Malay manuscripts are intellectual heritage of the past that are recognized as national heritage documents. Malay manuscripts here are defined as hand written works, produced around the 14th century until the early 20th century. The knowledge preserved inn these Malay manuscripts reflect the richness of the knowledge and glory of Malay civilization. Malay manuscript is the epitome of Malay scholars’ scholarship in ancient times. The writing and production activities of manuscript in various subjects to bequeath their science and knowledge about something for the next Malay generation. Among the areas of Malay manuscripts writing is often highlighted as areas consisting of religious knowledge fluently, fiqh, tasawuf, character and history while in the local Malay traditions such as story, culture and medicine.
Manuscript is the name given to hand-written copy writing. While the script used is Jawi. The Jawi script was adapted from the 30 letters of Arabic and 5 letters of Persian to form words in Malay. The material used to write Malay manuscripts is a pen, ink and paper. Pen used by the Malays authors were made from the trunk of a tree fern frond. Tree fern is a kind of family tree ferns are large and mostly grows in forests, especially in cold areas such as the highlands. The tree fern frond taken and cleaned before being cut to size and pen required by the author. To produce neat Jawi writing, pen angle cuts should be done carefully so as not to break easily and can be used for a long time. Besides pens, other materials needed are ink to write. There are several materials used as ink as found by other researchers Malay manuscripts. Often the ink used by the Malay writer is black. Materials to produce ink consists of materials from natural resources that are in the Malay community life such as; soot, charcoal and ink squid.
Another important basic material needed to write is the paper. In writing of Malay manuscripts, paper used is not like that paper available today. Paper in the Malay world in deluang call made from layers of mulberry bark like a crushed up flat after lining of the bark is soaked until soft. This paper has a texture and durable. Apart from deluang paper, other materials used for writing is like: wood, palm leaves and palm leaves. The surface of each material used for writing in ink and pen should be smooth and not too offensive because it would interfere with writing and handwriting produced unclear and difficult to read. Besides deluang paper, paper imported from foreign countries, particularly from the West, such as: the Netherlands, France and England. This import papers mostly marked with its own known trademark as watermark….. [pic]
Picture 1: Manuscripts were written on the board
Picture 2: The manuscripts written on palm leaves
2. COLLECTIONS OF MALAY MANUSCRIPTS
Manuscripts are recognized as the nation's intellectual heritage, records of the thoughts of past society. For the benefit of the nobility, historical tales which chronicle the histories of kings, race and country were composed. And as entertainment and to pass the time, hikayats and syairs were created. To help in the administration of the country, treatises on laws and regulations were written. Numerous religious texts were also composed to propagate Islam. Treatises on medicines, advice and amulet were also written to serve as guides. In short, a variety of topics on all aspects of life in Malay society are preserved in thousands of manuscripts.
Hikayats are products of classical Malay literature. Generally, the name of the authors and the dates the hikayats are composed are unknown. The hikayats contain elements of magic, bravery and the heroic of extraordinary warriors. The author also describes the beauty of the princesses, the strength of the warriors, innumerable armies as well as magical animals and things. In the...
...MASTERS RESEARCH PROPOSAL
CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION OF MALAYMANUSCRIPTS
SHARIFAH TAHIRAH BT SYED KAMARULZAMAN
1.1 Background of Research
In the classical sense, the term ‘Manuscripts’ refers to a document handwritten by an author. Manuscripts are found in every part of the world where human beings put their thoughts and experiences into a written form. Human beings over the year have used plant material, stone, metal and parchment as writing supports. This plant material can either be a leaf that has been taken from a tree or plant to be written upon, or it can be a leaf that has been specially prepared for writing. The plant material can either be from the bark of trees or it can be from the pulp of plant that has been dried in the form of thin sheets which is called the traditional handmade paper. In recent years, writing material is in the form of thin sheets of paper manufactured & processed in modern paper factories. The earliest writing material produced from plant is acknowledged to be the papyri of the third millennium BC, from the Old Kingdom of Egypt. In India, palm leaves and tree bark were the principal writing supports that slowly began to replace by paper once it was introduced into southern Asia in the eleventh century AD (National Mission for Basic standard on Manuscripts; p1).
Additionally, the origin of Middle Eastern manuscripts...
For many years the Malayheritage centre was not a prominent heritage attraction. Since 2008, the government funded 1.7 million SGD annually to rejuvenate the heritage centre and since August 2011 the centre underwent refurbishment and recently reopened in September 2012.
This week is the week with Hari Raya Haji (Also known as Eid al-Adha (Id ul-Adha) is a four-day Islamic festival starting on the 10th day of the month of Dhul Hijja (Thou al-Hijja) to commemorate the willingness of Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son.)
Arriving to Kampong Glam today is very hot at noon time. As it is a Sunday of a long weekend of Hari Raya Haji, many shops selling food and traditional goods were closed which is a pity as if the timing was right, we would have more choices on buying beverages and souvenir shops.
The Masjid Sultan (also know as Sultan Mosque) was having a special recital of hymns for this particular weekend which can be heard in the immediate vicinity.
The Kampong Glam MalayHeritage Centre
The MalayHeritage Centre was housed in the former Istana Kampong Glam, the residence of the Sultan of yore.
Our guide Ms Noor, an experienced guide at the centre introduced us to the historical origins of the area. Her lively and clear delivery was one of the main points I would like to highlight. She is Malay which makes...
...Ronan James A. Parcon,RN
Blk 5 Lot 5 Super Village,
City of Koronadal South Cotabato, Philippines
Cellphone No. 09305007586
Date of Birth : October 5, 1989
Age : 22 years old
Nationality : Filipino
Civil Status : Single
Religion : Roman Catholic
Height/ Weight : 5’6” / 65 kg.
Language/Dialect : Tagalog, Ilonggo, English
Mother’s Name : Julieta Tindugan Abinal
Father’s Name : Rustum Agura Parcon
College Notre Dame of Marbel University
Bachelor of Science in Nursing, 2006
Alunan Avenue, City of Koronadal, Philippines
Secondary Koronadal National Comprehensive High School
City of Koronadal South Cotabato, Philippines
Elementary Koronadal Central Elementary School II
City of Koronadal South Cotabato, Philippines
Nurse Licensure Examination Passer (Philippines) July 2011
Board Rating: 79.00%
3-Day IV Therapy Training Program November 11-13, 2011
Allah Valley Medical Specialists Center, Inc.
Basic Life Support/Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation as May 1-2, 2009
trained by the...
To Dr. Irene J. Domingo, the very approachable Chairman of the department of Animal Science, for her support and guidance;
To Dr. Federico O Perez, Dean College of Agriculture and to all the faculty and staff of the Department of Animal Science, for the beautiful memories;
To his co-field practitioners: Jay, Joseph and Johnrey for their support and shared happy moments during the major practice;
To his brod and sis in the Ranchers’ Club Philippines, for giving him moments of joy, inspiration and wonderful memories;
To all the people in the PDMPC, for giving him a chance to explore things in the dairy farm that enhance more his field of specialization;
And to the people not mentioned who also contribute to the fulfillment of this manuscript, Thank you.
And above all, to the almighty God who provides love, blessings and guidance for making him strong and determined as he conquers the big waves of life especially in his college life. To God be the highest praises, glory and honor
To all of you thank you very much.
GINO CACACTIN ABUCAY
| PAGE |
TITLE PAGE | i |
APPROVAL SHEET | ii |
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH | iii |
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT | iv |
LIST OF TABLES |...
LSCS Lewis Green07Senior Enlisted Academy
The careers of 33 admirals, and 400 naval aviators destroyed due to allegation of sexual assaults in what is the naval service biggest sexual assault scandal (Lewis, 2014). Senior Enlisted personnel must recognize the problems of sexual assault and strive to eliminate it to maintain discipline within the ranks. This essay will review the history, evolution, and effect of the tailhook scandal on the naval service.
A tailhook in the naval aviation community refers to the hook underneath the tail of a carrier that catch the arresting cable that stretches across the flight deck to quickly stop a landing plane (Harris, 2014). In 1956, several active duty naval aviators formed the Tailhook Association, which later developed into a national organization home-based in San Diego, California. Formed to address the interests of carrier-based aviation, they held annual symposiums to provide aviators from the Pacific and Atlantic Fleets a free exchange of information on events taking place in South-East Asia. The Tailhook Association also published quarterly journals ‘The Hook,’ which covered historical and current events, offered college scholarships, and operated ‘ready rooms’ for supporters of fleet activities (Lawrence, 1992). With the history of Tailhook reviewed, the discussion now shifts to how it evolved into the biggest sexual assault scandal in naval history.
... HERITAGE ASSESSMENT
GRAND CANYON UNIVERSITY
FAMILY CENTERED HEALTH PROMOTION
NRS 429 V
August 24, 2014
Cultural Heritage as a lot to do with one’s traditions, culture, ethnicity and the ways you perceive your life. Heritage his what differentiates one individual, families and communities to another. Every individual practice and follow their heritage based on one’s ethnicity, religion and cultural background. Heritage his defined as “the range of contemporary activities, meanings and behaviors that we draw from them” (UMASS Amhert, 2012). Cultural heritage his the ways of living development by a community and passed from generation to generation. Heritage can be manifested through tangible forms such has artifacts e.g. museums and collections historical building, and through intangible forms such as voices, values, traditions and oral history.
The use of heritage assessment helps nurses during the patient assessment process to obtain more information about patient’s culture, values and their beliefs about health. Cultural heritage assessment his important for nurses in providing patient...
...Top of FormHeritage
I am the descendent of the Yellow Emperor, the self-reliance spirit with self-confidence lies in my body. I，a traditional Chinese girl， bring the spirit of my ancestor Yellow Emperor with me to the United States. Yellow Emperor was the ancestor of Chins who made a great contribution to the development of civilizations and represented a Chinese spirit which includes self-reliance and self-confidence. I use this spirit within my body to solve the language issues I meet and contribute to my country like the Yellow Emperor. My exploration from an over-reliance on my mother to an escape from this comfort zone builds my independence. China has given me much so that I bring my culture to the United States and spread it as a descendent of the Yellow Emperor.
Perkiomen, my American high school, is the place I made a determination of spreading the Chinese culture; however my dream broke up when I met my first American roommate. Usually Americans always show an enthusiastic and outgoing impression on the TV, but the girl I met was shy and quiet. When I met Katie, my first American roommate, I mustered my courage and introduced myself to her with a big a smile. Nevertheless, Katie looked not good and I thought may be my accent made her uncomfortable so that she was not willing to talk to me. Her attitude made me upset and I never know that was not my fault until my dorm parent told me Katie missed her family who taught in another school so much so that she moved...
...Cultural heritage of a people refers to the social and religious attitudes, beliefs, principles and conventions of behaviour inherited from the tradition stretching back to remote antiquity. It also includes in its connotations intellectual and artistic manifestations in the form of language, literature, visual and plastic art and music developed by the society from generation to generation. Viewed in this light, our cultural heritage is immensely vast and varied.
India is the cradle of one of the earliest civilizations of the world. The archeological excavations at Mohenjodaro in the present day Pakistan and at Harappa (Gujarat, India) have revealed the existence of an urban civilization about 5000 years old. People lived in cities and had access to public baths, wide roads and engaged in maritime trade. Religion of the people in the Indus Valley had a strong element of worship of the mother goddess which links it to the present day worship of goddess Durga in the most parts of our country.
People also used coins made of precious metals as a means of commercial exchange. Indus Valley Civilization was completely destroyed in some natural upheaval like flood. The script used by the people living in the north western part of India about 5000 years back has greater resemblance with the Dravidian languages than with the Indo-European languages like Sanskrit and Hindi. It can, therefore, be safely assumed that Indus Valley...