Meaning of justice in islam
In the Islamic worldview, justice denotes placing things in their rightful place. It also means giving others equal treatment. In Islam, justice is also a moral virtue and an attribute of human personality, as it is in the Western tradition. Justice is close to equality in the sense that it creates a state of equilibrium in the distribution of rights and duties, but they are not identical. Sometimes, justice is achieved through inequality, like in unequal distribution of wealth. The Prophet of Islam declared: “There are seven categories of people whom God will shelter under His shade on the Day when there will be no shade except His. [One is] the just leader.”(Saheeh Muslim) God spoke to His Messenger in this manner:
“O My slaves, I have forbidden injustice for Myself and forbade it also for you. So avoid being unjust to one another.” (Saheeh Muslim) Thus, justice represents moral rectitude and fairness, since it means things should be where they belong. The importance of justice
The Quran, the sacred scripture of Islam, considers justice to be a supreme virtue. It is a basic objective of Islam to the degree that it stands next in order of priority to belief in God’s exclusive right to worship (Tawheed) and the truth of Muhammad’s prophethood. God declares in the Quran: “God commands justice and fair dealing...” (Quran 16:90) And in another passage:
“O you who believe, be upright for God, and (be) bearers of witness with justice!...” (Quran 5:8) Therefore, one may conclude that justice is an obligation of Islam and injustice is forbidden. The centrality of justice to the Quranic value system is displayed by the following verse: “We sent Our Messengers with clear signs and sent down with them the Book and the Measure in order to establish justice among the people…” (Quran 57:25) The phrase ‘Our Messengers’ shows that justice has been the goal of all revelation and scriptures sent to humanity. The verse also shows that...
...JUSTICE (ADL, INSAAF):
Justice means fairness, equity or righteousness.
To be treated equally or justly is the inborn right of all human beings. That is why Islam has given utmost importance to justice. The importance of justice can be revealed through following verses and ahadiths:
VERSES OF QURAN:
1) O ye who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah, even as against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against) rich or poor: for Allah can best protect both. Follow not the lusts (of your hearts) lest ye swerve and if ye distort (justice) or decline to do justice, verily Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do. (Surah An-Nisa 136)
2) If you do judge, judge between them justly. Allah loves the just. (Surah al-Maida, 42)
3) You who believe! Show integrity for the sake of Allah, bearing witness with justice. Do not let hatred for a people incite you into not being just. Be just. That is closer to taqwa. Fear [and respect] Allah. Allah is aware of what you do. (Surah al-Maida, 8)
4) We sent Our Messengers with the Clear Signs and sent down the Book and the Balance with them so that mankind might establish justice. (Surat al-Hadid, 25)
5) Allah does not forbid you from being good to those who have not fought you in the deen or driven you from your homes,or...
...Islam: Field Study Research
Professor Jonathan Pedrone
REL212: World Religions-Summer
September 4, 2011
Islam: Field Study Research
After interviewing a member of the Islamic faith, I came to the realization that there are very many misconceptions about the religion of Islam and that these misconceptions are very hurtful, disrespectful, and inhumane. In this paper, I will first discuss several misconceptions that I had about the Islamic faith. I will then analyze how my prior understanding about the religion was altered through interviewing a member of the Islamic faith. Next, I will discuss my beliefs on misconceptions about other people’s religion being common or not. Lastly, I will recommend steps that can be taken to minimize misconceptions people have about religions that are not their own.
I had many misconceptions about Islam before speaking with a member of the religion. The first was that Islam oppresses women. When I thought about women in Islam, I thought of the image of a woman wearing a veil, and other heavy, dark clothing, where no skin would be visible, even in the hot summer months. I thought about how women were forced to stay home, and were not allowed to drive vehicles. I also believed that the Muslim’s God, Allah, was not the same as the God in Christianity, and was a false god. I...
...IslamIslam is not only considered to be a spiritual connection to God, but it is a way of life; how one remembers God on day to day basis by not only praying five times a day but also by abiding to the rules and regulations that he has bestowed upon adherents for prevention of sin. The quote “If you want to be free of all affliction and suffering, hold fast to god, and turn wholly to him” is accredited to Abū Ḥāmid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazālī (c. 1058–1111), a highly significant Islamic Scholar during the “Islamic Golden Era”.
Abū Ḥāmid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazālī is recognised as a significant scholar throughout the Islamic faith, particularly to both Sunni and Sufi members. Firstly, his ability as a Fiqh scholar (Islamic jurisprudence) was great; through his study of Islamic Fiqh sciences, he was able to come up with various approaches, which significantly impacted upon Islam. From his ability as a Fiqh scholar, he was able to form judgements objectively.
Al Ghazali’s impact on the development of Islam can be seen in his accomplished synthesis of the areas of; theology, philosophy, law and mysticism. He has made significant contributions to each of these disciplines yet what is often referred to as his most significant contribution was his ability to bring out the best from all these disciplines and strands of Islam in a way that provided strength and maturity to Islamic thought....
...REL1006S: COURSE ESSAY
Discuss how Islam is a quest to be faithful to the transcendent, both directly and through social engagement
Islam is a religion based on the belief in one God, His messenger and the four other pillars. These five pillars are central to Muslims, followers of Islam and mould their beings and are part of their everyday lives. This essay will look at the abovementioned pillars, what they are and how they form part of the quest to be faithful to the transcendent. Mention will also be made to how Islam ‘plays out’ in everyday life, thus how this quest is and can be done both directly and through social engagement.
Firstly, we need to establish who or what the Transcendent is. I would like to describe the transcendent, according to Islamic beliefs, as being both Allah (Arabic word for God) and the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Allah, of course is the most important aspect of Islam but it is also relevant that great emphasis is placed on the Prophet. Muslims strive to be more like the Prophet, by following his ‘way of life’, the Sunnah and as a result, pleasing and becoming closer to God. The Five Pillars of Islam, based on work by Mark Sedgwick (2006) are important components of Muslim worship. The first of the five pillars is the “…recognition that there is no god other than God, and that Muhammad is the Prophet of God” (Sedgwick: 2006, 70). This may not seem like an ‘act of...
Cultural Discussion |
[A discussion and Identification of the history and location of the second largest religion and culture in the world, Islam and the followers of the faith, Muslims. A look at and description of the positive and negative points of the culture as well as ways in which Islam have affected and contributed to society.] |
Roddric Dodd Paragraph Word Count: 1041
Professor: Jason M. Brocato Total Word Count: 1128
Social Science 101-The Human Behavior Perspective
May 12, 2013
Cultural Discussion Paper
Islam, a culture that I am least knowledgeable on, began in Mecca in western Saudi Arabia during the seventh century. Even though it is believed that this faith began with a small group of followers Islam is now one of the largest religion and culture practiced in the world today. It is said that Islam began with the prophet Muhammad during 570-632 AD when he was visited by an angel and received the message of Islam which believes “Allah is the only god” (Wuthnow 383). Those that submit themselves to this faith and Allah are called Muslims.
Muhammad a business man from Mecca and the founder of Islam was born 570-571 AD (Rieber). He was born into one of the most powerful and influential tribe of the time, Quraish. Muhammad’s father was a successful merchant who died...
Is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a book considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God and by the teachings and normative example (called the Sunnah and composed of hadith) of considered by them to be the last prophet of God. An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim.
Concerns the religion of Islam and its adherents, Muslims. "Muslim" is an Arabic word meaning "one who submits to God". Muslims and their religion have greatly impacted the political, economic, and military history of the Old World, especially the Middle East, where its roots lie. Though it is believed by non-Muslims to have originated in Mecca and Medina, Muslims believe that the religion of Islam has been present since the time of the prophet Adam. Muslims believe that prophets Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, among others, were all Islamic prophets, and they have equal veneration in the Qur'an. The Islamic world expanded to include people of the Islamic civilization, inclusive of non-Muslims living in that civilization.
Timeline of Muhammad's Life (A.D)
570 - Born in Mecca
576 - Orphaned upon death of mother
595 - Marries Kadijah - older, wealthy widow
610 - Reports first revelations from angel at age of 40
619 - Protector uncle dies
622 - Emigrates from Mecca to Medina (the Hijra)
623 - Orders raids on Meccan caravans
624 - Battle of Badr (victory)
624 - Evicts...
Transitional Justice in the Islamic Shari’a:
Principles, Mechanisms and Historical Role in Somalia1
Dr. Abdurahman Abdullahi “Baadiyow”2
“The recompense for an injury is an injury equal thereto (in degree): but if a person forgives and makes reconciliation, his reward is due from Allah….But indeed if any show patience and forgive, that would truly be an exercise of courageous will and resolution in the conduct of affairs” (The Qur’an 42-40-43).
Transitional Justice (TJ) attracts scholarly studies and is a growing field in the Islamic Shari’a. Islam, being a comprehensive religion, has addressed TJ in its basic sources: The Qur’an and Prophetic traditions. For instance, the above stated verse is one of numerous verses in the Qur’an that lays the foundation of the concept of TJ. The vocabulary of “recompense for an injury is an injury,” “forgiveness” and “reconciliation” are the core TJ mechanisms. Moreover, establishing justice on earth is the supreme purpose of Islam and the rationale for revealed divine books and sent messengers, as expressed in the following Qur’anic verse: “We sent aforetime our apostles with Clear Signs and sent down with them the Book and the Balance (of Right and Wrong), that men may stand forth in justice; …” (The Qur’an 57: 25).3 Thus, the concept of justice in Islam is rooted in the divinely...
...For other uses, see Islam (disambiguation).
The Kaaba, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, is the center of Islam. Muslims from all over the world gather there to pray in unity.
This article is part of a series on:
Oneness of God
Prophets Revealed books
Day of Resurrection
Profession of faith Prayer
Fasting Alms Pilgrimage
Texts and laws[hide]
Quran Sunnah Hadith
Fiqh Sharia Kalam
History and leaders[hide]
Ahl al-Bayt Sahaba
Caliphate Spread of Islam
Sunni Shia Sufism
Quranism NOI (5 percenter) Liberal
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Other religions Islamism Criticism Islamophobia Glossary
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Islam (/ˈɪslɑːm/;[note 1] Arabic: الإسلام, al-ʾIslām IPA: [ælʔɪsˈlæːm] ( listen)[note 2]) is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a book considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God (Arabic: الله...