Types of Man-Made Disaster
Man-Made hazards OR Anthropogenic hazards can
result in the form of a Man-Made disaster. In this
case, anthropogenic means threats having an
element of human intent, negligence, or error; or
involving a failure of a human-made system. This is
as opposed to natural hazards that cause natural
disasters. Either can result in huge losses of life
and property as well as damage to peoples' mental,
physical and social well-being.
• Terrorism is not new and even though it has been used since the early times of recorded history, it can be relatively hard to define terrorism. The United States Department of
Defense defines terrorism as:“the calculated use of unlawful violence or threat of unlawful violence to inculcate fear; intended to coerce or to intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are
generally political, religious, or ideological.”
OSAMA BIN LADEN
Osama bin Laden can be said as the most
dangerous and most wanted terrorist of all
time. By 1993, Osama had formed a secret
network known as Al Qaeda that comprised
of militant Muslims.
On May 1, 2011, American soldiers killed alQaida leader Osama bin Laden at his compound near Islamabad, Pakistan.
Intelligence officials believe bin Laden was
responsible for many deadly acts of
terrorism, including the September 11, 2001
attacks on the Pentagon and the World
1993 BOMBAY BOMBINGS
The 1993 Bombay bombings were a series
of 13 bomb explosions that took place in
Bombay, India on 12 March 1993. The
coordinated attacks were the most
destructive bomb explosions in Indian
history. The single-day attacks resulted in
over 350 fatalities and 1200 injuries.
The attacks were coordinated by Dawood
Ibrahim, don of the Mumbai-based
international organised crime syndicate
TRUCK BOMBING OF U.S. EMBASSIES
Prior to 9/11, acts of terror against the U.S.
centered largely on targets on foreign soil.
Such was the case with the 1998
bombings of the U. S. Embassies in
Nairobi, Kenya and Dar es Salaam,
Tanzania. Truck bombs, carrying up to 17
tons of high explosives, were detonated
within minutes of each other at the site of
each embassy. Twelve Americans were
killed, and both embassies were heavily
• A nuclear blast is an explosion with intense light and heat, a damaging pressure wave, and widespread radioactive
material that can contaminate the air, water, and ground
surfaces for miles around. All nuclear devices cause
deadly effects when exploded, including blinding light,
intense heat (thermal radiation), initial nuclear radiation, blast, fires started by the heat pulse and secondary fires
caused by the destruction.
The three factors for protecting oneself from radiation and fallout are distance, shielding and time
DISTANCE - an underground area such as a home or office
building basement offers more protection than the first floor of a building. A floor near the middle of a high-rise may be better. SHIELDING - the heavier and denser the materials - thick walls, concrete, bricks, books and earth - between you and the fallout particles, the better.
TIME - fallout radiation loses its intensity fairly rapidly. In time, you will be able to leave the fallout shelter. Radioactive fallout poses the greatest threat to people during the first two weeks.
THE THREE MILE ISLAND NUCLEAR
In Harrisburg, PA on March 28, 1979,
the Three Mile Island nuclear reactor
experienced a partial core meltdown.
While little radiation was released from
the accident thanks to a working
containment system, this accident
became the rallying call for fears about
...on “MAN-MADE CALAMITIES V/S NATURAL CALAMITIES”
People of the world have always faced both types of disasters, natural as well as man-made. Man-madedisasters were not prevalent in ancient times. Man-madedisasters are the results of industrial and material progress. Natural and man-madedisasters equally play havoc on human in modern times. Sometimes, a man-madedisaster has bigger impact than natural disaster. The cause of natural disaster is natural with man-madedisaster is caused by man himself. Man-madedisasters include leakage of oil in the sea, nuclear explosion, leakage of poisonous gases and chemical, fire, floods created by dams etc. Man-madedisasters are avoidable. They may be averted if man works efficiently and carefully. On the other hand we have no control over a natural disaster. They include earthquake, tsunami, flood, typhoon, hurricane, tempest, avalanches, land slide etc. Man cannot avert them. However, it should be noted that some natural disaster are indirectly the result of man’s...
...orientation on disaster preparedness and prohibited dangerous drugs was held at the CE building during our NSTP. The speaker wanted to make us prepared at all times in case of natural disasters or calamities either natural or man-made. He also enlightened our minds of the possible harms drugs can do to an individual.
When we say disaster or calamity, it is a great or sudden misfortune or catastrophe, an adverse or unfortunate event, or an occurrence that causes great distress or destruction. While preparedness means, the state of having been made ready or prepared for use or action. So disaster preparedness is in a state of readiness to contain the effects of a forecasted disastrous event to minimize loss of life, injury, and damage to property, it can provide rescue, relief, rehabilitation, and other services in the aftermath of the disaster. There are two types of disaster, natural and man-made. Natural disaster is the effect of a natural hazard which leads to financial, environmental or human losses. Disasters occur when hazards meet vulnerability. Natural disasters are also categorized. Examples: geological disasters - avalanche, earthquake, volcanic eruptions; hydrological disasters - floods, limnic eruptions, tsunamis and meteorological...
It’s 2012, you and I are aware of the fact of the issues about the world ending in 2012. I believe that nothing is impossible, everything is in God’s hand and if God wants it to happen, it will happen. Here it goes where why I said that it might just as well happen. Until today, how many severe disasters happening in the world you have heard? Manmade disasters are part of them too where the humans are responsible for thedisasters happening.
Man-madedisasters are disasters resulting from man-made hazards as opposed to natural disasters resulting from natural hazards. They are the consequence of technological or human hazards that includes fires, transport accidents, industrial accidents, oil spills and nuclear explosions/radiation. The element of human intent or negligence that leads to human suffering and environmental damage; many mirror natural disasters, yet man has a direct hand in their occurrence. These are the net result of inadequately managed man-made hazards and they typically cost the most in terms of human suffering, loss of life and long-term damage to a country's economy and productive capacity. War and deliberate attacks may also be put in this category. As with natural hazards, man-made hazards are...
...What is a Disaster?
There is no particular definition for a Disaster. But we can define a disaster as a natural or manmade hazard resulting to physical damage or destruction, loss of life, or drastic change to the natural environment.
Types of Disasters
Earth quakes Tsunamis Floods Snow storms
Fires Nuclear accidents DEFORESTATION WarDisaster Management
Disaster management is the discipline that involves preparing, warning, supporting and rebuilding societies when natural or man-madedisasters occur. It is the continuous process in an effort to avoid or minimize the impact of disasters resulting from hazards.
Goals of Disaster Management
Avoid or reduce the potential losses from hazards. Assure prompt and appropriate assistance to victims of disaster. Achieve rapid and effective recovery.
PHASES OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT
PHASES OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT
prevent the fore coming PREVENTION: Trying to
MITIGATION: An attempt to prevent the hazards
from developing in to disasters. PREPARE: It includes planning, training etc., to mitigate the effects of natural & manmade disaster....
...Man-madedisasters are disasters is the element of human intent, negligence or involving a failure of a man-made system that leads to human suffering and environmental damage. Man-madedisasters are sometimes referred to as anthropogenic. The term anthropogenic designates an effect or object resulting from human activity.
Man-madedisasters can be divided into different categories and they include technological hazards, sociological hazards and transportation hazards among others. These are broken down into several categories and while this is the case, there are some that cause more pronounced damage when compared to others. A good example is to look at manmadedisasters such as transportation. These are divided into different categories which include aviation, rail, road and space among others. Often these are as a result of neglect or ignorance and over the years, they have claimed several lives. Road accidents are common in India due to reckless driving, untrained drivers and poor maintenance of roads and vehicles. According to Lifeline Foundation, the Ahmedabad based organization working for road safety, India accounts for 13 per cent of road accident fatalities worldwide. With 130,000 deaths in 2007, India tops in the number of people killed in road...
...Laws need to be updated to handle man-madedisasters
Published : Monday, 19 August 2013
Man-madedisasters are attributable to conditions resulting from human conduct such as act of gross negligence, gross inaction or serious errors. Unlike natural disasters, preventive and regulatory measures assume greater importance in the case of man-madedisasters, writes M S Siddiqui
The whole nation has been after Rana due to his irresponsible act of constructing a 'defective' building with permission from the Savar municipality and allowing owners to run their garment factories there, despite cracks in the building, just with a 'certificate' from the Upazila Nirbahi Officer (UNO) that the building is safe. The UNO has been 'transferred' and the municipality chairman has been suspended. The nation is now demanding capital punishment to Rana for such a manmade disaster. The architect, contractor and engineer engaged by the builder are not yet considered responsible for the accident and the office of the Chief Inspector of Shop and Establishment is still enjoying immunity despite their negligence to prevent the disaster. They got the immunity citing the excuse of manpower shortage.
Man-madedisasters are attributable to conditions resulting from human conduct such as...
...natural disasters inflict on vulnerable communities around the world. Over the recent decades there has been an alarming increase in the occurrence of natural disasters and the magnitude of their social, economic and environmental impacts. This extensive damage to lives, property and livelihood of the affected communities has turned back the development clock of the areas by decades.
India with its vast population & unique geo-physical characteristics is one of the world’s most ‘disaster-prone’ countries. Natural hazards such as cyclones, earthquakes, drought, floods or landslides occur in different parts of India in varying intensity. Incalculable emotional, economical and ecological toll of Malpa landslide of 1998, Orissa Super Cyclone of October 1999, Gujrat Earthquake of 2001, monstrous Tsunami hitting India in December 2004, etc still haunt us.
While we cannot prevent hazards form happening, we can certainly reduce its intensity, impact and magnitude of destruction through individual and collective actions to spread knowledge/awareness about its causes-effects and adequate mitigation and preparedness measures. Knowing about the areas that are most likely to be hit by hazards is the first step towards preparedness.
Disaster Management involves the range of activities designed to mitigate the effects of disasters and emergency situations and to provide a framework for helping people at-risk...
...Gülin Langbroek 11.1
THE MAN-MADEDISASTER: CHERNOBYL
“It is one of histories ironies that the worst nuclear accident began as a test to improve safety.”, states Snell (1988). The Soviets wanted to find out how the Chernobyl power plant would cope with a sudden power loss, therefore the experiment tested how long a spinning turbine could provide electric power to certain systems in the plant. Like many accidents, the Chernobyl accident resulted from a combination of human error and weaknesses in the design of the plant. The man-madedisaster occured at Unit 4 of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in the former Ukranian Republic belonging to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and near the borders of Belarus and the Russian Federation. Following a short explanation of the health and social impacts of the accident, this essay will discuss the errors in judgment and biases that went on while running the Chernobyl power plant.
As a result of the accident, tons of radioactive material was released to the air, still posing a threat to living beings in that region. The radioactive doses caused long term health effects ranging from thyroid cancer to leukemia. The Chernobyl area was also connected directly with the river systems of the Ukranian Republic, causing destruction of biological life in rivers and also deaths of people who had consumed river water. It is also a fact that...