2010). Radhakrishnan says in his report that journalish has an honorable objective which is the circulation and dissemination of information including news, comment and opinion as well as entertainment. He also states that journalists should be borne in mind that in order to enjoy to status of a profession, the practitioners are expected at all times to conduct themselves in an ethical manner upholding the best tradition of the profession The role of journalism in a democratic society needs special mention. It is a necessary and essential prerequisite for democracy to survive. It acts as the fourth estate and it is also the essential watchdog over the conduct of the government (Radhakrishnan...
...something we collectively call ‘the media’. But, unluckily, as with most things of value, it is prone to exploitation. By the marketers and PR managers working for the commercialist culture or even the governments that like to ‘control’ public viewpoint by being spoon-fed their own political or commercial agendas. To inform the consciences of millions of individuals and help shape their thinking can never really be a ‘neutral’ task. It requires a determination ofmedia owners, editors and journalists to discharge their duties in a manner that balances commercial imperatives, human rights, social responsibility and national vision. It is unfortunate and disheartening that our media is notorious for processing and filtering the actual truth in many events, creating a distorted reflection that condenses innuendo, gossip, lies, rumors, speculations and suspicions into a form of entertainment, character assassination, scandal or simply packaged as a commercial product that deceives us and we don’t ever even suspect.
It’s ironic that all this is being done by the media which is fully aware of its constitutional responsibility as a guardian of democracy and watchdog of the people.
In the 21st century, media has evolved into an institution with overwhelming power… the power to shape entire generations’ viewpoints. And thus is CRITICALLY important that it fully realizes the immense responsibility that comes...
...Freedom of Expression:
All people in the United States are guaranteed this right by the Constitution. Students, however, do not have this right to the same extent as adults. This is because public schools are required to protect all students at the school. The major aspects of this right are speech and dress. Both the right to speech and dress are not absolute in public high schools. According to the American Civil Liberties Union: "You (students) have a right to express your opinions as long as you do so in a way that doesn't 'materially and substantially' dirsupt classes or other school activities. If you hold a protest on the school steps and block the entrance to the building, school officials can stop you. They can probably also stop you from using language they think is 'vulgar or indecent'("Ask Sybil Libert" ACLU 1998). Public schools can also restrict student dress. In 1987 in Harper v. Edgewood Board of Education the court upheld "a dress regulation that required students to 'dress in conformity wit hthe accepted standards of the community'"(Whalen 72). This means that schools can restrict clothing with vulgarities and such, but they cannot restrict religious clothing: "School officials must accommodate
student's religious beliefs by permitting the wearing of religious clothing when such clothing must be worn during the school day as a part of the student's religious practice"(Whalen 78).
Back to Student Rights in...
...FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION
‘Freedom of expression’ is an amalgamation of several concepts and rights that includes freedom of speech and choice of what a person is allowed to say, do, hear, feel or express. If we break down the words and analyse them from their core, the simple meaning according to various dictionaries of freedom is ‘the power to determine action without restraint’ or ‘exemption from external control, interference, regulation, etc’ this implies that freedom is liberty without constraints, whereas expression is nothing but the act of putting forth things in words or describing or expressing current emotions through multiple means at different levels, for example spiritual, mental, physical or social.
Since we are discussing ‘Freedom of expression’ in regard to social media and in specifics to social networking websites like Facebook and Wikileaks who assimilate multimillion threads of information and personal data every day, what they do with it and how it can affect various functional groups in the society like the (3 tier spread):
Freedom of speech is not generally seen as an absolute right, but a prudential right. An absolute right is a right that cannot be interfered of overridden, no matter what the public interest in doing...
...fought for freedom of expression. Laws have been passed, wars have been fought, and lives have been lost over the right to express an idea publicly. Why should such a seemingly natural right have fomented controversy, even to the point of bloodshed? Why have societies, both past and present, found it necessary to restrict or even to prohibit the exercise of this right? Sometimes freedom of speech has been viewed as a privilege to be enjoyed. At other times it has been considered a problem to be dealt with by governments or religions. Freedom of speech today is understood as a multi-faceted right that includes not only the right to express, or disseminate, information and ideas, but three further distinct aspects: the right to seek information and ideas; the right to receive information and ideas; and the right to impart information and ideas (Schumpeter, 2008, pg. 128). Freedom of expression is so hotly defended in western culture by virtue of its implications in government, democracy and religion.
Past leaders of government, like Stalin and Hitler for example, were dictators in favor of freedom of speech for views they liked only. Noam Chomsky states that: "If you believe in freedom of speech, you believe in freedom of speech for views you don't like” (Maddox, 1996, pg.78). Western culture understands the importance of freedom and...
...Freedom of Speech and expression means the right to express one's own convictions and opinions freely by words of mouth, writing, printing, pictures or any other mode. The freedom of speech is regarded as the first condition of liberty. Accepted that the right to freedom of speech is the essence of free society and it must be safeguarded at all time. Liberty to express opinions and ideas without hindrance, and especially without fear of punishment plays significant role in the development of that particular society and ultimately for that state. The freedom of expression includes all forms of art including cartoon, media-print and electronic etc.. The freedom of speech and expression do not confer an absolute right to express one's thoughts freely. Clause (2) of Article 19 of the Indian Constitution enables the legislature to impose certain restrictions on free speech such as security of the State, friendly relations with foreign States, public order, decency and morality, contempt of court, defamation, incitement to an offence, and sovereignty and integrity of India. Freedom of speech and expression are guaranteed not only by the constitution or statutes of various states but also by various international conventions like Universal Declaration of Human Rights, European convention on Human Rights and fundamental...