Maryland State Higher Education Conditions
Mary A. Swanagan
HE510: Foundations of Higher Education
Professor Heather Scott
April 1st, 2014
Maryland State Higher Education Conditions
For this assignment I chose the state of Maryland to research higher education conditions and according to the report of the ‘Higher Education Transition Work Group’,” the state of Maryland enjoys one of the finest systems of higher education in the nation. In order for the state to remain one of the finest systems of higher education in the nation it will need to provide adequate and predictable funding for all segments of higher education. (Hrabowski, III & Kendall, 2007). This may be true because according to Measuring Up data in 2008, the state of Maryland scored an A- in preparing young people for college even though there are gaps in ethnicity. Although Maryland is the top state in student performance on advanced placement tests they only score fair on college entrance exams while eighty - nine percent of Blacks have a high school credential, compared with 94% of Whites. Only thirty-two percent of black young adults are enrolled in college, compared with 42% of whites. This data garnered Maryland a C in participation. An F rating was given to Maryland citing poor and working-class families devote 33% of their income, even after aid, to pay for costs at two-year colleges and financial aid to low-income students is low. Research data shows that for every dollar in Pell grant aid to students, the state spends 59 cents. Sixty-five percent of college students in Maryland complete a bachelor's degree within six years, while only forty-two percent of blacks graduate within six years, compared with 73% of whites which is one of the largest gaps in the nation earning Maryland a B in this category. Maryland also rated an A in the benefits category with a discrepancy in ethnicity again with twenty-six percent of blacks receiving a bachelor's degree, compared with 42% of whites. The measure up data for Maryland states if all ethnic groups were equal to Whites the total annual personal income in the state would be about $16 billion higher. With this being said Maryland as well as every other state received an incomplete in learning because there was not sufficient data to present significant state-by-state comparisons. (Borromeo, 2008). The state of Maryland has 57 colleges and universities and over 151 private career schools. Nearly one-third of its residents 25 and older have a bachelor’s degree or higher, which is the 4th highest percentage among all states. In fall 2010, 369,320 students (undergraduate, graduate, & professional) enrolled at Maryland universities and colleges, which was the highest enrollment in State history. “According to the data reported women accounted for 57.5% of the students. For undergraduates, Maryland residents constituted 93% of enrollees at community colleges, 76.5% at public four-year institutions, and 54.4% at independent universities and colleges. In the 2010-11 school years, the average yearly cost for resident undergraduates attending a State college was $7,482. For nonresidents, the average was $17,834” (Maryland State Archives, 2013).
In the book, ‘Degrees of Inequality: How the Politics of Higher Education Sabotaged the American Dream,’ Cornell University professor Suzanne Mettler wrote,” the United States used to be the world leader in higher education with respect to graduation rates and lower and middle income student access, that’s no longer true”( Feuerburg, 2014). This was shown in the data for measure up in 2008 when it showed the United States ranked 7th at 34 percent nationally in college enrolment, 15th at 18 percent in college completion, and United States ranked second at 39 percent in adults 35–64 holding an Associate’s Degree or higher, which isn’t too bad placing them in second to Canada. In the 25–34 years of age range the United States...
Curriculum in HigherEducationMary A. Swanagan
HE510: Foundations of HigherEducation
Professor Heather Scott
April 15, 2014
Curriculum in HigherEducation
An effective curriculum is an important part of a university’s success, especially for first time students. Attending a university for the first time can be very overwhelming for a first year student. Studies show that 25% of students drop out in the first year. Studies show that this number can be decreased if the first year curriculum is designed to engage and empower the students (Bovill, 2011).
In Thelin’s curriculum theme there doesn’t seem to be a set curriculum for highereducation institutions. Professors tried to use their own work as a means for an academic curriculum. Yale and Harvard had their own ideas as to how a curriculum should be for their schools, while the university builders leaned toward a curriculum in specialized fields depending on what year of study the students were in at the time. Not being able to decide whose curriculum was the most important caused nothing but chaos (Thelin, 2011, Pg. 129,130).
“The primary purpose of the Committee of Ten was to provide a national force for standardizing the secondary school curricula. The report advised high schools to implement a required core curriculum for high school...
Managing Paediatric Illness and Injury
1. Describe the common types of fractures and how to manage them.
Based on the location and severity of the fracture, a broken bone usually must be set into position and supported until it is strong enough to bear weight. Your physician will recommend the most proven treatment approach, usually casting or surgery
2. Describe how to manage a dislocation
Relieve pain around the dislocation by applying a cold pack to the area; this will also reduce swelling that can add to discomfort injury. Keep joint immobile and do not try to push the bone back in place. Offer ibuprofens if in severe pain, monitor the patient until the professionals arrive.
3. Describe how to recognise and manage the following head injuries:
A concussion: you get dizziness, nausea, loss of memory, mild headache, seeing "stars", double vision, numbness and lack of hand-eye coordination.
B skull fracture: you will probably see an external wound or bruise on the head and there may be a depression visible on the scalp. Check behind the ears for swelling or bruising. There may be loss of clear fluid or watery blood through an eye or nostril, blood in the white of the eye, a black-eye, and the symmetry of the head or face may be disrupted. The responsiveness of the victim may deteriorate
C cerebral compression: levels of response deteriorate; headaches tend to be intense;...
...UNIT2: FINANCE IN THE HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY
Get assignment help for this unit at [email protected]
LO1 Understand sources of funding and income generation for business and services industries
Funding: sources eg retained profits, loans, banks, investors, small business schemes, franchise, hire purchase, sponsorship, lease schemes, creditors, debt factoring Income generation: methods eg sales, commission, sub-letting, sponsorship, grants, tracking mechanisms
LO2 Understand business in terms of the elements of cost Elements of cost
sales; materials; consumables; labour; overheads; capital; gross and net profits; discount costing Selling prices: product and service costing; formula to achieve a specific gross profit percentage; differential gross/net profit margins; marginal costing; effect of competition; freelance; commission; peak/off-peak trading Control of stock and cash: methods eg storage, purchasing, cash, security, reconciliation, stock-taking Taxation: income tax; Value Added Tax (VAT); corporation tax; schedules; rates; personal/capital allowances; post-tax profits, implications
LO3 Be able to evaluate business accounts
Trial balance: source; structure eg summary of accounts from sales, purchase and nominal ledgers Final accounts: types eg sole trader, partnerships, limited company, trading account, profit and loss account, balance sheet, adjustments for depreciation, accruals, prepayments, bad debt...
In the time I have spent in highereducation, I have noticed that educators generally encounter three categories of students. The first category, about 10 percent of the student population will always succeed because they have the attitude that failure is not an option. The second group, another 10 percent of the population, will inevitably fail, lacking the personal motivation and drive necessary to reach educational goals. Approximately 80 percent of students make up category three. A group full of bright minds that could lean toward either success or failure. This group will most significantly be impacted by changes and improvements in education. The differentiating factor in this group is that each student's response to the same question: "Is investing in my education really worth it?"
Some people are deterred from pursuing highereducation because of the price tag attached. Even though student loans are often available, the idea of repaying student loan debt, with high interest rates and low job prospects is a significant roadblock for many. For students with young families or those who have never considered post-secondary education, it is often much more appealing to take a job out of high school and immediately generate income. These are the students who begin to feel that an education is simply not...
Highereducation in the present world has a very long history. Highereducation has deep roots in the early sixth century when first monastic schools were started in Europe which later developed to the famous European university in Bologna during the period between 1088 and 1090. This is the origin of highereducation with all present systems of highereducation borrowing much from this first intuition and system of highereducation. Until early 20th century, highereducation institutions and particularly universities and high level colleges catered only for the elites in the society. Though in this time basic education was enough to secure an individual a well-paying job, the costs of securing a place in the institutions of highereducation as well as maintaining the costs for the period of a given course locked out the middle income earners as well as the poor. Statistically, by the start of 20th century, 3 per cent of the world population had enrolled in universities and other colleges offering highereducation programs. This number was much concentrated in the European continent...
...Case Study: Economic Crisis and HigherEducation in the United States
The 2008–2012 economic failure is considered by many economists and investors to be the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s. It results in the risk of total collapse from big financial firms, the bailout of banks by national governments, and downturns in stock markets around the world. The crisis also plays a significant role in the crash of key businesses and collapse of housing market, results in the delayed unemployment. Highereducation is a large and various venture in the United States, which has impacted by the economic recession in a number of ways, but these impacts have not been the same and vary depending on state and type of institution.
Most highereducation traditions started to be concerned about their financial problems due to economic recession. Their main source of revenue has been hurt by the downturn, and that those universities would need to make hard decisions about how to spend their money. In some states, a lot of institutions are in process of fund-raising programs to avoid delaying their supported campus building projects. Many of highereducation university’s leaders have been considering and solving of two following questions: How is the economic downturn affecting institutions both public and private? What strategies are...
Lipids mean fats and oils, they are insoluble in water. The foods that you can find lipids in are meats, fish, poultry and dairy products. If you do not have enough lipids in the diet then it causes irregular bowel movements, constipation, gas and bloating. You may also have high blood pressure.
Reference: Health and Social Care Level 3 student book 1, http://uk.ask.com/question/what-happens-if-you-don-t-get-enough-fat
Adults need to maintain their weight by eating healthly they should only eat foods with6g per day of salt. If you become overweight then you have got more chance of getting heart diease, cancer, arthritis and diabetes. Adults if they drink alcohol then men can drink up to 2units a day and women can drink up to 1 unit a day.
Pregnant and breast feeding mothers
Extra folic acid in the first three months this is to stop the baby getting spina bifida. However in the last three months of pregnancy the woman should have an extra 200 calories a day. If the women is breast feeding then she will need to have 500 calories extra. She will also need extra calcium so both baby and mother have enough calcium.
...Mammals are different from birds in all these characteristics EXCEPT
Answer: constant body temperature.
The four defining characteristics of chordates are
Answer: pharyngeal pouches, a dorsal nerve cord, a notochord, and a postanal tail.
Which feature is found in the bony fish but not in the cartilaginous fish?
Answer: swim bladder
Which of the following groups are considered chordates but are lacking the vertebral column trait?
Answer: urochordata & cephalochordates
Predacious meat eaters with large and conical-shaped canines are
Lungless salamanders lack lungs and breathe through their skins after they lose their gills. You would expect lungless salamanders to
Answer: be restricted to smaller and/or thinner body plans.
What is the main reason that mammals underwent adaptive radiation after the demise of the dinosaurs?
Answer: The mammals had little competition so it was easier for them to evolve into the niches that were once occupied by the dinosaurs.
Which term can be applied to all of the vertebrates except for the jawless fish?
Which of the following groups of chordates would be most impacted by a decrease in the phytoplankton levels in the ocean?
cartilaginous fish & cephalochordates
incorrect : molluscs & cephalochordates
incorrect: amphibians & urochodrates
cephalochordates & urochordates
Which of the following features were required for the the evolution of the amphibians?
Answer: notochord, mammary glands,...