Concept Note on Management Information System /
INFORMATION SHARING SYSTEM
Information systems are both technical and social in nature. Managers must understand the relationship between the technical components of an information system and the structure, functions and work culture of. Builders of information systems should consider management objectives and decision-making as well as the impact these systems will have on the well being of the people and society. In this chapter places information systems have to be placed in the context of organizational needs at various levels of management.
II. Information System
An information system can be defined technically as a set of interrelated component that collect (or retrieve), process, store, and distribute information to support decision making and control in an organization. In addition to supporting decision making, coordination, and control, information system may also help managers and workers analyze problems, visualize complex subjects, and create new product.
Information systems contain information about significant people, places and things within the organization or the environment surrounding it. By information we mean data that have been shaped into a form that is meaningful and useful to human beings.
Data, in contrast, are streams or raw facts representing events occurring in organizations or the physical environment before they have been organized and arranged into a form that people can understand and use.
Three activities constitute an information system to meet organizational needs for making decisions, controlling operations, analyzing problems, and creating new product and services. These activities are input, processing and output. - Input captures or collects raw data from within the organization or from its external environment. - Processing converts this raw input into a more meaningful form. - Output transfers the processed information to the people or activities where it will be used.
Information also requires feedback, which is output that is returned to appropriate members of the organization to help them evaluate effects and impact or track flow of inputs and their transformation into outputs.
Information systems technology is one of many tools available for organizations, for coping with change. Information technology is the glue that holds the organization together. It is the instrument through which management controls and creates, and it is an arrow in the manager’s quiver.
Computer hardware is the physical equipment used for input, processing and output activities in an information system. It consists of the following: the computer processing unit; various input, output and storage devices; and physical media to link these devices together.
Computer software consists of the detailed programmed instruction that control and coordinate work of the computer hardware component in an information system.
Storage technology include both the physical media and storing data, such as magnetic or optical disk or tape, and the software governing the organization of data on these physical media, telecommunication technology, consisting of both physical device and software, links the various pieces of hardware and transfer data from one physical location to another.
IV. The Organization & Information System
Information systems are a part of organizations. The key elements of an organization are its people, structure and operating procedures, politics and culture. An organization coordinates work through a structured hierarchy and formal, standard operating procedure. The hierarchy arrange people in a pyramidal structure of rising authority and responsibility. The upper levels of the hierarchy consist of managerial, professional, and technical employees, while the lower levels consist of operational personnel.
Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) are formal rules for...
Business InformationSystems in Your Career
AACSB: The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business
CASE: Bloom/author cognitive categories of content, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation
Internet advertising is growing at a rate of more than 30 percent a year
Answer: False Page Reference: 6 Difficulty: Hard
AACSB: Reflective Thinking
A business model describes how a company produces, delivers, and sells a product or service to create wealth.
Answer: True Page Reference: 8 Difficulty: Easy
AACSB: Reflective Thinking
Information technology (IT) consists of all the hardware that a firm needs to use in order to achieve its business objectives, whereas informationsystems consist of all the hardware and software needed.
Answer: False Page Reference: 10-11 Difficulty: Moderate
AACSB: Use of IT
Computers are only part of an informationsystem
Answer: True Page Reference: 12 Difficulty: Easy
AACSB: Use of IT
Informationsystems literacy describes the behavioral approach to informationsystems, while computer literacy describes the technical approach.
Answer: False Page Reference: 13 Difficulty: Easy
AACSB: Use of IT
The dimensions of information...
1.1 Background of the Study
InformationSystem is an integrated set of components for collecting, storing, processing, and communicating information. Business firms, other organizations, and individuals in contemporary society rely on informationsystems to manage their operations, compete in the marketplace, supply services, and augment personal lives. Its basis is the interaction between the user and the analyst. It is an open system that allows the inputs and facilitates the interaction with the user. It can be defined as a set of devices, procedures and operating systems designed around the user to produce information and communicate it to the user for planning, control and performance. It deals with the development, use and management of an organization's Information Technology infrastructure.
ManagementInformationSystem (MIS) is an organized approach to the study of the information needs of an organization’s management at every level in making operational, tactical, and strategic decisions. Its objective is to design and implement procedures, processes, and routines that provide suitably detailed reports in an accurate, consistent, and timely manner. In a ManagementInformationSystem (MIS),...
...case, the Yankees' use of informationsystems in their new stadium can be seen as an effort to achieve which of the primary business objectives?
A) Operational excellence
C) Customer and supplier intimacy
D) Improved decision making
2) Journalist Thomas Friedman's description of the world as "flat" referred to:
A) the flattening of economic and cultural advantages of developed countries.
B) the use of the Internet and technology for instantaneous communication.
C) the reduction in travel times and the ubiquity of global exchange and travel.
D) the growth of globalization.
3) The six important business objectives of information technology are: new products, services, and business models; customer and supplier intimacy; improved decision-making; competitive advantage; operational excellence, and:
C) improved business practices.
D) improved efficiency.
4) The use of informationsystems because of necessity describes the business objective of:
B) improved business practices.
C) competitive advantage.
D) improved flexibility.
5) Which of the following choices may lead to competitive advantage (1) new products, services, and business models; (2) charging less for superior products; (3) responding to customers in real-time?
A) 1 only B) 1 and 2
C) 2 and 3 D) 1, 2, and 3
6) Verizon's implementation of a Web-based digital...
...1) Information technology (IT) consists of all the hardware that a firm needs to use in order to
achieve its business objectives, whereas informationsystems consist of all the hardware and
software needed. 1) ____F___
2) A business model describes how a company produces, delivers, and sells a product or service
to create wealth.
MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
3) In choosing the best solution for a business problem, one of the most important considerations is: 3) __C_____
A) outcome measurement. B) change management.
C) existing resources and skills. D) employee training.
TRUE/FALSE. Type 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.
4) A network requires at least three computers and a shared resource. 4) ___F____
5) Developing a new product, fulfilling an order, or hiring a new employee are all examples
of business processes. 5) ____T___
6) Computers are only part of an informationsystem. 6) ____T___
7) Employee attitudes about their jobs, employers, or...
...MIS RESEARCH PAPER
MANAGEMENT OF INFORMATIONSYSTEMS IN AN ORGANIZATION
Management of InformationSystems in an Organization
ManagementInformationSystems are distinct from regular informationsystems in that they are used to analyze other informationsystems applied in operational activities in the organization.(1)
In a recent survey article in The Economist, John Browning (1990) wrote: "Information technology is no longer a business resource; it is the business environment." His statement is not far from truth. Ongoing advances in information technology (IT), along with increasing global competition, are adding complexity and uncertainty of several orders of magnitude to the organizational environment.(2)
The recognition of the role managers play in shaping the ways in which the technology
is designed and used has prompted a more optimistic assessment of the implications of
IT for managers, seeing its use as requiring new skills, freeing up more time for other
valued activities such as people-management, providing better quality and more timely
information to aid the decision-making process.(3)
An MIS provides the following advantages:
1. It Facilitates planning: MIS improves the quality of plants by...
Table of Contents
1. Introduction 2
2. Objectives 2
3. What are Informationsystems? 2
3.1. Informationsystem (IS) 2
3.2. Computer informationsystem(s) (CIS) 2
4. Types of informationsystems 3
4.1. Computer (-Based) InformationSystem 4
5. How they assist in business planning? 5
5.1. Information Storage and Analysis 5
5.2. Assist With Making Decisions 6
5.3. Assist With Business Processes 6
5.4. Considerations 6
6. Examples of IS that are useful for communication 7
6.1. Information and communications technology (ICT) 7
7. Conclusion 7
This report is in detail, discuss about Informationsystems their types, how they assist in planning? And examples of IS are useful for communication.
This report introduce Informationsystem their types, how they assist in planning and examples how they are useful for communication?
Demonstrate advance skills in the application of the key component of the communication & IT process and justify its importance within a business environment. Identify and apply essential communication & IT skills to facilitate educational and...
Why we need information?
Individual entertainment, enlightenment (instruction)
Businesses decision making and problem solving: gathering (reunion), storing (entreposage), manipulating
- A given/fact: number, statement, picture
- raw materials in the production of informationInformation
Data that have meaning within context
Raw data or data that have been manipulated
- Time consuming to read
- Difficult to understand
Raw data are processed (traiter, transformer) in an IS to create final useful information. Process = manipulation of data
Computer-based IS = process data to produce information
Input Process Output
Ex: Data Process InformationInformation must be useful:
- Relevant (pertinent)
- Complete (partial information is often worse)
- Accurate (juste, excate)
- Current (actuelle)
- Cost effective in business
A system: is a set of components that work together to achieve a common goal
Subsystem: one part of a system where the products of more than one system are combined to reach an ultimate goal.
Closed system: stand-alone system that has no contact with other systems
Open system: system that interfaces with other systemsSystem...
...difference between information technology and informationsystems?
Information Technology (IT), in general, it is the acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination of digitized information that often represented technically as “Data” through electronics-based media built upon the disciplines of computing and telecommunications. The information technology, in its raw form, it comprises of Hardware, Software, the platforms to support both, communication networks and protocols.
InformationSystems (IS) is a bridge for both the business field and the computer science field. It is a combination of hardware, software, infrastructure and trained personnel organized to facilitate planning, control, coordination, and decision making in an organization. The Informationsystems are supported by the theoretical foundations of management social science, information theories and information technology.
1) Origin: Information technology can be considered as a subset of informationsystems. It deals with the technology part of any informationsystem, and as such deals with hardware, servers, operating systems and software etc.
A system is always a combination of people,...