Mary A Swanagan Higher Education Unit 2 Essay - 768 Words



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Maryland State Higher Education Conditions
Mary A. Swanagan
Kaplan University
HE510: Foundations of Higher Education
Professor Heather Scott
April 1st, 2014

Maryland State Higher Education Conditions
For this assignment I chose the state of Maryland to research higher education conditions and according to the report of the ‘Higher Education Transition Work Group’,” the state of Maryland enjoys one of the finest systems of higher education in the nation. In order for the state to remain one of the finest systems of higher education in the nation it will need to provide adequate and predictable funding for all segments of higher education. (Hrabowski, III & Kendall, 2007). This may be true because according to Measuring Up data in 2008, the state of Maryland scored an A- in preparing young people for college even though there are gaps in ethnicity. Although Maryland is the top state in student performance on advanced placement tests they only score fair on college entrance exams while eighty - nine percent of Blacks have a high school credential, compared with 94% of Whites. Only thirty-two percent of black young adults are enrolled in college, compared with 42% of whites. This data garnered Maryland a C in participation. An F rating was given to Maryland citing poor and working-class families devote 33% of their income, even after aid, to pay for costs at two-year colleges and financial aid to low-income students is low. Research data shows that for every dollar in Pell grant aid to students, the state spends 59 cents. Sixty-five percent of college students in Maryland complete a bachelor's degree within six years, while only forty-two percent of blacks graduate within six years, compared with 73% of whites which is one of the largest gaps in the nation earning Maryland a B in this category. Maryland also rated an A in the benefits category with a discrepancy in ethnicity again with twenty-six percent of blacks receiving a bachelor's degree, compared with 42% of whites. The measure up data for Maryland states if all ethnic groups were equal to Whites the total annual personal income in the state would be about $16 billion higher. With this being said Maryland as well as every other state received an incomplete in learning because there was not sufficient data to present significant state-by-state comparisons. (Borromeo, 2008). The state of Maryland has 57 colleges and universities and over 151 private career schools. Nearly one-third of its residents 25 and older have a bachelor’s degree or higher, which is the 4th highest percentage among all states. In fall 2010, 369,320 students (undergraduate, graduate, & professional) enrolled at Maryland universities and colleges, which was the highest enrollment in State history. “According to the data reported women accounted for 57.5% of the students. For undergraduates, Maryland residents constituted 93% of enrollees at community colleges, 76.5% at public four-year institutions, and 54.4% at independent universities and colleges. In the 2010-11 school years, the average yearly cost for resident undergraduates attending a State college was $7,482. For nonresidents, the average was $17,834” (Maryland State Archives, 2013).

In the book, ‘Degrees of Inequality: How the Politics of Higher Education Sabotaged the American Dream,’ Cornell University professor Suzanne Mettler wrote,” the United States used to be the world leader in higher education with respect to graduation rates and lower and middle income student access, that’s no longer true”( Feuerburg, 2014). This was shown in the data for measure up in 2008 when it showed the United States ranked 7th at 34 percent nationally in college enrolment, 15th at 18 percent in college completion, and United States ranked second at 39 percent in adults 35–64 holding an Associate’s Degree or higher, which isn’t too bad placing them in second to Canada. In the 25–34 years of age range the United States... Show More

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